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PPT中的“对齐”

Advanced Object Alignment in PowerPoint ✔

大家好
Hey there.
罗伯托问我如何让所有内容完美地对齐
Roberto asked a question about making everything
我将为你们演示一些例子
perfectly aligned and I’llshow you a few examples.
让我先把这张幻灯片弄乱
Let me mess up this slide
然后告诉你们
and show you what can be done
如何使所有内容完美地对齐
to make this everything perfectly aligned.
好的 我会把这里弄乱一点
Ok. I’ll mess this up just a little bit.
咱们将它称为我的模型吧
Let’s say this is my mockup.
它就是我的参照物
I want it to have something like that.
这些对象是一组的 所以它们的尺寸相似
Those objects are grouped, so they are similar in size
然后这些图标也是一组的
and also those icons are grouped
所以它们有着同样的大小
so they are exactly the same size.
我们唯一需要知道的是
The only thing you need to be aware of
要用到“版式”和“对齐”菜单
is to go to format and work with the align panel.
在“对齐”菜单中 先忽略这些选项
In the align panel, apart from those options,
我们要用到的是这两个重要的选项
you have something very important.
即“对齐幻灯片”和“对齐所选对象”
You have Align to Slideand Align Selected Object.
现在我用Shift键选中这四个对象
If I will, with my shift key,select those four objects,
然后打开“对齐”菜单 选中“对齐所选对象”
then I will go to Align and select Align Selected Object,
因为我想让这四个对象彼此对齐
they will only align between each other.
“对齐”菜单里的所有选项
Every option I hit here will realign it
都有让所选对象对齐的功能
between each of them.
所以我要为你演示如何将它们水平地散布开来
So let me show you if Idistribute them horizontally,
现在这四个对象之间的间隙是相等的
those spaces between them will be equal,
但是我想要把这张幻灯片的右侧边距
but I want it to have equal spaces from the side of the slide
左侧边距
and from the left side of the slide
还有这里 都调成一样的距离
and those spaces.
这就是你得用到“对齐”菜单中的“对齐幻灯片”选项的原因
That’s why you have to select Align Slide.
一旦你选中后
Once you have that selected,
你会看到复选框里有个勾 表明你已选中该选项
you can see the View icon here, the selected icon.
现在如果我选中“横向分布”
Now if I distribute them horizontally,
这些对象就会等距散布开来
they will distribute perfectly
然后这里 这里 这里 这里
and the spaces here, here, here, here,
还有这里的间隔就完全相等了
and here will be perfectly equal.
你会看到它们怪怪的
You can see they are now pretty weird,
那么我们就要进行另一个对齐
so you have to do another alignment.
只需点击“对齐”菜单 选中“上下居中”就好
You have to hit Align and simply align the middle.
这样它们就会全部居中排列
They will go into the middle,
而且会等距散布
but they will be super equally distributed.
更简单的方法就是我使用“底端对齐”这个选项
It will be easier maybe if I aligned the bottom,
然后按住Shift键 单击并将它们拖拽上去
then with my shift key I will click and drag them up.
现在如果我用这种方法对齐一下这4个图标
Now what will happen if I will align those
会发生什么呢?
four icons the same way I aligned those?
它们会变成一样吗?
Will they be the same?
这种对齐方法也适用于这里吗?
Will they be perfectly about them?
一起来看看吧
Let me show you.
我们点击“对齐”菜单后
If I select align and I can see
会看到“对齐幻灯片”这个选项
that I have Align to Slide,
这个选项我待会要用到
which is the way I want to go.
现在我们先来散布一下它们
And if I now distribute them,
但选中“横向分布”后
distribute them horizontally,
你会发现根本不起作用
you can see something is off.
为什么“横向分布”选项在这里不起作用呢?
Why are they not perfectly above those objects?
是这样的
Look at that.
这个对象的尺寸这么大
This object has such a size and
而这个图标的尺寸却很小
that icon has only such a size.
所以对这个选项来说
So the way this option works,
只有在这里 这里 这里 这里和这里才能制造等距效果
it’s making equal sizes here, here, here, here and here,
而我刚才对齐的是整个幻灯片
because I’m aligned to the entire slide.
那么如果我想让这些图标和下面的对象完全对齐
If I get them to be perfectlyaligned between those objects,
我会选中第一个图标
