(laid-back electronic music)
大家好 欢迎回到 English with Lucy 节目
– Hello, everyone, and welcome back to English with Lucy.
Today, I’ve got a video that I’ve never really done before.
I’ve never really spoken about writing, as far as I know.
So, this one has been highly requested.
I know a lot of you are doing your IELTS exams,
so I have got seven top tips
that are going to help you improve your writing.
首先 开始之前 我要感谢
Quickly, before we get started, I’d just like to thank
the sponsor of today’s video, Lingoda.
Lingoda is an amazing online language academy.
They don’t just teach English;
they also teach Spanish, German, and French.
You can subscribe to Lingoda on a monthly package basis,
and you will gain access to a combination
of both group and private video lessons
with real, qualified, native teachers.
It’s actually highly relevant to this video,
because you really, ideally want somebody
to check through your writing.
So, in your private lessons on Lingoda,
you can mention that you’d like them
to look at your writing,
and that’s what you can focus on for that lesson.
Lingoda has given all English with Lucy subscribers
a special discount; you can get $50 or €50
off your first month at Lingoda.
All you have to do is click on the link
in the description box and apply this code at checkout.
Let’s get started with the lesson.
So, my first tip for improving your writing
is keep it simple.
Now, I know this seems really, really obvious,
but I always say to my students simple done accurately
is better than complicated done inaccurately.
In other words, it’s better to keep things simple
and do it well, rather than over-complicate everything
and do it badly.
So, in English writing exams,
you want to show off your English,
but you want to show off your accurate English,
not all this English that you don’t know
or haven’t learnt yet.
Now, that leads me on to point number two.
In order to avoid making mistakes in your writing,
it’s a really, really good idea
to have a collection of set phrases and keywords
that you can use in that exam.
所以 我的第二个建议是 准备关键短语词组
So, my tip number two is prepare key phrases.
Now, you do have to be careful with this.
You don’t want to rehearse what you’re going to write,
but you do want to have a nice selection of things
that you could possible say if the time arises.
Now, especially on the IELTS exam,
and I know a lot of you are studying for this
but this really goes for any academic writing exam,
you want to have linking words and key phrases prepared.
Now I’m going to give you a list
with two examples for each point.
It doesn’t cover everything that you need to know,
but if you study everything in the list,
you will be much, much more prepared
for your English writing exam.
所以 注意啦 如果关于每个点 你觉得
So, pay attention, and if there’s any point that you think,
“I really could expand on that,”
go and do your research, and prepare yourself.
You want to make sure that you have a variety
of different ways to …
比较 in the same wayat the same time
compare: “in the same way,” “at the same time,”
对比 on the contraryhowever
contrast: “on the contrary,” “however,”
举例子 for instance to illustrate
give examples: “for instance,” “to illustrate,”
发表观点 from my perspective
give your opinion: “from my perspective,”
from my point of view
“from my point of view,”
普遍化 overallall things considered
generalise: “overall,” “all things considered,”
表达确定 undoubtedly of course
to express certainty: “undoubtedly,” “of course,”
表达部分同意 in a wayto some extent
to express partial agreement: “in a way,” “to some extent,”
表达原因 owing todue to
to show cause: “owing to,” “due to,”
表达结果 for this reasonconsequently
to show effect: “for this reason,” “consequently,”
表达时间 to begin withfollowing this
to mark time: “to begin with,” “following this,”
to add information: “furthermore,” “moreover,”
表达条件 unlessprovided that
to express condition: “unless,” “provided that,”
结尾 in summaryin short
and to conclude: “in summary,” “in short.”
So that’s just a very brief list
showing you exactly what you need to study
to be fully prepared for any English writing exam.
Now, point number three, and definitely,
definitely, definitely for academic writing,
i.e. English tests or university pieces,
do not use contractions.
在学术写作中 这句话用do not 还是用don’t表达呢
Or is that don’t use contractions?
So, cannot to can’t,
do not to don’t,
shall not to shan’t,
I am的缩略是I’m 这些都是缩略词的例子
I am to I’m, these are all examples of contractions,
and in your writing exams you want to avoid these.
我知道你们真的 真的 真的
I know that you guys really, really, really
want to keep your word count down
because you are restricted,
and you want to show off as much as you possibly can,
but I’ve got lots of tips for reducing your word count
coming up, so make sure that you do not feel tempted
to include contractions in your academic writing.
So, tip number four, reduce your word count.
Use as few words as possible.
Completely contradictory, because I’ve just told you
that you should not use contractions.
But I’ve got some really, really good mini tips
within this big tip to help you keep your word count down
and your English level up.
The first one is avoid these dead weight words
像 very so a lot really
like “very,” “so,” “a lot,” “really.”
I have mentioned this before in a video,
but if you want to show off your English,
avoid these; they’re pointless.
They are empty calories in English.
Replace them, instead, with a strong word.
因此 不说really happy
So instead of saying “really happy,”
而说 I am elated（兴高采烈）
I would say, “I am elated.”
不说 so scared 而说 terrified
Instead of saying “so scared,” I would say “terrified.”
所以 通过使用意义强烈的词 避免这些无聊的词
So, by using strong words and avoiding these boring words,
you can reduce your word count by a fair bit.
Now, another way to really reduce your word count
but really improve the quality of your writing
就是避免使用 there is 和there are
is avoiding “there is” and “there are.”
