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爱恋的秘密

8 Psychological Facts about Crushes

记得你的第一次动心吗?
Do you remember your first crush?
当时你可能发现有个人非常吸引你
Maybe you’re finding yourself very attracted to someone at the moment.
我们大部分人在生活中都体会过吸引
Attraction is something most of us experienced throughout our lives
而爱恋有着难以置信的力量
and crushes can be incredibly powerful
也许你想知道是否有人暗恋你
Maybe you’re wondering if someone has a crush on you
或者怎样吸引那个特殊的人
or how to attract that special someone.
那就来看看有关爱恋的8个心理学事实
If so, watch on for 8 psychological facts about crushes.
一 持续的眼神接触能增加双方的吸引力
one: prolonged eye contact can increase attraction to your crush.
Kellerman Laird 在1989年决定研究
Kellerman Laird al 1989 decided to
眼神接触对我们喜欢某人的程度的影响
look at the effect eye contact can have on how much we like someone.
他们让陌生人互相注视
They had strangers engage in mutual gaze,
注视对方的眼睛
looking at each other in the eye
然后让他们评价对方
and then had the participants rate each other.
他们发现持续的眼神接触
They found that this prolonged eye contact
增加了陌生人之间的吸引和依恋
increased attraction and attachment to the stranger
所以 如果想在喜欢的人面前更有吸引力
So, if you want to appear more attractive to your crush,
一定要看向他们的眼睛
be sure to look them in the eye.
二 异性相吸
two: opposites do attract.
我们都听过所谓的“异性相吸”
We’ve all heard the saying “opposites attract “
但这是真的吗?
but is there any truth to it?
2016年 Hummel和Croy等人研究了该说法
Hummel, Croy et al, 2016, looked into this saying.
他们特别研究了HLA复合体之类的基因蓝图
They specifically looked at genetic blueprints known as HLA complexes.
他们发现女人天生就被那些
they found that women were naturally more attracted to those with
拥有与自身不同的HLA复合体的人吸引
with different HLA complexes to themselves.
因此 异性确实会相互吸引
it would seem therefore that opposites do indeed attract
而你喜欢的人
and who you crush on
一般有着不同的基因蓝图
could come down to different genetic blueprints
在我们继续之前
Before we continue the rest of the video,
请一定要订阅我们的频道
be sure to subscribe to our channel
获取更多的内容并分享给他人
for more content as well and share this video with others
您的帮助能让更多的人知道并支持我们
With your help, we can reach more people and provide our support.
三 父母年龄大的小孩
three: children with older parents
长大后也喜欢年龄大的人
fancy older people when they become adults
知道吗 有些人好像总是
do you know someone who always seemed to
爱上比自己年龄更大的人
have a crush on someone older than themselves?
有些人的人际关系好像总是有代沟?
Someone who always seems to have an age gap in their relationships?
一些研究表明这可能是因为父母的年龄
Some research has suggested this could be due to parental age.
一项研究发现了一种关联
One study found an association
父母年龄越大
between a child’s parents being older
孩子长大后越会觉得成熟的脸更有吸引力
And then finding older faces more attractive when they are adults
如果你发现自己总是喜欢年龄大的人
if you find you’re always crushing on someone older,
这可能是父母的原因
it could be because of your parents.
四 对称脸的人更有吸引力
four: those with symmetrical faces tend to be more attractive.
那么 到底是什么让人具有吸引力?
so what is it that actually make someone attractive
为什么有人有众多的爱慕者?
Why is it that some people have loads of admirers?
我们大脑的连接方式
it seems to be that our brains are wired in a way
会让我们觉得特定的事情更有吸引力
that finds certain things more attractive.
有一个现象似乎在很多人身上都很常见
one constant across a wide range of people seems to be
即对称的脸更有吸引力
that faces which are symmetrical are rated as attractive.
你喜欢的人有对称脸吗?
Does your crush have a symmetrical face?
那可能就是你喜欢他们的原因了
That could be why you find them attractive.
五 声音和味道也有吸引力
Five: sound and smell play a role in attraction
很显然可以说视觉具有吸引力
