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7个关于多动症的刻板印象 – 译学馆
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7个关于多动症的刻板印象

7 MYTHS You Still Believe About ADHD

今天我们将讨论
– Today we’re going to talk
一只松鼠
a squirrel!
(清嗓)无论如何 正如我所说
(throat clearing) Anyway, like I was saying,
关于这个话题的有很多错误的说法
there’s a lot of misconceptions about this topic.
例如 并不是人人都会
For example, not everyone is like that
但有些人会因为松鼠分神
and gets distracted by squirrels, although,
松鼠是一种可爱的使人分心的动物
squirrels are cute and distracting.
所以在这个视频里
So with this video,
我会带来七个广为人知的
I’m going to take the seven most commonly
错误谣传 可能你还
believed myths that you likely still
信以为真哦 它们是关于多动症和注意力缺失的谬论
believe about ADD and ADHD
然后解释背后的真相
and explain the truth behind them.
那么我们就直奔主题了
So I say we get right into it.
关于多动症 你仍然相信的七个谬见
This is Seven Myths You Still Believe About ADHD.
轻柔的电子乐
(light electronic music)
多动症和注意力缺失实际上不是医学上的疾病
ADD and ADHD are not actually medical disorders.
我们从多动症和注意力缺失刚刚被发现时
Let’s start with one that people
就被广泛讨论的
have been talking about since ADD and ADHD
事情开始说起
were originally discovered.
当然就是注意力缺失的人不
That, of course, being that ADD is not
是真正医学意义上的紊乱
a legitimate medical disorder.
这种谬见主要是说注意力缺失
This myth basically says that ADD
是父母 老师 医生拿来解释
is a crutch for parents, teachers and doctors
那些宁愿将时间花在好玩的
who want to use it to explain why
事情上而不是工作上的人
a person would rather do fun things than work,
简单但是并不正确
but that is simply not true.
基于最普遍的
In addition to being the most commonly
儿童和青少年精神障碍
studied psychiatric disorder in children
研究 注意力缺失症
and adolescents, Attention Deficit Disorder
是以生物学为基础的 而且科学家
is biologically based, and scientists
展示了一种不稳定的化学品
have shown an imbalance in chemicals
是影响大脑执行能力
that lead to significant problems
的重要原因
with the executive functions in the brain.
无法集中注意力和控制冲动
The inability to focus and impulsiveness
是基于医学上精确分类
are just two symptoms of this 100%
可以确诊的两个症状
accurately categorized medical disorder.
所以如果你很容易分神
So if you get distracted easily you may
你可能就有这种病了 或者你就是真的很像松鼠
have it or you just may really like squirrels.
我真的很喜欢松鼠
I really like squirrels.
注意力缺失和多动症可以简单地通过
ADD and ADHD can be cured by simply
学着集中注意力来治愈
learning to focus.
现在我们已经确定多动症
Now that we’ve established that ADHD
实际上是一种医学意义上的紊乱我们
is in fact a medical disorder, we turn
就将注意力转向 没有紊乱
our attention to the ridiculous cures
的人们提出的
that people who don’t have the disorder
搞笑疗法吧
have come up with.
第一个是很简单的
The first is the idea that simply
尽可能的迫使自己集中注意力
willing yourself to focus whenever
这是最快的一种方法
possible is the fastest way to rid yourself of it.
但是 很简单但却不是真的
However, it’s simply not true,
多动症是没有治愈疗法的
and there is no cure for ADHD.
你能做的不过是
All a person can really do is deal
处理紊乱的症状
with the symptoms of the disorder.
因此 拼尽全力得集中注意力
Thus, by trying your hardest to focus,
可能也是能做到的
you might actually be able to do so,
但是没有某些应对措施
but without some sort of treatment plan,
比如理论引导
such as academic help and behavior
和行为修正措施 无法集中注意力
modification treatment, the inability
不久后还是会复发
to focus will more likely than not return soon.
所以 当你看到这样的
So all you’re going to do if you see someone
人 你要做的就是
with this condition and you’re like
说 嗨哥们儿 你越费劲集中精力
hey man, why can’t you just focus,
就越心烦意乱 不如你别费劲了
you’re just gonna upset them, so don’t do it.
孩子可以摆脱多动症
Kids can grow out of having ADHD.
很多人没有了解过多动症
Many people who haven’t read into ADHD
显然没有医疗
and have obviously never been to medical
学派相信不仅是多动症
school believe that not only is ADHD
不是一种身体状况 而是
not a medical condition, but that it’s
简单的会随着年龄增长而消失的阶段
simply a phase that a person can grow out of.
实际上这种身体状况会
The reality is that this condition can
伴随你直到成年
stick with you well into adulthood.
事实上 尽管有很多的
In fact, despite there being an abundance
治疗措施像是更好的环境构建
of treatments like better structured
还有利他林这样的药物治疗
environments and medications such as Ritalin,
70%的患有紊乱症的孩子
70% of kids who have the disorder
到了青春期还是会有多动症
continue to have it when they reach adolescence,
50%直到成年都有多动症
and 50% have it through adulthood.
很多这样的成年人
Many of those adults have even made
甚至将自己的多动症从缺点变成了优点
their ADHD a merit instead of a flaw.
在很多行业 精力旺盛
As in many careers, having a lot of energy
真的是件大好事 只要
is actually an asset, just as long as it
不用同时集中精力在很多
doesn’t require you to focus on too many
事情上 那就没啥大不了
things at once, that’s just no bueno.
只有过度活跃的孩子才会有多动症
Only hyperactive kids have ADHD.
我们从两个方面解决这个谬见吧
Let’s tackle this myth on two fronts.
第一 有多动症是可能的
Firstly, it’s possible for someone to have ADHD
