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薯片的神奇特征让你能不知不觉吃上一大包 – 译学馆
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薯片的神奇特征让你能不知不觉吃上一大包

50 AMAZING Facts to Blow Your Mind! #37

真正的知识代表什么?
– Will the real knowledge whale please stand up?
噢!
Oh!
谢谢
Thank you.
这里有让你大开脑洞的50件事
Here are 50 amazing facts to blow your mind.
我们可以在完全不知不觉的情况下
We actually have the ability to eat an entire bag of chips
吃掉整包薯片
without really noticing,
因为薯片有一种叫做隐没能量密度
because chips have a vanishing caloric density.
意思是它可以让你的舌头和大脑
What that means is that it tricks our tongue and brain
觉得实际上没有吃任何东西
into thinking that we haven’t actually eaten anything.
看上去这能解释很多事
That explains a lot.
著名的艺术家Bob Ross在1984年遇到一位色盲朋友后
Famed artist Bob Ross painted a grey scale landscape in 1984
于是画了一幅黑白的画
after meeting a colorblind man
这位色盲的朋友觉得自己没法学会画画
who believed that he would never be able to paint
Bob展示给他看他是可以的
to show him that he can.
猫头鹰的眼睛颜色一般能
The eye color of owls typically indicates
显示某天的某个时间 来代表示去活动还是捕猎
what time of day the owls prefer to be active and hunt.
它们的眼睛可以是黄色 橙色 深褐色 或者甚至黑色
Their eyes can be yellow, orange, dark brown, or even black.
你嚼口香糖18个小时可以燃烧掉200卡路里
To burn off 200 calories, you could chew gum for 18 hours,
涂唇膏1500次也可以达到
apply lip balm 1500 times,
一首歌唱23次
or sing a song 23 times.
或者 当然 去健身
Or, you know, just go to the gym.
早先的客机是非常舒适的
Planes used to be a lot more comfortable.
二十世纪40年代时 波音377 Stratocruiser
In the 1940s, the Boeing 377 Stratocruiser
曾经在机舱里摆放的是倾斜式俱乐部座椅
had reclined club chairs throughout the cabin.
在洲际飞行时
On intercontinental flights,
每张椅子都可以调整成为一张床
every seat could adjust into a bed
这样每名乘客都可以睡觉
so that each passenger could sleep.
然后到某处时 就会发生严重的问题
Somewhere, we went terribly wrong.
浣熊其实非常聪明
Raccoons are actually very smart.
它们可以在10次机会内就打开一把复杂的锁
They can open complex locks in under 10 tries
并且仍然能重复这个步骤如果锁被重新排列
and can still repeat the process if the locks are rearranged
或者颠倒
or turned upside down.
他们会记住问题的解决方案
They’ll also remember solutions to problems
长达三年
for up to three years.
如果你强烈感觉到别人在看你
If you feel strongly that someone is watching you,
那是因为别人可能真的在看你
that’s because they probably are.
你的大脑有一个原始的凝视探测系统
Your brain has a primal gaze detection system
确定是否有人
that determines whether someone
在盯着你看
is staring directly at you or not.
斯坦福大学已完成的临床研究
Clinical studies done at Stanford University
表明患有幻听的人
show that people who have auditory hallucinations,
比如精神病患
such as schizophrenia,
幻听声音的形成受文化影响
have voices that are shaped by cultural influences.
在非洲和印度,大多数人描述他们为
In Africa and India, most describe them as
家庭成员或灵魂的声音
voices of family members or spirits,
但大多数美国人说他们听到
but most Americans say that they hear
来自陌生人的猛烈的痛苦的可恶的呐喊
violent, torturous, and hateful yelling from strangers.
这其实是能打印出你的晚餐的3D打印机
There are actually 3D printers that can print your dinner.
这Foodini食物打印机能做一切事
The Foodini Food Printer makes everything
从披萨到汉堡到巧克力
from pizza to burgers to chocolate
用新鲜食材
using fresh ingredients.
