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高效能人士的7个习惯 – 译学馆
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高效能人士的7个习惯

7 Habits of Highly Effective People - Self Improvement by Stephen Covey

在介绍第一个习惯前
So before speaking about the first habit,
我想让你注意一种新型思维模式
I want to bring to your attention a new mindset.
在读这本书以前
So before I read this book,
我从未有过这样给力的人生观 实际上它永远地改变了我的思想
I never really had this super-awesome outlook on life and in fact changed my thinking forever.
不论你的人生置于何种境地
So when you’re in any situation in life,
你可以选择消极被动或积极主动
you can choose to be reactive or proactive
不过常规的思想是选择后者
but the basic idea is that by choosing to be proactive
你选择扩大你的影响范围
you choose to increase your circle of influence
你明白有些事在可控范围内
you see there are things that you can control in
有些却不能直接控制
there are things you can’t directly control
比如说天气 出生地或是
such as the weather where you were born or
你老板的个人决定
your personal decisions of your boss
你能控制的就是怎样面对它
Things that you can control include how you react to it.
这也是你人生中唯一可控的
This is really the only thing you can control in life
如果你无脑应对或对朋友恶语相向
If you react without thinking or you say a harsh word to your friend
亦或是宿醉 长时间放纵自己
or you drink all night and live in self-indulgent after a long day
当天气阴沉就变得沮丧
where you just become depressed when the weather is gloomy,
那么你就成了一个被动的人
you are becoming a reactive person.
你被周围环境控制着
You let the environment control you and
你只是一个具有简单应激反应的人
you ‘re simply a person reacting to stimuli.
当你消极被动的时候
When you were reactive,
如果只关注那些无法掌控的事情
if you focus on things you can not control,
例如 你也许出生于
For example, you may have been born
一个社会中下层的家庭
into a socio-economic lower or middle class family,
也可能是一个虐童家庭
you may have been born into an abusive family,
甚至确诊重病
you may even been diagnosed with a terrible illness,
但关注这个也无法改变事情无法控制
but focusing on it will not change it.
你要知道你能控制什么
You know what you can control.
诀窍就是变得积极主动
This is the secret to being proactive
从而成为高效人士
and in turn becoming an effective person.
你能保持你的职业操守
You can control your work ethic
你能把握生活中对人的态度
you can control how you treat the people in your life
你还能决定要不要系安全带
and you can control if you put on your seatbelt or not.
关注你可控的东西
By focusing on things that you can control
将会给生活带来更多活力 也能扩大你的影响力
you bring more power into your life and widen your circle of influence.
就是说 消极被动型的人常常牢骚满腹
So when short reactive people are people who complain a lot
却不愿锻炼自己 改变自己的行为习惯
instead of actually going out and changing their actions
而积极主动型的人明白即使
and proactive people understand that even if
发牢骚是人之常情
they’re complaining was justified
但抱怨改变不了什么
Complaining about it wouldn’t change anything.
它只会成为让生活消极的毒药
It would just be negative toxins in their life
也会影响社交环境
including their social environment of their peers.
之所以看到那么多人抱怨 只是因为这更容易
See most people choose to complain simply because it’s easier.
接着我们来看看第二个习惯
So let’s move on to the second habit.
你希望在葬礼上如何被人铭记呢
How do you want people to think of you at your funeral.
第二个习惯是关于如何变成理想中的你
The second habit is all about becoming the person you want to be
通过仔细考虑别人对你的看法
by thinking deeply about how other people think of you.
