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父母缺席孩子生活的六个影响 – 译学馆
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父母缺席孩子生活的六个影响

6 Signs You Were Raised By an Absent Parent

nowadays it’s not that uncommon
现如今一些父母分居
for someone’s parents to not be together
已经不稀奇了
It’s estimated that 39 % of marriages in America will end in divorce
据统计美国有百分之三十九的离婚率
however not all parents who divorce will become absent
然而并非所有离婚父母都会缺席孩子生活
as in most cases both parents stay in their child’s life
因为大部分情况下父母都在孩子左右
however for some children the parents will become absent
然而对某些孩子父母会缺席
and absent parent here refers to a parent
父母缺席在这是指
who has no contact with their child
和孩子没有联系的父母
and this can have a whole host of negative consequences
且会造成会产生一系列负面影响
these consequences could be due to a lack of
这些影响可能是由于缺乏行为榜样
role model a lack of resources such as money
缺乏比如说像钱一类的资源
or even due to the trauma of feeling rejected by a parent
甚至造成了被父母拒绝的创伤
Wondering how an absent parent might affect a child
试想缺席父母是如何影响一个孩子的
Here are 6 consequences of an absent parent
以下是父母缺席的6个影响
1 lower happiness and cognitive skills
1降低幸福感和认知能力
one study by Wu and Zhang 2017
2017年Wu和Zhang的一个研究
that analyzed the effect of absent parents
分析了父母缺席的影响
looked at children’s scores for cognitive and non-cognitive skills
研究儿童认知和非认知技能的得分
It probably does not come as a surprise that those
父母缺席的孩子更不易感到幸福和快乐
with an absent parent were less likely to feel fulfilled and happy
这种结果其实一点都不奇怪
It seems having present parents is vital to children’s happiness
看似父母相伴对孩子的幸福
as well the development of cognitive skills such as mathematics
和像数学这样的认知能力的发展很重要
2 changes to the brain
2 大脑的变化
It’s been found that absent parents can even affect a child’s brain
已发现父母缺席甚至可以影响孩子的大脑
Yang、Yan、Fu、Du and Lui 2015
2015年Yang Yan Fu Du和Lui
compared the brains of children with and without absent parents
对比了有无父母相伴的孩子大脑
they found larger gray matter in the brains
他们在父母缺席的孩子大脑中
of those with absent parents
发现了更大的灰质
especially in brain areas related to emotion
尤其是大脑中与情感相关的区域
this means that their brains were not effectively pruning neurons
这意味着他们大脑不能有效地修剪神经元
and may have lasting behavioural effects
而且会对行为产生持久的影响
though the mentioned study did not examine this
虽然上述研究并未深入研究这点
this is due to delayed maturation of the brain and
这是由于大脑延迟成熟
shows that absent parenting can have a lasting impact on the brain
而且表明父母缺席会对大脑产生持久的影响
3 worse mental health outcomes
3 心理健康状况恶化
It’s probably not surprising that something as traumatic as having an
父母缺席而带来的创伤会对心理健康
absent parent can have serious effects on someone’s mental health
有严重的影响 这其实一点也不奇怪
a study by McClanahan tak and Schneider 2013
McClanahan Tak和Schneider 在2003年的研究中
looked specifically at the consequences of absent fathers on child’s development
着重关注了父亲缺席对孩子成长的影响
They conducted a meta-analysis
他们创建了发现父亲
which found an absent father was negative for overall mental health
缺席对整体神经健康有消极影响的元分析
specifically four out of six
明确地 六分之四的
of the studies examined found a significant impact
研究测试发现父母缺席对一般的
of an absent parent on general mental health
精神健康有显著的影响
so absent parents have had long-lasting negative effects on the kids
因此父母缺席已经对孩子产生了持续性的消极的影响
4 more likely to have substance use problems
4 更可能会乱用物品
As mentioned already having an absent parent is distressing
就想前面提到的那样 父母缺席是很痛苦的
and people in distress often turn to substances
在痛苦中的人们通常转向了酒精和
such as alcohol and illegal drugs
违法毒品之类的物品
So is there a link between absent parents and substance misuse
可以看出 父母缺席与物品乱用是有关联的
lacey al 2018 found the people
Lacey al在2018年的研究中发现
whose absent parents are more likely to smoke and/or drink
父母缺席的人更有可能抽烟喝酒
furthermore,the study talked about before
此外之前提及的McClanahan tak和Schneider
McClanahan tak and Schneider 2013
2003年的一项研究中
also found a link between absent parents and substance use
也发现了父母缺席和物品使用的关联
5 Lower educational attainment
5 更低的学历
so we’ve seen the way an absent
我们发现父母缺席对
parent can effect development in a variety of ways
很多方面的发展都有影响
what else does it affect
它还会影响其它的吗
It seems it can also affect schooling
它好像还会影响教育
Mile Myers and Rosenthal 1986
在1986年 Mile Myers和Rosenthal
looked at how children from single-parent families performed in school
观察了单亲家庭孩子在学校的表现
They looked at kids in elementary school and high school
他们选取了小学和中学的孩子
They found overall being from a single-parent family
发现所有单亲家庭的孩子
negatively affected achievement in school
在学校成绩都不理想
furthermore research by Hertz and Allen 2001 found that resiliency
此外Hertz和Allen在2001年的研究发现家庭
of the family was important to academic achievement
弹性对学术成就非常重要
So it could be that families with an
父母缺席的家庭
absent parent are less resilient
可能是缺乏弹性
This was dependent on other factors as well
这也取决于其它元素
however like race and age
例如门第和时代
6 Forms romantic and sexual attractions quicker
6 更快的陷入爱情和性行为
One thing that may seem obvious is that
有一种点似乎很明显
our relationship with our parents informs our relationship with others
我们与父母的关系预示着我们与其他人的关系
It seems having an absent parent does change how we form relationships
父母缺席确实改变了我们建立关系的方式
One study looked specifically at straight woman and their fathers
一项研究直接只观察了直女和父亲
They asked some woman to think of a time
他们让女生想象父亲缺席
their father was either absent or present.
或者相伴的一个片段
They then were asked to imagine they were on a date
然后让她们去想象正在约会
and asked them to rate how likely they would be
随后问她们发生可能性行为
to have sex with them and form a relationship with them
和发展关系的概率
They found overall these women were quicker
他们发现所有想象父亲缺席的
to form romantic attractions and would have sex earlier
女孩都会尽快地发展关系而且
if they had imagined a time their father was absent
更早地发生性行为
This was particularly true in households where a divorce had happened
这尤其符合离异家庭
showing that an absent father can influence a child’s relationship
展示了父亲缺席会影响孩子的关系
once they’re an adult
一旦他们成年了
Are any of these points relatable to you
这些现象和你有关联吗
What preventive factors do you think there are
你认为有什么预防措施吗
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如果你喜欢这个视频
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请点赞和分享
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文章用科学家的研究证明父母缺席孩子生活的六个影响,呼吁父母不要缺席孩子的生活

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