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芬兰领先全球教育的五个理由

5 Reasons Why Finland Is A Global Education Leader

在美国
Here in the United States,
我们总喜欢吹嘘自己是第一名
we love to brag about being number one
除了那个我们全球实际上
Except when it comes to education that is
只能排到第37名的教育
Where we regularly rank around 37th in the world Frankly,
还不错 我们大多数人都具备
many of us are lucky we can spell USA
在体育赛事中拼出USA的能力
well enough to chant it in sporting events
那么 你知道哪个国家常年高居
but you know what country does consistently rate
全球教育榜首吗?芬兰
among the best in the world in education? Finland.
很显然 没错
Apparently. That’s right.
就是那个小巧的北欧国家
The small Nordic country best known
给全世界造出诺基亚的芬兰
for giving the world Nokia phones,
还有愤怒的小鸟和可怕的重金属音乐
angry birds and awful heavy metal music
其实他们还是全球教育领袖
is actually a leader in world education
在欧洲芬兰不仅拥有
not only does Finland have the
最高的高中毕业率
highest high school graduation rate in Europe
而且在国际竞赛中
but on International tests,
芬兰的学生也通常名列阅读 数学 和科学的前列
Finish students regularly rank near the top in Reading, Math and Science
而且芬兰人并没有通过无穷尽的作业
And the Finns do this without overloading kids
做到这一点
with endless hours of homework
也没有把学校变成傻读书的地方
or turning school into mindless drudgery.
傻孩子
Bueller.
傻孩子
Bueller.
傻孩子
Bueller.
为什么芬兰拥有
So why does Finland have the
世界上最牛X的教育系统呢?
most ass-kicking educational system on earth
这里有5个原因让芬兰脱颖而出
Here are the 5 reasons that set Finland apart
原因1:一个都不能少(理论上)
Reason number 1: No child gets left behind. Literally.
芬兰给所有的家庭 特别是低收入家庭
Finland provides all families particularly low income families
提供了完善的社会保障 政府会给新生儿家庭
with a vast social safety net the Finish government sends a pitty box
提供一个保育盒
of supplies to every family with a newborn child
从那时起 政府开始重度补贴幼儿教育
and then from there on, childcare is heavily subsidised
让家庭将他们的
allowing most families to send their
孩子送到某种早教中心去
children to some form of early childhood education
芬兰的公立学校也注重确保
Finland’s public schools also concentrate on making sure that
每位学生对所学学科都能达到基本的熟练程度
every student achieves basic proficiency in the subjects that they study
而在美国这边 学生和学校
whereas here in the US students and school
则会被要求和彼此对抗 竞争有限的资源
districts are expected to compete against one another
这不可避免地创造了一种输赢的系统
for limited resources, inevitably creating a system of winners and losers
这种方法上的差异
this difference in approach
就是造成
is one of the reasons why the achievement gap that exists
的成绩差距
between the rich and poor
在美国的学校是世界在芬兰
in American schools is smaller in Finland
比其他地方更小
than anywhere else in the world
原因第二把交椅 他们只是想要更多的寒意人
Reason number two. They’re just like more chill man.
芬兰的孩子甚至不上学
Finnish children don’t even start school
直到他们把7
until they turn 7 and once they’re
一旦他们在学校里 他们得到的休息时间几乎三倍量
in school they get almost triple the amount of recess time
作为美国学生 他们很少指派功课
as American students. They’re rarely assigned homework
直到高中 他们几乎从来不规范测试事实上
until High school and they almost never take standardise tests
芬兰学生
in fact, Finnish students are
只需要参加一个考试
only required to take one standardise test
这不是直到高中结束
and that’s not until the end of high school
原因排名第三 教师是真正的尊重(得到这个)
Reason Number three. Teachers are actually (get this) respected
成为一名教师是不容易在芬兰
Becoming a teacher isn’t easy in Finland
只有8所大学 提供所需的硕士课程
there are only 8 universities that offer the Masters programmes required
赚取教学资格证书 只有十分之一
to earn a teaching credential and only one
的申请得到接受
in ten applicants get accepted
所以一点也不奇怪 在芬兰
so it’s no surprise that teachers in Finland
教师接收大致尊重医生和律师的同一水平再加上
receive roughly the same level of respect as doctors and lawyers plus,
由于强大的工会
thanks to powerful unions,
