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五个关于阿斯伯格综合症你需要知道的事 – 译学馆
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五个关于阿斯伯格综合症你需要知道的事

5 ASPERGER Symptoms you NEED to know

在这个视频中 我们会讲到
in this video we’re going
阿斯伯格的五个病症
to be covering five Asperger’s symptoms and traits
等到了视频的结尾
so that by the end
你就能够分辨出孤独症和阿斯伯格了
of this video you’ll be able to identify autism and
很快就会有人来看了
Asperger’s and people relatively quicklycoming right up
嘿 朋友们 欢迎回到阿斯伯格综合征的世界
hey guys welcome back to the aspie world
我会表现出阿斯伯格综合征的症状
I’m done I have Asperger’s syndrome ADHD
注意力不集中 强迫性神经官能症和阅读障碍
OCD and dyslexia I make weekly
我每周都会做孤独症和阿斯伯格综合征的视频
videos and autism and Asperger’s so consider
如果你想要看更多此类视频记得订阅
subscribing see more this type of content
在视频中我们会讲到一些特征
in this video we’ll cover
一些你们可能都不会意识到这是
behaviour traits that you may not realize
阿斯伯格综合征的症状
that our Asperger’s symptoms I hope
我希望每个人都身体健康
everyone’s doing well and you
你们的手指不会因寒天而冻坏
fingers haven’t frozen off because of the cold
我非常期待圣诞节的美好假期
weather I know I’m looking forward to a lovely break
在圣诞节假期时
over Christmas time out off
我会进行巡回图书签售会
my book tour and book signings and all
这就很酷了
that stuff that’s gon na be kind of cool
如果你们有兴趣的话
all links for my book will be
我会把书的链接放到下方
in the description below if you’re interested
首先我要读一条评论
ok so first I’m gon na really comment
是你们某个人在油管上写的评论
from my youtube comments from one of you
这条评论来自哈利波特
guys and this comment is
他们说在14岁才被诊断出
from Harry Potter and they said is a 14 a late or
是不是太晚了
early diagnosis and I would say
在14岁时被诊断出阿斯伯格
that being diagnosed with Asperger’s of 14 is
其实是非常的早了
kind of quite an early diagnosis ok not as early
没有你们所想的
as like you know like 6 or
6或7岁那么早
7 years old but it’s still not
但跟30岁20岁比确实不算晚
really a late diagnosis like in your 30s or 20s
所以我会觉得这诊断
so you know I think I would say it’s
是算挺早的了
pretty it’s really nearly diagnosis if
如果想让我念你们的评论
you’d like we treated out your comment
那就确保点击Bell图标
make sure you hit that Bell icon and
并置于手机桌面
desktop on mobile because I’ll be picking
我会在前30个评论中
from the first 30 commenters to
挑选一个
read one of those out
在每段视频开始之前读出来
the beginning of every single video okay guys on with the video
阿斯伯格有五个症状
okay five Asperger’s symptoms
首先是自我刺激行为
here we go number one is stimming now stimming
自我刺激的行为是非常常见的现象
is a repetitive notion that people do sometimes
有时人们的手或者
with their hands or their
手指、身体晃来晃去
fingers or they rock back and forwards and this is kind
这些动作的本质
of like a self of
是为了自我安慰
soothing thing so
这是一种重复性韵律 就像
that it’s it’s a repetitive rhythm that people do to
人们在焦虑和压力环境中倒计时那样
count down in like anxious and
这是阿斯伯格症状最最普遍的情况
stressful situations and that this is very very
第二个是过敏症
common people with Asperger syndromenumber two is hypersensitivity now
这种过敏症相当有趣 因为你可能会有
hypersensitivity is quite interestingbecause you could be hyper or hypo
自闭症的兴奋或者抑郁感觉
sensitive with autism and Asperger’s it means
而阿斯伯格的过敏症意味着大多数人
that a lot of people are hyper
处于兴奋状态
sensitive so that they they do
他们不喜欢灯光
n’t like light so that they can see the
比如看到荧光灯发出的强光闪烁
fluorescent flicker from fluorescentlights sometimes lights are over
有时候人们会过多地遭受强烈的光
exposing an overpowering for people soit’s really annoying and frustrating
所以这非常令人烦恼而沮丧 而且还会引起很多问题
causes a lot of frustration again a lot
太过敏感而不想听到声音
too sensitive to sound so you might see
所以你会看到很多人手捂住耳朵
a lot of people in the hands over their ears
好像这样他们就可以
like this this is so that they can
屏蔽掉声音
block out the sound
因为他们对声音非常敏感
because they may be hypersensitive to sound so the sounds
所以在一定环境中可以
louder than what you may perceive it to be
被人察觉到的声音事实上
with the person with the condition is
音量已经非常非常大
actually hearing the sound really really loud
另一个过敏症是尝到的味道
another one is taste in textures within
你可能喜欢或不喜欢
the hypersensitivity so you may like not
