ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

抑郁症的五个类型 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

抑郁症的五个类型

5 Types of Depressive Disorders

来吧!心理学
Psych2Go
抑郁症是一种很容易被误解的障碍
Depression is a very misunderstood disorder.
人们容易对抑郁症有刻板印象
People will tend to stereotype depression
认为好像你一直都很悲伤
and make it seem as though you are typically sad all the time
并讨厌这个世界
and hate the world.
但这与事实相去甚远
But that is far from the truth.
抑郁症有很多亚型
Depression has sub disorders
会有不同的症状 强度和成因
that will have different symptoms intensities and causes.
以下是不同类型的抑郁症
Here are the different types of depression.
1.破坏性心境失调障碍
1. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.
如果你经常发脾气 无论是
If you tend to have continuous outbursts
身体上的还是口头上的
of temper either physical or verbal,
并一周发作三次
and it happens three times a week,
这就是破坏性心境失调障碍的症状之一
that is one of the symptoms for disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.
可能经历的其它症状
Other symptoms that you could experience are
除愤怒外还会悲伤或情绪低落一周三次
feeling sad or moody besides the anger three times a week
或者有严重的情绪爆发
or having severe outbursts.
如果这些症状发作超过一年
It’s more likely that you have this disorder
或在10岁之前就开始了
if these symptoms have occurred for more than a year
就说明你可能有这种抑郁症
or if the symptoms started before the age of 10.
2.重度抑郁症
2. Major depressive disorder
抑郁症的另一个亚型是重度抑郁症
Another sub disorder of depression is major depressive disorder
也可以称为临床抑郁症
which can also be known as clinical depression.
患有这种疾病的人其病程
Those with this disorder may have an episode
较长会反复发作
for longer periods of time
而另一些人一生只发病一次
while others may only have had an episode once in their life.
患有重度抑郁症的人一般有下列症状
People with MDD have the following symptoms
将近两周的时间
for nearly a two-week span
而且它通常每天都会加重
and it will usually arise everyday.
感到绝望 悲伤或麻木
Feeling hopeless, sad or numb,
对他们过去喜欢的事积极性降低
decreased motivation for things that they used to like,
增大或降低食欲
increased or decreased appetite
这会导致体重的增加或减少
which could lead to weight gain or loss respectively,
睡眠质量改变
changes in sleep,
感到疲劳 注意力不集中
fatigue, being unable to concentrate,
健忘 有死亡或自杀的想法
forgetfulness, thoughts of death or suicide,
尝试自杀或自残
suicide attempts and self-harm.
重度抑郁可以与不同的疾病混淆
MDD can be mixed with different disorders
例如焦虑 抑郁
like anxiety, melancholic features,
紧张 围产期发病 精神病特徵
catatonia, peripartum onset, psychotic features
以及季节性发病
and seasonal patterns.
3.持续性抑郁障碍 又称心境恶劣
3.Persistent depressive disorder also known as dysthymia
是一种持续的抑郁障碍
is an ongoing depressive disorder.
其症状不像MDD一样典型
The symptoms are not as clear as MDD
但是成年人每天几乎都会发生这种症状
however the symptoms usually happen almost every day
持续两年 孩子和青少年至少
for two years in adults and at least one year for children
持续一年
and adolescents.
心境恶劣通常伴随着
The symptoms that go along with dysthymia
食欲变化
are appetite change,
睡眠周期改变
change in sleep cycle,
低能量 低自尊
low energy, poor self-esteem,
绝望 注意力不集中
feelings of hopelessness, bad concentration,
健忘并缺乏积极性的症状
forgetfulness, and lack of motivation.
心境恶劣可以和其他疾病混淆
Dysthymia can be mixed with other disorders
就像MDD一样
just like MDD.
它也可以达到严重水平
It can also range in levels of severity.
4.经前焦虑障碍
4. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
使大约3%-8%的女性“致残”
is disabling approximately three to eight percent of women
没有人能真正弄清楚原因
and no one can really figure out why.
以下症状发生在经期
The following symptoms occur during the menstrual cycle
至少以下五种症状出现
and a usual diagnosis would require at least five of the following symptoms
才能诊断出抑郁症
to be present.
情绪波动 敏感性增加
Mood swings, increased sensitivity,
绝望或不堪重负的感觉
feelings of hopelessness or being overwhelmed,
焦虑 感到疲劳和迟钝
anxiety, feeling tired and sluggish,
缺乏参与活动的兴趣
a lack of interest in activities
失眠或睡眠过多
and insomnia or excessive amounts of sleep.
这种失调也有躯体症状
The disorder also has physical symptoms,
例如 关节痛 肿大
such as joint pain, bloating,
体重增加 胸部柔软和肿胀
weight gain, tender breasts and swelling.
这种障碍会影响学业
This disorder will affect school,
工作以及人际关系
work and relationships.
5.物质/药物治疗引起的抑郁障碍
5.Substance medication induced depressive disorder.
这种疾病是在用药
This disorder is present during the use of medication
或物质滥用过程中出现的
or during substance abuse.
症状包括易怒 抑郁发作
Symptoms include irritability, depressive episodes,
易怒 绝望
bad temper, the sense of hopelessness
对任何事都不感兴趣也没有乐趣
and no interest or pleasure in anything.
这些症状会在使用该物质
These symptoms will occur when using the substance
或成功戒断时发生
or win in withdrawal.
大多数人服用药物使自己感觉好一些
Most people use drugs or substances to feel better
而且通常不会注意到他们
and will usually not notice the symptoms they have
在药物治疗和使用抑郁障碍方面的症状
for substance medication and use depressive disorder.
6.其它躯体情况所致抑郁障碍
6. Depressive disorder due to another medical condition
是另一种类型的抑郁症
is another type of depression.
关节炎 糖尿病 艾滋病
Arthritis, diabetes, HIV,
中风 病毒感染
strokes, viral infections and much more
等等都会导致抑郁
can cause you to have depression.
症状可能包括持续的抑郁心境
Symptoms can include a persistent depressive mood,
缺乏兴趣 易怒
lack of interest, irritability
和心境高涨或激惹
and an elevated or expansive mood.
我希望这个视频能帮助你摆脱困境
We hope this helps you out.
如果你有这些症状
If you experience any of these symptoms,
去看医生或找个你信任的人谈谈
please see your doctor or find someone you trust to talk to,
特别是如果你的症状持续许久
especially if your symptoms persist.
感谢你的观看
Thank you for watching.
不要忘给视频点赞并订阅频道
Don’t forget to like this video and subscribe to our Channel.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

视频介绍了抑郁症的五个类型

听录译者

小狐狸

翻译译者

杜小雅

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PbJB02Zlh4w

相关推荐