芬兰教师只花了一天4小时的课堂
Finnish teachers only spent 4 hours a day in the classroom
并采取每周2小时的专业发展
and take 2 hours a week for professional development
他们还没有处理绩效工资
they also don’t have to deal with merit pay
这已经落后很多高调
which has been the cause
的情况下 在美国这里的原因其中
behind many high profile cases here in the US
教师和管理人员欺骗标准化测试
where teachers and administrators cheating on standardise tests
原因4号 他们认为
Reason number 4. They believe that less is more.
少即是多而我现在押韵
and I’m rhyming now
芬兰人认为 当涉及到教育
Finns believe that when it comes to education, patience,
耐心 实践学习 注重解决问题
hands-on learning and focusing on problem-solving
比听讲座 盲目的测试准备
are more important than listening to lectures,
工作和信息的记忆更重要
mindless test preparations and memorization of information
即当他们离开考场的学生
that students will probably forget as soon
可能会尽快忘记
as they leave the exam room
我知道这是一个很疯狂的概念吧?
I know it’s a really crazy concept right?
然后芬兰教师不通过比赛的
and then Finnish teachers don’t race
经验教训补习班尽可能多的信息
through lessons to cram as much information
尽可能到学生头上
as possible into students heads so
让学生可以再吐出这些信息反馈出来
that the students can then spit that information back out
在考试相反
on a standardise test
他们慢慢地移动
instead they give priority to moving
并采取尽可能多的时间在必要时给予优先
slowly and taking as much time as necessary
彻查较少的主题 但在更大的深度
to thoroughly investigate fewer topics but in much greater depth
原因号五:他们有较少的社会弊病
Reason number five: They have fewer social ills
芬兰可能不是社会主义者的天堂
Finland may not be the socialists paradise
每伯尼·桑德斯选民梦见
every Bernie Sanders voter dreams
但它是非常接近 几乎每个人都在芬兰是中产阶级如此
about but it’s pretty close almost everyone in Finland is middle class so
收入不平等是几乎没有的问题
income inequality is not nearly the problem there
还有比它在美国
than it is in the US
几乎所有的芬兰孩子来学校吃得好休息
almost all Finnish kids come to school well fed,
并准备学习
rested and ready to learn
有没有金属探测器
there are no metal detectors,
没有警察巡逻的学校走廊和肯定没有这
no cops patroling the school hallways and certainly none of this
芬兰也有移民学生少得多
Finland also has far fewer immigrant students
这有点像唐纳德·特朗普的梦想
which is kinda like Donald Trump’s dream I guess
我想只有一个在40名学生在学校芬兰有移民父母
only one in forty students in Finnish schools has immigrant parents
相比这个数字在美国公立学校
compare that number to the US public schools where
其中这一数字是五分之一
that figure is one in five
这意味着有没有在芬兰的学校几乎
that means there are not nearly as many kids
同样多的孩子谁正在努力学习数学
in Finland schools who are trying to learn math, science
科学和历史在一个完全新的语言
and history in a completely new language all
都很好也努力学习新的语言本身
well also trying to learn that new language itself
所以我们应该在美国刚刚承认
so should we in the US just admit
芬兰人知道教育比我们好
that the Finns know education better than we do
并继续前进 放弃我们的系统 并采用他们的?
and go ahead and abandon our system and adopt theirs?
当然不是
Of course not.
这是荒谬的一方面
That’s ridiculous
我们会发现足够的教师谁讲芬兰语?
For one thing where would we find enough teachers who speak Finnish?
ZING 但我们应该承认的是
zing but what we should admit is that
当谈到教育 我们只是不知道
when it comes to education we just do
所有的答案 如果我们这样做
n’t have all the answers and if we
我们很可能被骗了
do we’d probably cheated to get them
让他们有很多方法从芬兰一样的国家得知
There’s plenty of ways to learn from countries like Finland that
做事很不同
do things very differently but have
但有实现更好结果的良好记录
a proven track record of achieving better results
我们只是要到什么
we just have to be more
教育的创新更加开放
open to what educational innovators are
在全球范围内做
doing around the globe
如果我们只能停止大喊“我们是头号”
if we could only stop shouting’We’re number one”
足够长的时间来听一变
long enough to listen for a change

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UfmFIEh2QjU

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