如今的我足够成熟
Now I’m mature enough person and
不会把大多数人对我的看法放在心上
not really care what most people think of me
但我仍非常在意我所爱之人的看法
but I do care what my loved ones think of me
我希望我的女友觉得我忠诚可信 在一起时感到快乐
I want my girlfriend to think i’m loyal trustworthy and fun to be around
因此我不会背叛她
and because of this i’m not going to cheat on her
不会对她说谎
I’m not going to lie to her
我们的交流也不会满是抱怨和消极想法
and I’m not going to fill our conversations with complaints or negative thoughts
想象一下你死了 一群人在站在你的灵柩前
see when you die and there’s a crowd of people standing around your coffin
有关你的最好和最坏的记忆
what will they say
他们会说些什么呢
over their best memories of you or their worst memories of you be
在做任何重大决定前考虑下后果 这会帮助你成为更有效率的人
thinking about the end before any major decision and a more effective person
你想成为对社会有贡献名垂青史的人吗
do you want to be remembered as a person who added value to society
或许你该开始使脸书资料页上的状态更积极 内容更向上
maybe start filling your facebook statuses with more positivity and upbeat content
基本上你正在做的事让你成为你想成为的那种人
basically are you doing the things that allow you to save you’ve become the person that you want to be
第二种习惯也将创造一点
the second haibit also be going to creation a bit
根据作者史蒂文科维说
see according to Steven Covey the author
任何事情都有两面性
everything is created twice
一种是思想上的 一种是物质世界的
once in the mind and once in the physical real world
问题是很多事都是我们幻想的
the problem is that many things are created in the mind
而并不是真实发生的
but never manifested into tangible things
因为很多时候我们告诉自己我做不到
because we tell ourselves I can’t do it
大多数时间是你限制了自己
a lot of time the only thing stopping you from doing something is youself
更坏的情况是
and even worse situation is
当完全没有意识产生的情况下
when things aren’t even created in the mind at all
对有些人来说就像是债务 毒品 绝望或是其他生活问题
for some people debt drugs despair or other life problems
阻止人去思考创造并使自身变得消极
prevent a person from thinking about creation and only on the negative outcomes of their situation
这就是第一个问题面对的症结所在 停止关注你不能控制的事
and this is where the first have it comes back stop focusing on what you can’t control
你将会创造出更多 你将会对世界更有价值
and you’ll be able to create more you’ll be able to add more value to the world
这章中史蒂文·科维提到的最后一件事叫做个人任务清单
the last thing Steven Covey mentions in this chapter something called a personal mission statement
现在这有一列你可以依赖的事
now this is the one line sit-ins that you can rely on
给你一种目标感
to give you a sense of purpose in the world
一个非常简单的任务清单就是 因为我这个世界变得更好
a very simple mission statement is I want the world to be better because i was here
实际上那是威尔史密斯的人生信条
in fact that’s Will Smith’s personal mission statement
奥普拉想成为一名老师
Oprah wants to be a teacher and be known
并以激励我的学生去超越他们想象而知名
for inspiring my students to be more than they thought they ever could be
如果当你做每个决定时都时刻记着这个信条
if you keep this mission statement in mind when you make every decision
你会永远保持下去
you will always keep the end in mind
既然我们已经说了结束 现在让我们说说开始
now that we’ve talked about the end let’s talk about the beginning
所以 史蒂文科维鼓励 这件事叫做迫切的和重要的母体
so Stephen Covey came up with this thing called the urgent and important matrix
基本上 任何事你都可以将它分为四类
basically everything you can do falls into one of four categories
这有一个很简单的图画去理解
here’s the super easy graphic they can make it easier to understand
基本上 尽快做需要紧急做的事情
basically anything urgent is something that needs to be done as soon as possible
让我们更有效果的事
and anything important is something that makes us effective
作者给我们的建议是先做不紧急的
the advice the author gives is to do things that are not urgent
但是很重要的事
but they have to be important as soon as possible
因为如果你在没火烧眉毛前就着手做该做的事
because if you do things that aren’t urgent before they are urgent
直到最后一秒也不会焦躁
then you won’t have to fret about doing them last minute
这有一件事困扰着我
here’s the thing that kind of annoys me
如果我问大多数人什么是重要的事
if I ask most people what they thought was important
他们会说像是他们的健康 人际关系
they would say things like their health their relationships
他们的金融信用
their financial credibility
