People with generalized anxiety disorder or GAD are characterized by constant stress or excessive anxiety.
when something stressful happens
the brain releases cortisol and adrenaline
causing the muscles to prepare to fight off stressor or run away from it
this is otherwise known as sympathetic nervous system response
or the fight or flight reflex.
People with GAD have fight-or-flight constantly running on the back burner.
Each of the following points is a result of that reflex
Restlessness and fidgeting.
This is more the flight than the fight response,
the muscles and brain are ready to go,
but there’s nothing to run from.
This is why doctors say that regular exercise alleviates symptoms of anxiety.
Because people are using all their pent up go hormones in their bodies to actually go.
Some people find it helpful to have a small object to occupy their hands，
like a scrap of paper to fold and tear.
这样一来 手上有事 就免去了遭受躁动习惯的荼毒
This way the hands are kept busy and prevented from harmful fidgeting habits，
like chewing or picking at their fingers.
Lack of energy or rapid fatigue.
The flipside of your body constantly being ready to run or fight
is that it’s truly exhausting.
you were to tense every muscle possible in your body right now
and hold it for the rest of forever,
you would get exhausted pretty quick.
When all your energy is going towards something
that could require an immediate response.
Then everyday tasks like getting up to turn off the lights
seem much more tiring.
肠易激 胃酸反流 恶心或其他胃病
Irritable bowels acid reflux nausea or other stomach ailments.
The first thought is probably you,
but if you think about it this makes a lot of sense.
People can’t run long distances
or perform heavy workouts with a full stomach
or that leads to cramps.
So this is your body attempting to rush the job of digestion
so that it can allow for a fight,
and make your body lighter and more aerodynamic
which makes fleeing easier.
Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.
This one is pretty simple.
If you’re in one place for too long, the danger could catch up to you
your body however doesn’t realize that there isn’t actually any danger.
所以如果你保持清醒 或只睡很短的时间 就比较安全了
So if you stay awake or only sleep short periods of time it’s safer.
Unfortunately this system is a nasty cycle.
You get anxious so you can’t sleep
which leads to even more stress on your mind and body
which makes it even harder to sleep and so on.
Muscles processing more energy
require more oxygen to keep up the exertion.
So breathing quickly would help to maximize oxygen intake.
The challenge occurs when we overexert this response.
And the lungs don’t have time to pull the oxygen out of the air we breathe
before we exhale.
That’s when oxygen intake decreases
and results in that dizzy sensation many people experience during a panic attack.
Similar to the hyperventilation symptom,
heart palpitations happen because the body uses blood to carry oxygen to the muscles.
In order to carry the most oxygen fastest to hard working muscles,
the heart has to pump it faster
resulting in palpitations.
Clenched jaw or teeth grinding.
Your body is ready for action,
however, the challenge with anxiety disorders is not knowing what action.
So your body responds with tense muscles like a clenched jaw and teeth grinding.
Other common muscle tension responses could be clenched fists,
卷曲脚趾 紧张性头痛 慢性偏头痛和颈肩痛
curled toes, tension headache or chronic migraines and neck and shoulder pain
This is another sign that adrenaline is sending your body’s signals to go
a situation when you don’t want to go anywhere.
This can also be a byproduct of tension
due to over exertion of the muscles.
Sweat is our body’s way of cooling off
during intense energy exertion.
肌肉释放能量 变得紧张 然后准备进行
Musles are bringing enery being tensed and ready to go to work
which is generating heat.
So the body moderates its temperature by sweating
even when you feel cold.
Hot and cold sensations.
The fight-or-flight response excites the body
which causes increased energy flows and creates heat.
If the heat generated is intense enough,
the body’s parasympathetic nervous system is triggered
which creates a relaxation response.
However the body also sweats to cool itself when heat is generated.
Coupled with the sudden relaxation courtesy of the parasympathetic system,
the body can experience chills.
Because it cools too fast
and is not used to the lower core temperature.
Anxiety is a state of constant fear due to stressors from your body.
This fear was a logical response for a prehistoric human
who needed to run or scare away predators when in danger.
But it can be distracting in today’s fast-paced world.
The silver lining though is that
people with anxiety are the ones most prepared for surviving the zombie apocalypse.
Do you or someone around you suffer from these symptoms of anxiety?
If so, do you have any helpful tips on how to deal with them?
Be sure to let us know in the comments section below.
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