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5大小众笔记制作方法

5 great note taking methods no one talks about

If you’ve been watching studying videos for like 5 minutes
如果你已经看了5分钟学习视频
then you’ve already heard of the Cornell Method
那你一定听过康奈尔笔记法
mindmaps or the famous outline technique.
思维导图法或者著名的提纲笔记法
These are all proven ways
这些都已被证明
to take effective notes in class or during revision
是在课堂上或复习时有效记笔记的方法
because they provide a clear structure for ideas, facts and arguments
因为它们为观点 论据和论点提供了清晰的架构
and have been used by top-scoring students all over the world.
而且 全世界最优秀的学生们都在使用这些方法
But even if they are great
尽管这些方法确实非常好
you’re probably sick and tired of hearing about those three.
但可能你已经听烦了
So today we’re going to cover note taking methods that usually no one talks about
所以我们今天就来介绍几种冷门的笔记方法
and are also incredible ways to organize information and ideas
它们也能很好地整理信息和观点
without resorting to the traditional note-taking methods.
而不用那些传统的记笔记方法
The split page method is a great note-taking method for factually dense subjects
分页法用来记笔记很棒 它适用于信息密集的科目
and is used as a more condensed version of flashcards
并被用作抽认卡的进阶版本
promoting active recall after your lectures or in preparation for evaluation.
这能够在课后或准备考试时促进你的主动记忆
You can adapt it according to your class by using facts, topics or questions.
你可以根据课堂所讲的论据 主题或问题来使用分页法
Dividing the page in half
将页面一分为二
you can insert the name of the topic or the question that needs to be answered in the left side of the page
你可以把概念名称或要回答的问题写在页面左侧
and the corresponding answer or definition on the right column.
然后把相应的答案和定义记录在右栏
You can either study these notes normally
你既可以按部就班地看笔记
or by folding the page to create an added challenge
也可以将页面折叠来增加难度
and quizzing yourself on these topics.
并自测对这些概念的理解
This type of note-taking method can be easily recreated in digital format
这种笔记方法很容易用数字格式重建
and I will below an awesome video
我在下方给了一个链接视频
that explains how you can do it in Google sheets
来讲解如何用google sheets做分页笔记
The Q/E/C method is another study method
第二种记笔记方法是Q/E/C法
that Cal Newport talks a lot about in his Straight-A book.
Cal Newport在他的书《如何成为一名学霸》中多次提及
Q/E/C stands for Question/Evidence/Conclusion
QEC三个字母分别代表问题 论据和结论
and the main purpose of this system
这个方法的目的主要在于
is to structure all of your lecture into question, evidence and conclusion formats
将你所有的讲义整理成问题 论据和结论的形式
that you can then compile into one big study guide.
这样你就能把它们汇编成一个大的学习指南
Besides reducing the amount of unnecessary information transcribed into your notes
除了减少笔记中的非必要信息
the Q/E/C system creates a clear and obvious interrelation
Q/E/C法还在主题 结论
between topic, conclusion and the stream of facts
以及连接二者的大量论据和论点之间
and arguments that connect the two.
建立了清晰明确的联系
Furthermore, this note-taking system is two-in-one
此外 这个记笔记方法一举两得
since, besides helping you organize information while you are reading or attending your lectures
除了在阅读和听讲座时帮你组织信息
you’re also creating valuable study materials
还为你创建了有价值的学习材料
to use during revision.
以便复习时使用
The Morse code method is a note-taking method envisioned by Cal Newport
摩斯电码法是Cal Newport构想的第三种方法
and it focus mainly on taking advantage of written materials.
该方法主要利用了书面材料的优势
Whenever you find a sentence that seems to be laying out a main idea
每当你看到一个句子似乎阐述了主要观点时
you should draw a dot next to it in the margin
你可以在它旁边的空白处画一个点
if you then come across an example or explanation that supports that big idea
如果你随后看到了支持这个观点的案例或解释
you should draw a dash next to it on the margin.
在它旁边的空白处画个破折号
This allows you to record information without breaking your reading momentum
这样你就可以记录信息的同时又保持阅读的动力
so you can then take notes.
然后再记笔记
The act of taking the dots you’ve written and transforming them into notes
画小点 然后将其转换成笔记
is called the processing stage
叫做处理阶段
and it basically requires you to paraphrase the main idea
基本上就是让你将主要观点
in your own words in a bullet point.
用自己的话改述成重点信息
The author then encourages you to take all of these sentences
作者鼓励你随后拿这些你自己写的话
and review them in the format of a major question
按照下面提问题的形式进行复习
“What is the main question being asked in the article?
“文章中提出的主要问题是什么?”
What is the conclusion the authors point towards?”
“作者对此的结论是什么?”
Flow notes are very similar to mind maps
流笔记法和思维导图法非常相似
but they have no rules in terms of structure.
但流笔记法结构形式上不受限制
Although difficult to review
