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史上体型最大的20种动物 – 译学馆
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史上体型最大的20种动物

20 Largest Animals of All Time

[危险杜兰]
[Danger Dolan]
第二十 巨型海星
No.20 Giant Sea Stars
发现于南极附近水域 2008年
This was found in 2008 in Antarctic waters
南极洲广袤的地域 让巨型动物在那里很常见
and the region is so big that gigantism is pretty common in Antarctic
宽两英尺 取食软体动物还有较小型海星
They’re 2 feet in width, they feed on invertebrats and smaller sea stars,
它们分布在水下600多米的区域
They’re found over 600 meters below the water
举起它们就像手里托着一个婴儿一样
Holding these things up is like holding up a small infant in your hands
第十九 新西兰大蟋蟀
No.19 The Giant Weta Cricket
其中有11种属于巨型昆虫
11 species of these things are HUGE insects
它们有4英寸长 重20到30克
They have a body length of 4 inches. They weigh between 20 and 30 grams.
因能独自吞吃大型蔬菜而闻名
They’ve been known to devour giant vegetables all by themselves
希腊语中 它们被称为“Deinacrida ”翻译过来就是“可怕的蝗虫”
In the greek name is “Deinacrida”, or in English “the Terrible Grasshopper”
第十八 水豚
No.18 The Capybara
人们通常叫它大仓鼠 因为它是世界上最大的啮齿类动物
or people likes to called “the giant hamsters” for it is the largest rodent in the world.
这种动物最初在南美洲被发现 习惯邻水而居
They’re primarily found in South America, usually near water.
它身长1.5米 高3英尺 重100多公斤
They reach 1.5 meters in length, 3 feet tall and weigh over a hundred kilograms
它们通常群居生活
These things typically hang out in large packs in large families
有时也在人类家庭生活 因为人们喜欢这种小家伙
sometime human families ’cause people love these things
第十七 非洲陆地大蜗牛
No.17 The Giant African land snail
光是壳就长达18厘米 宽9厘米
Their shells alone grown to the length of 18 centimetres and 9 cenimetres wide
整个蜗牛长达8英寸
the entire snail can reach up to 8 inches in length
这种动物经常在飞机场被没收 因为人们总把它们当作宠物
These things are frequently confiscated at airports because people keep these things as pets
主要是人们喜欢它们个头大 样子惹眼 还很稀少
mainly because people value their size, distinctive markings and rarity
不过这种蜗牛理论上被视作害虫 影响农作物和生态系统
Although the snail is technically considered a pest that negatively affects agriculture and ecosystems
第十六 卷羽鹈鹕
No.16 Dalmatian Pelican
很多地区都可以看到 从欧洲东南部 中国到印度部分地区 主要在
Found all over the place, from Southeastern Europe, China and parts of India
沼泽和湖泊附近生活
They mainly hang around swamps and lakes
体长可达160厘米
These things gets upwards of 160cm in length
体重30磅 双翅展开长度可达3米
30 pounds in weight and with wings spread, 3 metres in length
也是目前世界上体重最重的鸟类 尽管偶有例外情况
It’s also the worlds’ heaviest bird species, although there are exceptions from time to time
第十五 巨型兔
No.15 The Flemish Giant
这种兔子是家养的体型巨大的兔子
These are domesticated rabbits, massive
经常被误以为是狗 因为基本和狗的大小相似 体重在10到12公斤之间
often mistaken for dogs since they’re basically the same size, these things weigh between 10 and 12kg
这种兔子是在16世纪比利时地区培育的品种
They were bred in the 16th century near Belgium
也是今天许多野兔的祖先
also the ancestor to many rabbits alive today
从20世纪初 它们就主要在各种家畜展展出
Since the early 1900s they’re primarily seen in livestock shows
凭借着巨大的体型和多样的毛色
due to their size and varying colours
被冠以昵称 温柔的大个子
and they’ve been dubbed with the nickname: the Gentle Giants
第十四 盐湖鳄鱼
No.14 Saltwater Crocodiles
现存最大的爬行动物
The largest of all living reptiles.
