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4种由动物启发的神奇科技 – 译学馆
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4种由动物启发的神奇科技

4 Incredible Technologies Inspired by Animals

背景音乐响起。。
[MUSIC PLAYING]
动物对科技产业有重要意义
Animals are really important to the tech industry.
但是我们先不谈程序猿 233
And we’re not talking about code monkeys.
这里有四种令人惊叹的动物促进了工业技术发展
Here are four awesomely animal inspired technologies.
第一种动物—蝙蝠,声波拐杖就是受其影响
Number one, the UltraCane is inspired by bats.
这是一种针对盲人使用的电子拐杖
It’s an electronic cane for the blind
如果附近有物体,它会震动
that vibrates if objects are nearby.
它就像蝙蝠和海豚一样利用回声技术
It uses echolocation just like bats and dolphins do.
这种电子拐杖会发出超声波
An ultrasonic wave is emitted from the cane
不论超声波怎么反弹回来都会
and whatever waves bounce back tell
告诉使用者,周围是否有大型障碍物
the user if large objects are nearby.
第二章动物—你猜对了,海豚,鲨鱼衣就是由其而产生的灵感
Number two, Sharklet is inspired by, you guessed it, dolphins.
呃—-是鲨鱼,我不知道为啥我要叫它海豚
Sharks, I don’t know why I said dolphins.
当然是鲨鱼
Definitely sharks.
鲨鱼皮表面有细小的凸隆的结构
Sharks have tiny ridged patterns on their skin
这些结构可以防止贝类和藻类的附着
which stop barnacles and algae from glomming on.
并且可减少游动时的阻力
And it also reduces drag while they swim.
2002年出现了这种叫鲨鱼衣的产品
The product called Sharklet was developed in 2002
这种有相似图案的薄薄的塑料贴花
as a thin plastic applique with a similar microscopic pattern.
这种材料在船上和医院中非常有用
Sharklet is useful on boats or in hospitals
因为它阻止藻类的生在和细菌腐败
because it deters algae growth or bacterial contamination,
又称生物附着
aka, bio-fouling.
第三种动物—龙虾,x光设备
Number three, the x-ray machine called
龙虾眼成像设备
LEXID is inspired by lobsters.
龙虾通过聚焦一个小点来观察
Lobsters see by focusing on a small point.
并且不论光线怎样通过小点反射回龙虾
And whatever light is reflected back to them from that point
都可以使他们观察到周围的东西。
allows them to observe their surroundings.
在2007年,国土部投资
In 2007, the Department of Homeland Security invested
100万美元去发展这种x光设备
$1 million to develop LEXID With it, you
你可以通过这个看见混泥土,木材和长达三英寸的的钢铁
can see through concrete, wood, and up to three inches of steel
通过这种低能的x光
with low powered x-rays.
第四种动物—鸟,新干线子弹头列车的设计
Number four, the Shinkansen bullet train design
就是来源于鸟
is inspired by birds.
日本首次展示他们的子弹头列车在1964年
Japan debuted their bullet train in 1964.
但是发现当列车以高速度出隧道的时候
But discovered that when it would exit tunnels
会发出巨大的声音,没人喜欢这种声音
at high speeds, there was a loud boom sound that no one liked.
新的列车模型已经推行数年
New train models have been introduced over the years.
其中最成功的设计
And one of the most successful designs
是模仿翠鸟的喙
mimicked the Kingfisher bird’s beak.
翠鸟的喙潜入水中抓鱼
The Kingfisher dives into the water to catch fish.
只有很少一点的水溅
And there is minimal splashing.
新干线子弹头列车就是采用相同的鸟喙外形
Harnessing the same beak shape, the Shinkansen bullet train
快速行驶却不发出声音
slices through the air without a sound.
我是Ross Everett,我希望你收看
I’m Ross Everett and I want you to check out
我这个称为“新秀”的节目
my show called ‘The New Show.’
它包括素描,环境生物学,采访和偶尔地
It’s got sketches, collabs, interviews, and occasionally,
对Alex和Katie的拖拉拷打
Alex in drag and Katie being tortured.
想要知道更多的动物知识吗
Hungry for more animal trivia?
那就订阅“动物学人”
Subscribe to ‘animalist.’

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