15 THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT TURKEY
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Hello, aluxers.And welcome back to another amazing video.
Today we’re exploring the beautiful Turkey,
one of the few transcontinental countries.
Turkey spans both Asia and Europe.
Inhabited since the Paleolithic Era,
Turkey has been taken over by various civilizations,
including Assyrians , Greeks and Armenians.
From the 14th century to the early twentieth,
Turkey experienced war after war.
Its current political station is turbulent too.
What can we learn about this diverse country that’s forever in the headlines?
Because ALUX.com is dedicated to becoming
the world’s best resource on the most interesting destinations in the world,
we want to show you 15 things you didn’t know about Turkey.
1. Turkey is home to two of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
We often assumed that ancient wonders were mainly in Egypt and Greece,
but Turkey has its fair share.
The Temple of Artemis is dedicated to the great goddess of hunting and child birth,
also known as Diana in ancient Rome.
The Temple is located near the ancient city of Ephesus,
which is now on the edge of Selcuk,
and understandably in ruins.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a burial chamber built in 353 BC,
and was carved by four Greek sculptors.
Its ruins can be seen in the modernday Bodrum.
第二 餐前一道汤是很常见的 即使早餐前也是这样
2. A soup before a meal is very common, even before breakfast.
No matter what time of day it is, Turks love soup.
Breakfast is a very important meal,
often consisting of meats, cheeses and breads.
But it’s always begun with a soup.
During winter months, soup will begin all meals,
并配有米饭 碎麦 小麦或酸奶酪
and is served with rice, bulgur, wheat or yogurt.
Summer time generally involves cold vegetables with olive oil as a starter.
Other Turkish customs include finishing the food on your plate,
the host not leaving the table until their guest has finished.
And it’s absolutely fine to belch in rural areas.
第三 严格意义上讲 圣诞老人诞生于土耳其
3. Santa Claus was technically born in Turkey.
Saint Nicholas, a Christian saint and the origin of Santa Clause,
was born in modern day Demre, Turkey.
At the time, this was a part of Romen Empire and Saint Nick was a Bishop of a great significance.
He’s suggested to have brought three murdered boys back from the dead with his prayers,
magically doubled a ship’s cargo of wheat,
and became known for gift giving in the modern world.
4. Turkey has the highest number of Facebook users in the world
when compared to their online population.
Turkey has just under 300 million Facebook users,
which is especially impressive
when you consider that just 58 percent of the population is online.
The nation has embraced social media,
and is one of the most engaged online audiences in the world.
Partly because the population is especially youthful,
with over 50 percent of people under 30 years old.
第五 在土耳其旅行 你可能会吃鸡胸布丁
5. You might be served chicken breast pudding when travelling in Turkey.
A popular Turkish dessert is the bizarre sounding chicken breast pudding,
由白斩鸡 糖 牛奶以及肉桂做成
made from boiled chicken, sugar, milk and cinnamon.
It was commonly served to Sultans when Turkey was a part of the Ottoman Empire,
which would have been a great honour.
If you find it on your plate,it would be a good idea to try it.
Smile and nods, you don’t offend anyone.
6. Leonardo da Vinci planned a bridge that ran over the Bosphorus,
but it was never built.
Plans of DaVinci’s bridge were discovered in the 1950s,
showing that the famous artist and inventor
submitted plans for a bridge which linked Asia and Europe in 1503.
The bridge was going to be built between Haliç and what was then Constantinople.
And it’s unknown why the plans were never put into action.
However, we do know that the Sultan at the time was offered a windmill
and a water pump by DaVinci and he gladly accepted.
7. Turkey is home to 13 UNESCO world heritage sites.
Turkey’s beaches are some of the most beautiful in the world,
but it’s not just the beaches that are protected sites.
Turkey is home to stunning hot springs,
some of the most remarkable mosques and religious sites,
and national parks full of history.
The country’s significance in the ancient world
means that there are many Greek and Roman ruins to see, too,
with some dating back to 129 BC.
Find out about some of the most expensive man-made attractions in our video.
Can you guess which is No. 1?
8. Many Turkish people didn’t have surnames until 1934.
A surname law was introduced in 1934,
requiring all Turkish citizens to have a surname.
Before that, people would take their father’s name and add “son of” or “‑oğlu”.