嗯,3D印的培根
Mmm, 3D printed bacon.
免费厨房,被在印度的志愿者使用
A free kitchen, operated by volunteers in India
在印度西部城市阿姆利的金庙里
at the Golden Temple is the western Indian city of Amritsar
每天提供10万份热腾腾的饭
serves 100,000 hot meals a day
已经这样做了300多年
and has been doing so for over 300 years.
一般的抓娃娃机仅仅被设定
The average claw machine is only programmed
每20次给一次充满力量的爪子
to give the claw full strength every 20 tries.
噢,骗局
Scam, oh.
祖籍伊拉克的加拿大女人,Basma Hameed
Basma Hameed, a Canadian woman originally from Iraq,
学会了如何纹身为了覆盖她的烧伤伤疤
learned how to tattoo so that she could cover her burn scars
那个她幼年时收到的在脸上的伤疤
that she received on her face as a child.
这结果是显著的
The results were remarkable
她现在从事于帮助其它烧伤受害者
and she now has a business helping other burn victims
通过纹身使伤疤褪色来匹配他们自己的肤色
by tattooing discolored scars to match their own skin tone.
有一个美国公司被称为
There exists an American company known as
创意家居工程
Creative Home Engineering
专门为你的家设计隐藏的空间
that specializes in making hidden rooms for your home.
甚至还有一个需要一个棋盘
There’s even one that requires a chess board
在一个特定的组合里下棋
played in a certain combination
为了开房间的锁
in order to unlock the room.
噢,上帝,我想去联系那些人
Oh, lord, I want to contact these people.
英国和葡萄牙
The United Kingdom and Portugal
拥有世界上最长的稳定联盟
hold the longest standing alliance in the world
它开始于1386年
which started in 1386.
生于19世纪30年代的双胞胎Oskar Stohr 和 Jack Yufe
Born in the 1930s, identical twins Oskar Stohr and Jack Yufe
在出生后立即就分开了
were separated shortly after birth.
Oskar在德国长大
Oskar was raised in Germany
并参加了希特勒青年队
and attended Hitler Youth Academy
而Jack在特立尼达参加犹太教
which Jack practiced Judaism in Trinidad.
他们最终在21岁时遇到
They finally met at the age of 21
起初他们没有相处过
and they didn’t get along at first,
但最终变成了亲密的兄弟
but eventually became close brothers
在他们50岁时
later in their 50s.
当一只猫带回一只死掉的动物
When a cat brings back a dead animal,
这其实是作为母亲的角色的自然行动
it’s actually acting out its natural role as a mother
教导和展示怎样去抓捕和吃猎物
and teaching, showing its owners how to catch and eat prey,
就像在野外他们教他们的幼崽
just like they would teach their young in the wild.
猫叫声(嘘声)
Meow (hisses).
我不知道那是什么
I don’t know what that was.
你的血液实际上出现在绿色的水下
Your blood actually appears green underwater
大概在九米左右
at about nine meters or so,
因为水下没有红光
because there is no red light under water
因此没有红光
therefore, there is no red light
能将反射你的血液进我们的眼睛
that can bounce off of your blood into our eyes.
在2012年,在猫死后
In 2012, following the death of Meow,
一只猫重达18千克
a cat who weighed 18 kilograms,
吉尼斯世界记录
the Guinness Book of World Records
停止记录世界上最重的宠物
stopped recording the heaviest pets in the world
去阻止故意暴饮暴食
to discourage deliberate overeating.
你能够区分东西柏林
You can differentiate between east from west Berlin
从太空因为不同类型的路灯
from space because the different types of streetlamps
用于发出不同形状的光
used to give off different shades of light.
Jerome Rodale,长寿专家
Jerome Rodale, a longevity expert
也是有机农业之父
and father of organic farming
在71岁时的一次采访里宣布
announced at the age of 71, during an interview
他决定活到100岁
that he’s decided to live to be 100.
