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6种天赋型人格——你是哪一种?

6 Types of Gifted People - Which One Are You?

– [Narrator] Hey, Psych2Goers.
嗨 欢迎收看本期Psych2go
What does it mean to be gifted?
有天赋意味着什么?
Like many, you may think it’s having
大多数人可能会觉得
an exceptionally high IQ or being a child prodigy.
有天赋意味着智商超群 或是成为神童
And while it’s true that people who fall
诚然 这些确实是
under these categories can be considered gifted,
天赋的一部分
it’s also time you realize that there are actually
但实际上 世界上
many different types of giftedness
存在着许多不同类型的天赋
that tend to get overlooked and undervalued.
只是常常被我们低估甚至忽略
First studied by researchers George Betts
1988年 研究人员乔治•贝茨
and Maureen Neihart in 1988 article,
和莫林·内哈特联合发表了
Profiles of the Gifted and Talented,
一篇叫做《有关天赋和才能》的文章
they identified six different types of gifted individuals
他们通过研究有天赋者的行为 感受和需求
according to their behaviors, feelings, and needs.
首次提出了六种不同的天赋人格
Curious to know which type you are?
想知道你是哪一种吗?
Well, here are six types of gifted people.
让我们来一一介绍吧
Number one, the successful type.
第一种 成功型
Type ones are the most commonly recognized
这类人是被公认的
type of gifted individuals.
有天赋的人
They’re those we’ve typically come to associate with the term
我们常把他们与“天赋”一词联系起来
because of their impressive academic performances
因为他们的学术表现十分优秀
and prestigious achievements.
并且能取得人们羡慕的成就
Most type ones become even more driven to excel
多数此类型的人会变得十分渴望出类拔萃
because of the high expectations placed upon them
因为他们通常在年轻时
at a young age by their parents, teachers, and peers.
就被师长和同龄人寄予了过高的期望
However, at the same time, some type ones
然而 其中一些人
can become bored with school and lose their passion
可能会对学业感到厌倦 丧失学习的热情
for learning because they feel like their giftedness
因为他们认为 自身所谓的天赋
has become their entire identity.
就是自己所有的个性
This happens because many parents and teachers make the mistake of focusing too much
之所以会发生这种情况是因为许多老师和家长
on developing their intelligence, talents, and skills
过度专注于发展孩子的智力 才能和技艺
that it stunts their personal, social, and emotional growth,
然而忽视了他们的个人成长 社会交际 和情绪问题
making them competent,
一味地想让孩子成才
but unimaginative, and ill-adjusted adults.
导致他们失去想象力 长大后难以适应社会
Number two, the challenging type.
第二种 挑战型
Next we have the second type of giftedness,
我们要介绍的第二种天赋型人格
known as the challenging type.
叫做挑战型天赋
Type twos are labeled as such
之所以如此命名
because they are often unafraid of challenging others
是因为此类人群敢于挑战他人
and questioning authority.
不惧权威
Highly creative, tenacious, and unconventional,
他们极富创造力 顽强而固执 标新立异
type twos tend to think outside the box so much
但有时他们的思维过度跳跃
that it sometimes makes them difficult to get along with
导致他们有时候具有破坏性且不服从规矩
because of how disruptive and nonconforming they can be.
使得旁人很难与之相处
Often receiving little to no recognition for their giftedness,
由于自己的才华常常得不到认可
many type twos feel frustrated with the school setting
这种类型的人常对学校环境感到不满
because it stifles their creativity,
因为学校限制了他们的创造力
overlooks their abilities,
无视他们的才能
and keeps them from realizing their full potential.
并且抑制他们发挥出自己的真正潜力
If they don’t have a support system in place
在他们的生活里 若没有一个能提供支持的环境
or have other positive influences in their life,
或是无法受到其他积极影响
it’s likely for type twos to develop delinquent behaviors
那么他么很可能会作出过失行为
or eventually drop out of school.
最终辍学
Number three, the underground type.
第三种 隐藏型
Type threes, also called the underground types,
第三种天赋型人格被叫做隐藏型天赋
are gifted individuals who wanna try
指的是那些
to hide their giftedness from others.
不在他人面前展示才能的人
This may be because they want to feel more included
这是因为 他们更愿意融入
in a non-gifted peer group, feel too much pressure to excel,
普通同龄人群中 不愿承担因出众带来的巨大压力
or dislike the intense scrutiny and attention
或者不愿因自己的才华
that giftedness often brings.
而受到过度的关注
Those who don’t manifest their giftedness
那些直到幼年晚期或青春期早期
until late childhood or early adolescence
才愿意展现自己天赋的人
tend to fall into this category,
最终就会变成拥有隐藏类人格的人
most likely because that is the age
多数是因为 在这个年纪
when the desire for belongingness and social approval
他们对归属感和社会认同感的需求
typically starts to intensify.
愈来愈强烈