某种像多汁的口感
like certain textures like runny texstures
像调料和卤肉汁一样
like condiments and gravies and things
这种情况可能会引起很多有阿斯伯格
like that and this could cause a lot of
症状人们的烦恼
upset in people with Asperger syndrome so
所以如果他们不喜欢这种口感
if they don’t like the texture could
可能会吐掉已经吃进去的食物
really put them off their entire food come
吐出所有的东西
off anything and then it can just
然后变得非常难受
escalate into a very big episode ofuncomfortableness number three zoning
第三个是注意力不集中
out now zoning out was quite
这一点非常有趣
interesting a lot of people say that zoning out
很多人说患有阿斯伯格或自闭症的人
there refer to people
是生活在
with Asperger’s syndrome or autism as people who live in
他们自己的世界里的
their own world which is kind
这种说法不对而且包含贬义
of not really true as quite derogative when you
使用这个名词时我们指
use that term but was owning out is when the person
患有自闭症或阿斯伯格
with autism or Asperger’s
会专注于某件事物
will fixate on something and they
并且格外专注于那件事
‘ll get super intensely into that thing so
他们注意力不集中只是因为
they’ll zone out because they’re they’re concentrating
他们专注于某事比如车胎
on maybe a wheel of a car
或是任何事情
or it could be anything any small detail
任何他们可以专注的东西
that they may pick up on and they’ll
然后他们开始放空专注
Zone in to it just to kind
真的注视着那件事物
of really embrace and look at it you know but then
很多人会说
a lot of people would say
他们沉浸于白日梦里
that their zoning out all that daydreaming because
因为他们不对声音刺激回应
they’re not answering to verbal stimuli or anything
这只不过是
like that and it’s just a
事情的一个方面
factor in the matter so yeah
就像某个人幻想着
you could have somebody who’s just like drifting
遨游太空
off into space and they’re looking
他们只是盯着东西罢了
at something staring at something and then
当你试着和他们说话
you you know you’re trying to talk some
他们不回应
of they’re not replying this is a form
这也是注意力不集中的表现
of like zoning out okay number
第四症状是重复性行为
four is a repetitive behavior now this is quite
患有阿斯伯格的人动作重复
interesting people with Asperger’ssyndrome have a repetitive behavior
这是另一种强迫症
which is different to OCD so
重复性行为就是
repetitive behavior would be someone who has to do
一个人每日重复相同动作
something in a routine so every single day
同样的方式起床
they have to get up the same way
每天做同样的事
they have to do the same thing every
或许每日吃相同的食物
single day they’ll probably eat the same
经常会是这样的情况
foods very often all the same food every
而且他们喜欢每天看
single day they’ll like to watch the
相同的节目
same programs all the time they’ll like
不断的读同一本书
to you know read the same books all over
走同一条路进城
again they may want to walk to town
每日都是如此
the same way they may want to just
他们喜欢每日按模式进行
everything like they like the pattern
所有事都是重复的
that everything a repetitive pattern of
如果你发现某个人
stuff so if you find somebody
非常喜欢重复行为
that is very much stuck in this repetitive
这也可能是
pattern this could be the reason
重复行为让阿斯伯格患者
why and repetitive patterns for people with
感觉舒适的原因
Asperger’s syndrome give them a sense
所以
of comfort and relatability so they can
他们会发现
relate to the fact
这样的做法让他们觉得舒适
that they are doing those things and it’s comfortable and
感觉熟悉
it’s familiar because againunpredictability is a causing factor for
因为不可预知性导致焦虑
anxiety and and can scare people
会让他们觉得恐慌
with Asperger’s syndrome and autism so this
因此他们的重复行为没有任何模糊性
is why repetitive behaviour doesn’t have any ambiguity
正因如此
on it you know it’s it’s
患者可以继续如此
welcoming you knowexactly what’s gonna happen and
只要这种行为
therefore it’s safe it’s good it
没有坏处
‘s it’s not anxious okay so number five is poor
第五是社交技巧
social skills now social skills are something
社交技巧是人们
that people pick up on
在生活交际中学会的
throughout their lives and they learn this
随着他们长大
as they grow as they become friends
在学校和其他场合结识朋友
or people in school and become aroundmore social situations
但是因为这是大脑交流部分的功能
unfortunately because it’s part of acommunication section of the brain
阿斯伯格和自闭症患者
people with autism and Asperger’s
因为大脑疾病
it doesn’t really mend that well for them
