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7种提高英语阅读能力的方法

7 ways to IMPROVE ENGLISH READING skills and comprehension | Learning English Technique Lesson #AD

大家好 欢迎回到《和露西一起学英语》
hello everyone and welcome back to english with Lucy
我制作过一段关于提高听力的视频
So i’ve made a video about improving your listening,
我最近也制作了一个关于写作的视频
and i made one about writing very recently as well,
我还制作过一个关于对话的视频 但是今天是时候制作一个
and i have made one on conversation. but today the time has come to make a
关于提高阅读和阅读理解能力的视频
video about improving your reading andyour reading comprehension, because
因为这是你们一直以来想要的
that’s what you guys have been asking for.
所以这个视频将会
so this video is going to be
塞满 即有非常非常多的干货
jam-packed ie really really full
来帮助你们提高阅读能力
of tips that will help you improve.
不论你想提高阅读能力
So whether you want to improve
是出于考试需要还是你只是
because you need to do a reading exam or if you just want to
为了乐趣和增长知识而去阅读
read for pleasure and understand more.
这些方法都将会帮助到你
These tips are going to help you
让我们跟着视频一起开始吧
let’s get started with the video. Now, let’s start
现在我们从一个简单的开始
with an easy one and one that you
一个你之前肯定听过的
definitely will have heard before.
但是它非常重要 我觉得我有必要
But it’s so important, I feel like I need to
重申一下 这就是读题
reiterate it. And this is read the question
记得我在学校时
Now at school I remember being
厌倦老师们反反复复告诉我去读题 总是说读题
bored of my teachers telling me to read the question, always read the question,
要记得读题 但是自从我担任老师
remember to read the question ,but having worked as a teacher
并给许多考试打过分后
and having marked so many exams
天啊!许多分数真的是因学生没有读题而丢的
Oh my god! So many points are lost through people miss reading the question.
有多少次你们
How many times have you
看到过一个问题写着:“用一个例子
seen a question that says answer with one
回答”等等之类的
example of bah-bah-bah well.
如果你们给出了两个例子
Or if you give two examples,
很可能你会得不到这道题的分数
Most of the time you will not get the point,
因为你给的例子太多了 或者如果他们要求你
because you’ve given too many examples. Or if they asked you
去描述某一件事情时 而你却列举了很多东西
to describe something and you provide a list.
那这就不是一个描述 你可能会因此丢分
It’s not a description, so you might
所以请你记住要去读题
So please just bear it in mind you need to read the question.
这是一个十分容易的小技巧
That was a pretty easy one
现在我们看下一个方法 方法二是
let’s get on to the next one. Now tip number two is
全部关于练习的 但是练习的最好方式
all about practice, but the best way to
就是阅读新闻
practice and this is by reading the news.
通过读新闻我们更容易掌握时下热词
We’re better to find up-to-the-minute current vocabulary
这些词可以用在日常交流中
that you can use in conversations,
也会在考试中见到它们
that you’re going to see in exams.
因为考试经常会
Because often exams will
用当下的事件或是最近的事件当做素材
use examples of current events or recent events,
所以作为一名教师
So as a teacher, I am always on
我一直在为我的学生寻找最好的新闻资源
the lookout for the best news resourcesfor my students.
“电讯报”非常热情地
The Telegraph app have very kindly
赞助了今天的视频 但是推荐它
sponsored today’s video, but it wasn’t a
我并不为难 因为我早已每天在用这款软件
hard job for me, because I already use the app on a daily basis
这就是我推荐给学生们的新闻应用软件
It is the news app that I recommend to my students.
之所以推荐这款软件给我学生
The reason I recommend this to my students
是因为它的新闻内容值得信赖
is because it’s trusted news content,
在线和离线时你都可以使用它
You can use it both online and offline,
当你连上无线网
So when you’re connected to Wi-Fi,
你可以下载所有的新闻
You can download all the news stories and then
等你外出时 就可以随时阅读新闻
when you’re out and about you can catch up on everything.
这款软件很棒 因为你可以点击
It’s excellent, because you can click
和你相关或者你感兴趣的话题
on the topic that is relevant and interesting to you, because
这点真的很重要 可以当你在家时或者
that’s really important.Download it whilst you’re at home or
连接了无线网时下载好新闻
connected to Wi-Fi, And then when you’re
在上班路上或者外出活动时
on your commute or you’re out and about
或者是在某个
or you’re somewhere where there’s
网络连接不佳的地方或比如在学校
bad internet or at school for example.
也能获得
You can catch up
