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你可能抑郁却不自知的6大迹象

6 Signs You May Have Depression and Not Even Know It

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抑郁症并非总是显而易见的
Depression isn’t always obvious or easy to spy.
社交媒体和好莱坞电影
Social media and Hollywood
总是用剧烈的情绪波动和强烈的绝望
often depicted in its most serious stage
来描述抑郁症最严重阶段
with raging mood swings and intense hopelessness.
但抑郁症的程度从轻微到严重不等
But depression can range from mild to severe
它常在日常生活中悄悄逼近我们
and it has a habit of sneaking up on us in our everyday routines.
这就是为什么在症状并不总是很明显时
This is why many people often struggle with it silently
人们常默默与之斗争
when the symptoms aren’t always so clear-cut.
以下是你可能抑郁而不自知的六种迹象
Here are six signs you may have depression and not even know it.
1 你让自己超级忙
1.You keep yourself crazy busy.
年龄越大 日程安排就越发充斥着
The older we get, the more natural it is for our schedules to fill up,
要完成的任务和杂务
with duties to fulfill and chores to complete.
当你身患抑郁症时
But when you have depression,
你更可能沉溺于工作
you are more likely to drown yourself in work.
发表于《Plus one》 期刊的一篇研究
A study published in the journal Plus One,
显示 醉心工作与精神疾病症状
shows that there is a correlation between workaholism
例如焦虑症和抑郁症 联系紧密
and symptoms of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression.
伊利诺斯州住院治疗中心Timberline Knolls
Medical doctor Sumi Lee Samuel at Timberline Knowles,
的舒米·李·塞穆尔医师声称
a residential treatment center in Illinois, states that
忙碌可能是人们采取的一种方式
keeping busy might be a way for people to ignore or avoid painful issues
用以忽视或避免可能导致或触发抑郁症的痛苦问题
that may be contributing to or triggering their depression.
你的职业道德可能让老板满意
Your boss might be pleased with your work ethic
你的厨房柜台可能干净整洁
in your kitchen counter might be spic-and-span.
但是我们鼓励你密切关注自己的心情
But we encourage you to pay close attention to your heart.
如果感到心情比往常沉重
If it feels heavier than usual,
请不要犹豫寻求他人的帮助
please don’t hesitate to reach out to others for help.
2 你哪哪都疼
2.You’re hurting everywhere.
梅约诊所表示
According to the Mayo Clinic,
疼痛与抑郁症息息相关
pain and depression are closely linked and related to one another.
对很多人来说 抑郁可以导致难以解释的生理症状
In many people, depression can cause unexplained physical symptoms,
比如说 背痛和头疼
such as back pain and headaches.
反之亦然 慢性疼痛会导致抑郁
The reverse also holds true in which chronic pain can lead to depression,
以及很多其他问题
along with various other problems,
比如法律工作或财务问题
such as difficulty sleeping, stress and low self-esteem,
导致的失眠 压力 自卑
due to legal work or financial issues.
我们建议你咨询医生
We recommend that you talk to your doctor
以寻求最适合你的治疗方法
and seek the right treatment that works for you.
是否需要服用药物
Whether it means taking medication,
是否需要使用谈心疗法 参加疼痛康复计划
using talk therapy, attending pain rehabilitation programs
或是练习减压技巧
or practicing stress reduction techniques.
3 你要么爆肥要么暴瘦
3.You’ve either gained or lost a lot of weight.
抑郁可以使你从一个极端到另一个极端
Depression can make you swing in extremes in one direction or the other.
如果你觉得胃口有异
If you notice a difference in your appetite,
不论是胃口变差还是变好
whether it’s gone down or went up,
都可能与你的情感痛苦有关
it might have to do with the emotional pain you’re feeling.
有些人沮丧的时候不想吃东西
Some people don’t feel like eating when they’re down and dejected,
反之 有些通常饮食健康的人可能会突然渴望垃圾食品和外卖
whereas others who usually eat healthy might have a craving for junk food and take-out
因为他们想以此填满生活的空虚
as they try to fill up the void in their lives.
我们建议你在压力期间尝试健康饮食
