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4种由强壮雌性掌权的动物社会 – 译学馆
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4种由强壮雌性掌权的动物社会

4 Animal Societies Run by Strong Females

女娃当家,男娃在一旁羡慕不来。
Girls rule, boys drool.
因为有妈妈们为我撑腰。
Ladies, back me up.
以下四种动物社会的领导者是权力强大的雌性。(标题翻译错了,雌性身体哪能强壮过雄性呢?)
Here are four animal societies run by strong females.
碧昂斯会引以为傲的
Beyonce would be proud.
第一种
Number one.
大象
Elephants.
象宝宝出生时,象群规模很大,
Baby elephants are born into a large herd,
有很多象妈妈和小象。
consisting of many mothers and their calves.
象群的领导者是最年长的雌象,因为它熟悉周围环境,
The herd is led by the oldest female who knows the landscape,
能够决定大家往哪里迁徙,什么时候迁徙。
and decides where and when everyone travels.
象宝宝由所有的雌象公养。
The babies are communally raised by all of the females.
到性成熟时,雄象会离开象群,
At puberty, the male elephants leave the herd
单独或结伴在草原上游荡。
to wander the savanna alone or with groups of other males.
第二种
Number two.
环尾狐猴
The ringed tail lemur.
这种灵长类动物,体型很小,种群规模中等,
These small primates live in medium-sized groups,
种群内既有雄猴也有雌猴。
consisting of both males and females.
小群团的头头有雄猴也有雌猴,
Both sexes have core dominant groups,
但是整个猴群的领导者是地位最高的雌猴。
but the overall leader is the top-ranked female.
它展示权威的办法是
The lemur queen asserts her authority
和其他觊觎它地位的雌猴打斗,通过这种方式,它
by fighting other wannabes, and as such, she
掌控了整个猴群。
decides the direction of the whole group.
第三种
Number three.
倭黑猩猩
Bonobos.
虽然,即使成年了,雄猩猩依然依赖妈妈,
While the males are still dependent on their mothers,
但是为了保证合理的交配,
even through adulthood, the fairer bonobo sex
雄猩猩不得不寻找其他种群,
must seek out other tribes and make new friends
和其他种群的雌猩猩交配。
with other females.
得益于这一行为,雌猩猩把整个种群团结起来,成为倭黑猩猩社会的中流砥柱。
This creates strong womanhood bonds within the group.
因此,有食物时,通常雌猩猩先吃,
As a result, the females usually eat first when food is found,
而雄猩猩,地位低,最后吃。
and the less social males eat last.
第四种
Number four.
斑鬣狗
Spotted hyenas.
斑鬣狗群团的强有力统领者是母狗,
Clans of hyenas are strongly dominated by females,
它的社会地位继承自它的妈妈。
and social standing is inherited from the mother.
大部分猎食活动由公狗负责,
The male hyenas do most of the hunting,
捕到小野味后,母狗先吃,
but the females feed first with their cubs,
公狗吃母狗吃剩的。
while the males get the scraps.
科学家认为,鬣狗社会之所以是母系社会,
Scientists believe the matriarchal hyena society
是因为母狗进攻性强,
is due to the cubs of aggressive females
它的幼崽存活机会更多。
having higher chances of survival.
翻滚吧,狗狗美少女。
You go, hyena girl.
走自己的路,让别人无路可走。
Nobody can get in your way if you believe in yourself.
别走开,还有其他视频哦,
Check out our other episode about animals
看看那些不像动物的动物吧。
that don’t actually look like animals.
谢谢收看,别忘了点关注哟!
Thanks for watching and don’t forget to subscribe.

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