所以没有机会
and it doesn’t really create
来学习社交
those opportunities to learn those outcomes so
两种疾病的患者不擅长
somebody with Asperger’s syndromeprobably wouldn’t be very good at making
我们所谓的“聊天”
what they call small talk so they wouldn’t be good
所以他们也不知道
at knowing when it’s
什么时候该说话
their turn to talk
在一群人说话时候
in a group of the group people talking you know they they
他们不知道什么时候要等待
wouldn’t know when to wait
也不知道何时停止
their turn I want to stop talking sometimes people
有时患者会连续不断的说上几个小时
Asperger’s Syndrome we’ll just talkabout their topic consistently for hours
直到有人告诉他
and hours until someone says hey you know
“你得停下了”
you need to stop because it’s not
因为他们不知道哪里是该停止的界限
knowing those boundaries of where to stop people
阿斯伯格和自闭症患者
with autism or Asperger’s
也没有一个“过滤器”
syndrome also would be we may not have
所以他们不知道
a filter so I know that I say things that
他们的话是不是难听或者粗鲁
may seem like hash or rude but or
但不该是这样子的
crude but it’s not supposed to be you know it
应该是试着体会界限
was just trying to it’s trying to
知道哪里该停止
figure out where that feels where that boundary
这也是“社交边界”
is or that social boundary I
但也有些事情
guess but these are things you’re supposed to
你应该清楚知道要学
consciously kind of pick up just
但是对于他们来说
do learning but it’s difficult people
对于极不擅长谈话的患者来说
authors and Asperger’s so somebody who’s really bad
他们不能
at making small talk or can’t
真正交流
really communicate that well again this
这也是阿斯伯格和自闭症患者
could be another Asperger’s or autism
特征之一
trait I’m gon na give you guys
我再额外说一点
a bonus one here so this is number six so this
这是第六点
is kind of not
这条不重要但我认为很酷
within the main one but I thought would be really cool to just
这也是给你们的奖励
check in here is alone as well for you guys
你们观看这个视频
because you’re watching this video
你与我分享了珍贵的时间
you give me the time super awesome
第六点是社交焦虑
so number six is gon na be social anxiety
社交焦虑不仅
not social anxiety is something that hits people
是阿斯伯格患者症状
with autism Asperger’s and
也是他们一大特征
also is a huge Asperger’s symptoms
因为自闭症患者
because people with autism have a huge
很难进行社交
issue with social interactions and social
社交焦虑
anxiety and a whole and it causes
造成更严重焦虑
big anxiety cuz you got to go out to the
因为你必须要和很多人交流
world you gota’ go out and like talk to loads
噪音人群气味
of people it’s overwhelming the
都让人厌烦
crowds the noise the smells everything is just
一切都让人焦虑
crazy so being really socially anxious is almost
社交焦虑几乎就是
like a byproduct of having
自闭症和阿斯伯格的副产品
autism or Asperger’s syndrome so
如果有人曾经历焦虑
if somebody is suffering from like social
他们也有一堆其他问题
anxiety they have a bunch
比如社交技巧
of these other issues like through communication skills
或者拒绝眼神交流等
or like the don’t make eye contact
这些症状可以导致
or whatever these things can be led to
阿斯伯格症或者其症状或自闭症
Asperger’s symptoms or could besymptoms of Asperger’s Syndrome or Autism
或者说
and I would say
如果你在熟悉的人身上
that if you find like three to five Asperger’s symptoms in
发现了阿斯伯格症状
your persons you know behavior patterns
或者是你观察到的人
or the person you’re looking at other
你知道了这些症状
cousin you know the paper problems I would say
告诉他们
that maybe it’ll be good idea
或许是个好主意
for you to say to them
应该及时就诊
that you know they should go and seek a diagnosis
因为寻求专业帮助
because or see some professional help
或者是其他可行帮助
because and maybe some help available
都会让他的生活容易些
for that person to make their life a
如果你想了解更多
little bit more easier if you’d like to
自闭症和阿斯伯格
learn more about autism and Asperger’s
请一定点击订阅
please make sure you hit that subscribe
想看我的最新视频
button above here to see my last video it’s
这是油管为你推荐的视频
over here and here is a video that
下次再见拜拜
YouTube think you will like I’ll see you next time guys PEACE!

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视频概述

五个阿斯伯格综合症的特征

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9XQrZVssapA

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