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关于马德里你不知道的15件事

15 Things You Didn't Know About Madrid

关于马德里你不知道的15件事
15 THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT MADRID
欢迎来到ALUX网
Welcome to ALUX.com,
这里是未来亿万富翁获取灵感的地方
the place where future billionaires come to get inspired.
又见面了 ALUX的网友们
Hello again, Aluxers.
欢迎收看新一期精彩视频 这期视频里充满了奇闻趣事
And welcome back to another fascinating and fun fact filled video.
如你所知 我们致力于让观众深入了解
As you know, we’re dedicated to giving you insights into
全球最好的产品 品牌 食品 人物与地点
some of the finest products, brands, foods, individuals and locations in the world.
今天 我们带来了欧洲最令人向往的城市之一的一系列趣事
And today, we have a set of intriguing tidbits about one of Europe’s most desirable cities,
这座城市就是西班牙首都马德里
the capital of Spain, Madrid.
它坐落于西班牙中部曼萨纳雷斯河畔
It lies on the River Manzanares in central Spain
是该国的政治 经济 文化中心
and is the political, economic and cultural center of the country.
由于国内斗争与领土争端
Due to civil disputes and territory arguments,
西班牙直到16世纪才定都
Spain did not have a settled capital city until… well until the 16th century.
在来自奥地利王室的腓力二世统治时期 马德里最终被选为都城
Madrid was finally chosen during the reign of Philippe the second from the Royal House of Austria.
因为这里有丰富的水源
Madrid was chosen because of its abundance of water supply
而且周边有充足的猎物以供随时猎取
and game for hunting in its immediate surroundings.
虽然有谣言称
Although there is a rumor
腓力二世专横的第三任妻子伊丽莎白·德·瓦卢瓦左右了他的想法
that Philippe’s mind was made up by his overbearing third wife Isabel de Valois,
而据说他的此任妻子极为钟情于这座城市
who had reportedly fallen in love with the city.
这里的人们都极为好客 乐于接纳他人
The city is filled with incredible peoplewho are really welcoming and love to entertain.
如果你曾在游览这座城市时享受到了它带来的乐趣
If you’ve had the pleasure of visiting the Spanish city before,
那你就会知道这个城市的众多优点
then you’ll know all about its many virtues.
如果你还未曾沐浴过那令人目眩神迷的欧洲阳光
But if you have yet to soak up the stunning European Sun
那就坐下来 欣赏关于马德里你不知道的15件事吧
then sit back and enjoy this set of 15 things you didn’t know about Madrid.
第一 马德里是欧盟第三大城市
No.1 Madrid is the 3rd biggest city in the European Union.
目前 马德里在欧盟最大城市中位列第三
Currently Madrid sits 3rd on the list of largest cities in the European Union.
但随着英国脱欧
But with London’s upcoming departure from the community,
马德里将会上升到第二位
it looks set to rise up to the second spot.
城市活跃人口约310万人
With a vibrant population of around 3.1 million people,
马德里就像西班牙一颗怦怦跳动的心脏 充满生机与活力
Madrid is the buzzing beating heart of Spain.
然而 与柏林庞大惊人的360万人口相比
However, compared to the staggering 3.6 million citizens of Berlin,
马德里就如一座宁静的村庄
Madrid can feel like a quiet village.
第二 马德里是欧洲海拔最高的首都
No.2 Madrid is the highest capital in Europe.
虽然街道两旁或许种满了棕榈树
There may be palm trees planted throughout the streets,
但来马德里绝对不会有恼人的湿气让你担忧
but pesky humidity is definitely not somethingthat you have to worry about when visiting Madrid.
由于城市海拔在667米与700米之间
As the city sits between 667 and 700 meters above sea level,
马德里的气候完全受干洁空气与山风影响
Madrid’s climate is completely defined by clear dry air and mountainous winds
因此秋季气候宜人 夏季高温炎热
that make for pleasant autumn days and some really blazing summers.
事实上 与欧洲其它地方相比 马德里的晴天更多
In fact, Madrid has the most cloudless days than any other place in Europe.
第三 马德里建于公元860年左右
No.3 Madrid was founded around 860 A.D.
