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7種出生順序影響我們的方式 – 译学馆
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7種出生順序影響我們的方式

7 Surprising Ways Birth Order Affects Us

來吧!心理學
Psych2Go
有些研究員相信
Some researchers believe that
出生順序關係到
birth order has some bearing on
你成長後的未來
who you grow up to be.
研究員表示
Research has suggested that
不管你是第一個出生
whether you’re born first,
排在中間或最後
in the middle, or last,
都會對你的個性、智商
may have an impact on your personality, intelliegence
或甚至你的虔誠度有影響
or even how religious you are.
這個領域中有爭議
There is debate in this area,
且有些研究說明出生順序無顯著差異
and some studies find no significant differences due to birth order.
然而我們將探討一些已被證實的
However, we will explore some of the positive findings
正面研究結果
that have been found.
免責聲明 所有的證明都是相關關係
Disclaimer, this evidence is all correlational
且沒有因果關係
and does not implay causation.
並且本研究廣義化
Also, there are generalzations,
所以不一定適用每個人
so they may not apply to everyone.
第一個出生的小孩
First-Born Children.
研究員薩魯古和法伊斯研究了
Researchers Saroglou and Fiasse looked at the grades
兄弟姊妹在校成績
siblings obtained in school.
他們發現第一個出生的
They found that sibilings who were born first
比起在中間和最後出生的更可能成績出色
tend to achieve higher grades compared to middle or last-born children,
且可能僅因為更高的智商與動力
and may be caused simply by higher intelligence level or greater motivation.
另外一個為達米恩與羅伯茲的研究
Another piece of reserach was conducted by Damian and Roberts.
他們的研究探討第一個及最後一個
Their study looked at the effect of birth order
出生順序孩子的個性的影響
on first and last-born children’s personality.
他們發現通常
They found that in general,
第一個出生的孩子更一絲不苟
first-born siblings are more conscientious,
較少的交際及更具有領導能力
less sociable, and higher in leadership skills.
他們是天生的領導者和成功者
They are natural-born leaders and achievers.
他們也較和氣及少神經質
They also tend to be more agreeable and less neurotic,
解釋了他們優秀的領導能力
which would explain the excellent leadership skills.
達米恩和羅伯茲也透過智力測驗測量小孩的智商
Damian and Roberts also measure children’s intelligence through IQ tests.
他們發現第一個出生的小孩看起來更聰明
They found that first-born children seem more intelligent,
特別是在語言能力
especially in verbal abilities,
與其他致力部分相比
as opposed to other parts of intelligence,
像數學與空間能力
like math and spatial abilities.
中間出生的孩子
Middle-Born Children.
薩魯古和法伊斯是第一個
Saroglou and Fiasse were one of the first to
將中間出生的孩子納入研究的人
include middle-born children in their order effect’s studies
而不是只研究第一個及最後一個出生的
rather than just first and last-born children.
他們實施了研究並父母與子女的評價
They conducted a study where they got religiosity and personality ratings
探討虔誠度和個性
from both their children and their parents,
及研究出生順序是否對這些變因有任何影響
and look to see if birth order has any effect on these variables.
他們發現對比第一個或最後出生的小孩
They found that compared to kids who were born first or last,
中間出生的小孩有比較少虔誠度與比較不細心
those who were middle-born are less religious and less conscientious.
他們也發現中間出生的小孩通常
They also found that generally middle-born children
並且他們的兄弟姊妹有較少的成功及較少的自律
have fewer achievements and less self-discipline than their siblings.
反而 他們更任性 坦率 及比較可能去幻想
Instead, they are more impulsive, open and likely to fantasize.
最後一個出生的孩子
Last-Born Children.
薩魯古和法伊斯也發現
Saroglou and Fiasse also found
些對最後出生的孩子的有趣影響
some interesting effects of birth order on the last-born child.
最後一個出生的孩子
Last-born children are found
因為他們自身的等級或因為他們的父母
either by their own ratings or by their parents,
他們天生更無私心
to be more altruistic in nature.
他們也更和善
They’re also more agreeable,
更溫柔 更暖心 以他們父母的評價來說
tender-minded and warm as rated by their parents.
另外他們也容易更可靠 直率且服從
Additionally they tend to be more trustworthy, straightforward and obedient.
所以我們討論了出生順序對孩子的影響
So we’ve covered the effect birth order has on children,
但那些獨生子女呢?
but what about those who are the only child their parents have?
這些到底有沒有影響到他們?
Does this affect them at all?
蕭、姚、李及黃研究了這個主題
Xiao, Yao, Li and Huang looked at this topic
並發現那些獨生子女
and found that those who are only children
比起有兄弟姊妹的人有更高的生活滿意度
experience higher life satisfaction than those who have siblings.
這個研究是在中國做的
This study was conducted in China
所以我們應注意任何文化差異
and so we should be mindful of any cultural differences
所解釋的研究結果
that may explain the finding,
但撇開這些
but that aside,
獨生子女的父母或許合理的
it probably makes sense that parents with one child
花更多時間與資源在該獨生子女
put more time in resources into that child,
以導致他們對人生有更高的滿意度
causing them to have a higher life satisfaction.
所以你怎麼看?
So what do you think?
一大堆垃圾還是一個有趣的議題?
A load of rubbish or a genuine thing?
以上討論的關係有反應你現實中認識的人們嗎?
Do the relationships discussed here reflect people you know in real life?
留言在下方的留言區且讓我們知道
Let us know in the comments and let us know
你的出生順序是什麼及是否與以上所說的特質相同
what your birth order is in which of the traits fit you.
如果你喜愛這個內容
If you enjoyed this content,
查看我們其他的社群軟體
check out our other social media.
也別忘記訂閱
And don’t forget to subscribe!
謝謝您的觀看 祝您有個美好的一天
Thanks for watching and have a wonderful day!

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视频概述

本影片簡述了7種你意想不到的出生順序影響我們的方式。

听录译者

小多荷

翻译译者

賽妞索伊得

审核员

审核员HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1n83OAgPp4

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