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最大的金融欺诈案之一:1MDB洗钱案 – 译学馆
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最大的金融欺诈案之一:1MDB洗钱案

1MDB scandal: the Malaysian fraud explained

The 1MDB scandal is one of the greatest financial frauds in history.
1MDB丑闻是历史上最大的金融诈骗案之一
$4.5bn was allegedly misappropriated from
据说马来西亚国家投资基金
the Malaysian state investment fund and used to buy luxury
被挪用了45亿美元
real estate, expensive works of art,
用于购买奢侈品 房地产 昂贵艺术品
and even to produce a Hollywood movie about,
甚至还拍摄了一部关于金融诈骗的
of all things, financial fraud.
好莱坞电影
But how did they do it?
那他们是如何得手的呢?
According to the US Department of Justice,
据美国司法部描述
one strategy involved setting up bank accounts
一种方法是用以假乱真的虚假公司名
under fake company names that resembled real firms.
开设银行账户
BlackRock Commodities (Global) Limited
贝莱德商品(全球)有限公司
sounds a lot like the global investment manager,
听起来像是国际投资管理公司
while Affinity Equity International Partners
而亲合国际伙伴有限公司
Limited could easily be mistaken for the private equity firm.
很容易被误认为是私募股权投资公司
There’s no law against this,
这种行为不违反法律
but it could help put investigators off the scent.
又能混淆调查者的视听
Another scheme saw money transferred to trust accounts at US law firms.
另一种方法是 把钱转入美国法律公司的信托账户
Client confidentiality rules in the US
受美国客户保密条款制约
mean these accounts are barely regulated,
这些账户的管理非常松懈
making suspicious transactions difficult to find.
可疑交易很难被发现
The DOJ alleges that firms like Shearman and Sterling and DLA Piper
司法部声称 像谢尔曼斯特林和欧华律所这些公司
were unwittingly used to sneak a billion dollars from 1MDB into the US.
已经悄无声息地从1MDB 向美国转移了十亿美元
The third strategy allegedly employed
据说还有第三种方法
is what the DOJ calls layering.
即司法部所说的离析
Moving funds from bank account to bank account,
多次将钱款转移到不同银行账户
adding layers of complexity, until the original source
为钱款流向增添层层复杂性
of the funds is camouflaged.
直到最初来源被掩盖
Let’s follow the money allegedly used
我们来看看这笔款项的流向
to buy this pink diamond necklace for Rosmah Mansor,
据称它用于为前马来西亚总理 1MDB创始人
the wife of former Malaysian prime minister
纳吉布·拉扎克的夫人罗斯玛·曼瑟
and founder of 1MDB, Najib Razak.
购买了一条粉钻项链
It all starts with a $3bn bond arranged
这一切都始于2013年
by Goldman Sachs in 2013.
高盛公司一笔价值30亿的债券
That was issued by a wholly-owned subsidiary of 1MDB
它是由在英属维尔京群岛的一家
incorporated in the British Virgin Islands,
1MDB的全资附属股份有限公司发行的
and the proceeds were earmarked for a joint venture with a firm in Abu Dhabi.
所得款项专门用于它与阿布扎比一家公司合资创办的企业
But instead of heading to the Middle East,
但这笔钱并没有真的流向中东
most of the money was transferred into an account at Swiss private bank BSI, in Lugano.
其中绝大部分转入了瑞士卢加诺一家私营银行 BSI的账户里
From there, the DOJ claims it was shifted to investment funds in offshore centers.
由此 司法部称钱已经被转化成了离岸中心的投资基金
The money was wired by a correspondent bank account
这笔钱由美国摩根大通的代理银行账户
at JPMorgan Chase in the US to two accounts
汇至瑞士私人银行猎鹰银行的新加坡分行
at the Singapore branch of Swiss private bank, Falcon Bank.
的两个账户
Funds went back and forth between these accounts,
资金反复进出这些账户时
adding layer upon layer of complication,
流向附加了层层的复杂性
gradually obscuring the origin. Eventually,
渐渐掩盖了最初来源
$681m were transferred from [INAUDIBLE]
最终 有6.81亿美元从Tanore公司被转到了
into a Malaysian bank account held by Najib Razak,
纳吉布·拉扎克的马来西亚银行账户里
a sum he insists was a political donation from the Saudi royal family.
他坚称这笔钱是沙特皇室的政治献金
Five months later, most of it was returned.
五个月后 他退回了大部分钱
The money bounced around accounts at Falcon
这钱在新加坡的猎鹰银行和DBS银行
and DBS Bank in Singapore
的账户上反复流动
before a sum of $27.3m was,
据司法部称 之后 其中的2730万美元
according to the DOJ, wired to jeweller Lorraine Schwartz
被汇给了珠宝商洛林·施瓦茨
to buy the necklace.
购买了这条项链
The complexity of these cross-border flows
跨境资金流动的复杂性
has made getting to the bottom of the 1MDB fraud painstaking and difficult.
使探究1MDB骗案的真相变得困难重重
But with Malaysia’s government
但是马来西亚政府
keen to burnish its graft-fighting credentials
决心打击贪污腐化
and claw back the money stolen, the investigation
追回被转移的赃款
shows no signs of slowing down.
并没有表现出放慢调查步伐的迹象

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视频概述

通过马来西亚1MDB丑闻始末,了解金融诈骗的幕后操作。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

青岩暑茶

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WV3sIcWNxE

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