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不健全家庭环境下产生的五种人格类型 – 译学馆
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不健全家庭环境下产生的五种人格类型

5 Types of Children from Toxic Families

不健全家庭的孩子
Children who come from dysfunctional families
在家庭中学着扮演对抗
learn to take on roles in order to cope
家庭中的不良行为习惯的角色
with toxic behaviors in their household.
这种教养方式影响他们长大后的待人接物
Such upbringings affect their treats and habits they carry into adulthood.
那些有酗酒、吸毒背景的孩子
Those who come from a background of alcohol, or drug abuse
经历了混乱的童年时期
experienced a turbulent childhood and
不再具备适当减轻他们感受到的
end up playing certain roles to alleviate the sadness,
悲伤 羞耻 愤怒的能力
humiliation or anger they feel.
家庭动力学表明 包括其他强制行为在内
Family dynamics said include other compulsive behavior
像赌博 暴食 过度严厉 宗教的态度
such as gambling or overeating, overly strict and religious attitudes,
自恋癖 身体、心理或性虐待
narcissism and physical, emotional or sexual abuse
可能也会导致孩子扮演同样的角色
may also affect children to take on the same roles.
人们在混乱的家庭中长大
People may identify with more than just one role
他们可能会有不同的人格
when they grow up in chaotic households.
以下 是来自不良家庭的五种人格
These are five types of children from toxic families.
1.顶梁柱或有责任感的孩子
1. The hero or responsible child.
这类孩子有超龄的成熟与智慧
The hero or responsible child is wise and mature beyond their years.
他们自己追求完美 看起来沉着
Their self sufficient perfectionist overachieving and seemingly composed.
但事实上 他们默默承受着
In reality, though, they suffer silently
父母的不良行为的悲伤的负担
and carry the burden of sadness from their parents toxic behavior.
他们害怕成为父母那样
They’re afraid of becoming their like parents,
因此他们学着往正相反的方向发展
so they learn to be the exact opposite.
例如 如果他们有自恋癖和虐待的父母
For example, if the hero has a narcissistic and abusive parent,
他们常会试着做最受欢迎的孩子
they usually try to be the favorite child,
靠良好的表现收获爱
relying on good performance in order to receive love.
2.替罪羊或捣蛋鬼
2. The scapegoat or troublemaker.
这类孩子易怒且防备心重
The scapegoat or troublemaker is angry and defensive.
在学校中 他们是典型的
At school, the scapegoat is typically
社交圈中的领头人
the leader within their social group
经常会惹上麻烦
and often get in trouble.
因为那是他们学着吸引最大注意的方式
Because that’s how they learn to get the most attention,
但因为他们因为恐惧 修建了心墙
but because they’ve built walls around themselves out of fear,
他们和其他人可能都是表面朋友
their relationship with others may be superficial.
在他们试图表达自己的情绪
Toxic parents are usually extremely ashamed of them,
将被忽视的家庭问题表演出来时
as they try to convey their situation
祸害型父母总会以他们为耻
by acting out family problems that are usually ignored at home.
但是在冷酷的伪装下 是极度的敏感
But beneath that hard exterior, they’re very emotionally sensitive.
他们也是反抗最积极
They are either the loud rebellious type
或者最好欺负的类型
or the one easily picked on
他们在被父母伤害虐待后
and since they’ve been hurt by their abusive parent,
会有自虐倾向
they can be self-destructive.
3.迷失的孩子或幻想者
3. The lost child or dreamer.
这类孩子在家庭中没有存在感
The lost child or dreamer is invisible within their family
他们试图通过消失或读书
and tries to cope with the family’s struggles
做白日梦或看电影
by disappearing and reading books,
来处理家庭纠纷
daydreaming or watching movies.
他们很少卷入麻烦
They rarely get in trouble.
因为每个人都把他们看作好孩子
Because everyone sees them as a good kid.
认为他们也有一个
It’s assumed that they also
健全的家庭生活
have a good healthy life at home.
迷失的孩子都非常害羞
The lost child is typically very shy and
喜欢个人空间 享受孤独
enjoys having a lot of space and solitude,
这样会导致他人把他们看作孤独者
causing others to view them as loners.
因为他们越来越孤独
Since their more withdrawn,
他们很难培养重要的社交技能和社会关系
they struggled to develop important social skills and relationships with others
并常常被低自尊折磨
and often suffer from low self-esteem.
4.吉祥物或班级小丑
4. The mascot or class clown.
这类孩子总会以可爱出名
The mascot or class clown is usually known as the cute one.
他们总会准备好用笑话
They’re always ready to lighten the mood
或有趣的表演带来乐趣
with jokes or entertaining shows.
不健全的家庭让他们无力
Their dysfunctional family makes them feel powerless,
所以 他们试着用诙谐幽默
so they try to cope by breaking the anger
来打破愤怒 紧张和冲突
tension and conflict with fun and humor.
大多数吉祥物孩子性情友善
Most mascot children have a friendly disposition
被描述为过度友善
and are described as overly nice.
他们喜欢帮助别人
Mascot children enjoy helping others.
因为那使他们转移对自己问题的注意
Because it distracts them from their own problems.
然而 在他们开心的行为下
Beneath their cheerful demeanor, however,
他们总会被低自尊
they usually suffer from low self-esteem,
紧张 失落折磨
anxiety and depression,
他们会沉迷工作以弥补不安
developing workaholic tendencies to make up for their insecurities.
他们也会发现当自己受伤时
They also find it painful to
寻求帮助也很痛苦
ask for help when they are hurt.
所以他们总是笑对世界
So they put on a brave smile for the world.
5.纵容者或照顾者
5. The enabler or caretaker.
这类孩子通常与瘾君子结婚
The enabler or caretaker is typically married to an addict,
但是他们的孩子也会承担这一角色
but children can also take on this role.
他们倾听和安慰瘾君子
They listen to and console the addict
同时鼓励其他家人不要消极
while encouraging other families not to react negatively.
因为促成者不知道怎么处理不良行为
Because the enabler doesn’t know how to cope with toxic behavior,
他们为沉迷酒精或毒品找借口
they make excuses for the addict alcohol or
否认问题的存在
drug problems and deny such problems exist,
遮掩家庭的衰败
masking the families downfalls
以此保证在众人眼中
to make sure the public sees them as a happy
他们是幸福美满的家庭
well-rounded family.
你符合这5种类型中的一个或多个吗?
Do you identify with one or more of these 5 types?
对不健全家庭的孩子
Is there any advice you’d like to provide
你有什么建议吗?
to those who come from toxic families?
可以在评论里随意分享你的故事
Feel free to share your stories in the comments below.
如果你喜欢本视频
If you enjoyed this video,
不要忘了关注我们其他社交媒体
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如果你想支持来吧!心理学
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奖品有我们签名的吊坠、T恤、杂志等等
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Your funding will help us continue producing
制作高质视频 让更多人得到帮助
quality videos and reach more people in need of help.
一如既往 感谢观看
And as always, thanks for watching.

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译制信息
视频概述

父母是孩子的第一任老师,不健全的家庭会对孩子产生什么样的影响?他们会以什么方式表现出自己的经历?

听录译者

徘徊的小孩

翻译译者

岸雩

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZH-1YTCvHA

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