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关于土耳其你不知道的15件事

15 Things You Didn't Know About Turkey

关于土耳其你不知道的15件事
15 THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT TURKEY
欢迎来到ALUX网
Welcome to ALUX.com,
这里是未来的亿万富翁获取灵感的地方
the place where future billionaires come to get inspired.
嗨 ALUX网友们 欢迎观看新一期的精彩视频
Hello, aluxers.And welcome back to another amazing video.
今天 我们要探索的是美丽的土耳其
Today we’re exploring the beautiful Turkey,
它是为数不多横贯大陆的国家之一
one of the few transcontinental countries.
土耳其横跨亚洲和欧洲
Turkey spans both Asia and Europe.
自旧石器时代起 就有人在此居住
Inhabited since the Paleolithic Era,
土耳其已经历过多重文明更迭
Turkey has been taken over by various civilizations,
包括亚述文明 希腊文明和亚美尼亚文明
including Assyrians , Greeks and Armenians.
从14世纪到20世纪初期
From the 14th century to the early twentieth,
土耳其战事连连
Turkey experienced war after war.
其当前政治局势也很动荡
Its current political station is turbulent too.
我们能从这个永远处于头条的多元化国家中学到什么呢?
What can we learn about this diverse country that’s forever in the headlines?
因为ALUX网致力于成为
Because ALUX.com is dedicated to becoming
全球最有趣旅行目的地的最优资源库
the world’s best resource on the most interesting destinations in the world,
我们想告诉你关于土耳其你不知道的15件事
we want to show you 15 things you didn’t know about Turkey.
第一 远古世纪七大奇迹之二在土耳其
1. Turkey is home to two of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
我们总是想当然地认为 远古奇迹主要在埃及和希腊
We often assumed that ancient wonders were mainly in Egypt and Greece,
但也有在土耳其的
but Turkey has its fair share.
伟大的狩猎和分娩女神在古罗马又被称为戴安娜
The Temple of Artemis is dedicated to the great goddess of hunting and child birth,
阿尔忒弥斯神庙就是献给她的
also known as Diana in ancient Rome.
该神庙临近以弗所古城
The Temple is located near the ancient city of Ephesus,
古城如今位于塞尔丘克边缘
which is now on the edge of Selcuk,
已成废墟 这是可以理解的
and understandably in ruins.
摩索拉斯王陵墓是建于公元前353年的一个墓室
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a burial chamber built in 353 BC,
由四名希腊雕刻家雕刻而成
and was carved by four Greek sculptors.
在当今的博德鲁姆就可以看到该陵墓遗迹
Its ruins can be seen in the modernday Bodrum.
第二 餐前一道汤是很常见的 即使早餐前也是这样
2. A soup before a meal is very common, even before breakfast.
不管是一天的什么时刻 土耳其人都喜爱喝汤
No matter what time of day it is, Turks love soup.
早餐是非常重要的一餐
Breakfast is a very important meal,
通常包含有肉类 奶酪和面包
often consisting of meats, cheeses and breads.
但总是会以一道汤为始
But it’s always begun with a soup.
在冬季 进餐前都要喝汤
During winter months, soup will begin all meals,
并配有米饭 碎麦 小麦或酸奶酪
and is served with rice, bulgur, wheat or yogurt.
而在夏季则以滴有橄榄油的凉拌菜为第一道菜
Summer time generally involves cold vegetables with olive oil as a starter.
其他的土耳其风俗有 吃净盘中餐
Other Turkish customs include finishing the food on your plate,
在客人未吃完前 主人是不会离开餐桌的
the host not leaving the table until their guest has finished.
在乡村地区 打嗝是完全没问题的
And it’s absolutely fine to belch in rural areas.
第三 严格意义上讲 圣诞老人诞生于土耳其
3. Santa Claus was technically born in Turkey.
基督教圣徒圣·尼古拉斯是圣诞老人的原型
Saint Nicholas, a Christian saint and the origin of Santa Clause,
他出生于今日的土耳其德姆雷
was born in modern day Demre, Turkey.
当时 这个地方是罗马帝国的一部分圣·尼克是名具有重要意义的主教
At the time, this was a part of Romen Empire and Saint Nick was a Bishop of a great significance.
