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2015年日食 – 译学馆
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2015年日食

2015's Solar Eclipse

[出场]
[Intro]
太阳是你总能指望出现在那里的一个东西
The sun is one of those things that you can always count on being there.
对,至少是整个白天
Well … at least during the daytime.
通常,我们不论何时仰望天空都会看到阳光
Usually, whenever we look up into the sky during the day, we can see the sun shining
照射到我们身上,给予我们的星球以热量和光明
down on us, giving our planet heat and light.
到有些时候你在白天也可以看到月亮
But sometimes you can also see the moon during the day.
月球围绕着地球运动,绕着我们的星球做一圈完整的旅行
The moon moves around the Earth, making a full trip all the way around our planet, once
一个月一次
every month.
在整整一个月的旅行中,你只能在晚上看到月亮
And during some of that month-long trip, you can see the moon only at night.
但在其他时间,你可以整天看到它
But at other times, you can see it during the day.
有时候,当你白天可以看到天上日月同辉
And every now and then, when you can see both the moon and the sun in the sky during the
神奇的事情发生了
day, cool things can happen.
本周是其中的一次,因为我们的地球将经历一次
And this week is one of those times. Because our planet is going to experience a solar
日食!
eclipse!
当月球正好在太阳和地球中间的时候,日食发生了
A solar eclipse happens when the moon gets right smack-dab between the sun and the Earth.
当月球这样做,它挡住一些阳光,并投下巨大的阴影
When the moon does this, it blocks some of the sun’s light, and casts a gigantic shadow
在地球上
on the Earth.
它很短暂,只是几分钟,真的,但是当月亮
It doesn’t last for very long — just a few minutes, really — but when the moon blocks
挡住了太阳,它可以使天空漆黑如夜,
the light from the Sun, it can make the sky appear as dark as night — even though it’s
尽管这还是白天!
still day time!
现在,不是所有的日食都一样。它们看起来不一样,这取决于你在地球的什么地方
Now, not all eclipses are the same. They can look different, depending where on Earth you
以及月亮的影子在哪里
are, and where the moon’s shadow is.
日全食是指从你所在的方位看,月亮完全覆盖了
A total solar eclipse is when, from where you’re watching, the moon completely covers
天空中的太阳
the sun in the sky.
还有日偏食,是当月亮经过
And there are also the partial solar eclipses, when the moon passes over just a little bit
太阳的一侧。
of the sun.
当这种日食发生时,太阳看起来像消失了一小块
When this kind of eclipse happens, the sun looks like a little chunk is missing — like
就像曲奇饼被咬了一口!
a cookie with a big bite taken out of it!
现在,太阳,月亮和地球并排在同一直线上
Now, it’s not very often that sun, moon and the Earth line up in just the right way
所产生的日食现象并不常见
to create a solar eclipse.
但下一次将在3月20日发生!
But the next one is going to happen on March 20!
并不是地球人所有人可以看到——只有碰巧在
Not everyone in the world is going to be able to see it — only people who happen to be
巨大的月影之下的人才看到
in the path of the gigantic moon shadow.
所以,我所身处的美国,我们是不能够看到日食的
So where I live, in the United States, we won’t be able to see the solar eclipse.
但身处于欧洲的人们——特别是北部地区——将会是最佳观景地。
But people in Europe — especially in the northern parts — will get the best view.
这些地区的人们将会看到日全食。就在他们早餐的时间,他们将
Those folks will get to see the total eclipse. Right around breakfast time, they’ll have
有几分钟时间处于黑暗,如黑夜一般。
a few minutes of darkness, almost as dark as night.
欧洲其他地方、亚洲和非洲部分地区的人们,将会看到日偏食
People in the rest of Europe, and also parts of Asia and Africa, will see a partial solar
对于他们而言,所看到的景象就像太阳被咬了一口
eclipse. For them, it will look like a little bite has been taken out of the sun.
随着时间消逝,缺口将会逐渐缩小,直至太阳
And as the minutes pass, that bite will get smaller and smaller until the sun is back
变会原来的模样
to its old self again.
最重要的是,请不要尝试直接观看日食,
Now it’s important to remember, you should never try to look directly at an eclipse,
因为太阳所发射的光线会伤害你的眼睛,就算太阳被部分
because the rays from the sun can really damage your eyes, even when it’s partially covered
覆盖
up.
所以你下次白天出外的时候,抬头看看是否能找到月亮,
So the next time you go outside during the day, see if you can find the moon. What does
它看起来怎么样呢?我们也会密切关注!在SciShow Kids.
it look like? We’ll be keeping an eye out for it too here at SciShow Kids.

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7H083VuxQw

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