当你观察他们的行为时
when you look into their actions
他们把时间花在无意义的事上像是
they spend their time doing other meaningless things like
整理论文
organizing papers
吃饭磨磨唧唧的浪费时间
going out for long lunches
随波逐流
hanging out with the wrong crowd
因为一点小事就抱怨 在一天中最好的时刻做蠢事
fussing over little crab doing stupid stuff for the better part of their day
这些对他们来说是重要的事不会使她们更好
that doesn’t lead them to bettering the things that they said was important to them
所以你需要把最重要的放首位
so you got to put first things first
在你浪费时间做像玩游戏前先花时间和你的家人在一起
spend some time with your family before you waste your time doing something like playing video games
开始努力节省每月预算
start putting effort into creating a monthly budget
而不是努力寻找新事物
instead of putting your effort pinning new things on pinterest
在看到新的问题前先去解决前一个
go and work out first before watching that new episode
这有一个问题心理学家称之为认知不协调
the problem here is something psychologists call cognitive dissonance
当你认为对你最重要的事情
and it’s when the things you say are most important to you
不是你最花时间的事情
aren’t the same things that you’re spending most of your time on
实际上 一些心理学家说这是不健康的
in fact some psychologists say that this is unhealthy
我们说什么做什么之间是分开的
the disconnect between what we say we will do and
我们实际做得很糟糕
what we actually do is terrible
我认为致力于这点将使生活档次提高很多
and I think working on this would improve a lot of our lives
所以 第一个到第三个习惯是关于管理你自己
so the first three habits are about managing yourself
并知道你能独立做什么
and what you can do independently
有一些你可以改变的事情
there are things you can make changes
你可以选择的心态 你可以调整的态度
mindsets you can alter an attitude you can adjust to
他们为下面三个习惯奠定了基础
they set the foundation for the next three habits
变成社会上高效的人必须做什么
which have to do with becoming an effective person in society
包括依赖他人
and involve being dependent
所以第四个习惯叫做双赢思维
so the fourth habit is called think win-win
史蒂文科维说这有六种关系
Stephen Covey says that there are six types of relationships
你可思考它们作为个人 商业甚至是生物学上两性之间的关系
and you can think of them as personal business or even biological animalistic relationships
首先是大多数的人认为世界是什么
the first to what most people think the world is made of
失败成功或是成功失败
lose win or win lose
赢对我而言是别人输或其他的什么东西
which means for me to win you have to lose or the other way around
拥有这种心理的人认为
people with this type of mentality think
这山望着那山高 别人家的房子才是最好的
that to have the largest skyscraper in the neighborhood
一定要把别人家的房子给炸掉
they must tear all the other skyscrapers down
你应该避免这种情况
you should avoid these situations
因为有人会输即使净赚20
because someone will lose even if the net gain 20
事实上 大多数人并不同意我们的观点
in fact most people don’t even agree to us
他们相信从长远来看能够互利互惠
in this they believe in reciprocal altruism in the long run
失败就像是寄生虫
with lose is like a parasite
赢家只有一个 其他全是输家
where one wins and the other losses
我们将要谈论下一个关系是有毒的和不快的事
the next relationship that we’re going to talk about is just toxic and nasty
叫做双输思维
it’s called lose-lose
我能想起最好的例子是
the best example I can think of is
有一个故事 一对夫妇结婚
there’s a story where this couple got married
几年后他们决定离婚
couple years later they decided to get divorced
但是这个男人知道他的前妻将在法庭上分到他的一半家产
but the man knew that his ex-wife when half of everything that he owned in court
但是他非常自负 他不想让前妻得到他的法拉利和兰博基尼
but he had quite the ego and he didn’t want her getting his Ferrari or Lamborghini
所以他用每辆10美元的价格把它们都卖了
so he sold them both for ten dollars each
看吧 在这种情况下人们都失去了有大量价值的物质
see both people in this situation lost a substantial amount of value
因为他们怨恨
because of their hatred
你应该清楚地避免上述任何一种情况
and you should definitely avoid any type of relationship like this
下面一种关系并不糟糕 但是也应该避免
the next to relationships are not bad but they should also be avoided
所以 他们获胜的关系并不完全是真的
so lely win relationships aren’t really a relationship at all
由于他们只能影响一个人
since they only affect one person
在这种关系中人们不关心其他人得到的
people in this type of relationship don’t care what anyone
只要他们得到自己想要的就行了
else gets as long as they get what they want
事实上这很自私
it’s actually very selfish