We want everything to be as clear as possible,
有时 there is 和 there are
and sometimes “there is” and “there are”
can act as fillers; they add extra words to our sentences.
So, I’m going to give you an example
so you can see this and bear it in mind
next time you’re doing an academic piece of writing.
Sentence one: there are many problems that we may encounter.
There are many problems that we may encounter
There are many problems that we may encounter.
Sentence two: We may encounter many problems.
We may encounter many problems
We may encounter many problems.
The first sentence has eight words.
The second sentence has five words.
You have reduced your word count, and you have increased
the quality and the clarity of your writing.
So, make sure you apply this in your next exam.
Number five, read …
the right documents.
Read the right pieces of writing.
I know many of you like to read in your spare time,
you like to do it for fun,
and a lot of you will read books in English,
which is amazing for improving you spelling
and improving your vocabulary as well.
But if you’re trying to get a good score
in an academic writing exam,
you might not be reading the right kind of thing.
Look at the potential pieces of writing
that they’re going to ask you to do.
他们要求你写的是文章 报告 还是论文
Are they asking you to write article, reports, essays?
Maybe they’re asking you to write all three.
If they are, read all three.
You need to go online or go to your library
and read articles, read reports,
read essays, read reviews.
Do everything you can to familiarise yourselves
with all the styles of writing.
Number six is one that you will have heard in school
so many times; but, I’ve worked as a teacher
for many, many years, and I get so frustrated
with silly, stupid mistakes
that I know that my students know.
They don’t make these mistakes when they’re speaking,
so why do they make them when they’re writing?
So many times I’ve gone and I’ve prepared a lesson
because I’ve seen that there were some very clear mistakes
in my students’ writing.
And I prepare a lesson to correct this mistake,
and when I go to teach it they say,
老师 我们已经知道这个了 这个简单过头了
“But teacher, we already know this; this is baby stuff.”
And it’s because they don’t check their work.
I have a clear example of this.
I used to work as a proofreader.
I used to check through documents
before they got sent off to publishers
to make sure that they were all correct,
that there was no spelling mistakes,
there were no grammar mistakes,
there was nothing, nothing wrong, they were all perfect.
And I was amazing at doing this.
I could get every single mistake.
Just by looking at a document from a distance
I could pick out those errors.
However, if you follow me on Instagram,
you will see that I make spelling and grammar mistakes
all the time.
Because I don’t check; I don’t check my writing.
I am a native English speaker, and I make spelling mistakes.
Granted, many of them are due to auto-correct on my phone,
which I am battling with.
But a lot of them are my fault.
And I don’t check them, so I don’t see them.
I know when you finish an exam, you’re like,
你会觉得 好 我这题写完了 可以做下个题了
“Ugh, I’m done; I want to move on to the next question,”
but you can avoid so many point deductions
just by checking through your work,
so please, please, please, make it your absolute priority.
我个人认为 你写少些 多检查会好很多
I personally think it’s much better if you write less
and check more; fewer words, higher accuracy.
我知道通常 相比于准确性 我更推崇流利度
And I know normally I promote fluency over accuracy,
but not in writing exams.
In writing exams, you want perfection.
Now, number seven is perhaps the most relevant
and the most difficult of all, especially if you’re in
really remote parts of the world.
Number seven is write and get it checked.
Write and get it checked.
And unfortunately, the getting it checked thing
is a lot harder than it seems.
You want to write as much as possible,
checking it, of course.
It used to really annoy me when my students
would come in with five essays.
I was so happy that they’d done that,
but then I saw that they’d made loads and loads
of stupid mistakes, and I just thought,
“Ugh, why didn’t you check it?
“I’m just correcting the same thing over and over again.”
But write as much as you can, check it,
and then see if you can find somebody to correct it.
Now, I’m not saying find a complete stranger.
It’s got to be in their interest to correct it as well.
我个人认为 你去网上 随便找个老师
I personally think it’s very unlikely
that you’re going to find a random teacher on the internet
that will be willing to check your writing for free.
However, there are lots of services and pen pal sites
if it’s like a mutual exchange.
If you find somebody who wants to learn your language
and they can help you with your English,
then you can do that.
或者 我提到的 去服务网站比如Lingoda
Or, like I mentioned, on services such as Lingoda,
and you can just have a straight hour of analysing writing
that you’ve already done and already sent them.
But I will say, especially to my younger viewers,
really, really, really be careful when you’re contacting
people online to practise your English.
Make sure it’s a trustworthy person, because there are
so many predators that want to talk to you,
especially young girls, to “practise their English,”
and it doesn’t actually turn out to be a English practise.
It turns out to be something quite different,
so please, please, please be careful.
If you’ve got the funds, and if you’ve got the time,
get a proper teacher and pay them to help you.
Is there any way that you’re going to be guaranteed
the proper skills, and the proper qualifications,
and also the proper incentive.
Why would a random stranger on the internet
want to help you with your writing?
What’s in it for them?
Always think about that.
好的 大家 这就是今天的课程
Right, guys, that’s it for today’s lesson.
Don’t forget to check out Lingoda.
You can take advantage of this voucher code
by clicking on the link in the description
and applying it at checkout
when purchasing your first month subscription.
Don’t forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
I’ve got my Facebook, my Instagram, and my Twitter.
And I’ll se you soon for another lesson.