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有效学习新语言的7种方法

7 Ways to Learn a New Language Effectively

In this Sprouts video we introduce
在本期《铅绘心理》视频中
7 ways to learn a new language.
我们会介绍7种学习新语言的方法
“Drown Yourself to Swimming”
强迫式学习
Leave the comfort of your home
离开舒适的环境
and go to the place
去一个地方
where they speak nothing but the language that you want to learn.
这个地方只说你要学习的语言
Then live there for the next 6-12 month.
然后 在那里居住6-12个月
It might be painful and lonely at times
有时你可能会感到痛苦和孤单
but you will surely learn how to speak the language
但你肯定能学会怎么说这种语言
and enjoy some memorable experiences.
并且享受一些难忘的经历
“Immersion”
沉浸式学习
Perhaps easier and also effective is immersion
或许更简单高效的方式是沉浸其中
or when you learn a new language through exposure and context.
你可以通过沉浸法 或在语境中学习新语言
So, for example,
例如
if you are learning Italian,
如果你正在学习意大利语
do so in a Pizzeria.
你可以在披萨店里这样做
You can try to read the menu or maybe even go as far as order in Italian
尝试着看菜单 或者用意大利语点餐
Antipasti, Pizza Tonno, or Gelato anybody?
有人要点开胃菜 金枪鱼披萨或意式冰淇淋吗?
“Mnemonics”
联想式学习
Mnemonics, is a method to learn new vocabulary
联想法是一种学习新词汇的方法
by creating an association that makes it easy to remember.
通过联想 更易记住词汇
For example,
例如
let’s say you want to remember the French word “chou”,
如果你想记住法语单词 “chou”
which means “cabbage” in English.
在英文中 它是“卷心菜”的意思
“Chou” is pronounced like “shoe” in English,
“chou”的发音和英文单词“shoe”相近
so you could imagine putting cabbages on your feet instead of shoes.
所以 你可以想象把卷心菜当成鞋穿在脚上
Then, when you need to remember “cabbage”,
然后 当你要说法语“卷心菜”的时候
your brain will think “cabbage -> shoes -> chou”.
你的脑子就会想“卷心菜-鞋子-chou”
“Scriptorium”
协作式学习
Scriptorium is an exercise in writing.
协作法用于练习写作
Students write the language while simultaneously speaking it out loud.
学生一边写作 一边大声读出来
Before you write a sentence, you should first read it out loud,
首先 写下每个句子前先大声读出来
second say each word aloud again as you write it
然后 下笔时大声读出每个单词
and third read the sentence aloud again after you have written it.
最后 写完时再次大声读出这个句子
The purpose of this exercise is to force yourself to slow down
这个练习的目的就是强迫你自己慢下来
and pay attention to detail
注意细节
and then review unknown words and refresh your grammar.
然后复习生词 温故语法
“Shadowing”
影子式学习法
Shadowing is used to learn vocabulary.
影子法被用于学习词汇
You listen to new words through headphones and try to repeat,
你从耳机里听到新单词 然后复述
to “shadow” them out loud as quickly as you can.
尽可能快的大声跟读
Inventor Alexander Arguelles, who speaks 50 languages,
发明家Alexander Arguelles可以说50种语言
suggests that you do it
他建议在快走时进行跟读练习
while walking swiftly to maximise alertness and blood flow!
因为快走能最大化提升注意力和血流量
“Tech and Apps”
借助现代工具
If you want to learn a new language,
如果你想学习一种新语言
but you don’t have anybody who can help,
但找不到任何帮手
check out whats available online.
看看网上有什么可以利用的
DuoLingo, for example,
例如DuoLingo
teaches many languages entirely for free.
可以免费教多种语言
Its fun and effective as they make you practice reading, writing, listening and speaking.
借助该应用练习听说读写 有趣又高效
Quizlet is great tool to study vocabulary.
Quizlet是很棒的词汇学习工具
It allows you to explore audio supported flashcards.
你能查阅带音频的卡片进行记忆
So you can learn new words and get the pronunciation right.
因此在学习新语言时就能学会正确发音
“Get a Study-buddy”
寻找一位学习伙伴
If you are not into technology
如果你不喜欢借助科技
and would rather learn with others,
而喜欢与他人一起学习
do what popular YouTuber Timothy Doner aka Polyglot Pal recommends:
按这个著名博主的建议做吧
Connect with people from around the world
和全世界的人交流
to teach and learn from each other via Skype.
通过Skype相互学习
Its one of the things that worked for him
这个方式很适合他
and he already speaks 20 languages and he’s not even 18.
在不到18岁 他已经学会说20种语言
Thanks for watching.
谢谢观看
Also check out other Sprouts Learning Techniques,
点击《铅绘心理》其他的学习技巧视频
as they can complement the methods explained in this video.
它们会对本视频的学习方法做补充
Please use the comments below to give us feedback
请在下方评论区留言
or tell us which of the techniques is your favorite, if any!
或告诉我们你最喜欢哪种学习方法

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视频概述

本文介绍了学习新语言的方法

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

doublejia

审核员

审核员LG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYlzJc8aaC0

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