接下来的一种关系叫做不作为
that the next relationship is called No Deal
或者不作为是一种中立的心态
or No Deal is a neutral mentality
实际上最好的一个是最后一个没有提到
and it’s actually the most preferable one is the last one is not offered
基本上 每一个个人意见是双方都不能赢
basically each individual agrees that if both parties don’t win
不作为换句话说它是全是无私的
there is no deal in other words it’s completely unselfish
如果没有你给的好处我不能得到我想要的
if I can’t get what I want without you benefiting to
它是无价值的并且不作为
it’s not worth it and there’s no deal
下一种关系我们将要说的叫做双赢
the next relationship we’re gon na talk about is called win-win
这发生在夫妻关系或是商业关系
and these happen in couple relationships or business relationships
甚至是生态上
and even in ecology
共生关系或是共栖是使12种动物和平共处
mutualistic relationships or symbiosis is the term 12 animals benefit from living together
让你赢 其他人也不会输
for you to win the other person does not have to lose
我可以买下并阅读一本让我对目前的问题有深刻见解的书
I could buy and read a book that gives me huge insight into a recent problem
我读它 因此我能从建议中受益
I’m dealing with and because of this i benefit from the advice
而作者能从中挣钱
and the author benefits from the money
我可以做视频上传到油管上
I can make a video and uploaded to youtube
得到广告收益
and benefit from the advertisement revenue
我们将花费一生来改变观点
and we will spend life changing perspective
所以 开始寻找共赢关系
so start searching for win-win relationships
你一定会成为有效率的人
and you will surely become an effective person
啊哈 下一个习惯 我喜欢它发生
haha the next habit i love this happen
所以其他人给我一个短故事
so the other gives a little story
是关于他和他儿子所处的情况
where that is talking about situation with his son
父亲和儿子谈话 然后 父亲去寻求朋友的建议
the father and son have a talk after the talk to dad goes to his friend for advice
我只是有时不理解我儿子
I just can’t understand my son sometimes
父亲说道 他不听我的话
that dad says he won’t listen to me and
他的朋友说让我们换个说法
his friend goes let me rephrase that
你不能理解你的儿子因为他不听你的 朋友说
you can’t understand your son because he won’t listen to you says the friend
我认为去理解其他人你必须认真的聆听
i thought to understand another person you have to listen to them
实话说当我听到这个短故事时我确实有点懵
honestly when I read this little story i actually got goose bumps
但是作者是十分正确的
but the author is so right
很多次我们对其他人生气
how many times we get mad at another person
因为他们的想法和我们不一样
because they don’t think the way that we think
我们并没有先尝试听他们的故事
we haven’t even tried to hear their side of the story first
我们甚至从刚出生开始就通过眼睛看世界
we see the world through our eyes even from a baby we are born egotistical
但理解其他人并不是天生的
and understanding others views does not come natural
学习成为有效率的人
learning to become an effective person is
是要理解每个人有他们各自的看法和意见
understanding everyone has their own perspectives and opinions from
这来源于他们一生中自己的个人经历
their own personal experiences in life events
你应该首先寻求理解因为一旦你理解这种情况下人们的感情倾向
you should seek first to understand because once you understand the situation
你就可能有更好去帮助他们理解你的机会
and the person’s feelings towards that you might have a better chance of helping them understand you
所以这是一个小技能 但是我想进入五个递进阶段的倾听
so this is a little technical but I want to get into the five levels of listening that Covey of covers
第一阶段叫做忽视 这真是粗鲁
the first is called ignoring and it’s just downright rude
所以第二个阶段是一种我姐姐和妈妈谈话方式的阶段
so the second level is the kind of level my sister talks to to my mom
叫做拖延 是 嗯哼 对
it’s called pretending yeah uh-huh right
你至少回应了他
you’re at least responding to the person
第三阶段叫做选择性倾听
the third level is called selective hearing
我们只听谈话中的某几个通常是对我们有利的部分
we only hear certain parts of the conversation usually only the parts of benefit us
和说很多的人或是学龄前儿童这样做是很容易的
and it’s really easy to do this with someone who talks a lot or preschool child
另一阶段叫做注意听那些不必要听的内容
another level up is called attentive listening which is not necessarily listening to the content
类似于说话方式
but rather the way the words are being spoken
你注意他们的能量
and you focus on the energy
如果你听一个励志演讲人
if you listen to a motivational speaker
另一种语言 你确实变得积极
and another language and you actually get motivated
这叫做注意倾听