不会一直过度活跃
and not seem hyperactive all the time,
尽管过度活跃是
even though hyperactivity is the most
这种紊乱最普遍的症状
common symptom of this disorder.
他们可能对专注某个工作有困难
They may have trouble staying focused
行为很冲动 除此之外
on a task and act impulsively without
似乎他们有无穷无尽的能量
it seeming like they’ve got limitless energy.
第二 正如我们之前了解的
Secondly, as we’ve touched on before,
多动症也会影响成年人
ADHD can affect adults as well.
事实上 超过6%的成年人有注意力
In fact, over 6% of adults have Attention
缺乏 精力紊乱的症状
Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,
而很多人自己都不知道
and many don’t even know it.
多动症学生有了不公平的优势
Students with ADHD get an unfair advantage.
很多父母发现自己孩子的
Many parents who find out that their
班级里有学院援助
children’s classmate gets academic help
或考试 作业的加时
or extra time during tests and assignments,
实际上 声称这种不公平的现象是对孩子的偏见
actually claim it’s unfairly biased against the kid.
但是 当你有了那种
However, when you have a condition that
无法集中注意力在某事上的情况时
limits your ability to focus on a task,
你当然会去寻求帮助
of course you’re going to get the help
因为你得完成任务啊
that you need to complete it.
教授和老师们都在
Both teachers and professors are doing
尽全力给所有学生提供一个
their best to provide a balanced education
和谐的教育环境 有的人
to all the students and sometimes it
获得那样的教育得集中更多的注意力
takes a little more focus to get that education.
把它当做平等的竞技场
Consider it just leveling the playing field,
那对于之前可以延时的孩子们来说
as before that extra time was given,
实际上没有多动症的孩子就有了优势
the non-ADD children actually had the advantage.
服用多动症药物会引起药物滥用
Taking ADHD medication leads to drug abuse.
你好啊 局部地区 是我妄下结论
Hello, left field, it’s me a jump to conclusion.
尽管患有多动症的人
Despite the fact that people with ADHD
更易于冒险也更冲动
tend to take more risks and be more impulsive,
很多研究表明这些假设
studies show that the opposite
对立面是真实存在的
of this myth is actually true.
近50年来的研究
Research done over the last 50 years
暗示那些为确诊多动症
suggests that those who take mediction
而服用药物的人实际上是
for their diagnosed ADHD are actually
在降低滥用其他药物的风险
at a reduced risk of abusing other drugs
而不知道自己确诊
then those who have not had their
合理治疗的人则不然
condition diagnosed or treated properly.
看 多动症药物是兴奋剂
See, ADHD medications are stimulants
不能治愈紊乱 而是
that don’t cure the disorder but treat
消除症状 遗憾的是 正因为这样
the symptoms, so sadly, because of that,
没有身体状况的人
people without the condition have been
由于各种原因在滥用药物
known to abuse the drugs for various reasons.
多动症患者什么事也做不好
People with ADHD never amount to anything.
有人说多动症患者
Anyone who says that someone with ADHD
什么事都完成不了 这简直是
isn’t going to amount to anything is extremely
误导 而且这已经到了恃强凌弱的边缘
misinformed and is borderline bullying.
事实是 很多著名的人 从发明家
The truth is, many famous people from inventors
到政治家到
to politicians even to celebrities on the cover
你最爱的杂志封面明星都患过多动症
of your favorite magazine have had ADHD.
比如说谁
Like who?
比如说 罗宾 威廉姆斯
Well for beginners, Robin Williams,
本杰明 富兰克林 艾维斯 普锐斯里 比尔盖茨
Benjamin Franklin, Elvis Presley, Bill Gates,
JFK 还有怀特兄弟 亚伯阿汉 林肯
JFK, and the Wright brothers, Abraham Lincoln,
莫扎特 几乎不胜枚举
Mozart, and the list pretty much goes on and on.
多动症是一种常见的现象 但是
ADHD is a common condition, but even if
未来有了治愈方法 有很多很多的人
there was a cure tomorrow, a great number
也可能不会去治
of people would likely not take it
因为他们把它当做了自己的一部分
as they’ve made it a part of who they are,
而且他们因此变得更好了
and they’re actually better for it.
所以 但愿你们从这个
So hopefully you guys learned a little
视频学到了点东西
something from this video.
我想让你知道亚马逊Fire
I wanted to let you know that Amazon Fire
推出了一个全新的系列
has launched a brand new series called
叫做 本周之燃 它是由
This Week on Fire, and it’s hosted
我的朋友飞利迪一人主持的
by none other than my friend PhillyD,
又名飞利浦 德法然科
aka Philip DeFranco.
本系列的亮点在于
The purpose of the series is to highlight
每周都会有很燃的
new movies, new TV series and new games
新电影 新电视剧和新游戏
coming to Fire TV every week,
但是它会更棒的因为
but it gets even better because Phil
飞尔请了我去参加
had me on the show.
我们玩的超开心
We had a lot of fun.
你们肯定会爱死它的
You guys are gonna love it.
如果你想看的话 点击
If you wanna check it out, click the little
小眼睛或注释或者
eye or click the annotation or click
点击下方链接
the link in the description.
有三个地方可以
There’s three different places you
看到那个 但是一定要去看哦
can check it out, but be sure to check it out
因为你们肯定会喜欢的
’cause you’re going to love it.
一如往常 如果从视频
And as always, if you got something
学到了东西 订阅这个频道
out of this video, subscribe to this channel
就能看我下个视频了
so that you can catch my next video.
我爱你们
I love you guys.
感谢收看
Thanks for watching.
下次再见
See you next time.
拜拜了
Bay!

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