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音乐蕴含的7个心理学现象 – 译学馆
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音乐蕴含的7个心理学现象

7 Interesting Psychological Facts About Music

[音乐]
[Music]
音乐是灵魂的语言
Music is the language of the soul.
千百年来
For thousands of years,
人类一直在创造让人为之着迷 激动
humans have been creating songs and symphonies
催眠的歌曲和交响乐
which enthrall, inspire and hypnotize.
我们的历史和文化与音符密切相关
Our history and our culture is closely entwined with musical notes.
音乐对人类心灵造成的深远影响
It should come as no surprise that
其实不足为奇
music has a profound effect on the human mind.
我们以前都有过这种感觉
We’ve all felt it before;
音乐帮助我们松弛神经
music helps us relax,
让我们起鸡皮疙瘩
it gives us goosebumps
并且鼓舞我们突破极限
and it encourages us to push ourselves to the limit.
但这一切背后的科学依据是什么呢?
But what’s the science behind all of this?
以下是关于音乐的七种心理学事实
Here are seven psychological facts about music.
莫扎特效应
The Mozart Effect;
莫扎特效应是关于音乐
the Mozart Effect is one of
最流行的科学概念之一
the most popular scientific concepts surrounding music.
它是在几十年前由戈登·肖博士提出
It was developed by Dr. Gordon Shaw a few decades ago,
该概念的假定很简单
and the premise is simple:
古典音乐让你更聪明
classical music makes you smarter.
在他的研究中
In his research,
他宣称 听古典音乐
he claimed that listening to classical music
最高能把智商提高9个点
can raise your IQ by up to 9 points.
这一思路的主要依据
The main basis for this line of thought
与空间推理有关
has to do with spatial reasoning.
这种类型的大脑活动被用于
This type of brain activity is used in
数学 象棋 工程和科学方面
math, chess,engineering and science.
根据莫扎特效应
According to the Mozart Effect,
古典乐可以极大地提高空间推理能力
classical music boosts spatial reasoning considerably.
或许是时候边学习边播放莫扎特的音乐啦
Maybe it’s time to start playing some Mozart while we study.
音乐疗法能帮助修复脑损伤
Music therapy helps repair brain damage.
在心理学界 脑损伤是
Brain damage is one of
被讨论最多的话题之一
the most discussed topics in the world of psychology.
一些遭受脑损伤的人们
Some people suffering from brain damage
经受了极大的痛苦和不适
go through tremendous pain and discomfort,
并且他们的生活也受到了严重影响
and their life is seriously impacted.
但如果音乐可以帮的上忙呢?
But what if music could help?
新研究表明
New research shows that
音乐确实能修复脑损伤
music can actually repair brain damage,
并且有假设表明
and it’s been hypothesized that
音乐疗法可以帮助神经发生
music therapy could be responsible for neurogenesis,
即新脑细胞的诞生
which is the birth of new brain cells.
在梦中听到音乐是非常罕见的
Hearing music in your dreams is incredibly rare.
回想一下你曾做过的每一个梦
Think about every dream you’ve ever had,
你还记得在哪个梦境中听到过音乐吗?
can you remember hearing music in a single dream?
如果你和绝大多数人一样
If you’re like the vast majority of the population,
那么你可能从没有
you’ve probably never heard
在梦境中听到过这么多叮当声
so much as a jingle in your dreams.
根据一项2008年的研究
According to a 2018 study,
在所有的梦境中 只有6%包含音乐
only 6 % of all remembered dreams include music.
如果你是一名音乐家或听过大量音乐的人
Unsurprisingly,you’re much more likely to hear music
那么毫无疑问
in your dreams if you’re a musician or
你更有可能在梦境中听到音乐
someone who listens to a lot of music.
但即便如此 这个数字还是很低
But even then, the number is still very low.
当你听音乐时
Your entire brain is activated
你的整个大脑都被激活了
when you listen to music.
可以激活你整个大脑的活动并不多
There aren’t many activities that make your whole brain light up,
但是听音乐绝对是其中之一
but listening to music is definitely one of them.
当你在听音乐的时候
When you listen to music,
大脑每个部分都会被激活
there’s not a single part of your brain that isn’t activated.