We recommend that you try healthy comfort food recipes
用身体所需的必需营养素
to keep yourself nourished with the essential nutrients
给自己补充营养
your body needs during stressful times.
4 你似乎不能下定决心
4.You can’t seem to make up your mind.
临床心理学家 《胜于完美》的作者
Clinical psychologist Elizabeth Lombardo,
伊丽莎白·隆巴尔多从心理学角度阐明 当我们抑郁时
author of Better than Perfect states that psychologically when we’re depressed,
我们失去了影响大脑动机和决策的灰质
we lose gray matter that affects the parts of our brains that facilitates our motivation and decision-making.
就像当我们缺乏专注和决心时
Even the smallest decisions we make on a daily basis,
即使是我们每天做出的最小的决定都很困难
like choosing coffee or tea can be a struggle,
比如“选择喝咖啡还是茶”
when we lack focus and determination.
下次你很难做出选择的时候
The next time you have a hard time making a choice,
试着听从你的直觉
try to go with your first instinct and
并坚信即便你做了错的选择
know that you still have the power to turn things around
你仍然有能力扭转局面
if you feel like you made the wrong decision.
5 你离不开手机或电脑
5.You’re glued to your phone or computer.
临床精神病学副教授 以及
Simon Rego, associate professor of clinical psychiatry
蒙特菲奥里医疗中心的心理训练主任 西蒙·雷戈
and director of psychology training at Montefiore Medical Center
表示 患有抑郁症的人常寻求短期刺激
states that people with depression often go on a quest for a short-term boost
这是一种普遍的应付机制
as a common coping mechanism.
不论是赌博 刷Facebook 或是购物
Whether that means gambling, facebooking or shopping,
虚拟社会互动往往比真实社会互动
virtual social interactions are sought more than real ones
更受感到抑郁的人欢迎
from those who feel depressed.
其实 尽管网瘾和抑郁症是不同的诊断结果
In fact, although Internet addiction and depression are separate diagnoses,
但它们常相互重叠
they often overlap with one another.
下次你沉迷于Ins或是
The next time you’re glued to your Instagram or
奢侈地买了很多双名牌鞋
splurged on many pairs of designer shoes,
我们建议你反思一下 问问自己是不是还好
we encourage you to reflect and ask yourself if you’re okay.
6 一点小事都会让你暴跳如雷
6.The slightest things set you off.
易怒这一普遍迹象常为大多数人所忽视
Irritability is a common sign that most people overlook.
如果你发现
If you find that
你在杂货店排队时越发不耐烦了
you’re more impatient when you’re waiting in line at the grocery store
或是等红灯时感到焦虑不安
or get agitated when the light turns red at stoplights,
请注意隐藏在沮丧背后的情绪
there may be more going on underneath your size and frustration.
暴虐也是你可能患有抑郁症的迹象
Tyrannous is also an indicator that you may have depression.
抑郁时 小问题也会被无限放大
Small issues can feel enormous when you’re depressed.
你可能会注意到 你比往常更容易哭
You may notice that you’re crying more easily than usual
或者难以控制自己的泪水
or have trouble controlling your tears.
抑郁症会以奇怪的方式淹没我们
Depression has an odd way of overwhelming us
我们不应压抑情感
and instead of repressing our feelings,
相反 我们应该自然释放它们
we should let them out naturally
并学着不为难自己
and learn not to be so hard on ourselves.
你觉得自己可能患有抑郁症吗?
Do you think you might be struggling with depression?
我们想让你知道你不是孤军奋战
We want you to know that you’re not alone
我们会在这里帮助你
and we’re here to help you.
请在下方评论区分享你的看法
Please share your thoughts with us below.
同时 别忘了订阅本栏目
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以收看更多《来吧!心理学》内容
for more content from Psych2go
以及看看我们的Patreon网站
and check out our Patreon.
谢谢观看!
Thanks for watching!

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视频概述

你可能患有抑郁症但是不知道自己抑郁的6大迹象

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

Zeitgeist

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soa3m6z1pAo

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