体长可达6米 体重超过2000公斤
They can reach sizes upwards of 6 metres and weight beyond 2000kg
通常在红树林沼泽 三角洲 咸水湖 河流中出现
You’ll usually find these things in mangroves, swamps, deltas, lagoons, rivers
或者在哪个壮汉的胳膊上 作为杀手的标志
or hanging off a dude’s arm because they’re vicious killers
作为著名的顶级伏击捕猎食肉动物
They’re known as a hypercarnivorous apex ambush predators
它们可以战胜闯入领地的任何动物
and they can fight almost ANY animal that enters its territory
第十三 日本蜘蛛蟹
No.13 The Japanese Spider Crab
它们长着巨大的 噩梦般的长腿 叫人看一眼都害怕
These things have a LARGE, nightmarish legs and I am afraid of even looking at these things.
高达4米 重20多公斤
They’re 4 metres tall, almost 20 kilograms
但是尽管外表吓人 它们的性格还是很温顺的
But, in spite of its ferocious appearance, it has a gentle disposition
不过也别掉以轻心 那些长腿可以轻易地把你的脸撕成两半
Make no mistake though, those claws can slice your face cleanly in two
第十二 椰子蟹
No.12 The Coconut Crab
陆地隐居蟹的一种 是地球上现存最大的节肢动物
These species of terrestrial hermit crablargest living anthropod on Earth
体重可达4公斤 体长可达1米
It weighs up to 4 kgs and grows up to 1 meter in length
它的蟹钳可以把椰子砸成两半
Its claws can crush a coconut in half
所以和蜘蛛蟹一样 最好不要招惹它们
so like the spider crab, it’s best if you just leave these things alone
如果它爬到了你的垃圾桶上 像你看到的这样 我只能建议你再买个新的了
Or if it’s crawling on your trash bin as you can see hereI recommend buying a new trash bin
第十一 巨型大丹犬
No.11 The Great Dane
你可能在这里看到会感到惊讶 不过它们不时地会出现
You might be surprised to hear about this oneBut they do pop up now and then
比如“大狗乔治” “泰坦” “宙斯” 这些巨型犬一直保持着巨型大丹犬的吉尼斯世界纪录
like the Giant George dog, Titan and Zeus——these dogs have all been Guiness World Record holders for a biggest Dan ever
这只巨犬体重达250磅 站立高度有40多英寸
The big one weighs around 250 pounds and reach over 40 inches in height
不幸的是有些像“泰坦”一样的巨型犬健康容易出现问题 像耳聋 眼盲 癫痫等疾病
Unfortunately some like Titan suffered health problems like deafness, blindness and epilepsy
因为过短的生命 它们中的大多数已经死了
and because of their limited lifespan most of them are now dead
第十 中国巨型火蜥蜴
No.10 Chinese Giant Salamander
地球上最大的火蜥蜴 体长超过5英尺
The largest salamander on Earth, over 5 feet in length
很不幸这种动物已被列为濒危物种
and these things unfortunatly are endangered species
一是由于被人类当作美味佳肴
half because they’re considered a delicacy
另一方面也是由于人为污染 栖息地减少以及人们捕捉它用来入药
but also because of human-caused pollution, habitat reduction
and they’re also harvested for types of medicine
奇怪的是 它们基本上都看不见
Curiously enough, it’s also basically blind
这使得它们更难逃离人类的魔爪
which makes getting away from humans a bit more difficult
第九 湄公河鲶鱼
No.9 The Mekong Catfish
通常出现在中国水域
Typically found in China’s waterways
传闻说它们是依靠水里的污染物生存
They’re rumoured to have actually grown on pollution that enters the water
有10英尺长 不幸的是 它和火蜥蜴一样成了餐桌上的佳肴
They’re 10 feet long, but they’re unfortunately turned into a delicacy, just like the salamander
为人们提供了许多的膳食 第八 长颈鹿
and they provide meals for dozens of people universe size
第八 当然我们要排到长颈鹿了
No.8 Of course we’d put the giraffes in some way
地球上现存活动物中最高的
It is the tallest living animal on Earth at the moment
身高6米 体重依性别在800~1500千克之间
It is 6 metres tall, weighs between 1,500 to 800 kgs based on its gender
仅脖子就有2米高
Its neck alone is 2 metres high
第7 泰坦巨蟒
No.7 The Titanoboa
其实是叫做“泰坦 巨蟒”——迄今最大的蛇
It is actually called “the Titanic boa”——the largest snake ever
50英尺长 宽能以英尺记 重量比现存所有最大的蛇加在一起还要重的多
This thing was 50 feet long, foot wide, weighs dozens more than largest current living snake put together
它生活在六千万年前 就在恐龙灭绝之后
