Some researchers believe that
birth order has some bearing on
who you grow up to be.
Research has suggested that
whether you’re born first,
in the middle, or last,
may have an impact on your personality, intelliegence
or even how religious you are.
There is debate in this area,
and some studies find no significant differences due to birth order.
However, we will explore some of the positive findings
that have been found.
Disclaimer, this evidence is all correlational
and does not implay causation.
Also, there are generalzations,
so they may not apply to everyone.
Researchers Saroglou and Fiasse looked at the grades
siblings obtained in school.
They found that sibilings who were born first
tend to achieve higher grades compared to middle or last-born children,
and may be caused simply by higher intelligence level or greater motivation.
Another piece of reserach was conducted by Damian and Roberts.
Their study looked at the effect of birth order
on first and last-born children’s personality.
They found that in general,
first-born siblings are more conscientious,
less sociable, and higher in leadership skills.
They are natural-born leaders and achievers.
They also tend to be more agreeable and less neurotic,
which would explain the excellent leadership skills.
Damian and Roberts also measure children’s intelligence through IQ tests.
They found that first-born children seem more intelligent,
especially in verbal abilities,
as opposed to other parts of intelligence,
like math and spatial abilities.
Saroglou and Fiasse were one of the first to
include middle-born children in their order effect’s studies
rather than just first and last-born children.
They conducted a study where they got religiosity and personality ratings
from both their children and their parents,
and look to see if birth order has any effect on these variables.
They found that compared to kids who were born first or last,
those who were middle-born are less religious and less conscientious.
They also found that generally middle-born children
have fewer achievements and less self-discipline than their siblings.
反而 他們更任性 坦率 及比較可能去幻想
Instead, they are more impulsive, open and likely to fantasize.
Saroglou and Fiasse also found
some interesting effects of birth order on the last-born child.
Last-born children are found
either by their own ratings or by their parents,
to be more altruistic in nature.
They’re also more agreeable,
更溫柔 更暖心 以他們父母的評價來說
tender-minded and warm as rated by their parents.
Additionally they tend to be more trustworthy, straightforward and obedient.
So we’ve covered the effect birth order has on children,
but what about those who are the only child their parents have?
Does this affect them at all?
Xiao, Yao, Li and Huang looked at this topic
and found that those who are only children
experience higher life satisfaction than those who have siblings.
This study was conducted in China
and so we should be mindful of any cultural differences
that may explain the finding,
but that aside,
it probably makes sense that parents with one child
put more time in resources into that child,
causing them to have a higher life satisfaction.
So what do you think?
A load of rubbish or a genuine thing?
Do the relationships discussed here reflect people you know in real life?
Let us know in the comments and let us know
what your birth order is in which of the traits fit you.
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