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色情成瘾的5个心理学真相 – 译学馆
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色情成瘾的5个心理学真相

5 Interesting Facts about Porn Addiction

观看色情作品 不是啥新鲜事儿
Viewing pornography is actually nothing new.
人们已这样做了数百年
People have been doing it for hundreds,
甚至 上千年了
if not, thousands of years.
但是 只有在如今
But it’s only today
我们才开始发现 色情作品的传播范围如此广泛
that we’re beginningto see pornography being distributed on such a widespread
这些色情作品 很容易就可以看到
and easily accessible scale.
这得归功于因特网
This is thanks to the Internet,
有人甚至说 在所有的网页内容中
with some people claiming that porn takes up
色情作品占有着很高的比例
a huge percentage of total web content.
由于 色情作品可以被广泛观看这种情况 刚刚出现不久
Because porn’s widespread accessibility is so new,
因此 心理学家仍然还在努力弄清
psychologists are still trying to find out
观看色情作品 会对人类大脑产生什么样的影响
what effect it could have on the human brain.
对于研究者来说 这是一块尚未充分开发的全新领域
It’s all very new and unexplored territoryfor researchers.
但人们已从中得到了一些非常有趣的研究结论
But people are already coming to somepretty interesting conclusions.
关于色情作品上瘾 这里介绍5个心理学方面的事实:
Here are 5 psychological facts about porn addiction.
1.你身体的“耐受性”会提升
1. You can develop a tolerance,
这就像毒瘾一样
just like a drug addiction.
在关于“上瘾”的语境里
In the context of addiction,
“耐受性” 指的是
tolerance refers to a situation
人们 对上瘾的行为 越来越习以为常
where someone becomes more and moreacclimatized to the addictive behaviour,
就会对让其上瘾的事物 有越来越大的需求
to the point where they needmore and more of whatever it is
以便 让体验到的快感 不至于减弱
they’re addicted to, in order to receivethe same effects.
据《行为科学》期刊里的一篇文章所说
According to an article published in thejournal Behavioral Sciences,
色情作品上瘾产生作用的方式 可能和毒瘾差不多的
porn addiction may function in a similar wayto a drug addiction.
这意味着 上瘾者对色情内容的搜索需要更加频繁
What this translates to is the addict needing to seek out porn more often
观看的色情内容 需要更加过分 或者更加不堪
and viewing more extreme or illicit types of porn
才能让体验到的快感 不至于减弱
to receive the same effect.
有趣的是 发表在《神经成像》期刊上的一项2016年的专题研究
Interestingly, a 2016 study publishedin the journal NeuroImage,
利用功能性共振成像(FMRI)技术 在人们观看色情作品的时候
actually examined people’s brains with the FMRI,
对他们的大脑实实在在地进行了检查
(functional magnetic resonance imaging),while they were watching porn.
研究者发现 人们观看色情作品的时候
What they found was that while watching porn,
大脑的腹侧纹状(ventral striatum)体较为活跃
there was elevated activity in the ventral striatum,
这表明大脑的愉悦中心正在释放多巴胺
which suggests that the brain’s pleasure centerswere releasing dopamine.
对于这个课题 仍然还有许多研究要做
There’s still a lot of research left to do on this subject
我们很愿意听一听你们对此的看法
and we’d love to hear your thoughts about it.
2. 一些科学研究表明 色情作品上瘾 对性方面的健康和功能不会产生影响
2. Some studies have suggested that porn addiction does not affectsexual health and function.
关于色情作品上瘾和色情作品产生的效果 通常其中反复提到最多的一个情况就是
One of the most repeated facts about porn addiction and porn use in general is
色情内容对性方面的健康和功能 会产生负面的影响
that it can negatively impact healthy sexual health and function.
但是 真是如此吗?
But is this really true?
近来越来越多的科学研究 对此表示了质疑
More recent studies have challenged this
发表在2015年的一项研究 尤其引人注目
and one published in 2015 really stands out.
这项研究发表在《性医学》期刊上
Published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine,
研究人员们对三个不同国家的男性进行了研究
the researchers studied men in three different countries
然后 得出了研究结论:
and came up to the conclusion
色情内容不会引起男性的性功能障碍
that porn had no effect on male sex disturbances.
而且 研究人员们表示
They also sayed that
将色情作品和性功能障碍联系起来 很有可能是错误的
linking pornto sexual dysfunction is probably wrong,
性功能障碍 更有可能是精神压力或其他原因造成的
and it’s more likely due to stress and other factors.
这只是其中的一项研究
This is only one study.
还有其他的一些研究也证实了这个结论
But there are others to back this up as well.
对于这样的研究结论 你们赞同吗?
Do you agree with what this study is saying?
3. “柯立芝效应”(Coolidge Effect)可能会让色情作品上瘾的情况加剧
3. Porn addiction could be fueledby the Coolidge Effect.
“柯立芝效应”是一个有趣的现象
The Coolidge Effect is an interesting phenomenon