所有你最关注的领域里的最新新闻资讯
with all the latest news stories in the section that interests you most.
所以我喜欢它的一点
So that’s one thing that I love
就是你可以在线和离线状态下查看所有内容
about it the way that you can view everything offline as well as online
现在每天都可以方便地阅读新闻了
Now it’s all very well reading the news every day,
但你如何利用新闻
but how can you use the news
尽可能地把大量的词汇
to get as much vocabulary into your
输入到你的大脑中呢
brain as possible. Well, I would
我会鼓励你写一本词汇日志
encourage you to keep a vocab diary.
我建议你用手机来记录 利用“电讯报”软件
My recommendation is keep it all on your phone, use the Telegraph
试着去阅读
app, try and read the articles
与你相关以及你感兴趣的文章
that are relevant and interesting to you, and then
然后在你手机笔记本功能上建一个词汇日志
on the note function on your phone, keep a vocab diary
你可以每天注明日期
So you could date it every
在这款应用中记录
day you can note down the words that
你不理解的单词
you don’t understand in the app, and then
当你回家时 你可以
when you get home, you can fill
查出这些单词的意思记录在日志里
in that diary, find out what the words mean
这样你就有了一个词汇清单
And there you have a list to study from
现如今你们可能听说过
Now you guys have probably heard all the
到处都有假新闻和不实新闻
fake news and the untrustworthy news articles going around
“电讯报”则完全值得信赖
The Telegraph is completely trusted,
它稿件质量好 经过严格调查且时效性强
It’s well written,It’s well researched, It’s current,
它的资讯都是实时更新
It’s up-to-the-minute and you can view it
你可以线上和线下阅读
both online and offline. So it’s
所以它随时随地可用
completely accessible. I’ve left the link
我把链接放在描述框中
in the description box for anybody who
供所有想要下载的朋友使用
wants to download it. I really
我真的鼓励你们做词汇日志
do encourage you to do that vocab diary.
因为它已经帮助我很多学生
Because it has transformed so many
提高了词汇量
of my students vocabularies.
好了 方法三与方法二也有一点关系
Right, tip number three relates back a little bit to tip number two,
但要达到足够的练习量
but it’s really important
真的很重要
if you want to achieve the right amount of practice,
因为确实熟能生巧
because practice does make perfect.
这就是在预定时间内完成阅读
And that is scheduled in reading time ,
你会惊讶的发现
and you will be amazed at how much this can
这样做真的会大大提高你的阅读量
increase the amount you read. Every morning
每天早上上班路上或是在
on your commute or, or during a
工作或上课的间隙
break work or school,
或者你是为兴趣而阅读
Or you could be reading for pleasure. So you could be
你可以在晚上预留半个小时
setting aside an extra half an hour in the evening.
确保你完成
Make sure you make
日常计划中的阅读部分
reading part of your routine.
不然如果让其他事情占据了你太多精力
Because otherwise other things take priority,
你会无法完成计划
And you will miss out.
因为提高阅读能力和其他的语言技能
Because improving your reading and improving your other
真的是像在跑一场马拉松
language skills really is like running amarathon.
你不能死记硬背
You can’t cram it,
也别期待有些事只做一次
You can’t do something once and then expect to see a massive
就有巨大进步 这需要细水常流
improvement, it needs to be little
这就是为什么即便是少量任务
and often, that’s why little tasks like
像安排时间去写词汇日志
scheduling in and writing a vocab diary are
也会十分有效 请在下方评论区留言
so so effective. let me know in the
告诉我你最喜欢在什么时间阅读
comments below when you most like to read,
或者你是否打算制定阅读计划
Or if you’re going to schedule in reading time,
以及会在什么时间进行
and when that’s going to be.
另一种你可以考虑的
Now another way you could look at
关于阅读计划制定的方法是
scheduling in reading time, is setting
要给自己设定一个阅读目标
yourself a reading goal. So depending on
根据你的水平 每一天都安排
your level, scheduling a certain amount
阅读一定数量的文章
of articles every single day,
或每天读一本书的几个章节
Or however many chapters or pages
哪怕只读几页 你知道我阅读不是为了
of a book every single day. you know I’m not reading to
提高我的英语
improve my English, I’m reading
我阅读是为了休闲
for entertainment and to keep up to date
为了了解时事
with current affairs. I like to
我喜欢给自己设定的目标是
set myself the goal of reading at least 5
早上喝咖啡时至少读5篇文章
articles in the morning whilst I have my coffee.
我会大致浏览一下
I skim read them,
这对我来说是个合适的时间
And it’s just the right amount of time for me.
当然如果我有更多时间
