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Do的六个高阶用法 – 译学馆
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Do的六个高阶用法

Advanced ways to use "DO"! - English is Weird!

你准备好出发了吗?
我们非得要去看你妈家的猫吗?
你爱我吗?
我当然爱啊!
你根本不爱我!
我是真的爱你
你不爱 如果你爱我
你就应该和我去看我妈家的猫咪宝贝
那该死的猫!
哼 你说它是该死的猫 是吗?
不许你这样说它!
好吧 我讨厌那只猫
但我对你是真心的 我想让你高兴
所以 我跟你去
不 我现在不想去了
我是个坏脾气的女人
那行 那行 要不我在路上的加油站
给你妈家的猫买一个新玩具怎么样?
加油站?
他们才不会卖猫的玩具
我觉得
那我们应该带什么过去?
我们竟然为了一只蠢猫而争执
我觉得我们之间结束了
所以 我们一会儿不去看你妈家的猫了?
什么?不是这个意思!
我说我要离开你!
这下好了 我讨厌那只猫!
你想让我晚上给你做什么吃呀 亲爱的?
做咖喱怎么样
亲爱的?
– So I did a whole video explaining collocations of
我做了一整集视频来介绍make和do
and the differences between make and do.
之间的习惯搭配还有区别
You can watch that video by clicking here.
你可以点击这里来观看视频
Or should I have said made a video?
或者我应该用made而不是did?
Or could it be both?
还是两者都行?
You’ll know if you watch this.
这个视频会告诉你答案
But today, a really common question that I get is Aly,
但是今天 我从Aly的话里发现了
I saw this sentence, I do love you.
一个非常常见的疑问 I do love you
I do want to go.
I do want to go
Why did they put do?
为什么他们要用“do”?
Isn’t that bad English?
那不是语法错误吗?
Shouldn’t it just be I love you, I want to go?
难道不应该是“我爱你” “我想走”吗?
This is a great question,
问得好
and this is one of the many weird ways that we use do.
其实这是“do”的众多独特用法之一
(subtle hiphop music)
[轻微的hippop音乐]
奇怪英语——do的用法
跟Papa学英语
In a question, do; in a negative, do not.
疑问句中用do 否定句用do not
But in a positive sentence, usually, there’s no do here,
肯定句中我们通常不用do
so why do we sometimes put do before a verb
那为什么我们有时候会在一个肯定句的
in a positive sentence, why, why is that?
动词前加do 为什么?为什么要这样?
It’s for emphasis.
其实是为了“强调”
We make that sentence stronger, we want to say, yeah,
我们希望加强句子的语气 我们想强调
that verb, yes.
那个动词 真的是那样
You think no, but actually yes.
你不这样认为 但事实就是这样
It’s not negative, it’s positive.
这不是否定句 而是肯定句
I do love you.
我是真的爱你
That’s how do works for emphasis.
这里的“do”表强调作用
Another example, maybe you want to clarify something
再比如 也许你在拒绝别人之前
before you say something negative.
想解释清楚一些事情
For example, your friend offers to cook,
比如 你的朋友提出要亲自下厨
but you would prefer to eat out,
但是你更想出去吃
in a restaurant for example.
下馆子之类的
I do like your cooking, but let’s go out to eat.
我真的喜欢你做的饭 但我今天想出去吃
Of course you don’t want the other person to think
你当然不想让你朋友觉得
is my food bad?
是我做的不好吃吗?
So you want to say no, no, no,
所以你会解释说 哦不是的
don’t think that I don’t like it, because I like it.
千万别以为我不喜欢你做的饭 事实上我很喜欢
I do like your cooking.
我真的很欣赏你的厨艺
So pronunciation practice, say it with me, emphasis on do.
现在来练习发音 跟着我说 重音在do上
I do love you.
我是真的爱你
I do love you, I just, I hate your clothes
我是真的爱你 只是 我讨厌你的着装
and your hair and your face.
还有你的发型 还有 脸
But we’re not finished, we use do in other weird ways.
还没完呢 do还有其他独特的用法
You are very, very hungry.
假设你现在很饿 非常饿
If you don’t eat soon, you’re gonna kill someone,
如果不能马上吃上东西 你想杀人的心都有了
so you go to the fridge looking for food to make.
因此你去冰箱里找食材 看看能否做点吃的
That’s a fridge.
这是一个冰箱
So you look inside your fridge.
所以在冰箱里仔细地寻找
What food do I have, what can I make? Pff,
现在有什么食材呢?能做什么吃的?
all you can find is
嘁 你能找到的所有食材是