对于色情作品上瘾 可能发挥着非常重要的作用
that could have a substantial role in porn addiction.
简单地说 “柯立芝效应”会出现在这样的情况下:
Simply put, the Coolidge Effect is seen
雄性动物 每当获得新的雌性配偶 就会变得更加地性欲满满
when males seem to become more aroused, whenever a new female partner is introduced.
“柯立芝效应”可能是雄性动物在进化过程中形成的
It could be caused by male evolutionary programming
以便能尽可能多地让雌性动物受孕
to fertilize as many females as possible.
这个效应对色情成瘾是如何产生影响的?
How does this affect porn?
让我们想一下
Think about it.
在因特网上有无数你未曾见过的女性
Almost endless new females are availableto view on the Internet,
而根据柯立芝效应 你一个接一个 不断地观看美女
and viewing one female after another
会让你长时间地性欲满满
can actually fuel arousal for prolonged periodsdue to the Coolidge Effect.
这可能便是色情作品导致上瘾的原因之一
This could be one reason as towhy porn addiction could occur.
你们相信“柯立芝效应”对色情作品上瘾产生的影响吗?
Do you believe the Coolidge Effect has anything to do with porn addiction?
我们也很愿意听一听你们对此的看法
We’d love to hear your ideas on this one as well.
4. 色情作品上瘾能够影响我们在两性关系中和性爱情况下的行为方式
4. Porn addictions can impact the way we behave in relationships and intimate situations.
对于色情作品上瘾 这很有可能是其中最重要的事实之一
This is probably one of the most important thingsabout porn addiction.
色情作品上瘾对我们两性关系是如何产生影响的?
How does it impact our relationships?
美国心理学会发表的一篇文章 试图努力解答这个重要问题
An article published by theAmerican Psychology Association, try to tackle this important issue.
其中列举了各种不同的课题研究
They cited various studies
这些研究表明
that suggested men experienced
男性在观看色情作品之后 与他们配偶的性生活质量会降低
lower levels of intimacy with theirreal partners after using porn.
这些研究还表明
These studies also suggested that porn using men
男性在观看过色情作品后 会造成性爱品质的下降 甚至精神抑郁
resulted in lower sexual quality and even depression.
而在另一方面
On the other hand,
上面这些研究同时还提到了
those same studies also touched on
关于女性观看色情作品的一些非常有趣的事实
some very interesting things about women in porn.
据这些研究表明 女性在观看过色情作品后
According to these studies,women watching porn resulted in
与伴侣的性行为会增加 其性爱品质会得到提升
increased intimacy and improvedsexual quality in the relationships they were engaged in.
5.神经可塑性和色情内容
5. Neuroplasticity and porn.
本期视频介绍的最后一个事实是一个非常有趣的概念
We’ll end things with a very interestingconcept .
“神经可塑性”
neuroplasticity
神经可塑性 是人类祈求改变的能力
This is the ability of a person’s praying to change
指的是 大脑灰质中神经元突触的重塑性增强
and refers to increases in gray matterrerouting of synapses
以及 大脑内部发生的其他有趣的变化
and other interesting changesthat can happen in the brain.
这些变化 会产生各种不同类型的个体行为
These changes can result in different typesof behavior in the individual
甚至 各种不同类型的情绪
and even different types of emotion.
显而易见 人们的年龄越轻
Obviously, the younger a person is,
神经的可塑性就越强
the more neuroplasticity they have
因为 青少年总是处在不断学习和改变之中
as young people are constantlylearning and changing.
但是 这和色情内容又能扯上什么关系呢?
But what does this have to do with porn?
因为 青少年的大脑神经的可塑程度更高
Because teen brains have higherdegrees of neuroplasticity,
一些研究已经表明
some have suggested that
青少年的大脑更容易受到色情作品的不良影响
their brainsare more vulnerable to being rewired by porn.
这会导致 青少年对容易上瘾的事物通常更加难以抵抗
This could make it harderto resist addictive things in general
继而形成长期无法戒掉的恶习
and form lasting compulsive habits,
比如 经常观看色情作品
such as viewing porn regularly.
如同色情作品上瘾的许多领域一样
Like many parts of porn addiction,
这个领域仍然需要进行大量的研究
this is an area which still needs tons of research
毕竟 它们还是刚刚提出不久的全新概念
as these are all very new concepts.
你们能理解这个观点吗?
Does this theory make sense to you?
青少年的大脑 由于神经的可塑性
Our teen brains really more vulnerable
就会更加容易受到色情内容的影响
to porn addiction due to neuroplasticity.
我们很愿意听一听你们的看法
We’d love to hear your thoughts.
你们如果喜欢这个视频 请点赞并订阅
If you enjoyed this video, please like and subscribe
以便能收看到《来吧!心理学》的更多内容
to see more content from Psych2go.
谢谢观看!
Thanks for watching!

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视频概述

观看色情内容上瘾的5个心理学真相

听录译者

陈光

翻译译者

翻译爱好者山人乙

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s0hYoa7bH4k

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