Obviously if I have more time I’ll read
我会读的更多 我确实喜欢按我的计划
more, I do like to start off the day
开启新的一天 我可以超额阅读
with my set amount, I can go over but I can’t
但不会减量 所以要考虑给每一天
go under. So look at scheduling in a goal
设定一个目标 下一个方法
for each day. Now the next tip is a
会有一点奇怪 它也许未必
little bit strange, and it might not work
对每个人都有效 但对我真的非常有效
for everybody, but it really really works for me.
我在大学考试时用它很有效 因为我发现
It worked for me when I was doing my exams in university because I found
学习太无聊了 但是我需要
studying so boring, but I needed
消化大量的文章 论文 教材和文学类书籍
to ingest a huge amount of articles, essays,
我还发现了一个很有用的办法
textbooks, literature in general. andsomething I found incredibly helpful,
可以让阅读变得
And something that made reading much more
更加快乐和享受的办法
pleasurable and much more enjoyable, was
就是在我脑海中用名人的声音去进行朗读
reading using the voice of a celebrityin my head.
而我选择的名人
And my celebrity
一直是我在之前视频中提到的斯蒂芬·弗莱
of choice was always Stephen Fry, who I’ve mentioned in previous videos
他讲着一口标准的英语
He speaks with received pronunciation.
而且他非常非常聪明
He’s very very intelligent.
他是个喜剧演员 说话声音很好听
He’s a comedian, he has a lovely voice and
在准备大学学位论文时
I used to read
我曾借用他的声音通读了
through all of the essays literature for my university degree
所有的论文文献
in his voice.
于是我就养成了这个习惯 我发现这个方法
And I just got into a habit and I found that it made everything less
让阅读不再令人生畏 我也见到其他人这样做过
dreadful. And I’ve seen that other people do it too,
因为我看到有人在Instagram私信
Because I get messages on
和Youtube评论里说
Instagram and comments
我读任何英语文本时
on YouTube saying, whenever I read anything in English, I do
都会用你的声音 露西
it in your voice Lucy.
一开始我也觉得很奇怪
And at first I thought how strange and then I thought
然后我想:我对斯蒂芬·弗雷也是这么做的
oh that’s what I do to Stephen Fry.
所以选一个人的声音
So yeah, pick a voice of somebody that you
一个你真的很喜欢的声音
really really like, and and try
然后在你下次阅读时 尝试用你脑海中的
using their voice in your head next time you
这个声音去朗读
read something. if you’re reading
如果你想为练习英语去阅读
to practice your English, let me know which
请留言告诉我你选择的人是谁
person you choose in the comments.
因为我想能看到大家选择的是谁
Because I think it’ll be quite funny to
将会很有趣 下一个方法是
see who everyone chooses. Now the next tip is
针对那些对自己阅读理解能力
for people who just really aren’t
不满意的人的 如果你觉得你
satisfied with their readingcomprehension, If you feel like you are
在考试中表现不佳
underperforming in exams,
或者你没有从阅读中获得
Or you’re not getting the most out of reading for
很大的乐趣 这是给你的建议 我希望你
pleasure. This tips for you I want you to step back
先从阅读中退出来
from your reading and evaluate
想想是哪方面出现了问题 为什么你不满意
what’s going wrong, why?why are you dissatisfied
以便找到解决方法
in order to find a cure,
你需要发现症结所在
You need to find the problem.
你需要问自己为什么 是因为缺乏词汇量吗
You need to ask yourself why, are you lacking vocabulary?
是不是就因为不认识单词
Is it that every other sentence
你才无法理解大多数的句子
you can’t understand, because you don’t
你是不是缺乏专业术语
understand the words. Are you lackingtechnical vocabulary? So you’ll fine
所以你读一般的故事没有问题
reading a general story, but if you read
但读政治或科学类的文章
about politics or science, you’re
你就完全被难住 被难住就是感到困惑
completely stumped, stumped meansconfused.
是你搞不清楚时态
Is it that you really struggle with tenses ?
还是你不明白这是用了哪种过去式
Is it that you can’t work out which past tense is being used,
或是你无法理解
Or if they’re talking
他们在讨论现在还是将来 是不是根本不是语言的问题
about the present or the future, is it rather than the language used
是不是你觉得阅读太累了
Is it that you find reading too
太无聊了 还是你在考试中
tiring, or too boring. Is it that you run
时间不够用 你需要想一想
out of time in an exam. you need to think
是哪方面的问题 然后给自己
about what is going wrong, and then find
找到一个解决方法或请求别人
yourself a solution or ask somebody to
帮助你找到一个解决方法
help you find a solution.
我可以给你所有适用你阅读的方法
I can give you all the tips to apply to your reading.
但是如果你不能弄清楚
But if you don’t work out what’s
一开始哪里出了错
wrong in the first place, you’re going