虽然这种方法复习起来有些困难
they allow you to incorporate a large amount of information during your class
但这能让你在课堂上整合大量的信息
because they are a free pass for you
因为流笔记形式自由
to simply throw facts, arguments, topics and dates
你只需简单的将事实 论点 主题和日期写在纸上
on the page with no specific order
而不需要特定的顺序
while connecting and linking these ideas as you hear them.
然后在听到信息时将它们串联
Flow notes are great for those who hate transcribing information
流笔记法非常适合那些讨厌抄写的人
and prefer to process what they’re hearing into workable sentences or words
倾向于将听到的信息转换成合适的句子或词
it’s actually kind of a holistic method
流笔记算是一种整体性的记笔记方法
that works wonders for classes with no clear structure,
当课堂没有清晰的结构时
or discussion with interrelated components that aren’t easily organized
或者讨论的相关内容不好用提纲法和思维导图法整理的时候
via outline or mind map format.
流笔记法就派上用场了
In case your class is highly dense on information
如果你课堂上的信息高度密集
making it impossible to compress all of the facts,
不可能精简所有知识
you can still use flow notes as a hybrid system
那你仍可以将流笔记作为混合方法来用
to comment and annotate original materials and textbooks
为原始材料和课本添加评论和注释
to create summaries or visual aids for complex chapters or topics.
或为复杂的章节和主题提供摘要或视觉辅助
The sentence method is similar to the outline method
中心句笔记法和提纲法类似
as it relies on an expansive vision of your notes,
同样利用笔记延展思路
but instead of using indenting and topic formulation
但中心句笔记法不使用缩进和要点的形式
it uses one-liners, one per paragraph
而是用单个句子或单个段落
to create a guide for each topic that is easily readable, workable and memorable.
为每个要点创建易于阅读 处理和记忆的指引
The other major difference is that
它和提纲法的另一个主要区别是
while the outline technique uses indentation to hierarchize the importance of different segments of the topic,
提纲法用缩进将不同要点按重要性排列
by avoiding indenting the sentence method considers every sentence of equal value
而中心句笔记法避免了缩进 使每个句子都一样重要
which means that topics with a high-level of detail or information
这意味着那些细节或信息丰富的要点
can benefit from this system
更适用于这种方法
as they force you to memorize
因为它会让你在记忆重点的同时
details as well as key ideas relating to the topic.
同样记忆与之相关的细节
And if you want to reproduce these note taking systems in one place only
若你只想在一个地方使用这些记笔记方法
and incorporate your notes with all of the other
并将你的笔记
information and materials related to your classes
与其他课程相关的所有信息和材料结合起来
you should start using today’s sponsor, Notion, as soon as possible.
那你该尽快开始使用Notion了 它也是我们今天的赞助商
Notion is an awesome tool
Notion是一个非常棒的软件
and I’ve made three videos
我已经制作了三个视频
about how I use it to organize every single thing in my life
来讲如何用它整理我生活中的所有事情
and the good thing is that Notion is sponsoring today’s video
好消息是 Notion赞助了今天的视频
to let you know that it’s finally free for students and teachers!
它终于对学生和教师免费了!
Notion is productivity software
Notion是一款高效率软件
that combines all your essential work tools in one place.
它将你所有必要的工作软件集合在一起
It’s flexible allowing you to organize everything in workspaces
它使用灵活 你可以组织工作空间的一切
and move things around seamlessly.
并无缝切换不同的软件
A week ago I showed you
上周我给大家演示了
how I created my inside organization system in Notion is an integral part of it
我如何在Notion中创建自己的数据库
With this free personal plan for students
通过针对学生的免费私人计划
you can now have unlimited space to organize everything.
现在你可以使用无限的空间组织所有事
All you have to do is sign up using your school email address
你要做的仅是用你的学校邮箱注册
or if you already have Notion,
如果你已经有了账号
you can change your account e-mail to the e-mail of your school and that’s pretty much it.
把原本账号的邮箱换成校园邮箱就可以了
You can also access a bunch of
你还可以访问一系列
templates designed specifically for students and educators
专为学生和教育工作者设计的模板
which will be linked down below
它们的链接将会放在下面
also if you’re curious about how I’ve been using Notion
如果你好奇我是怎样使用Notion的
I will link my past three videos as well.
我会把以前所有的视频链接放在下面
For further resources
为了提供更多资源
I will list down below
我将在页面下方
detailed articles about these note taking system.
提供详细介绍这些笔记方法的文章链接
I hope you enjoyed this video and I will see you next week.
希望你们喜欢这个视频 我们下周再见
Bye guys!
拜拜!

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视频概述

5种笔记制作方法

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收集自网络

翻译译者

蒂芙尼

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审核员LG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HORqBoGMDI0

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