他因用祈祷的方式将三位被谋杀的男孩复活
He’s suggested to have brought three murdered boys back from the dead with his prayers,
不可思议地将一船小麦货物翻倍而被举荐
magically doubled a ship’s cargo of wheat,
在现代世界中 他因送礼物而广为人知
and became known for gift giving in the modern world.
第四 与网民数量相比
4. Turkey has the highest number of Facebook users in the world
土耳其的Facebook用户数量是世界上最多的
when compared to their online population.
土耳其仅有不到3亿的Facebook用户
Turkey has just under 300 million Facebook users,
但考虑到只有58%的人口为网民
which is especially impressive
这一点尤其让人印象深刻
when you consider that just 58 percent of the population is online.
该国家对社交媒体持欢迎态度
The nation has embraced social media,
是世界上网民最活跃的国家之一
and is one of the most engaged online audiences in the world.
部分原因是土耳其人口特别年轻
Partly because the population is especially youthful,
30岁以下人口比重超过50%
with over 50 percent of people under 30 years old.
第五 在土耳其旅行 你可能会吃鸡胸布丁
5. You might be served chicken breast pudding when travelling in Turkey.
鸡胸布丁听起来有点奇怪但却是一种很受欢迎的土耳其甜点
A popular Turkish dessert is the bizarre sounding chicken breast pudding,
由白斩鸡 糖 牛奶以及肉桂做成
made from boiled chicken, sugar, milk and cinnamon.
在土耳其还是奥斯曼帝国的一部分时鸡胸布丁通常是供苏丹食用的
It was commonly served to Sultans when Turkey was a part of the Ottoman Empire,
这是一种无上的荣耀
which would have been a great honour.
如果发现你的盘子里有鸡胸布丁尝一尝会是个不错的主意
If you find it on your plate,it would be a good idea to try it.
不管是微笑还是点头 你都不会冒犯任何人
Smile and nods, you don’t offend anyone.
第六 列奥纳多·达·芬奇设计了一座横跨博斯普鲁斯海峡的桥梁
6. Leonardo da Vinci planned a bridge that ran over the Bosphorus,
但这座大桥从未动工修建
but it was never built.
达芬奇的桥梁设计图于20世纪50年代被发现
Plans of DaVinci’s bridge were discovered in the 1950s,
表明这位著名的艺术家和发明家
showing that the famous artist and inventor
在1503年提交了一份桥梁设计图意欲连接亚洲和欧洲
submitted plans for a bridge which linked Asia and Europe in 1503.
这座大桥计划建于金角湾和当时的君士坦丁堡之间
The bridge was going to be built between Haliç and what was then Constantinople.
但不知道为什么 计划从未付诸实施
And it’s unknown why the plans were never put into action.
然而 我们知道的是达芬奇给予了当时的苏丹一架风车和一个水泵
However, we do know that the Sultan at the time was offered a windmill
苏丹欣然地接受了
and a water pump by DaVinci and he gladly accepted.
第七 土耳其有13处联合国教科文组织世界遗产地
7. Turkey is home to 13 UNESCO world heritage sites.
土耳其的海滩是世界上最美丽的海滩之一
Turkey’s beaches are some of the most beautiful in the world,
但受保护的地方不只是海滩
but it’s not just the beaches that are protected sites.
土耳其有令人惊叹的温泉
Turkey is home to stunning hot springs,
举世瞩目的清真寺和宗教圣地
some of the most remarkable mosques and religious sites,
以及历史悠久的国家公园
and national parks full of history.
这个国家在古代世界的重要性
The country’s significance in the ancient world
也意味着在这里能看到许多希腊和罗马遗迹
means that there are many Greek and Roman ruins to see, too,
部分可追溯至公元前129年
with some dating back to 129 BC.
在我们的视频中找出一些最昂贵的人造景观吧
Find out about some of the most expensive man-made attractions in our video.
你能猜到哪个是第一昂贵的吗?
Can you guess which is No. 1?
第八 许多土耳其人到1934年才有姓氏
8. Many Turkish people didn’t have surnames until 1934.
1934年 土耳其颁布《姓氏法》
A surname law was introduced in 1934,
要求所有土耳其公民都要有一个姓氏
requiring all Turkish citizens to have a surname.
