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攻破有关心理问题的七个谣言 – 译学馆
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攻破有关心理问题的七个谣言

7 MYTHS You Still Believe About Mental Illness

嗨 大家好 这是一个很重要的视频
– Oh, man, this video is an important one.
事实上 我一直都很想谈谈这个问题
It’s actually one I’ve wanted to talk about for quite a while.
那么 咱们就开始吧
So let’s get into it.
关于心理健康的探讨来源已久
The discussion surroundingmental health has come a
但仍然有许多谬误出现
long way, but there’s still a lot of false information out there.
众所周知 谈论心理健康和心理问题
We now know that discussing the topic of mental health and illness is important
对消除与之相连的污名相当重要
for removing the stigmaassociated with it.
与此同时 人们对于具体的心理问题
And while that is happening, there are still some misunderstandings
仍然存有许多误解
about specific mental illnesses
这也是亟待澄清的
that need to be addressed.
所以在这个视频中 我将会列举
So in this video, I’m going to take seven
7个你可能仍然相信的关于心理问题的常见谣言
of the most common mythsthat you likely still believe
并阐明其背后的真相
about mental illness andexplain the truth behind them.
那么我们就开始吧
So let’s get the ball rolling.
以下是七个你仍然相信的有关心理问题的谣言
This is seven myths you still believe about mental illness.
谣言一 心理问题是一种疾病
The myth that mental illness is a disease.
心理问题确实是真正的问题
Mental illness is 100% a real issue,
但据此谣传 心理问题是种疾病
but this myth says thatmental illness is a disease
就像流感 心脏病 甚至更具体一点脑部病变
like the flu, heart disease, or even more specifically brain disorders.
由于现在许多心理问题是由生理原因引起的
Now since there are biological causes for many of them,
所以一些心理问题可以被医治
a handful can be treated,
然而 现在仍然没有任何合理的解释
however there is stillno sound understanding
来说明这些问题从何而来
of where these issues come from due
因为心理问题确实十分复杂
to how complicated they actually are.
按照医学界的说法 精神紊乱不是医学疾病
According to the medical community, psychiatric disordersare not medical diseases.
没有实验室测试 脑部扫描 X射线
There are no lab tests, brain scans, x-rays,
或者是化学不平衡测试
or chemical imbalance tests
可以证明任何精神紊乱是一种躯体障碍
that can verify any mentaldisorder as a physical condition. Additionally,
此外 一些科学家 医生和其他健康产业专业人士
a number of scientists, doctors, and other healthindustry professionals,
认为心理问题由多种因素引起
feel mental illness stemsfrom multiple sources,
这些原因包括基因 性格 社会和环境
having genetic, personality, social, as well as environmental causes,
这意味着简单地将其定义为疾病是错误的
which means simply labeling them as diseases requires accepting a lie.
本质上说 将心理问题
Essentially labeling mental illness
标记为一种疾病 不仅过度简化了问题
as a disease is not only over-simplifying the problem,
而且实际上可能会限制一个人获得帮助
but may actually restricta person’s ability to get help with it
谣言二 抑郁症是一种性格缺点
The myth that depression is a flaw,
而不是一种心理问题
not a mental illness.
仔细想想 这句话实际上是有些无礼的
This myth is actually kind of offensive when you think about it.
这种观点认为一个人可以轻松摆脱抑郁症
The idea that a person can just snap out of a depression
因为它不过是一种性格缺陷
due to it being a character flaw,
而不是一种真实的病症 这绝对是不像话的
not a real illness, whichis absolutely outrageous.
根据精神健康基金会的说法
According to the mental health foundation,
抑郁症不仅是一种合乎逻辑的心理障碍
depression is not only a legitimate mental disorder,
还很常见
but a common one,
并会导致兴趣或乐趣的丧失
and leads to a loss of interest or pleasure,
让人感到内疚或价值感低 精力不足
feelings of guilt or low worth, low energy,
和许多人们不能轻易摆脱的其他情况
and a number of other conditions that someone doesn’t simply snap out of.
抑郁症是一种心理问题
Depression is a mental illness,
不是懒惰或虚弱的美化词
not a fancy name for laziness or weakness.
数以亿计的人饱受抑郁症的折磨
Millions of people suffer from it,
而且必须每天应付它所带来的毁灭性影响
and have to deal with the crushing effects of it every day,