他同时宣布,我从来没有感觉比现在更好 在我的生命中
He also declared, ‘I’ve never felt better in my life.’
在拍摄的几分钟之后
And minutes later, while filming,
他死于心脏病发作
he died of a heart attack.
因此…
So …
有一个位于多米尼加岛那么热的沸腾的湖
There is a boiling lake located in Dominica that is so hot,
它中心的温度还没有确定
the center’s temperature has never been determined.
蚱蜢鼠是食肉动物
The grasshopper mouse is carnivorous,
免疫毒素,吃蝎子
immune to venom, eats scorpions,
像狼一样嚎叫去宣称它的领土
and howls like a wolf to claim its territory.
蓝色大理石是唯一的整个地球的照片
The Blue Marble is the only whole Earth photo
由人类的手拍摄的
taken by human hands
1972年12月7号
from December 7th, 1972,
通过阿波罗17号航天飞船全体机组人员
by the whole crew of the Apollo 17 space shuttle.
因为一直没有人能离地球足够远
Nobody since has been able to be far enough from Earth
去拍摄相似的照片
to take a similar photo.
西班牙残奥会篮球队
The Spanish Paralympic basketball team
被迫归还他们赢得的金牌
was forced to return the gold medals that they won
在2000年澳大利亚残奥会
in the 2000 Australian Paralympics
几乎全部的运动员都被发现,不是残疾人
after almost all players were found to be not disabled.
一些无毒的蛇,像老虎keelback
Some non-venomous snakes, like the tiger keelback,
吃有毒的青蛙其实是为了保护他们的孩子
will actually protect their babies by eating poisonous frogs
在怀孕的时候
while being pregnant.
然后他们把毒药传递到他们的蛋里
They then pass the poison onto their eggs
这样使当孩子出生时是有毒的
which makes their newborns poisonous when they’re born.
1946年12月31号,一个叫Alphonse Rocco的人
On December 31st, 1946, a man named Alphonse Rocco
自称是一名侦探并给了路人一个相机
claimed to be a detective and gave a pedestrian a camera
要他去拍一张嫌疑人的照片
and asked her to take a picture of a suspect.
结果这名侦探是一名歹徒
Well, the detective turned out to be a gangster
嫌疑人是他的前妻
and the suspect turned out to be his ex-wife
而相机是一个隐藏的猎枪
and the camera turned out to be a concealed shotgun,
通过快门按钮开枪
firing via the shutter button.
好吧,我再也不会为任何人拍照了
Yeah, I’m never taking a photo for anybody ever again.
在英国Brigeport
In Brigeport, in the UK,
有一只名叫Artful Dodger 的猫
there is a cat named the Artful Dodger
通常自己乘公交
who regularly catches the bus by himself
去10英里外的邻镇
to travel 10 miles to the neighboring town.
它经常在车站等待
He waits at the bus stop so often,
那个会带一听猫粮的司机
that the driver brings tins of cat food
他知道停下来让猫下车
and knows what stop to let the cat off at.
Dr.Seuss的第一本书被拒绝了27次
Dr. Seuss’ first book was rejected 27 times.
他几乎快要放弃
He was almost ready to give up
但在街上偶遇一个朋友
but bumped into a friend on the street
早在1937年的纽约市
in New York City back in 1937
开始从事于出版工作
who had just begun working in publishing.
Seuss说如果他一直走
Seuss said that if he had been walking
在街道的另一边
on the other side of the street,
他可能永远不会成为一个儿童文学的作家
he probably would have never been a children’s author.
scaphism是一种古代的惩罚形式
Scaphism was a form of ancient punishment
受害人被绑住并且被喂
where the victim was tied and force fed
大量的蜂蜜和牛奶
a rich diet of honey and milk
然后被留在阳光下
and then left in the sun.
他不断腹泻
He accumulated diarrhea
而他积累的排泄物会吸引苍蝇和昆虫
while his accumulated excretion attracted flies and insects
最终整个人被吃掉
who would then eventually eat the man inside out.
(恶)继续
(gagging) Moving on.