你会很难有所提高 所以我想要你去思考
to have a tough time improving. So I invite you to think
你的阅读存在什么问题 在评论区写下来
about your reading. What is going wrong, write it in the comment section,
让我们大家一起 去帮助其他人提高阅读技能
And let’s all help each other to improve our reading skill.
我可以确定我的阅读有什么问题 比如 当我读西班牙文时
I can identify what’s wrong with my reading, when I read in Spanish for example.
一感到无聊我就略读 跳过重点
I get bored.I skim read I miss the point
我没有尽力去理解整个段落的意思
and I don’t try hard enough to understand the whole passage.
而我应该怎么做呢
What do I need to do?
我需要总结每一个段落
I need to work on summarizing every
或每一页的内容 去确保
paragraph or every page to make sure
我对上下文有了清晰的了解
that I get a clear grasp of the context,
了解这篇文章讲了什么
And just what’s going on in the piece.
那么你的问题是什么 如果可以的话
So what’s your problem? And if you can what
你需要做什么来对抗它 请在下面评论
do you need to do to fight it. Comment down below.
我的下一个方法
My next tip is going
同样听起来很奇怪
to sound weird as well.
但对我来说真的很有效
But it’s something that really worked for me and
这就是学会用笔
This is use a pen,
这将会以几种不同的方式帮到你
And this helps you in a couple of different ways,
其中最显而易见的就是你会知道
One of the obvious ones which you will know about
你可以在单词下面划线
is you can underline words,
但是在关键词下面划线真的十分重要
But it is really really important to underline key words,
或甚至于去划掉那些
Or even cross out words that you
你认为不相干的单词
think are not relevant as well
我不会完全把它们划掉
I wouldn’t completely cross them out,
但会划一条删除线
But maybe put a line
如果你认为:不 这些并不重要 只要关键词
through if you think no no this stuff doesn’t matter, just the
另一个利用你可靠的笔的方法是
key words. But another use for your trusty pen is
用它来帮助你加速阅读
use it to help you speed read,
所以你用它作为一个指针 这真的会帮助
So you use it as a pointer. This is going to really help anybody that
那些挣扎于在短时间内阅读文本的人
struggles with reading a text in a short amount of time.
在许多考试中 你
In a lot of exams you’re
会有时间压力
under time pressure.
所以你想要在短时间内阅读
So you want to read as much as possible in the shortest
尽可能多的内容
amount of time.
所以我发现像这样用笔跟随着单词
So I find that by using a pen and following under the words like this
我知道我现在看起来很可笑
I know I look ridiculous right now.
但是我想让你们加快阅读速度
But I want you guys to speed read really
这真的帮助我阅读得很快
helps me read much more quickly
你可以尝试下 看看这适不适合你
You can try it out see if it works for you.
找一篇文章 不用笔先读一遍 再用笔
Take an article read it first without the pen read it again
读一遍 给你自己计时
with the pen, time yourself.
看看哪个更快
See which one is quicker
这也许要时间去适应 但是学习快速阅读
It might take some getting used to, but learning to
和用笔做指针
speed read and using a pointer,
可以改善你在阅读考试中的表现
It can transform the way you perform in reading exams.
好了 这就是今天介绍的所有方法
right guys that’s it with the tips for today
我真的真的鼓励你去点击
I really really encourage you to click on the link
描述框里的链接 去下载“电讯报”软件
in the description box and download the Telegraph app.
我已经说过它是多么的棒
I’ve already said how great it is.
它是我曾一直用的软件
It was what I was using before,
能用它一起学习是件非常愉快的事情
And it was an absolutepleasure to be invited to work with them.
因为我喜欢推荐我真正相信的东西
Because I love recommending things I truly believe in
我相信
I’m confident that
如果你给自己设定一个目标
if you set yourself a goal of reading to 3 or
比如 每天读三到五篇文章
5 articles a day for example,
你真的真的能够
You really really will
随着时间推移提高而你的阅读理解能力
improve your reading comprehension over time.
别忘记通过我的社交媒体与我联系
Don’t forget to connect with me on all of my social media.
我有“脸书”
I’ve got my facebook I’ve got my
“Instagram”和“推特”
Instagram and I’ve got my Twitter,
我会在下一课与大家再见
And I will see you soon for another lesson
[飞吻……]
(kissing

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视频概述

你需要提高你的英语阅读速度和理解能力吗?本视频将向您介绍7个提高英语词汇量和阅读能力的技巧。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Cinderella

审核员

审核员 T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sWZ9LNXZSvA

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