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老鼠的5个迷人事实

5 Fascinating Facts About Rats

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你可能对老鼠很熟悉
You’re probably familiar with rats,
因为几乎每个地方都有它生活的痕迹
because they live pretty much everywhere.
但这有你不知道的五点
But here are five facts you didn’t
关于我们长着毛的啮齿朋友
know about our furry, rodent friends.
第一点就是纽约可能是世界上最大的
Number one, New York City may have the biggest rat
鼠疫城市
infestation in the world.
如果你从没在YouTube上看到过
If you haven’t seen the hilarious but horrifying videos
滑稽但可怕的纽约老鼠
of New York rats on YouTube, you’re
你该去查查看的
going to want to check them out.
其中一个就是一个人在地铁的椅子上打瞌睡的时候
In one of them, a person is asleep on a subway
一只老鼠从他的腿上爬到他的膝盖上 (๑°ㅁ°๑)
bench while a rat climbs up his leg and onto his lap.
纽约市已经公然同老鼠开战
NYC has declared a war on rats, and budgeted more than half
其中一个“灭鼠”项目的预算已经超过了50万美元
a million to an anti-rat program.
其次 老鼠可以通过下水道游到你的厕所里面
Number two, rats can swim up the pipes into your toilet bowl.
很少发生 但确实是件惊悚的事情
It’s a rare occurrence, but a frightening reality
尤其是对那些地下污水管道年久失修的小镇来说
in towns with older sewage systems.
老鼠也许会在下水道中迷路
Rats can get lost in the pipes and tread
然后在水中闲逛几天寻找出口
water for days, seeking a way out.
如果你曾经在厕所遇到一只
If you ever encounter one in your toilet,
那它应该是费了好大力气才游上来的吧
just know that it’s very tired from swimming,
而且很可能并没有攻击性
and probably won’t be aggressive.
但我得提醒一句 别去摸他们
But still, I mean, don’t touch that.
第三 阿拉斯加的海岸不远有一个鼠岛
Number three, there is a Rat Island off the coast of Alaska,
到处全是老鼠的那种
and it used to be full of rats.
1780年一艘日本的船在那里遇难
In 1780, a Japanese boat shipwrecked
几只船上的老鼠趁机下船到了岸上
there and a few rats who were on board quickly
结果它们迅速的蔓延整个岛 抑制了大量本土物种的生长
overran the native species, including some endangered
包括像秃鹰这样危险的动物
birds, like the bald eagle.
2010年 美国鱼类野生动物服务中心
Put in 2010, the US Fish and Wildlife Service
消灭了在鼠岛上的老鼠
eradicated the rats on Rat Island.
所以 现在鼠岛只是徒有其名 不过听起来还是很拉风哦
So now the name is just ironic, and very cool.
第四 老鼠前齿每年可以长五英寸
Number four, a rat’s front teeth can grow five inches in a year.
这导致了它们必须要一直不停地啃东西
That’s why they’re always gnawing on things,
才能磨平牙齿
to grind them down.
老鼠牙齿生长的快慢不同 一般跟饮食有关
The teeth can grow fast or slow, depending, on the rat’s diet.
老鼠不会有蛀牙
And rats don’t get cavities because they just
因为牙一长出来就被磨平了orz
get worn away as the teeth grow.
第五 科学家说老鼠可以笑:-D
Number five, scientists say that rats can laugh
而且还会做梦!
and they can dream.
华盛顿州立大学的J博士指出
Dr. Jaak Panksepp from Washington State University
当和同伴在一起玩耍或者用手去咯吱它们时
says that rats emit a high frequency chirp when
老鼠会发出一种高频的叫声
they play together, or when a hand tickles them.
麻省理工学院的科学家们声称
And at MIT, scientists say that’s their lab
它们实验室里的老鼠做了关于在玉米地里奔跑的美梦
rats were dreaming of running a maze.
科学家们同时指出
They recognized the same brain wave activity
梦到在玉米地奔跑的老鼠和真的在玉米地奔跑的老鼠
in sleeping rats that occurred in wakeful rats that
有着相同活跃的脑电波
are running a maze.
在你家的坐便器里看到过老鼠吗
Have you ever seen a rat in your toilet bowl?
请在评论中告诉我们你的故事
Tell us your story in the comments.
别忘了订阅animalist栏目哦
And don’t forget to subscribe to animalist.
如果你渴望学习新的事物
And if you’re still craving knowledge of new stuff, head
要联系Life Noggin平台哦
over to ‘Life Noggin,’ a show that educates you on pop
这是一个展示流行文化 科学 艺术 历史的教育平台
culture, science, art, and history.
每周一更新
New episodes every Monday.
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