As a result of denying their full capabilities,
最终 他们甚至会对自己的才能全盘否定
they may end up feeling insecure and anxious.
开始极度缺乏安全感 并产生焦虑
To remedy this, type threes need a lot of encouragement and understanding,
他们需要来自父母和同龄人的鼓励和理解
not only from their parents and teachers, but also from their peers.
来缓解自己安全感的缺失和焦虑
Number four, the drop-out type.
第四种 边缘型
Another type of gifted individual most people are unaware of
第四种天赋型人格往往不被人们重视
is type fours, also known as the drop-out types,
叫做边缘型天赋
or the at-risk types.
或者危险型
Type fours tend to have a reputation and are labeled as such
之所以被这样命名 是因为这类人
because they often struggle with feelings of anger,
在自己的才能被忽视时
frustration, and depression as a result
常常感到愤怒 沮丧
of their giftedness being overlooked,
甚至抑郁
Similar to type twos, type fours struggle
和第二类人格类似 他们
with their self-esteem because they feel rejected
自尊心很强
and unappreciated by others.
常常不被他人欣赏和接纳
Since their interests, skills, and talents
因为他们的兴趣和才能
don’t align with the typical school curriculum,
并不符合典型的校园环境
they don’t receive the support and affirmation they need
他们无法从身边的人
from the people around them.
得到支持与肯定
Number five, the double labeled type.
第五种 双重型天赋
The fifth type of giftedness as the double label type,
拥有这种天赋的人
which refers to gifted individuals who have a physical
通常会有一些不同程度的身体
or emotional handicap of some sort.
或情感上的障碍
Most have learning disabilities, such as dyslexia,
多数会有认知障碍 比如阅读障碍
dysgraphia, dyscalculia, and so on,
书写障碍 计算障碍等
which can make it difficult for school systems and programs
因此 在学校的评估系统和教学项目里
to identify them as gifted.
他们通常得不到认可
Their handicap may also make it more difficult
他们的这些障碍使他们
for them to complete their work on time
难以在规定时间内完成功课
or to fulfill other structured tasks
也无法像其他聪明的学生那样
as easily as other gifted students,
达到其他有建设性的成就
which can make them more easily discouraged,
这使他们感到灰心
frustrated, and critical of themselves.
同时自我批评
Type fives may also be impatient, stubborn, and sensitive to criticism,
这类人通常没有耐心 固执己见 害怕被批评
which only makes it more important
因此 他们更需要
that they’re given the proper assistance
获得正确的帮助和引导
to nurture their strengths and talents.
逐渐培养起自己特别的能力
And number six, the autonomous type.
第六种 自主型天赋
Last, but certainly not least, we have the autonomous type,
最后让我们来聊聊自主型天赋人格
which refers to those gifted individuals
它指的是那些
who are independent, conscientious, and self-reliant.
独立自主 有自我意识的天赋人群
Similar to type ones,
和第一类人格一样
type sixes often find success and recognition
他们也很常常获得成就 受到认可
because they have learned how to excel in the school setting
因为他们学会了如何在学校环境里变得出众
or have found ways to make the system work for them.
或是找到了能够很好适应所处环境的方式
Resourceful and goal oriented, they are natural-born leaders
他们头脑活跃 目标坚定 是天生的领导者
and are well-respected by those around them.
通常会受到周围的人的尊敬
And unlike most other types, type sixes often are aware
与其他五类人格不同 他们
that they’re gifted.
对自己的天赋有清晰的认知
However, because they have such a strong sense
然而 又因为他们有着很强
of personal power, they are never preoccupied
的自制力 因此不会
with impressing other people, gaining their approval,
费劲心思给别人留下印象 渴望别人认可
or fitting in with their peers.
或是极力想要融入同龄人
So, which type did you relate to the most?
你是哪一种呢?
Do you relate to more than one type?
或许不只是一种?
Let us know in the comments below.
在视频下方留下你的评论吧
If you found this video helpful, be sure to like,
如果你喜欢这个视频
subscribe, and share this video
请将它分享给更多人
with those who might benefit from it.
快来订阅我们的频道
And don’t forget to hit the notification bell icon
不要忘了打开推送提醒
to get notified whenever Psych2Go posts a new video.
以获得Psych2Go的最新视频喔
The references and studies used in this video
关注本视频下方的描述内容
are added in the description below.
更多参考资料和相关研究等你探索
Thanks for watching and we’ll see you in the next video.
感谢观看 下次再会

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视频概述

科学家将天赋分为六种类型,想知道你是哪一种吗?或者不止一种?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Bieguni

审核员

审核员OYE

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnOotT-DRTg

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