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关于身体你不知道的30个事实 – 译学馆
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关于身体你不知道的30个事实

30 Facts You Never Knew about the Human Body

关于身体 你不知道的30个惊人的事实
30 amazing facts, you never knew about the human body
我们往往认为我们非常了解自己的身体
We tend to think that we know our bodies perfectly
我们知道身体是怎么工作的
We are aware of how they work and
每一秒钟我们的身体里发生着什么
what kinds of processes occur in them every second
但是事实上人类的身体是一个复杂且神秘的体系
In fact the human body is one complex and mysterious mechanism
有时甚至会让
It sometimes confuses even
最优秀的专家 医生以及科学家感到困惑
the most qualified specialists doctors and scientists
这里关于人体的30个不可思议的事实
Here are 30 incredible facts about the human body
将给你留下深刻印象
that will deeply impress you
我们打赌你连其中的一半都没听说过
we bet you’ve never heard about half of them

Number one
舌纹是独一无二的
A tongue print is absolutely unique
当你向别人展示时记得这一点
Remember this when showing it to somebody

Number two
一根头发能够吊起一个苹果的重量
A single Hair can hold the weight of a hanging apple
虽然科学家们并没有指定苹果的大小
However,scientists don’t specify the dimensions of the apple

Number three
一个人口腔中细菌的数量等于
The number of Bacteria in a person’s mouth is equal to
地球上人类的数量亦或是更多
the number of people living on Earth or even more

Four
柔软脆弱并且没有半月牙的指甲
Nails that are soft and brittle with no moon
可能表明人体甲状腺功能亢进
could indicate an overactive thyroid

Five
传入大脑的脉冲信号的速度大约是400千米/小时
The speed of an incoming brain impulse is about 400 Km/h

Six
血型不是像我们过去认为的那样只有四种
There are not just four different blood types as we used to think
事实上它有29种!
but in fact 29!
其中最稀有的类型属于孟买亚型
The rarest of them belonged to the Bombay subtype
它典型存在于日本一小部分家庭中
Which is typical for a small group of families in Japan

Seven
一天中 我们的血液流过的距离
Over the course of one day our blood runs the distance
是11999英里(19312千米)
the distance of 11,999 miles.[Or 19,312 kilometers].

Eight
男性也有产生乳汁的腺体
Men also have glands that produce milk
但是男性分泌乳汁表示其身体出现异常
But its production represents an abnormality for the male body
这种情况可能出现在催乳素分泌过多时
This can occur when too much of the hormone prolactin is produced
这可能是因为
This might be the result of certain
使用了用来刺激心脏的特定药物
kinds of medical treatment used to stimulate the heart
下丘脑垂体出了问题
Problems with the pituitary gland in hypothalamus
使用了类阿片药物 或是极度饥饿
use of opioids or due to extreme hunger

