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达克效应 – 译学馆
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达克效应

Adam Ruins Everything - The Dunning-Kruger Effect | truTV

(applause) that seem to be the worst at their jobs
[掌声] 有没有发现那些工作表现最差的人
always think they’re the best at them?
却总是觉得自己表现得很棒?
(terrible sax playing)
[糟糕的萨克斯演奏]
I’m killing it right now!
我吹得可真棒!
That’s the Dunning-Kruger Effect.
那就是所谓的达克效应
If you only know a little bit about a field,
如果你对某一领域只是略知皮毛
you actually lack the knowledge necessary
而实际上缺乏必要的知识
to grasp the fact that you suck.
让你明白其实自己很差劲
In other words, you literally don’t know
换句话说 你根本不知道
what ya don’t know.
你不知道什么
No, no, no.
不 不 不
I’m smart enough to avoid that.
我够聪明 可以避免
Oh, intelligence has nothing to do with it.
噢 这个跟智慧可没有关系
The Dunning-Kruger Effect has been shown
达克效应体现在
in a wide variety of fields,
各种不同的领域
from chess players to wine tasters
从棋手到红酒品鉴师
to hunters, and even doctors.
猎人 甚至是医生
I am killing it right now!
我真是太棒了!
Whoa! Watch it.
哇哦!小心
My next guest puts the “Dunning”
下一位来宾就是“达克”
in “Dunning-Kruger.”
中的“达”
Please give it up for University of Michigan
请把掌声送给来自密歇根大学的
Psychology professor David Dunning!
心理学教授 大卫·邓宁先生!
(music and applause)
[音乐伴随着掌声]
But how do I even know he’s an expert?
可是我怎么知道他就是专家?
Maybe I only think he is because of my cognitive biases.
可能只是因为我的认知偏差
Wow. Your insecurities have done a number on you.
哇喔 你的不安全感正在戏弄你呢
Adam, these biases are something to be aware of,
Adam 你需要警惕这些认知偏差
but nothing to feel bad about.
但无须因此烦恼
They’re just a part of human life,
它们就是人生的一部分
and they actually come from something quite useful.
它们实际上源自一些很有用的东西
They’re the byproducts of the shortcuts our brain uses
是我们大脑使用捷径的副产品
in order to analyze information quickly
用来快速分析
in a complex world.
复杂世界里的信息
And often their analysis is right.
而且它们的分析经常是对的
But not always.
但也不总对
And that’s where you have to be careful.
这时候你就要小心了
Okay. But how?
好的 可是怎么做呢?
Well first, actually consider,
首先 好好思考
don’t neglect, what you don’t know.
不要忽略你不知道的事情
Second, solicit feedback.
第二 征求反馈
There’s an accuracy in numbers.
数字会告诉你准确性
And do consider all the alternatives.
要把所有的选择都考虑在内
Don’t just do the first thing that pops into your head.
不要只做脑海里冒出来的第一件事
And if you really want to avoid the Dunning-Kruger Effect,
如果你真的想避免达克效应的话
become more competent.
增强自己的能力吧
Always seek to be always learning.
永远都在学习
Well, learning is my entire thing,
呃 学习是我的全部
and our show’s process is built around seeking feedback.
而我们的节目过程就是为了寻求反馈
That’s why we have writers and researchers,
这就是为什么 我们有撰稿人和调查员
and speak to experts like you.
还请了您这样的专家来对话
(applause)
[掌声]
That actually makes me feel a lot better.
那确实让我感觉好些了
David! You’re supposed to be on my side!
大卫!你本该站在我这边的!
(audience groans)
[观众的嘘声]

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视频概述

什么是达克效应,如何避免达克效应

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9zGDNO1_ehg

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