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5种二战时使用过的最疯狂武器 – 译学馆
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5种二战时使用过的最疯狂武器

5 Craziest Weapons Actually Used in World War II

DARK 5 出品
DARK 5 presents
No.5 球形坦克
5 KUGELPANZER
球形坦克是德国的一种轻型侦查武器 其被认为是二战中最奇怪和最罕见的战车之一
Considered one of the strangest and rarest fighting vehicles of WWII,the Kugelpanzer
was German a light reconnaissance craft.
它的名字翻译为“球形坦克” 其历史由来和用途几乎完全是个谜
Its name translated to”ball tank,”and its history and functionality are nearly a complete mystery.
运送到日本并被俄军在满洲缴获的一辆球形坦克 据说是唯一被发现的一辆
The only Kugelpanzer ever found was believed to have been shipped to Japan and was
captured by the Russian Army in Manchuria.
这种装备有五毫米厚装甲的坦克可能还装备了轻型机枪 为的是在行进时提供防御火力
Plated with 5mm of armor,the tank may have been armed with a light machine gun that
could provide defensive fire while rolling.
这个大部分还未被研究的球形坦克现在被陈列在俄罗斯库宾卡博物馆 被列为“37号物品”
The largely unstudied Kugelpanzer is currently held in the Russian Kubinka Museum
listed only as”Item #37.”
No.4 横须贺MXY-7 OHKA
4 YOKOSUKA MXY–7 OHKA
横须滨 MXY-7 Ohka “樱花”是日本在二战末部署的装有火箭发动机的神风飞机 用来最后一搏
The Yokusuka MXY–7 Ohka”cherry blossom”was a last–ditch rocket–powered kamikaze plane
deployed by Japan near the end of WWII.
它实际上是一架单座轰炸机 将三菱G4M2e模型轰炸机放与其底部投入战场
It was essentially a one–man piloted flying bomb and was carried into battle underneath
a Mitsubishi G4M2e Model 24J bomber.
被击落后 飞行员会驾驶它直接冲向美军战舰并且发动装有三罐燃油的火箭发动机
After being dropped,Ohka pilots wolud glide their craft towards US naval ships and fire
3 solid-fuel rocket engines…
在撞击他们的目标前达到时速620英里(1000千米/小时) 并引爆2646英镑(1200千克)弹头
…reaching speeds up to 620 mph(1,000km/h)before plowing into their target and
detonating a 2,646 lb(1,200kg)warhead.
这种战机只撞击了7条美军战舰 水下撞击和地洞起飞的机型在战争结束前再没有使用过
The Ohka only hit 7 US ships, and later submarine and cave-launched versions were
never used before the end of the war.
No.3 风力大炮
3 WIND CANNON
二战战败前夕 德国寄希望于“奇迹武器”能够扭转局势 造就了一系列怪异的项目
Nearing defeat in WWII,the hope that a “WunderWaffe”superweapon could turn the
tide drove outlandish German projects…
其中包括一个巨大的压缩空气的风力大炮 能够对入侵敌机释放冲击波 威力同等于入侵飞机的小型炮弹
…including a giant compressed-air wind cannon that could fire a blast equivalent to
a small shell at invading aircraft.
这个古怪的装置下方大幅弯曲的缺口处氢气和氧气发生反应会引爆装置(看这个朝下处)
The bizarre device was triggered with an explosion of hydrogen and oxygen in a sharply bent breach(seen here pointing down).
测试显示这种无形的炮弹可以轰碎650尺(200米)距离外的一块木板
Tests showed that the invisible projectile could shatter a wooden board at a distance
of 650 feet(200 m).
据说曾经有一个的风力大炮被部署在一座横跨易北河的桥上 但是结果证明其效率低下且目标太过明显
A single wind cannon was reportedly deployed on a bridge across the Elbe,but it proved
to be ineffective and was a large target.
No.2 弯型枪
2 KRUMMLAUF
德国弯型枪是一个经修改的弯曲枪管 能附加在44型突击步枪上
The German Krummlauf was a bent barrel modification that could be added as an
attachment to the Sturmgewehr 44.
枪管有30度 45度 60度和90度的型号 但只有30度和45度枪管被广泛使用
It was produced in versions with 30 °,45° ,60°and 90° bends,although the 30°and 45°
models were the only ones widely deployed.
这种弯曲枪管带有一个潜望镜 以便士兵能在角落或隐蔽的安全位置射击
The bent barrel included a periscope that would allow soldiers to shoot from safe
positions around corners and over cover.
坦克模型同时也已研制出,以弥补坦克的盲点并防御步兵的近距离攻击
A tank model was also developed that could defend the vehicle’s blind spots and stop
close-range infantry assaults.
由弯型枪发射的子弹会像霰弹枪一样散开 枪管一般发射300发后报废
Bullets fired from the Krummlauf had a tendency to shatter in a shotgun effect,and the barrel typically failed after 300 rounds.
No.1 弹跳炸弹
1 BOUNCING BOMB
“弹跳炸弹”的想法源于RAF工程师Barnes Wallis的题为“球形鱼雷”的文章
The idea of a “bouncing bomb”was described by RAF enginner Barnes Wallis in a paper
titled”Spherical Bomb-Surface Torpedo”…
这种代号为Upkeep的炸弹被制造并测试性能 用以摧毁德国水电坝
…and one such bomb,code-named Upkeep, was developed and tested with the purpose of
destroying German hydroelectric dams.
Upkeep炸弹是一种圆柱形装置 需要以时速232英里(373公里) 在离水面60尺(18米)高处投下
The Upkeep was a cylindrical device that needed to be dropped at 232mph(373 km/h),
60 feet(18 m)above the water.
加上500转的倒旋 因此这种炸弹能在沉入水底前在水面上跳跃并在大坝墙体上爆炸
500 rpms of backspin was added so that the bomb would skip across the surface before
sinking and exploding at the dam wall.
在操作过程中 这种炸弹破坏了两个鲁尔山谷大坝 但是非常规的投掷导致英国军队的伤亡增加
During Operation Chastise, the bomb breached 2 Ruhr Valley dams but the unconventional
delivery resulted in high RAF casualty rates.
5张最奇怪的二战照片
5 Strangest Photosof World War II
二战中5个最难以置信的巧合
5 Most Incredible Coincidences of
World War II
5条最令人毛骨悚然的战争声音
5 CreepiestSounds of War
Ever Recorded
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