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古埃及医生的一天 – 译学馆
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古埃及医生的一天

A day in the life of an ancient Egyptian doctor - Elizabeth Cox

It’s another sweltering morning in Memphis, Egypt.
埃及的孟斐斯又迎来了一个闷热的早晨
As the sunlight brightens the Nile, Peseshet checks her supplies. Honey,
当阳光洒在尼罗河上时 Peseshet检查她的供给 蜂蜜
garlic, cumin, acacia leaves, cedar oil.
大蒜 小茴香 刺槐叶 香柏油
She’s well stocked with the essentials she needs to treat her patients.
她带上足够的必需品 用来治疗她的病人
Peseshet is a swnw, or a doctor.
Peseshet是一名医生
In order to become one, she had to train as a scribe
为了成为一名医生 她必须进行抄写员的训练
and study the medical papyri stored at the Per Ankh,
并研究储存在生命之屋中记载医学的纸莎草
the House of Life. Now,
现在
she teaches her own students there.
她在那里教她的学生
Before teaching, Peseshet has a patient to see.
教课之前 Peseshet要看一个病人
One of the workers at the temple construction site has injured his arm.
一个工人在寺庙的建筑工地弄伤了胳膊
When Peseshet arrives, the laborer’s arm is clearly broken,
Peseshet来看他的时候 这名工人的胳膊很明显骨折了
and worse, the fracture is a set, with multiple bone fragments.
更糟的是 骨折形成了很多的骨头碎片
Peseshet binds and immobilizes the injury.
Peseshet包扎并固定了患处
Her next stop is the House of Life.
她的下一站是生命之屋
On her way, a woman intercepts Peseshet in the street.
路上 一个女人当街拦住了Peseshet
The woman’s son has been stung by a scorpion.
这个女人的儿子被蝎子蛰了
Peseshet has seen many similar stings and knows exactly what to do.
Peseshet看过很多类似的蛰伤 她知道该怎么做
She must say an incantation to cast the poison out.
她必须通过念咒语把毒弄出来
She begins to recite the spell,
她开始背诵咒语
invoking Serqet, patron of physicians and goddess of venomous creatures.
祈求塞尔凯特 她是医生的保护者 也是有毒生物的女神
Peseshet recites the spell as if she is Serqet.
Peseshet背诵着咒语 好像她就是塞尔凯特
This commanding approach has the greatest chance at success.
这种命令式的方法成功的几率很大
After she utters the last line,
她说完最后一句咒语以后
she tries to cut the poison out with a knife for good measure.
为了保险起见 她尝试用刀切开皮肤 让毒流出来
Peseshet packs up to leave, but the woman has another question.
Peseshet整理好东西准备离开 但是这个女人还有一个问题
She wants to find out if she is pregnant.
她想知道自己是不是怀孕了
Peseshet explains her fail-safe pregnancy test:
Peseshet解释了她万无一失的孕检方法
plant two seeds: one barley, one emmer. Then,
种下两粒种子 一粒大麦 一粒二粒小麦 然后
urinate on the seeds every day.
每天在这些种子上小便
If the plants grow, she’s pregnant.
如果植物生长 那么她就是怀孕了
A barley seedling predicts a baby boy,
大麦幼苗预示她会生一个男孩
while emmer foretells a girl.
而二粒小麦幼苗预示着一个女孩的降生
Peseshet also recommends a prayer to Hathor, goddess of fertility.
Peseshet还建议她向哈索尔祈祷 哈索尔是掌管生育的女神
When Peseshet finally arrives at the House of Life,
当Peseshet最终到达生命之屋时
she runs into the doctor-priest Isesi.
她遇见了祭司伊塞西
She greets Isesi politely, but she thinks priests are very full of themselves.
她礼貌地问候了伊塞西 但是她认为祭司们都非常自以为是
She doesn’t envy Isesi’s role as neru pehut,
她并不羡慕伊塞西neru pehut的职位
which directly translates to herdsman
neru pehut直译过来就是
of the anus to the royal family, or,
阿努斯王室的牧人 或者
guardian of the royal anus. Inside,
阿努斯王室的卫士 生命之屋里面
the House of Life is bustling as usual with scribes, priests,
像往常一样充满了抄写员 祭司
doctors, and students.
医生和学生
Papyri containing all kinds of records, not just medical information,
纸莎草囊括了各种各样的记录 不只是医学方面的信息
are stored here.
储存在这里
Peseshet’s son Akhethetep is hard at work copying documents
Peseshet的儿子Akhethetep正在努力抄写文献
as part of his training to become a scribe.
这是他抄写员训练中的一部分
He’s a particularly promising student,
他是一个很有前途的学生
but he was admitted to study because Peseshet is a scribe,
但是他被允许学习是因为Peseshet是一名抄写员
as was her father before her.
就像她的父亲一样
Without family in the profession,
如果没有家人从事这个职业
it’s very difficult for boys, and impossible for girls,
男孩就很难有机会——女孩更是不可能——
to pursue this education.
去接受这种教育
Peseshet oversees all the female swnws and swnws-in-training in Memphis.
Peseshet监督孟斐斯所有的女医生和实习医生
The men have their own overseer,
男医生有他们自己的监督人
as the male doctors won’t answer to a woman. Today,
因为男医生不会听从一个女人 今天
Peseshet teaches anatomy.
Peseshet教解剖
She quizzes her students on the metu,
她考查学生们对metu的掌握
the body’s vessels that transport blood, air,
metu是身体里的血管 它运输血液 空气
urine, and even bad spirits.
尿液 甚至是恶灵
Peseshet is preparing to leave
Peseshet正准备离开
when a pale, thin woman accosts her
这时一个面色苍白 身形消瘦的女人
at the door and begs to be examined.
在门口招呼她 恳求她给自己做个检查
The woman has a huge, sore lump under her arm.
这个女人的胳膊下面长了一个很大很疼的肿块
Peseshet probes the growth and finds it cool to the touch
Peseshet检查了肿块的发展情况 发现它摸起来是凉的
and hard like an unripe hemat fruit.
硬得就像一颗尚未成熟的果实
She has read about ailments like this, but never seen one.
她曾经读到过这样的病 但是从未亲眼看到过
For this tumor there is no treatment, medicine or spell.
任何疗法 药物或咒语都对这种肿瘤无能为力
All the texts give the same advice: do nothing.
所有的文献给出的建议都是一样的 什么也做不了
After delivering the bad news, Peseshet goes outside.
说完这个坏消息以后 Peseshet走到外面
She lingers on the steps of the House of Life,
她在生命之屋的台阶上徘徊
admiring the city at dusk.
欣赏黄昏时的城市
In spite of all her hard work,
尽管她一直努力工作
there will always be patients she can’t help,
但总是有一些她帮不了的病人
like the woman with the tumor.
就像那个长了肿瘤的女人
They linger with her, but Peseshet has no time to dwell.
这些人在她的记忆里挥之不去 但是Peseshet没有时间细想
In a few short weeks, the Nile ’
短短几周过后 尼罗河
s annual flooding will begin, bringing life to
一年一度的洪水将会开始到来
the soil for the next year’s harvest
它会给明年丰收的泥土带来勃勃生机
and a whole new crop of patients.
也会带来许多新病人

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一位古埃及女医生忙碌的一天

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