Since 1934, ctizens have used a similar system to many other countries
where children take their father’s surname.
As of 2013, the most common surname in the country was Yilmaz.
9. More journalists are imprisoned in Turkey than anywhere else in the world.
Syria and Russia are notoriously dangerous for journalists,
with many being killed for their careers.
But Turkey has the highest number of imprisoned journalists in the world.
The majority have been jailed for their support of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party,
charged with an anti-terror law.
The government puts a lot of pressure on the media to dismiss journalists who are critical of them.
因此 为避免被起诉 许多记者选择自我审查
So, many journalists have chosen to self-censor in order to avoid prosecution.
10. Part of Turkey’s coastline was given to Cleopatra as a gift.
When Mark Antony and Cleopatra got married,
为打动她 他把土耳其南部 现在的阿拉尼亚这块地方赠予她
he gave her what is now Alanya, in the south of Turkey in a bid to impress her.
Cleopatra Beach is one of the most stunning in Turkey,
and Cleopatra Island off its coast is a true gem.
The Queen of Egypt herself thought it was her paradise.
And now, you can travel there by boat.
11. The fifth most expensive house in the world is on the coast of Istanbul.
Decorated in a classic style, wasn’t it a properly easter meets west decor?
This 115 million dollar estate has its own 200-foot quay,
measuring 30,000 square feet in total.
This waterfront estate has 64 rooms,
and it’s kitted out with gold things and crystal chandeliers.
The mansion was designed by Alexandra Valerie in the mid 19th century
for one of Sultan Abdul Hamid II’s ministers.
And now, it’s on the market.
12. One of Istanbul’s most expensive restaurants only accepts cash.
Kanaat Restaurant is a 360 degree restaurant in Istanbul
that offers a stunning view of the surrounding areas.
They serve traditional Turkish and Ottoman food in a modern and minimalist setting.
But there’s no point to bring your American Express as they only accept cash.
This is common in Turkish restaurants,no matter how luxurious,
so all tourists should remember to carry it.
13. Turks are very patriotic.
The Turkish flag has religious and national significance,
so it’s displayed everywhere with pride.
2016年7月 军事政变失败后 土耳其国旗的销量飙升
Sales of Turkish flags actually soared after the failed military coup in July, 2016,
with 1.5 million sold on day 1 as the show of loyalty to the country and the government.
Turkey has a high turnout for elections,
with 85 percent voting in the last election,
showing that the population is particularly invested in the country and how it moves forward.
14. The women of Turkey won the right to vote before most European countries.
It’s easy for us to assume that a predominantly Muslim country
would be slow on the uptake when it comes to equal rights for women,
but that’s not necessarily the case.
Women in Turkey won the right to vote in 1930,
这要先于法国 葡萄牙 比利时 希腊和瑞士
before France, Portugal, Belgium, Greece and Switzerland.
The most recent country to introduce equal voting rights was Saudi Arabia,
85 years after Turkey.
第十五 特洛伊事实上是在土耳其 并不在希腊
15. Troy wasn’t in Greece. It was actually in Turkey.
The famous ancient city of Troy,
where Helen was taken after her kidnappingand the big wooden horse was created,
is believed to have existed in Turkey.
Located in what is known as Asia Minor,the European parts of Turkey,
some of the walls ofthe city’s acropolis can still be seen.
For many years, people thought Troy was entirely fictional,
but these ruins seem to prove exactly where it stood.
We are all used to reading about Turkey,
but it’s mainly shrouded in negative news stories.
What’s actually evident to anyone who’s visited this country
is that it’s a stunning and diverse place with a really rich history.
It has as much ancient significance as Greece and Egypt.
And its scenery makes it one of the jewels of the world.
There is so much we don’t know about it,
so maybe it’s time to explore.
If you could take a trip to this amazing country
what would be your first stop?
Would you take a tour of every monument and site and explore the ancient world?
Or would you look around the country’s modern streets and meet the patriotic people of Turkey?
Oh! You’re still here.
Here is another bizarre and incredible fact about Turkey.
According to legend, Noah’s Ark first landed in eastern Turkey on Mount Ararat.
A group of evangelical Christian explorers
claimed to have found the debris underneath debris of the volcano.
然而 关于这一点有相冲突的观点存在 双方都存有诸多争议
However, there are two conflicting views on this, with many disputing any side exists at all.
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