ketchup, an onion, a potato
番茄酱 一个洋葱和一个土豆
and some butter. Wow,
还有一些黄油 天哪
I mean, it’s definitely not perfect,
我想说的是 这肯定是远远不够的
it’s not what you wanted.
这根本不是你想要的
It’s like nothing, but you can work with it,
这点东西几乎可以忽略不计 但也比啥都没有强
and when you work with something, which it’s not perfect,
当你着手做一些事情 但是条件不尽人意
it’s not ideal,
不大理想时
it’s not really what you wanted, but you make it work.
虽然你对条件很不满意 但你成功做出来了
You make do, or you make do with it, the things.
你做到了 或者说你用仅有的条件取得成功
So as a full sentence… Pff,
所以作为一个完整的句子来看
onion, potato, ketchup, butter.
呃 洋葱 土豆 番茄酱 黄油
I guess I’ll make do with what I have. Hi,
我觉得我能用现有的食材做出吃的来
welcome to Aly’s Cooking Corner.
欢迎来到Aly的烹饪间
(upbeat game show music)
[欢快上扬的游戏音乐]
When you have nothing in your fridge,
当你的冰箱里空空如也的时候
make do with the stuff you do have. First,
你要用你仅有的东西做一顿饭 首先
mash that potato and melt some butter in there. Next,
把土豆捣烂 然后把一些黄油融化拌在土豆泥里
chop and cook some onions.
接着 将洋葱切丝然后煸炒一下
Sprinkle the friggin’ onions on top of it,
把该死的洋葱撒在土豆泥上
or stir it in or whatever.
或把它拌在里面 或者其他什么
Then put ketchup on top to finish.
最后在上面加点番茄酱 就完成了
You’ve got yourself a meal, my friend, thanks.
你给自己做了一顿饭 我的朋友 谢谢你
(upbeat game show music)
[欢快的游戏音乐]
Say it with me, pronunciation matters people. Eh,
跟我一起读 发音很重要
I’ll make do. You say it.
“I’ll make do” 到你说
It’s not perfect, but I’ll make do.
虽然条件不尽人意 但我能行
But we’re not finished,
但是我们的课还没结束
the next weird way that we use do
下一个do的独特用法
is this fixed expression, it’ll do.
是一个固定搭配 “it’ll do”
You can’t modify the tense,
你不能改变时态
but you can change it to a negative,
但是你可以用于否定句
but it will only be future.
不过也只能用在将来时
Let me show you an example.
我来给你举个例子
So you are at a party.
假设你在一个派对上
Someone is pouring you a drink.
有人正在为你倒饮料
Oh, by the way, this is to pour, not spill,
对了 顺便提一句 这是“倒” 不是“洒”
not spill a drink.
不是把饮料洒出来
To spill a drink, that’s by accident; for example…
把饮料弄洒是意外情况 比如说…
(upbeat dance music)
[欢快的舞厅音乐]
天哪 我洒了自己一身
我还是把衣服脱了吧
这歌不错!
What was I saying?
我刚刚说到哪来着?
Oh yeah, so you’re at a party,
哦对 你在一个派对上
someone is pouring you a drink,
有人正在给你倒饮料
and they want to know how much do you want?
他们想知道你想喝多少?
How much is enough?
倒多少是足够的?
So when you want to say that’s enough, no more,
所以 当你想说“够了”“不要再多了”
you would say, oh that’ll do, that’ll do.
你会说 “That’ll do”
That will do,
That will do
that’ll do, it has a contraction. So,
That’ll do是缩写
for example,
举个例子
-Say when
够了告诉我
that’ll do, thanks, thanks, thanks.
够了够了 多谢 多谢
So say it with me, pronunciation people.
跟我读 注意发音
That’ll do, that’ll do.
That’ll do
I’ve used a glottal T, you don’t have to.
我发的是声门音“t” 你不用跟我一样
That’ll do, that’ll do.
That’ll do
Another way of using it like enough.
另一种表达“够了”的方式
For example, you want to buy your friend a birthday present,
比如说 你想给你的朋友买一个生日礼物
and you want to know, is this present enough?
你想知道这份礼物够份量吗?
I need to buy my friend a birthday present, I mean…
我要给我的朋友买一个生日礼物 我想说
Will this do, can I, is this a good birthday present?
这个行吗? 能送吗? 这个生日礼物够诚意吗?
That’s your hat.
那帽子是你的吧
It won’t do, will it, it’s not enough.