当你听音乐时
Parts of the brain that are responsible for
负责情绪 创造力甚至是运动技能的
emotions, creativity and even motor functions
大脑部分都在工作
are working while listening to music.
所以倘若你在寻找一个锻炼整个大脑的活动
So if you’re looking for a full brain workout,
就放上你最喜欢的歌曲吧
simply put on your favorite song.
音乐可以提高语言水平
Music can improve language proficiency.
在心理学界 语言和音乐之间的关系
The relationship between language and music is one of
是最让人着迷的事物之一
the most fascinating things in the world of psychology.
简单来说
To put it simply,
这两样东西彼此联系十分紧密
these two things are very closely linked to one another.
一项2012年研究指出
A 2012 study pointed out that
虽然此前有其他研究证明过
despite what previous research suggested,
但音乐和语言在大脑中并不是两个独立功能
music and language are not separate functions in the brain.
传统上 语言的功能被认为
Traditionally,speech functions were thought to exist
存在于左大脑
in the left hemisphere of the brain
而音乐功能存在于右大脑
while music functions existed in the right hemisphere.
但如今 广泛接受的观点是
But today, it’s widely accepted that
两个大脑半球均负责音乐和语言
both hemispheres are responsible for music and speech.
这就意味着
What this means is that
音乐功能的确能提高语言功能
music functions can actually improve speech functions
反之亦然
and vice versa.
在某种意义上 两种活动锻炼的是同一块肌肉
In a sense, both activities are working the same muscle.
你对音乐的品味很大程度上反映了你的性格
Your taste in music says a lot about your personality.
你有没有想过
Have you ever wondered
你为什么会喜欢某种音乐?
why you like certain music?
你有没有想过
Have you ever wondered
为什么你喜欢的音乐别人会很讨厌?
why your favorite songs might sound absolutely terrible to others?
答案在于我们独特的性格中
The answer lies in our unique personalities.
很多研究已经表明
Numerous studies have shown that
如果你喜欢某种类型的音乐
if you like a certain musical genre,
你可能拥有某种性格特质
you’re probably going to have certain personality traits.
例如 一项2004年的研究发现
For example, a 2004 study found that extroverts were
外向的人更可能对一般意义上的音乐感兴趣
more likely interested in music in a general sense,
但是他们也更有可能喜欢流行音乐
but they were also more likely to enjoy pop music.
这仅仅只是一个例子
That’s just one example
关于这个话题的研究还有很多很多
and there’s tons of research on this one topic.
想想你喜欢的音乐
Think about your favorite song,
它们反映了你怎样的特质?
what does it say about your personality?
音乐疗法能帮助自闭症儿童
Music therapy helps children with autism.
还记得我们说过音乐激活整个大脑吗?
Remember what we said about music lighting up the entire brain?
这让音乐疗法成为了孤独症儿童的理想选择
Well,this makes music therapy an ideal choice for children with autism.
当整个大脑被激活
When both hemispheres are activated,
孩子在有自我意识的同时
children are self-aware
也会和别人建立联系
while still forming relationships with others.
研究表明 这种类型的疗法
Research has shown that this type of therapy
对孤独症儿童尤为有益
is incredibly beneficial for autistic children
因为它可以鼓励他们和自己的乐器互动
as it encourages them to interact with their instruments
也能和乐队中的同伴交流
and communicate with others in a band,
最终通过合作创造音乐
ultimately creating music in a collaborative effort.
你认为你最喜欢的音乐反映你什么样的特性呢?
What do you think your favorite songs says about you?
请在下方评论
Comment below.
感谢观看!
Thanks for watching!

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视频概述

听音乐是我们的日常,你可曾了解过音乐对我们有何益处呢?本视频将会向你展示音乐所蕴含的七个心理学现象

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

杜若

审核员

审核员#LY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HcFFwK4ot1k

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