而没有其他人声称 摆脱悲伤是他们的职责
without others claiming that it’s their job to break out of the sadness,
就仿佛这件事情轻而易举似的
as if that would be easy to do.
谣言三 孩子不会被心理问题所影响
The myth that children are not affected by mental illness.
信不信由你 许多人真的相信
Believe it or not, a lot of people actually believe
孩子产生的任何心理问题只不过是成长的一部分
that any mental illnesses that children have are just a part of growing up.
仿佛成熟可以治愈你全部的心理健康问题
As if maturity cures all of your mental health problems.
据调查 超过70%的成年人面临的心理问题
According to research, over 70% of mental illnesses that adults struggle with,
开始于他们的十八岁之前
began when they were younger than 18 years old.
事实上 研究表明
In fact, studies show that
1/5的孩子都有心理健康障碍
one in five children have mental health disorders
他们深受其困扰
that they’re forced to live with.
如果你认为成年人可能不敏感
And if you think adults can be insensitive,
那么就想想看小学是怎样的
just think about what grade school is like.
数以亿计的孩子已经被诊断出
Millions of children have been diagnosed
患有抑郁症 焦虑症
with depression, anxiety disorders,
进食障碍和强迫症
eating disorders, and obsessive compulsive behaviors.
每个孩子都会偶尔感到失落
Every kid gets down once in a while,
但是如果这是一种重复的模式
however if it’s a repeated pattern,
作为成年人或是那个孩子的朋友
as an adult or even that kid’s friend,
试着同情 理解他们 他们可能真的存在心理问题
try to be empathetic and understand that they might actually have a mental illness.
谣言四 有心理问题的人应该避免接触其他人
The myth that people with mental illnesses should avoid other people.
虽然这点不需要特别说明
This should go without saying,
但是心理问题并不会传染
but mental illness is not contagious.
你可能会惊讶我为何说明这一点
You may be surprised that I even need to say it
但显然有很多人
but apparently there are a number of people
认为如果你患有这样的心理障碍
out there who think that if you have such a disorder,
你就应该避免工作和上学 避免与一般人接触
you should avoid work and school and just people in general.
这些人中的大部分认为
The majority of those people believe
你要么没有正常的社会功能
that either you’re not able to function,
要么会降低每个人的生产力和斗志
or you’ll bring down productivity and morale of everyone.
但是
Well, guess what?
患有这种心理障碍的人实际上能很好地完成工作
People with such disorders actually function just fine in the workplace.
这就是为什么很多人患有抑郁症使人们很惊讶
That’s why a lot of people who come out as depressed surprise people
因为他们真的很擅长隐藏自己的病情
because they’re really good at hiding it.
事实上 大部分患有抑郁症或类似症状的人
In fact, most people suffering from depression or similar illnesses
更喜欢工作
prefer being employed
而不愿意感受失业带给他们的孤立感和压力
and not feeling the isolation and stress that unemployment would bring them.
那些抑郁的人就算不比其他人有效率
People that are depressed are just as productive,
也会跟其他人同样很有效率
if not more productive than everyone else.
所以唯一的问题在于
So the only real issue here, is one
那些对有心理障碍的人抱有偏见的雇主
where employers sadly tend to be prejudiced against people with mental disorders.
相信我 我自己之前也曾超级抑郁
Trust me, I myself used to be super depressed
在那段时间 我发布在YouTube上的视频
and during that time, I was probably cranking out more videos on YouTube
比以往任何时候都多
than I had ever done before.
我猜我只是想拼命工作来使我的内心摆脱抑郁吧
I guess I just wanted to work and keep my mind off the depression.
谣言五 电击治疗是疼痛且折磨人的
The myth that shock therapy is painful and torturous.
电休克治疗 简称ECT
Electroconvulsive therapy, or ECT for short,
在电影 电视还有媒体的描述中声名狼藉
gets a bad rap in movies, television, and in the media,
所以这条谣言的存在 也就不足为奇了
so there’s no wonder that this myth exists.
很多人认为电休克治疗是野蛮的
Many see shock therapy as barbaric,
因为医生只是想尝试着
with the doctors basically just trying to
从遭受心理问题的人身上把这种病症折磨走
torture the mental illness out of the people suffering from them.
这种想法来源于
The source of this way of thinking comes
早期没有应用麻醉手段的手术