在每一个雨滴的中心
At the center of every single raindrop
是一种矿物尘粒
is a mineral dust particle.
物理上形成的雨滴不可能
It is physically impossible for raindrops to form
来自纯净的水
from pure water alone.
在荷兰有一个小村庄
There is a small village in Holland
被称为痴呆村
known as Dementia Village,
由患老年痴呆的人组成
inhabited by those people with dementia.
他们用稳当的外墙
It’s designed to be a normal environment
设计了一个自然地环境
with a secured perimeter
让病人们可以安全的在食品杂货店散步
so that patients can safely roam to the grocery store,
还有饭店,咖啡厅和花园
restaurants, cafes, and gardens,
不会有他人的注视
without feeling, you know, locked down or confused.
一个斯坦福大学的学生推断,创造性思维的产生
A Stanford study concluded that there is a high correlation
和散步有着很重要的关系
between walking and creative thought output.
与久坐的人相比
Compared to sitting, those who walked demonstrated
他们思维的创造性提高了百分之六十
a 60% increase in creative thought output.
Snapchat的发明者,在24岁时
Snapchat founder Evan Spiegel’s net worth
就净赚了150万美元
was $1.5 billion at the age of only 24
成为这个世界上最年轻的百万富翁
making him the world’s youngest billionaire.
现在他25岁,身价2.1百万美元
He’s now 25 and worth $2.1 billion.
九龙城寨在中国存在于1810年至1993年
Kowloon Walled City in China existed from 1810 to 1993.
最近几年它被黑社会张开
In its later years, it was controlled by triads
里面有成千上万的居民
with thousands of residents
涉嫌吸毒,赌博和卖淫
who were involved in drugs, gambling, and prostitution
在这座城市被拆毁之前
before the city was demolished.
你知道Flo 是前进保险公司的创始人吗?
You know Flo fro the Progressive Insurance commercials?
她一年能赚500000美元
Yeah, she makes $500,000 a year.
华盛顿大学有个统计
A study conducted at Washington University
发现老鼠不仅享受被爱抚
found that rats not only enjoy being tickled,
高频实验的记录显示
but high frequency recordings showed
在被娱乐时
that they actually make the same laughing sound
发出同样愉快的笑声的次数
during a good tickle session
甚至超过了他们与同伴一起玩耍时的
than when they play with other rats.
Rajendra Singh,在印度被称为水男而闻名
Rajendra Singh, known as the water man of India,
使五条河死而复生
revived five rivers and brought water back
为印度的1000个村庄供水
to 1000 villages in India
运用了大自然奇妙的力量
using native water preservation techniques.
吉萨金字塔比古代的罗马人更古老
The pyramids of Giza were more ancient to the ancient Romans
也比我们古老
than Rome is ancient to us.
哥贝克力石阵坐落于土耳其
Gobekli Tepe, located in Turkey,
被认为是世界上最古老的寺庙
is thought to be the world’s oldest temple.
比巨石阵还有早建6000年
Constructed 6000 years before Stonehenge,
估计建立在
it’s estimated to have been built
轮子发明之前
before the invention of the wheel,
可能是为农业生产而建造
even the idea of farming,
否则这些工具不可能建造了他们自己
or the tools that could have constructed its own existence.
基本上,这是不可能的
Basically, it shouldn’t have existed itself.
星球大战;原力觉醒的上映
At the time of this recording, Star Wars: The Force Awakens,
创造了电影历史上最高的周末首映票房
had the biggest opening weekend in movie history
总计
at a total of a whopping
247966675美元
$247,966,675.
当苹果给员工标号时
When Apple began designating employee numbers,
Steve JoBs的地位被挑战了
Steve Jobs was offended
Steve Wozniak获得了第一
that Steve Wozniak received number one
但Steve JOBS只得了第二
while he only got number two.
Steve JOBS认为自己敢称第二,没人敢称第一
He believed that he should be second to no one,
所以他也0来代替
so he took number zero instead.