太不够意思了 是吧 没诚意
It won’t do,
it won’t do
this time we’re saying it’s not enough. Now,
在这里表达不够的意思
a super posh sounding expression…
接下来 这是一个听起来很高级的表达
For example, you are very posh, you’re very fancy,
比如说 你很有钱 你很时髦
you’re upper class,
你来自上流社会
your family owns a billion houses and Jaguars,
你家有数不尽的房子和车
and you go to a restaurant,
你去到一个餐厅
but the waiter tells you, I’m sorry we don’t have any…
侍者却告诉你“抱歉我们这里没有…”
What do rich people eat, caviar.
有钱人会吃什么 鱼子酱
Sorry, we don’t have any caviar.
抱歉 我们没有鱼子酱
And you are super rich, this, this is unacceptable.
但是你非常有钱 你难以接受这种情况
So you will say…
所以你就说…
No caviar, this simply won’t do.
竟然没有鱼子酱 岂有此理
If you want to say a situation is unacceptable,
如果你想表达 不能接受某种情况
you would say this simply won’t do.
你会说 这绝对不行
It sounds kind of upper class.
它听起来像上流人士的说的话
Maybe it’s just the context, but
可能只是从背景上来说 但是
I don’t think I’ve ever said it.
我记得我没有说过这话
I’ve never said it, but then I’m very easily pleased so…
我没说过 不过我觉得容易满足这样也挺好…
But guess what, we’re still not finished.
你以为这样就结束了吗? 还没呢
In fact, when something is finished,
事实上 当某件事结束了
or when you have finished with something,
或者你做完了某件事
your class, work, a project,
上完课 上完班 完成一个项目
you can say it is done.
你可以说 结束了
So when you use be done in any tense,
无论你使用哪种时态的“be done”
this means something is finished.
都是表达某事已经完成了
Work is done for the day.
今天的工作做完了
Ah, I’m totally done with my assignment,
啊 我终于做完我的作业了
I can relax now.
我可以休息了
It’s the same as when you say something is over.
这和你说 某事结束了 是一个意思
I made a video about that, you can watch it here, but
我做过一个相关视频 你可以在这观看
it works the same way, it means the same thing.
它们的作用是一样的 它们意思相同
For example…
比如说
It’s over, we’re done.
到此为止吧 我们结束了
So if you watched this video, you know that over
如果你看过这个视频 你就知道over
can mean something’s finished.
可以指某事结束了
So we are done, we are finished. That,
所以 我们结束了 我们分手了
however, is very a very informal way
然而 这是一个非常不正式的
to break up with someone, that does not sound nice.
和别人分手的方式 它听起来不太好
So keep that in mind,
所以 请记住
please be nice if you break up with someone.
当你跟别人分手的时候 态度好一点
You want to hang out with your friend,
你想跟你的朋友出去玩
and you want to know what
你想要知道
time are you finished with class,
人家的下课时间
with work, with your assignment, you can ask them,
下班时间 做完作业的时间 你可以问
Are we gonna hang out tonight? Yeah.
-我们今晚去玩吗 -是的
You can use this in present or future, by the way.
顺便提一句 用在现在时或将来时都是可以的
When are you done? Or,
你什么时候结束?
when will you be done?
或者 你要在什么时候结束?
I’ll be done in an hour. Ugh,
我会在一个小时内结束
I’m so sick of studying,
我厌学了
I can’t wait for this exam to be done.
我真希望考试快点结束
So be done, it means something is finished.
所以“be done”意思是某事结束了
But we’re still not done,
但我们的课还没结束
there’s another weird way that we use do.
“do”还有另一种独特的用法
You are at a restaurant, and you want to know… Sorry,
你在一个饭店里 然后你想知道
do you serve pancakes?
打扰一下 你们卖煎饼吗?
In this context, when you want to know
在这个语境中 当你想知道
if a restaurant, shop, or a place
一家餐厅 商店或者某个地方
offers a service, offers a product,
是否提供某项服务 提供某种产品
you can say do the service, or do the product?
