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4种类型的自恋表现

4 Types of Narcissism

四种类型的自恋表现
Four types of narcissism.
自我陶醉与虚荣常常被认为是十分相似的
Narcissism and vanity are often considered mirror images of each other.
一般认为这两者具体为对自我美好形象的迷恋
We think of both as being enamored with their own beauty
和以自我为中心的态度
image and self-centered attitudes .
然而这不过是一种对真正的自恋
This however is a shallow representation of
的肤浅表述
what narcissism really is.
自恋是一个频谱
Narcissism is a spectrum.
频谱的其中一边是自信和信心
On one side you have self assurance and confidence which
有助于使人拥有快乐且健康的性格品质
which make for a happy and healthy personality.
另一边则是自恋型人格障碍
On the other side you have NarcissisticPersonality Disorder(NPD)
即以自我为中心 不考虑他人感受且
which is self-centered, non-empathetic and
相处起来令人疲惫不堪
emotionally draining to be around.
自我陶醉与虚荣则介于二者之间
Narcissism and vanity are somewhere in the middle.
虽然并非健康的心理但也未达到自恋型人格障碍的危害程度
They’re not healthy but they’re not as damaging as NPD.
自恋型人格障碍只能由专业医师诊断
NPD can only be diagnosed by a professional
且不是你可以自己产生或发觉的
and it isn’t something you can develop or catch.
自恋的种子通常在童年时期就已埋下
The seed of narcissism is usually planted in childhood.
教育方式的不同导致了不同的自恋类型
Differences in upbringing make for differences in narcissism
也改变人们所发展出的自恋特质
and change which narcissistic traits people develop.
那么有哪些类型的自恋呢
What types of narcissism are there?
自恋又是如何表现的
How does narcissism presentative?
很高兴你问到了
We’re so glad you asked.
自恋型的人群可以是以身体为主的
Narcissistic people can be either body oriented
叫做肉体自恋者
called the somatic narcissist
或是以个性为主的
or personality oriented
叫做思想自恋者
called the cerebral narcissist.
肉体自恋者重视外表看起来胜过其他人
Somatic narcissists focus on looking better than everyone else.
他们一般拥有奢华的服饰 完美的发型和健美的身材
They’re the ones with the fancy clothes perfect hair and gym bodies.
思想自恋者则重视
Cerebral narcissists focus on things
像是比其他人更聪明或是更有趣
like being smarter or funnier than everyone else.
他们会通过争辩达到赢过他人的目的
They’ll start debates in order to win them
且依靠他人给予的赞美来生活
and live off the praise fed to them from other people.
在这种身体与思想的差别之上
On top of this body mind division
还有四种自恋所存在的主要方式
there are also four main ways narcissism can present itself
一、显性自恋
One overt narcissism
大声直言不讳且永远正确
Loud outspoken and always right.
这些自恋者往往是欺凌弱小的人 他们用
These narcissists tend to be bullies and use
言语去攻击他们身边的人
their words to tear down the people around them.
这是自恋最常见的一种表现
This is the most common presentation of narcissism.
二、隐性自恋
Two covert narcissism
他们像草丛中的蛇一样鬼鬼祟祟
Sneaky like snakes in the grass
你可能甚至无法辨别出这个人是自恋者
You might not even recognize this person as the narcissist.
他们在现实生活中假装出亲切和友善
They pretend to be kind and gentle when in reality.
他们善于控制他人且十分冷漠
They’re manipulative and cold .
依靠与他们亲近的人获取能量
It’s feeding off the people closest to them.
他们利用人们作为达成目的的途径
They use people as a means to an end
从而获取金钱、权利、名声和他们想要的一切
to gain money power fame whatever they want.
三、诱惑性自恋
Three seductive narcissism
我们并不是指像高跟鞋和网眼袜的那种诱惑
We don’t mean seductive like high heels and fishnets.
这类自恋者往往赞扬和崇拜
These narcissists tend to praise and idolize people close
身边的人从而期望得到同样的回应
to them in order to get the same response back.
他们用钦佩和恭维去诱骗人们
They sucker people in with admiration and compliments
然后再毫无预警地抛弃你
then drop you with no warning.
他们通过忽冷忽热的态度使你上钩
By playing hot and cold they keep you on the hook
从而不断地满足他们的自我意识
and get their ego constantly fed .
四、报复性自恋
Four vindictive narcissism
这类人的目的在于攻击和破坏
These people aim shoot and destroy.
他们是所有自恋者中最为危险的一类
They’re the most dangerous of all the narcissists
且可能会因为他们过于直言不讳
and might be confused with the overt narcissists
而与显性自恋者混淆
because of how outspoken they are .
提高警惕 这类人会做和说任何一切
Be warned, these people will do and say anything
来摧毁他们的牺牲品
to destroy their victims
且经常会以第三方的身份去
and often will trash talk and incite anger
说坏话和煽动愤怒来让更多人对抗他们的受害者
in other third parties to turn more people against their victim
担心你可能是个自恋者
Worrying you might be a narcissist?
别担心 当你可能表现出自恋的某种特质
Don’t. While you might present traits of narcissism
你更可能是介于中间的那种
you’re likely somewhere in the middle
是频谱中不危险的那一部分
non-dangerous portion of the spectrum
如果你真的感到担心 和你的精神健康医师沟通一下
And if you’re really worried talk to your mental health professional
获取可能的诊断
about a possible diagnosis.
不要忘记订阅 查看网站Psych2Go.net
Don’t forget to subscribe check out Psych2Go.net and
分享这个视频 感谢你的观看
share this video thank you for watching.

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视频概述

自恋是什么?它是如何表现的?又有哪些不同的自恋?

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收集自网络

翻译译者

拾柒

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豆子

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kPIzRdz6XI

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