that’s called attentive listening
最后一种我们从未经历过 叫做入神的听
the last type of listening we hardly ever experience and it’s called empathic listening
这种听是带有目的的去理解
this type of listening is the listening with the intent to understand
你将得到其他人的思想结构并更好的理解他们
you will get inside the other person’s frame of thinking and understand them better
并不只是他们说什么或是他们如何说
and it’s not just the words they say or how they’re saying them either
我们投入我们的注意力包括
we give them all of our attention including
关注他们的肢体语言 他们的感觉
paying attention to their body language and paying attention to their feelings
这很有效因为这会给你准确的数据去和他人一起工作
this is very powerful because it gives you accurate data to work with
去理解他们的思想 情感和目的而不是
to understand their thoughts feelings and motives instead of
你变成一面墙说顺从我
you being a brick wall saying conform to me
史蒂文给出的另一个很好的建议是
another form of great advice Stephen gives
在你描述前先去诊断
is to diagnose before you prescribe
意思是在你给建议前去理解
which basically means to understand before you give advice
用更好的方式去发现双赢局面
one of the best ways to find more win-win situations
理解其他人的需求和欲望
is to understand what the other person wants and needs
在你能找到你们都能获益的方式前
before you can find a way both of you can benefit
所以下一个习惯叫做协同作用
so the next habit is called synergize
他花费了我一点时间去完全理解这个
and it took me a while to completely understand this
实际意思是双方或多方交互作用
but it basically means the interaction of two or more parts
去创造比他们个人成果之和更好的结果
to produce an outcome that is greater than the sum of their individual parts
所以最基本的协同来自于教学和生理
so very basic version of synergy comes from a teaching and physiology
所以 一部分可能是我们的心理
so one part might be our heart
其次的可能是你的大脑 第三可能的是你的胃
another might be your brain and the third maybe your stomach
当然 这些也是独立的复合组织
of course these are very complex organs individually
但是如果他们一起工作 效率会特别棒
but if they work together they are extremely effective
另一个例子是树和松鼠
another example would be trees and squirrels
分别的 树能产生坚果并掉到地上
separately trees can reproduce by their nuts falling to the ground
请避免说明
please refrain from commenting about this
但是 除非这有强风否则不会传播的很快
unless there’s a really strong wind they won’t spread very quickly
另一方面 松鼠不能离开树生活
on the other hand squirrels can live without trees
但是他们不得不住在丛林地带只能吃浆果
but they would have to live in bushes and eat only berries
他们可能努力生存 在冬天吃东西
they might struggle hibernating and eating food in the winter
同时 尽管树木卷轴得到保护 数以屯计的坚果也会被吃掉
together though the scrolls get protections in the trees as well as tons of nuts to eat
树木通过我们的坚果传播到更远的地方得到了益处
the trees get the benefit of getting our nut spread across even more land
同时 他们获得了成功成长了更多比他们分开
together they achieve and grow more than if they were separate
最后一个例子是药物和酒精
and one last example would be drugs and alcohol
安眠药和酒一起吃时的作用更强
the effect of sleeping medicine is intensified greatly when mixed with alcohol
这并不是暗示你去尝试它
and not suggest trying this on your own
事实上 大多数医生警告过反对这个行为
and in fact most doctors and warned against it
这被认为是建设上的协同
it these are considered constructive synergy
协同作用也是
there are also read of synergy
这个例子是如果你有麻烦
example of this is if you had the plague
但是你并不沮丧
it but then you’re also diagnosed with depression
这两种都很糟糕 如果你同时拥有它们
both are really bad to have and if you have them at the same time
好吧 你可能需要一些额外的帮助
well you might need some external help
实际上药物是为此起作用的 他叫做发病率
and medicine there’s actually work for this and it’s called come morbidity
协同作用的反方向也会发生
the opposite of synergy can also happen
有时提到的消极协同作用
sometimes referred to as negative synergy
这是当浪费时被创造的
and this is when waste is created
我们说你花5百万美元做一个商业交易
let’s say you spend five million dollars on a business deal
另一家公司花5百万美元
and another company puts in five million dollars
为你投资的同一家公司投更多的钱
for the you both can invest in the same company for more money
然而这个交易你花更多的钱但实际上却失败了
however the business that you put money and actually failed
因为它进入了一个确定的数量
because it went over a certain amount
由于税收 它失败了