你可以在do后面加某项服务或某样产品
For example, in this context… Oops,
比如说 在这个情况下
sorry, sorry, sorry, that should have had an S.
抱歉 这里应该加一个s
Bad teacher points, sorry,
老师的失误 抱歉
please don’t hate me in the comments. But,
拜托你们别在评论里骂我
yeah, sorry, do you do pancakes?
回到正题 你们做煎饼吗?
This is me in every restaurant.
这是我每到一个餐厅必问的问题
And again, I’m just asking, do you offer this product,
我只是在问 你们提供这项产品吗?
do you offer this service?
你们提供这项服务吗?
So it’s not just for restaurants, it could be…
所以 不只是在餐厅 它还可以用在……
You need to buy a cat toy.
你想要买一个猫的玩具
You go to a shop and you want to know,
你去到一个商店 然后你想知道
do you sell cat toys?
你们卖猫的玩具吗?
Change it for do.
把sell换成“do”
‘Scuse me, I know you sell cameras,
打扰一下 我知道你们是相机店
but do you also do cat toys?
但你们也卖猫玩具吗?
No, okay.
没有吗 好吧
But we’re still not done. Well,
但是我们还没有结束
actually this is the final one, then we’re done.
好吧 这真的是最后一个了 然后就结束
Okay, you and your friend did an exam,
你和你的朋友考完试
you just finished, you’re done with the exam.
你们刚考完 考试刚结束
So you come out of the exam room,
所以你走出考场
and you want to know about the success or failure
你想知道你的朋友
of your friend in the test.
考试发挥得怎么样
So you’ll ask this way, how did you do?
所以你会这样问 你考的怎么样?
You’re asking about someone’s success or failure at something,
你在问某人 某件事做成了还是失败了
usually a test.
通常与考试有关
She has a good feeling about that test. Mm,
她对这次考试自我感觉良好
yeah, I did alright.
嗯哼 我正常发挥
Don’t confuse this with this.
不要把这个接下来这个搞混了
How do you do, in the present.
How do you do 用的现在时
So if you meet someone,
如果你遇见某人
and they greet you with this expression, how do you do,
他们用这个表达问候你
this is different, and it pretty much just means
这是有区别的 它仅仅表达
hello and how are you pushed together.
你好 和 你最近怎么样 二者合一
Quick side note, if someone says this to you,
友情提示 如果某人对你说这句话
it doesn’t need an answer. Yes,
你不需要回答
it’s a question, but if someone greets you with this,
没错 这是一个问句 但是如果有人这样问候你
you can repeat it back to them, it’s fine.
你可以也这样回应他们 就是这样
How do you do? How do you do?
你好啊
(sighs) Okay, now we’re done.
[叹气] 好的 现在我们结束了
Practice these weird ways that we use do in the comments
在评论里练习这些do的独特用法
by letting me know how you did in your last test,
让我知道你上次考试考得怎么样
or let me know the breakfast place near your house,
或让我知道你家附近吃早餐的地方
do they do pancakes?
他们做煎饼吗?
And use the other ways that we use do
通过你自己的一些例子
using your own examples.
列举一些do的其他用法
You can find a worksheet on today’s video,
你可以在我的Patreon页面
practice what you’ve just learned,
找到一个关于今天视频的练习题
by joining my Patreon page,
来练习你刚学的内容
or joining this channel as a member.
或者关注这个频道 成为我们的一员
Let me know in the comments which videos you’d
在评论里告诉我 你今后
like to see in the future,
想看到的视频内容
and I’ll see you in the next lesson.
我们下节课再见
(subtle hip hop music)
[轻柔的嘻哈音乐]

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视频概述

什么?我女朋友要因为一只猫跟我分手?这是什么世道?我该怎么跟她解释?想知道答案吗?快跟Papa学有关do的日常用语吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

kuki仔

审核员

审核员1024

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y378lqG6Uwk

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