I will select the first object and
PowerPoint的逻辑规定
with help of PowerPoint,
我要对齐第一个图标
I will align it with the first object.
然后我还要对齐最后一个图标
I will take the last object,
这样PowerPoint的对齐指令才能生效
because this is how PowerPoint works.
现在我们对齐了第一个和最后一个图标
It takes the first and last object.
然后我会选中第一 第二 第三 第四个图标
Now I will select the first, second, third, and fourth
然后我们不能用“对齐幻灯片”选项
and instead of aligning it to slide,
要用“对齐所选对象”选项
I will Align Selected Object.
而“对齐所选对象”这个选项工作时
This option, Align Selected Object,
是以第一个和最后一个图标为参照的
works with the first and last objects
它会计算这些图标之间的间隔
and it calculates the spaces between them.
接下来我要选中“横向分布” 还有“上下居中”
Now I will select Distribute Horizontally, Align Middle.
现在我可以确定这些图标的位置恰如其分了
Now I can be sure that they are perfectly here,
我们不能把幻灯片的边距也算上
not taking into account the slide,
因为这个执行命令的考虑范围仅限于
because they took only the first object
第一个图标和最后一个图标之间
and the last object into account.
我再为大家演示一个对齐小窍门
I want to show you one more trick which you can do.
这个小窍门可以不用“对齐幻灯片”选项
if you don’t use the alignment to slide.
首先我要点击“插入” 插入“形状”
I will go to Insert, Shapes.
我先插入几个形状
I will insert several shapes and I want them to be
然后我想将它们在两个形状之间等距散布
distributed perfectly between two objects.
我把第一个形状放在这里
I will select the first object, here.
把第二个形状放在这里
I will select the second object, here.
然后我选中所有形状 看看会发生什么
Now I select everything and watch what happens.
打开“对齐”菜单 我们要用到“对齐所选对象”
Align, hit Align Selected Object.
它的工作原理是以第一个和最后一个形状为依据的
So do the first and do the last object.
我先选中“横向分布” 现在它们并不是水平分布
I will distribute them horizontally,now they are not equal.
然后点击“对齐”菜单 选中“上下居中”
Align Middle and boom.
现在所有图形都以第一和最后一个图形为基准
Everything was aligned perfectly
整齐地排列开来
to the first and last object.
需要注意的是 如果这些图形距离太近 就像这样
Be careful though, because ifthey are closer, like that,
它们可能会因为间距过小而重叠
we might not have enoughspace so they will overlap.
然后我选中“横向分布”
If I click Distribute Horizontally,
你会看到这些形状距离更近了
you can see it’s closer.
再一次点击“对齐”菜单 选中“横向分布”
Align, Distribute Horizontally,
它们现在已经重叠了
they are overlapping now
这是因为图形之间的间距太小
because they have no space for each other.
那么 你偶尔会用到这个小窍门
This is a bit tricky sometimes but
你可以全部选中
you can always select everything,
点击“对齐”菜单 选中“对齐幻灯片”
Align, Align to Slide,
或者点击“对齐”菜单 选中“横向分布”
Align, distribute them again,
这样它们就能等距散布于幻灯片上了
and they are perfectly distributed across the slide.
我希望这个方法可以对你有所帮助
I hope this helps a lot and it’s super simple
它能让你非常容易地创建一些对齐形状
to create something like that.
如果你想要更快速地创建选项
If you want to work quicker,
你可以把“对齐”菜单放到快速访问工具栏里
you can also add the align tab, here.
我会选中这些对象
I would select those objects,
然后按Alt键+6键+M键
I would press alt, I would press six, and I would press M
这样就能居中对齐了
to align the middle.
你可以通过右键单击“对齐”菜单
For example, you can do this by clicking on Align,
把“对齐”菜单添加进快速访问工具栏里
right clicking on it and addingit to quick axis toolbar.
以上就是今天的内容 希望对你有帮助
This is it, I hope this helps.
谢谢罗伯托的这个提问
Thank you Roberto for this question
希望这个教程能够对大家有所裨益
and I hope this tutorial did help you.

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视频概述

本视频主要讲了PPT中,“对齐幻灯片”和“对齐所选对象”的区别以及运用。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ccz

审核员

审核员GL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s93Wen0_imo

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