from early treatments where no anesthesia was administered,
这些手术使用了高剂量的电击
high doses of electricity were used,
病人便会出现记忆缺失
and patients suffered memory loss.
但现在情况已经很不一样了
But today things are very different.
事实证明ECT针对于重度抑郁的病人
It turns out ECT is an incredibly effective treatment
和很多患有其他精神疾病的人
for severe depression and a number
非常有效
of other mental illnesses.
如今 医生会使用常规麻醉剂
Today, doctors use general anesthesia
和更小剂量的电流刺激
and much smaller electric currents.
研究表明事实上ECT可以逆转
Studies have shown that ECT can actually reverse
心理问题的许多症状
many symptoms of mental illness
而且没有什么副作用
with very few negative side effects.
话虽这么说 但它并不适用于所有人
That being said, it’s not for everyone,
我只是想要试着破除一个谣言
I’m just trying to dispel a myth here, people.
放轻松
Take it easy.
谣言六 精神分裂症患者是暴力且危险的
The myth that schizophrenics are violent or dangerous.
事实上这个谣言是完全与事实相反的
Actually this myth is the exact opposite of the actual facts.
社会上只有很少的暴力事件
See society sees very little violence
是由精神分裂症患者或者其他精神疾病的人导致的
from schizophrenics or any other mentally ill people,
除了你在大大小小的荧幕上看到过的情况
despite what you see on the big or little screens.
事实上 大部分有心理问题的人
In fact most people with mental illness suffer
饱受焦虑和抑郁的困扰
from anxiety or depression,
而不像连环杀人犯一样受到暴力和情绪爆发的影响
not some violent, outbursting, serial killer making disorder.
最重要的是 有着严重精神问题的人
To top it off, individuals with major mental illnesses are
更可能成为暴力的受害者
far more likely to be victims of violence,
使他们处于比自身危险系数更高的情境
making them more in danger than the actual danger themselves.
谣言七 没有能治愈心理问题的手段
The myth that there are no cures for mental illnesses.
有些人相信心理问题都在人们的大脑中形成
There are some people that believe that mental illness is all made up in people’s heads.
而另一些人
And then there are others
认为患者可以仅仅通过意志来克服它
that think that sufferers can overcome it with mere willpower.
但是还有第三种人
But then there’s a third group of people
觉得一旦你有了精神问题
who feel that once you have a mental illness,
一辈子都不会康复 因为这种疾病不可治愈
you have it for life, as there’s no real cure. Well,
如果你曾经抑郁过
if you’ve ever been depressed,
我很高兴地告诉你 他们是错的
I’m happy to tell you that they’re wrong.
治疗方案是绝对真实存在的
There absolutely are real treatment options
它们在很多情况下是有用的
that really work for a number of conditions.
而且我们看到了越来越多的新方法
And more and more, we’re seeing new methods
可以帮助患者与疾病作斗争
for helping sufferers combat them.
研究发现 在寻求治疗的患者身上
Studies have shown improvements, relief of symptoms,
出现了病情改善 缓解
and yes, even complete recoveries
甚至是完全康复的现象
in patients seeking treatments.
有时候它会花费很长时间 但总是有希望的
Sometimes it takes a long time, but there’s always hope.
而且希望足以改变一个人的整个前景
And hope can be enough to changea person’s entire outlook.
无论是药物治疗 冥想
Whether it’s medication, meditation,
或者只是去看心理医生
or simply going to a therapist, I promise,
我保证 方法有很多
there are options out there,
而且你的病情确实会好转
and it does get better.
这就是全部内容啦
And that’s it.
如果你喜欢这个视频并且
If you enjoyed this video and you’d
以后想要看更多我的视频
like to see more videos from me in the future,
订阅我的频道
subscribe to my channel and
然后打开新视频通知
turn on notifications for my new uploads.
感谢你的观看
Thank you for watching.
我希望你从中收获了一些东西
I hope you got something out of this,
我们下一个视频再见 拜拜
and I’ll see you in the next video, bye bye.

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视频概述

打破心理问题常见的七个谣言:心理问题是一种疾病;抑郁症是一种性格缺陷;孩子不会受到心理问题的困扰;有心理问题的人应该避免接触其他人;电击疗法是痛苦且折磨人的;精神分裂症患者暴力且危险;没有治愈心理问题的手段。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

芒果Seven

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8a9AWLnoKQ

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