It seems fairly obvious to say sight plays a role in attraction
我们往往将最初的吸引力归功于
we tend to attribute our initial attraction
某些人的长相
to someone to how they look.
然而起作用的不止这些
however it isn’t the only sense that matters
人们还发现声音和气味
it has also been found that both sound and smell
在爱恋产生的过程中也发挥了作用
also have a part to play in a crush developing.
很明确 一个人的声音和气味
specifically, it seems that a person’s voice
对于最初的吸引力来说很重要
and their scent are important to that initial attraction.
也就是说 除了长相
This makes sense, as along with how they look,
另外这两点你也快速接收到了
these two factors are things you perceive
在见到某个人的时候
very quickly when meeting someone. So,
所以 尽管你可能没有察觉
so, although you may not realize,
吸引你的可能并不仅仅是那个人的长相
it could be more than just your crushes looks that you’re attracted to.
六 我们喜欢与自己身高相似的人
Six, we’re attracted to those of similar Heights to us.
各种研究都已经发现
It has been found in various studies
夫妻的身高常常具正相关性
that couples Heights are often positively correlated
意思是高个子通常有着高个子的伴侣
This means that taller individuals on average end up with taller partners.
但是为什么呢?
But why is this?
是环境学习还是基因导致的?
Is it environmentally learned or is it genetic?
Tenesa等人2016年决定研究该问题
Tenesa et al, 2016, decided to look into this question.
采用统计技术
Using advanced statistical techniques,
他们发现配偶身高的选择
they managed to find that choice mate height
就是伴侣的身高的选择
meaning that height of our partner
全部或至少部分原因是因为基因
was due at least in part, to genetic factors.
所以如果你爱的人身高和你相似
so if your crush is a similar height to you,
很可能是基因导致的
this is probably due to genetics.
七 红色让女性对男性更具有吸引力
Seven: the color red makes woman more attractive to men.
红色常被人与吸引和渴望关联
Red is often associated with attraction and desire,
但还有别的原因吗?
but is there any other reasons for this?
一项课题研究了颜色
One study looked at the effects color had
对异性恋男性在判断
on heterosexual men’s judgment
一些女性的吸引力时的影响
on the attractiveness of several women.
研究发现红色让女性更有吸引力
It found that red made men think women were more attractive.
他们推测原因是社会条件
They suggested this is due to social conditioning,
因为社会将红色与激情相关联
because society associates red with passion,
这些参与者也一样
so did these participants.
这项研究只观察了异性恋吸引力
The study only looked at heterosexual attraction
因此对于同性吸引是否也一样
and so it’s unclear whether the same effect
尚不清楚
would be found in the same-sex attraction.
八 陷入爱情会造成生理变化
Eight, falling in love causes psychological changes.
爱情的力量很强大
Falling in love is a powerful thing
它对我们有深厚的影响
which has a profound effect on us
目前已经发现了多种身体的生理变化
It’s been found it has a lot of psychological changes on the body.
这和某些让我们觉得很好的化学物质有关
It releases chemicals which have the effect of making us feel good.
我们脸颊变得粉红
Our cheeks blush pink
手心潮湿
our palms sweat
心跳加速
and our heart race
注意到和喜欢的人说话时你的这些变化了吗?
Have you ever noticed these changes when you talk to your crush?
你在本节目是否学到
Did you learn something new
恋爱的新知识呢?
about crushes in this video?
在下方告诉我们你的恋爱体验
Tell us below about your experiences of having a crush.
希望你喜欢
We hope you enjoyed it.
请务必订阅我们以获取更多心理学内容
Be sure to subscribe for more psychological content.
同样 请喜欢 留言并随意分享
Also, like the video, leave a comment and feel free to share,
或者分享给喜欢的人!
maybe even with your crush!

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视频概述

关于爱恋的八个心理学事实

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

吃脸脸的大魔王

审核员

审核员#LY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MibRcX7KUM

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