and because of taxes it failed
总结这两部分 实际上是总数比分开的少
the sum of two parts is actually less than the total amount of both separately
一个消极协同的例子将是1+1=1/2
an example of negative energy would be one plus one equals one-half
寻找协同作用在你生活中得许多方面都是有益的
seeking synergy will benefit your life in many ways
尤其是商业关系
but particularly your business relationships
如果你能发现协同作用对常规的生活也是有益的
and general life will benefit if you can find synergy
协同作用基本上是1+1=3
synergy is basically one plus one equals three
那是第六个
that was a sixth Abbott
总结这些习惯 你可以提升你自己
and that concludes the habits that you can do with improving yourself
通过处理它们
by dealing with others
现在我们将要注意你如何通过投资解放你未来的潜在可能性
now we’re going to be moving on how you can unleash your future potential by investing
你可以做的最棒的投资是投资你自己
to the best investment you can make is in yourself
我在读这本书时你正在走弯路
am I reading this book you’re ahead of the curve
看这个视频你将有比其他人更大的优势
and by watching this video you have a huge advantage of other people
所以科维举个例子 有人砍树
so comfy gives the example of this guy cutting down a tree with a very dole salt
我的意思是他将花至少6个小时砍这颗大树
I mean it’s gon na take him at least six hours to cut down this huge tree
如果他花一小时磨斧子
if he were to spend one hour sharpening the saw
他将花三小时就能砍倒这棵树
it would only take him three hours to cut down the tree
总共花费四小时而不是六小时
leading to a total of four hours instead of six
看这多简单
we see how simple this is
这个人高效砍树是多么容易
how easy it is for the guy to cut the tree down faster
但是在生活中我们很难应用同样的原则
but we hardly ever apply the same principle to our lives
例如 我们能通过吃来强健我们的身体
for example we can sharpen our physical saw by eating while
保持健康的饮食 定期锻炼身体
maintaining a healthy diet and exercising regularly
一周规划三次磨斧子
let’s sharpen the saw by working out three times a week
在40岁前有病治病
and send the pain for with advanced medical treatment in 40 years
磨利我们的头脑的例子是通过学习阅读和训练
another example of sharpening our minds is by learning reading and teaching
大量研究表明
there are plenty of studies that show
训练某人某事是大脑产生想法很棒的方式
teaching someone something is a great way to ingrain ideas into her head
实际上 这也是我做这个视频的一个原因
and in fact it’s one of the reasons i’m making this video
不是读指导手册
instead of reading the instruction manual
当我们贬低自己时我们尝试自己做并浪费三个小时
we try to do it ourselves and waste three hours when we could have humbled ourselves
磨利我们的思想 科维也建议磨利我们生活中的其他领域
and sharpened our mental song but he also suggests sharpening some other areas our life
例如情感和精神领域
such as emotional and spiritual areas
你可以在其它很多方面投资你的关系
you can invest in your relationships with others in many ways
包括花时间和朋友一起
some of which includes spending time with your friends
和家人做游戏 或是和同学学习
playing games with your family or studying with classmates
丰富你的精神生活也是重要的
enriching your spiritual life is also important
不论你在 或是听音乐
whether you’re religious or not listening to music
参加创作艺术 花时间祷告或冥想
engaging in creating art and spending time in prayer or meditation
长远看来也能增加你生活的价值
will always add value to your life in the long run
有意义的生活和高效的生活不只是发生
living a meaningful and effective life doesn’t just happen
你必须花时间培养你生活的这些领域 那些你想得到成果的领域
you have to make time to cultivate the areas of your life you want to produce fruits
你通过磨利锯子来做这个事情
and you do this by sharpening the saw
希望在看完后 你至少可以 获得有用的知识或生活建议
i hope after watching this video you’ve gained at least one gold nugget of knowledge or practical life advice
这让你朝成为高效的人的正道前进
they move you in the right direction of becoming a more effective person
如果喜欢这段视频 请点赞
if you like this video please leave a big fat like
想了解更多有用的生活改善视频 订阅吧
if you want more educational valuable life improving videos like this subscribe
感谢观看
thanks for watching
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视频概述

总结本书作者的观点,向人们传递七个习惯的内容,由内而外改变自己,从而变成高效的人

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Harper

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8Jll83UaSE

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