Nine
一个人每天要呼吸大约两万次
A human makes approximately 20,000 breaths per day

Ten
几乎所有人的眼睫毛上都有一种被称作蠕形螨的螨虫
Almost all people in the world have special mites on their eyelashes called demodex
十一
Eleven
人类的眼睛能够辨别多达一千万种不同的颜色
A human eye can distinguish up to 10 million different colors
但我们的大脑并不能都记得住
But our brain can’t remember all of them
十二
12
耳朵在我们一生中是持续生长的
Our ears keep on growing throughout our lives
以不可思议的每年四分之一毫米的速度生长
with almost unbelievable speed a quarter of a millimeter per year
十三
13
心脏每年跳动三千五百万次
The Heart beats 35 million times a year
是的 三千五百万次 一年
Yes,35 million.A year
十四
14
人体每天大概会有一百万个皮肤细胞脱落
Every day the human body loses about 1 million skin cells
每年总计大约4.5磅或者两千克
That amounts to about 4.5 pounds [or 2 kilos]every year
十五
15
一平方厘米的皮肤包含大约100个痛觉传感器
One square centimeter of your skin contains around a hundred pain sensors
十六
16
这可能会令一些人吃惊
This might be very surprising to some
但是26%的男性也会经历月经前不快症状
But 26% of Men also experience PMS
在这段期间 男性变得敏感 易怒并且容易饥饿
During these periods a man becomes more sensitive, irritable and hungry
甚至会发生胃绞痛
And can even experience stomach cramps
他们的症状就和女性经历的一样
That is,he experiences the same symptoms as a woman does
十七
17
一个人在其一生中平均会消耗
The average person consumes about 77,000 pounds
77000磅(35吨)食物
(or 35 tons )of food during his or her life
十八
18
人一生中眨眼所花费的时间大约是5年
A human spends about 5 years of their life blinking
幸运的是 在这同时我们可以做些其他的事
Fortunately,we can do many other things simultaneously
十九
19
每秒钟我们大脑内会发生十万种化学反应
100,000 chemical reactions occur every second in our brains
二十
20
女性每年平均哭三十到六十次
Women cry an average of 30 to 64 times a year
而男性只有六到十七次
And men cry just 6 to 17 times
二十一
21
微笑会触动脸部17种肌肉
Smiling triggers 17 muscles of the face
而哭泣会带动43种肌肉 所以多笑笑吧
while crying activates 43. So smile more
二十二
22
男性的脸比女性
A man’s face preserves its youthful appearance
能更久的保持青春
a lot longer than a woman’s face does
这完全是因为男性的皮肤中
This is all down to the fact that a man’s skin loses its concentration
胶原随着年龄流失的速度更慢一些
of Collagen much slower as he ages
这意味着他们的皮肤更不易起皱松弛
Meaning it’s much more resistant to wrinkling and sagging
二十三
23
人体中所有神经的长度
The total length of all the nerves in the human body
有46英里(75千米)
is 46 miles[or 75 kilometers]
二十四
24
男孩和女孩相比 舌头表面拥有更少的味蕾
Boys have fewer taste buds on the surface of their tongues than girls do
二十五
25
世界上所有的人类都是从女性形态开始存在的
All human beings in the world began their existence as females
X和Y染色体决定了人类的性别
X and y chromosomes are responsible for determining an individual sex
受精时 如果两条x染色体结合了 就孕育了女孩
If two x chromosomes join during conception, a girl is produced
如果x和y染色体结合了 男孩就出现了
If x and y chromosomes join a boy appears
在开始的五到六周
During the first five to six weeks
Y染色体都是不活跃的
the y chromosome is inactive.
在它开始发挥作用之前
Until it begins to function,
胚胎会朝着女孩的方向发育
The embryo starts to develop into a girl
二十六
26
男性识别颜色的深浅的种类比女性要少的多
Men can discern far few shades of color than women can
原因非常简单
And the reason for this is quite simple
颜色的感知主要由视锥细胞决定的
Color perception is determined by retinal cone cells
视锥细胞的信息主要存在于x染色体上
The information about them is contained in the x chromosome
因为女性有两条x染色体
And because women have two x chromosomes
她们所拥有视锥细胞的数量自然比男性多两倍
The number of cone cells they possess is naturally twice as high as that of men
二十七
27
女性眨眼的次数是男性的两倍
Women blink twice as much as men
并且女性心跳比男性也快
Also,women’s hearts beat faster than men’s
二十八
28
你打喷嚏的速度是100英里/小时(140千米/小时)
The speed of your sneeze is 100 miles per hour [or 140 km/h]
二十九
29
当失水量等于体重的1%时 你会感觉口渴
A feeling of thirst occurs when water loss is equal to 1% of your body weight
失水超过5%时会造成昏厥
The loss of more than 5% can cause fainting
失水超过10%时会因脱水造成死亡
And more than 10% causes death from dehydration
三十
And 30
帮助你的眼睛聚焦的肌肉
the muscles which help your eyes to focus
每天大约会做十万次运动
Complete around 100,000 movements a day
要使腿部肌肉做同样数量的运动
To make your leg muscles do the same amount of movements
你必须要行走50英里(80千米)
You would have to walk 50 miles [or 80 kilometers]
哪一个事实让你印象最深呢?
Which fact has impressed you the most?
在评论中分享你的想法
Share your thoughts in the comments
别忘记点击视频下方的点赞按钮
Don’t forget to hit the like button below the video
点击订阅按钮 让生活充满阳光
And click subscribe to stay on the bright side of life

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你以为你很了解自己的身体吗?这里介绍的30个关于身体的真相可能让你大吃一惊

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