It was alive 60 million years ago just after the fall of the dinosaurs
我们都该为这种生物没有活到现在感到庆幸
and we should all be thankful these things didn’t survive to the present day
说起来有点可怕 不过现在你不会到一个什么属于这种动物的海港了
It might be a terrible thing to say. But you do not going to be in the gulf of one of these things
第六 非洲丛林大象
No.6 The African Bush Elephant
现今最重的陆地动物
The heaviest land animal alive today
身长7米 身高3米 体重6吨
7 metres in length, 3 metres in height and weighs 6 tons
因为它的体型 没有动物会试图伤害它
Because of its size, no other animals tend to hunt it
可是幼年个体总是被老虎 鳄鱼 土狼攻击
but its young are frequently assaulted by tigers, crocodiles and hyenas
此外 人类还常常为了象牙而狩猎成年个体
and humans primarily hunt the adults for their tusks
第五 巨型黄貂鱼
No.5 The Giant Stingray
世界上最大的淡水鱼之一
One of the largest freshwater fishes in the world
成年后身长能达到1.9米 体重能达到600千克
It growns upwards of 1.9 metres in length and weighs 600kg
人们过度捕捞 因为它们不单单可食用 还能用于娱乐业 也常常在水族馆展出
These things are heavily fished for meat, recreation and aquarium display
以致泰国中部和哥伦比亚的黄貂鱼数量下降
so it led to population declines in central Thailand and Cambodia
对这种如此美丽的生物而言真的很不幸
which is unfortunate because these things are quite nice to look at
第四 利兹鱼 至今出现过的最大的鱼
No.4 This is the Biggest fish ever to exist —— The Leedsichthys
54英尺长 重50公吨
54 feet long, and they weigh 50 metric tons
生活在侏罗纪世纪 那时恐龙还统治着地球
It lived in the jurassic period, when dinosaurs ruled the earth
捕食性海洋动物也非常多
and marine predators were abundant and massive.
通常鱼类动物都是体型比较小的简单生物但这是一种你绝不会想惹的鱼
Usually fish a small and very simple creatures but this is one fish you don’t ever want to mess with
不眨眼就能吞了你和你全家
It could swallow you and your entire family without even blinking
第3 听说过阿根廷龙吗
No.3 Everyone said about the Argentinosaurus
它们生活在一亿年前 身高有六到七层楼那么高
They were living 100 millions years ago.Six or seven story tall buildings in length
人们常常把它当作地球上生活过的最大的生物
it’s been commonly referred to as the biggest living creature that has ever walked the earth
120英尺长 100吨重 迄今为止最大的恐龙
120 feet long, 100 tons, the biggest dinosaur ever
和长颈鹿一样 它需要很长的脖子来够到高处以便吃到植物
Just like the giraffe, it needed a very long neck to reach high canopies to eat plants
第二 棘龙
No.2 The Spinosaurus
它以“蜥蜴的脊柱动物版本”而闻名 如果你觉得暴龙让人害怕
It’s now known as the “Spine Lizard”if you think the Tyrannosaurus is terrifying
棘龙则是迄今为止最大的陆地捕食者
the Spinosaurus is the largest predator to ever exist on Earth
足有60英尺长 20英尺高 体重将近10公吨
It was 60 feet long, 20 feet high, weighed almost 10 metric tons
如果它活到现在恐怕要毫不客气地以人类为食
and if alive today would snack on human beings without remorse
我们至今无法百分百确定脊柱的作用 但理论推测可能是
We’re still not 100% sure what the spine was for, but theories suggest either it was to
为了利用日光暖和身体或者用它来吸引伴侣
warm itself up using the sun, or to with use to attract a mate
第1 蓝鲸
No.1 The Blue Whale
这种海生动物 长达30米 体重有180公吨
Widows could be. The marine animal coming in at 30 metres in length and weighs 180 metric tons
主要以磷虾为食 每天大约消耗3吨食物
It primarily feeds on krill, and consumes over 3 tons of food a day
蓝鲸的心有一辆小汽车那么大 它的舌头能支撑50个成年人
Its heart alone is the size of a small car It’s tongue could support 50 full grown human beings
是世界上存在过的最巨大的动物
It is the biggest animal ever to exist on Earth
相信我 你绝对不会想邀请他们中的任何一个来共进晚餐的
And trust me when I say you do not wanna invite the single one for dinner.
这就是前二十名啦 (今天就到这儿)拜拜喽~
That is it for the 20th in the list, have a good one~
[音乐]
[music]

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