亲爱的学霸们 这是由Károly Zsolnai-Fehér带来的两分钟论文
Dear Fellow Scholars, this is Two Minute Papers with Károly Zsolnai-Fehér.
This work is about using AI to create super detailed smoke simulations.
一般来说 初步模拟用不了很长时间 但随着分辨率的提高
Typically, creating a crude simulation doesn’t take very long, but as we increase the resolution,
the execution time and memory consumption skyrockets.
在人工智能的时代 似乎只有向过程中添加一些学习算法 才能合理地解决
In the age of AI, it only sounds logical to try to include some learning algorithms in
So what if we had an AI-based technique that would have some sort of understanding of smoke
simulations, take our crude data and add the fine details to it?
按照这种方法 不需要几天或是几星期的计算 我们就可以得到
This way, we could obtain a high resolution smoke simulation without waiting several days
or weeks for the computation.
现在 如果你真的是一个经验丰富的学霸 你可能会记得一篇叫做Wavelet Turbulence的早期作品
Now if you are a truly seasoned Fellow Scholar, you may remember an earlier work by the name
Wavelet Turbulence, which is one of my favorite papers of all time.
So much so that it got the distinction of being showcased in the very first Two Minute
I was a sophomore college student back then when I’ve first seen it and was absolutely
shocked by the quality of the results.
That was an experience I’ll never forget.
它也因此获得了奥斯卡技术奖 不夸张地说 这是有史以来最具有影响力的作品之一
It also won a technical Oscar award and it is not an overstatement to say that this was
one of the most influential works that made me realize that research is my true calling.
The link to the first episode is available in the video description and if you want to
see how embarrassing it is, make sure to check it out.
It did something similar, but instead of using AI, it used some heuristics that describe
what is the ratio and distribution of smaller and bigger vortices in a piece of fluid or smoke.
应用这些信息 它可以创建出一些相似的效果 但基本上
Using this information, it could create a somewhat similar effect, but ultimately, that
technique had an understanding of smoke simulations in general, but it didn’t know anything about
the scene that we have at hand right now.
Another work that is related to this is showing a bunch of smoke simulation videos to an AI
and teach it to continue these simulations by itself.
I would place this work as a middle ground solution, because this work says that we should
take a step back and not try to synthesize everything from scratch.
Let’s create a database of simulations, dice them up into tiny tiny patches, look at the
same footage in low and high resolutions, and learn how they relate to each other.
This way, we can hand the neural network some low resolution footage and it will be able
to make an educated guess as to which high resolution patch should be the best match for it.
When we found the right patch, we just switch the coarse simulation to the most fitting
high-resolution patch in the database.
你可能会说 在理论上 创造这样一个Frankenstein烟雾模拟
You might say that in theory, creating such a Frankenstein smoke simulation sounds like
a dreadful idea.
But have a look at the results, as they are absolutely brilliant!
正如你看到的 它在一个很粗糙的基础模拟上 添加了很多细节
And as you can see, it takes a really crude base simulation and adds so many details to
it, it’s truly an incredible achievement.
One neural network is trained to capture similarities in densities, and one for vorticity.
Using the two neural networks in tandem, we can take a low resolution fluid flow and synthesize
the fine details on top of it in a way that is hardly believable.
It also handles boundary conditions, which means that these details are correctly added
even if our smoke puff hits an object.
This was an issue with Wavelet Turbulence which had to be addressed with several followup works.
There are also comparisons against this legendary algorithm, and as you can see, the new technique
However, it took 9 years to do this.
This is exactly 9 eternities in the world of research, which is a huge testament to
how powerful the original algorithm was.
It is also really cool to get more and more messages where I get to know more about you
我还了解到 这个系列被应用到巴西的一些学校课程中 也被用于加强大学教育
I was informed that the series is used in school classes in Brazil, it is also used
to augment college education, and it is a great topic for fun family conversations over dinner.
That’s just absolutely fantastic.
Loving the fact that the series is an inspiration for many of you.
Thanks for watching and for your generous support, and I’ll see you next time!
亲爱的学霸们 这是由Károly Zsolnai-Fehér带来的两分钟论文