在此之前 人们会用其父亲的名字加上“……的儿子”
Before that, people would take their father’s name and add “son of” or “‑oğlu”.
自1934年起 公民使用与许多其他国家相似的系统
Since 1934, ctizens have used a similar system to many other countries
孩子们会沿袭他们父亲的姓氏
where children take their father’s surname.
截止2013年 土耳其最常见的姓氏是伊尔马兹
As of 2013, the most common surname in the country was Yilmaz.
第九 土耳其被囚禁的记者比世界上其他任何地方都多
9. More journalists are imprisoned in Turkey than anywhere else in the world.
众所周知 叙利亚和俄罗斯对记者来说是危险之地
Syria and Russia are notoriously dangerous for journalists,
许多记者都因该职业而被杀害
with many being killed for their careers.
但土耳其是全球囚禁记者人数最多的国家
But Turkey has the highest number of imprisoned journalists in the world.
大多数记者因支持库尔德工人党
The majority have been jailed for their support of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party,
而依反恐法被控入狱
charged with an anti-terror law.
政府对媒体施加了很大压力要求他们解雇那些批评他们的记者
The government puts a lot of pressure on the media to dismiss journalists who are critical of them.
因此 为避免被起诉 许多记者选择自我审查
So, many journalists have chosen to self-censor in order to avoid prosecution.
第十 土耳其的部分海岸线被作为礼物给予了克利奥帕特拉
10. Part of Turkey’s coastline was given to Cleopatra as a gift.
马克·安东尼和克利奥帕特拉结婚时
When Mark Antony and Cleopatra got married,
为打动她 他把土耳其南部 现在的阿拉尼亚这块地方赠予她
he gave her what is now Alanya, in the south of Turkey in a bid to impress her.
克利奥帕特拉海滩是 土耳其最令人震撼的海滩之一
Cleopatra Beach is one of the most stunning in Turkey,
临近海岸的克利奥帕特拉岛是土耳其的真正瑰宝
and Cleopatra Island off its coast is a true gem.
埃及女王本人也认为这里是她的天堂
The Queen of Egypt herself thought it was her paradise.
如今 你可以乘船到这里旅行
And now, you can travel there by boat.
第十一 世界上第五昂贵的住宅位于伊斯坦布尔的海岸上
11. The fifth most expensive house in the world is on the coast of Istanbul.
它以古典风格装饰 难道这不是东西方的完美结合吗?
Decorated in a classic style, wasn’t it a properly easter meets west decor?
该房产价值一亿一千五百万美元 自带200英尺长码头
This 115 million dollar estate has its own 200-foot quay,
总占地面积三万平方英尺
measuring 30,000 square feet in total.
滨海的这座房产有64个房间
This waterfront estate has 64 rooms,
并装饰有各种金色物件和水晶吊灯
and it’s kitted out with gold things and crystal chandeliers.
这座宅邸由亚历山德拉·瓦莱丽于19世纪中期设计
The mansion was designed by Alexandra Valerie in the mid 19th century
用来供苏丹阿卜杜勒·哈米德二世的一位大臣居住
for one of Sultan Abdul Hamid II’s ministers.
现在 这座宅邸正在市场上出售
And now, it’s on the market.
第十二 伊斯坦布尔最贵的餐厅之一只接受现金
12. One of Istanbul’s most expensive restaurants only accepts cash.
Kanaat餐厅是伊斯坦布尔的一家360度餐厅
Kanaat Restaurant is a 360 degree restaurant in Istanbul
在这里能够观看到周边地区的壮丽景色
that offers a stunning view of the surrounding areas.
这家餐厅环境为现代极简主义风格 供应传统的土耳其和奥斯曼食物
They serve traditional Turkish and Ottoman food in a modern and minimalist setting.
但是无法用美国运通卡来消费 因为这里只接受现金
But there’s no point to bring your American Express as they only accept cash.
这在土耳其的餐厅是很常见的 不论餐厅有多么豪华
This is common in Turkish restaurants,no matter how luxurious,
因此 所有的旅游者都应记得带上现金
so all tourists should remember to carry it.