大多数食肉动物都有向前的视线
Most predators have eyes facing forward,
但一部分大脑只能接受灰色的图像
while most prey have eyes on their sides of their head.
厨房噩梦第二季出现过的
Every single restaurant that has appeared on season two
餐馆都关门了
of Kitchen Nightmares has closed.
真惊喜
Big surprise.
在2013年,一个男人威胁要从南卡罗来纳州ravinal桥
In 2013, a man threatening to jump
跳下去
from the South Carolina Ravinal Bridge
给了他一个披萨后
was convinced not to jump after being offered
人们说服他放弃了跳下去
a pizza.
印第安纳大学传媒学院的一项统计显示
Studies conducted at Indiana University Media School
发现了看关于猫的视频
discovered that watching cat videos
确实改变了观众的情绪
actually boosts viewers energy
增加正能量减少负面情绪
and positive emotions and decreases negative feelings.
猫们就像接管了这个视频
Cats are just taking over this video.
多种文化背景的人们可能会改变他们的性格
Bi-cultural people may change their personality
当他们转换语言时
when they switch languages.
根据一项来自美国
According to a study conducted
大学教授的调查显示
by university professors across America,
语言会不知不觉影响人们
language unconsciously affects people’s
对事情的解读
interpretation of events.
说西班牙语的女人
Women speaking Spanish were seen
在相同情景下
as more independent and assertive
比说英文的人更加自信
than women speaking English in similar situations.
黑豹并不是一种物种
Black panthers are not a real species.
他们是一群得了黑化病的捷豹
What they are are jaguars and leopards who have melanism,
造成了黑色的皮肤
which causes them to have black skin.
这是一种与白化病截然不同的病
It’s actually the opposite effect of having albinism.
南非的生态环境保护者
Conservationists in South Africa are infusing
将一种红色的颜料灌进犀牛的角中
a special red dye into the horns of live rhinos.
这样使他们的角对偷猎者毫无价值
The mixture renders the horn completely useless to poachers
可以保护他们的繁衍
that are trying to sell it commercially
也使人们的消费降低
and also has a toxin for human consumption.
密歇根州立大学的一个研究小组
A team of researchers at Michigan State University
发明了一种透明的太阳能收集版
have created a transparent solar panel
可以用于建筑上来保护能源
that can be used in buildings to potentially power
整个大楼
the entire building.
也可以被改造成
It can also be retrofitted to older glass buildings
用来保护能量
to harness power.
Andrew Jackson总体的鹦鹉
President Andrew Jackson’s pet parrot
因为诅咒
was kicked out of Jackson’s funeral in 1945
在 Andrew Jackson的葬礼上踢死了
for cursing.
现在你获得了知识
♫ And now you’re spawning from the
知识的海洋
♫ Na na knowledge whale
哦哦哦
♫ Oh oh oh ♫
在我让你们走之前
Before I let you guys go,
我想让你们记住我的vlog channel
I wanted to remind you that I have a vlog channel.
没错,第二个频道
That’s right, a second channel.
我上传我的日常生活在这个频道
I upload almost daily videos about my life on that channel.
这不仅是我记录的地方
Not only is it the place that I document
这个冒险我会继续
the adventures that I go on,
但这也是通过自己的思想和感受
but it’s also the place where I get to connect
和你们直接沟通
more directly with you guys by sharing
和连接的地方
my thoughts and feelings.
检查下你们有没有订阅我的视频
So, if you haven’t checked out that channel yet,
Matthew Santorum Vlogs,
Matthew Santorum Vlogs,
确保你刚才订阅了
make sure you do in the description right now and subscribe.
如果你们喜欢这个视频
And, as always, if you guys enjoyed this video,
就订阅我的栏目
click that like button and subscribe to this channel
你可以观看我的下一个视频
so that you can catch my next video.
喜欢你的脸
Love your faces.
知识的冲击
♫ Knowledge whale out
噢噢噢噢噢
♫ Oh oh oh oh oh ♫

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