第十三 土耳其人非常爱国
13. Turks are very patriotic.
土耳其国旗有着宗教和国家意义
The Turkish flag has religious and national significance,
因此 土耳其人在任何地方都自豪地展示国旗
so it’s displayed everywhere with pride.
2016年7月 军事政变失败后 土耳其国旗的销量飙升
Sales of Turkish flags actually soared after the failed military coup in July, 2016,
第一天就卖出了150万面国旗 以此展示对国家和政府的忠诚
with 1.5 million sold on day 1 as the show of loyalty to the country and the government.
土耳其选举投票率很高
Turkey has a high turnout for elections,
上次选举投票率高达85%
with 85 percent voting in the last election,
这表明土耳其人特别投身于自己的国家及其发展方式
showing that the population is particularly invested in the country and how it moves forward.
第十四 土耳其妇女先于大多数欧洲国家赢得选举权
14. The women of Turkey won the right to vote before most European countries.
当提到为女性争取平等权利时
It’s easy for us to assume that a predominantly Muslim country
我们很容易认为 以穆斯林为主导的国家会进展缓慢
would be slow on the uptake when it comes to equal rights for women,
但事实并非如此
but that’s not necessarily the case.
土耳其妇女于1930年赢得选举权
Women in Turkey won the right to vote in 1930,
这要先于法国 葡萄牙 比利时 希腊和瑞士
before France, Portugal, Belgium, Greece and Switzerland.
最新实施平等选举权的国家是沙特阿拉伯
The most recent country to introduce equal voting rights was Saudi Arabia,
晚于土耳其85年
85 years after Turkey.
第十五 特洛伊事实上是在土耳其 并不在希腊
15. Troy wasn’t in Greece. It was actually in Turkey.
著名的特洛伊古城
The famous ancient city of Troy,
就是海伦被绑架后被带去之处以及巨型木马被建造的地方
where Helen was taken after her kidnappingand the big wooden horse was created,
人们认为它存在于土耳其
is believed to have existed in Turkey.
古城位于小亚细亚——土耳其的欧洲部分
Located in what is known as Asia Minor,the European parts of Turkey,
现在仍能看到其卫城的部分墙体
some of the walls ofthe city’s acropolis can still be seen.
多年来 人们认为特洛伊完全是虚构的
For many years, people thought Troy was entirely fictional,
但这些遗迹似乎证明了它的确切位置
but these ruins seem to prove exactly where it stood.
我们都习惯了解土耳其
We are all used to reading about Turkey,
但它主要笼罩在消极的新闻报道中
but it’s mainly shrouded in negative news stories.
对游览过该国家的人来说 实际上明显体会到
What’s actually evident to anyone who’s visited this country
土耳其是个拥有丰富历史的令人震撼和多元化的地方
is that it’s a stunning and diverse place with a really rich history.
它与希腊和埃及一样具有古老意义
It has as much ancient significance as Greece and Egypt.
土耳其的风景使其成为世界的瑰宝之一
And its scenery makes it one of the jewels of the world.
关于土耳其 我们不知道的还有很多
There is so much we don’t know about it,
所以 或许是时候探究一番了
so maybe it’s time to explore.
如果你能到这个神奇的国度旅行
If you could take a trip to this amazing country
你的第一站会是哪里呢?
what would be your first stop?
你是会参观所有的历史遗迹和遗址 探索古代世界呢?
Would you take a tour of every monument and site and explore the ancient world?
还是会环顾其现代街道 然后会一会土耳其的爱国人士呢?
Or would you look around the country’s modern streets and meet the patriotic people of Turkey?
哦 你还没离开
Oh! You’re still here.
下面是关于土耳其的另一条怪异且不可思议的事实
Here is another bizarre and incredible fact about Turkey.
相传 诺亚方舟在土耳其东部的亚拉拉特山首次登陆
According to legend, Noah’s Ark first landed in eastern Turkey on Mount Ararat.
一群福音派基督教探险家
A group of evangelical Christian explorers
声称在火山岩屑下发现了方舟残骸
claimed to have found the debris underneath debris of the volcano.
然而 关于这一点有相冲突的观点存在 双方都存有诸多争议
However, there are two conflicting views on this, with many disputing any side exists at all.
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Thank you for spending some time with us, aluxer.
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