约公元前200年 罗马人入侵西班牙
When the Romans came to Spain at around 200 B.C.,
当时并没有一处殖民地被称为马德里
there was absolutely no trace of a settlement that would become known as Madrid.
实际上1000多年以来
In fact for over 1,000 years,
这片山区几乎无人居住
the mountainous lands were barely inhabited.
但直到9世纪末 阿拉伯统治者穆罕默德一世
That is however until Arabic ruler Muhammad Ⅰ
来到西班牙选择在此地建立一座城堡
came to the country and chose to build a castle in the late 9th century.
这座城堡之后成为一座小型堡垒
The castle then turned into a small citadel.
人口开始增长 更多建筑拔地而起
The population began to grow, more buildings began to rise up,
后来的事都是众所周知的了
and the rest as they say is history.
然而“Madrid(马德里)”一词已有2000多年历史
However, the word “Madrid” is over 2,000 years old.
虽然这座城市直到公元860年才建城
Though the city itself may not have been founded until 860 A.D.,
但“Madrid”一词的历史要比这久远的多
the word “Madrid” dates back much farther,
可以追溯到阿拉伯语“Magerit”或“ Mayrit”
traced back to Arabic “Magerit” or “Mayrit”
皆有“丰水之地”的意思
are words meaning “place of abundant water”.
有很多迹象表明现代的“Madrid”一词
There are many suggestions that the modern word “Madrid”
来源于这些词
stemmed from those original words.
但也有理论称“Madrid”这个名称起源于罗马
But there are also theories that Madrid’s name actually has Roman origins,
因为约2000年前有一个古罗马村庄叫做“Matrice(马翠斯)”
based on the fact there was an old Roman settlement called “Matrice”
就位于曼萨纳雷斯河畔
just by the Manzanares river some 2,000 years ago.
第四 马德里的盾徽由一只熊与一棵树组成
No.4 The city’s coat of arms is a bear and a tree.
马德里著名的盾徽雕像
A statue of Madrid’s famous coat of arms
位于太阳门广场中央
can be found in the middle of Puerta del Sol.
呈现了一只大熊伸手够树枝的醒目形象
A striking image of a great bear reaching up to the branches of a tree.
这两个标志组成了马德里的官方盾徽
These two symbols make up the official coat of arms of Madrid.
据说这个形象表示的是议会与城中牧师间纠纷不断的处理结果
And it is said to represent the settlement of an ongoing dispute between the council and the city clergyman
他们都想使用当地的森林和田地
over the use of local forests and fields.
你能想出一个更有创意更独特的盾徽吗?
Can you think of a more inventive and unique coat of arms?
这个盾徽绝对算一个
This one is definitely up there.
第五 马德里拥有西班牙地价最昂贵的五条街道
No.5 Madrid is home to five of Spain’s most expensive streets.
西班牙最近的地产调查显示
According to a recent property survey across the country,
马德里拥有整个西班牙最令人向往的 地价最昂贵的五条街道
Madrid is home to five of the most desirable and expensive streets in the whole of Spain.
如果有人想要在阿尔马格罗街开始奢侈新生活
Those looking to start a new life of luxury in Madrid’s Calle Almagro
每平方米平均需要支付6300美元
can expect to pay an average of $6300 per square meter.
如果你还有闲钱
If you have even more cash to splash,
可以去有“黄金地带”之称的购物街
then you can set up on the so-called golden mile.
如卡地亚 圣罗兰 马诺洛一类的品牌特色商店在此林立
A stretch featuring stores like Cartier, Yves Saint Laurent and the Manolo Blahnik
这里每平方米的地价足有6500美元
that will cost you a cool $6500 per square meter.
而最昂贵的街道要数优雅的委拉兹开斯街
The most expensive street in Madrid however is the elegant Calle de Velázquez,
这里的地价每平方米高达6700美元
where property costs $6700 per square meter.
第六 马德里本地人被称为“猫”
No.6 Madrid natives are known as cats.
你知道吗? 马德里本地人被称为“gatos”
Did you know that natives of Madrid are known as “gatos”?
翻译过来就是“猫”
This translates into English as “cats”
这显然是有历史渊源:
and is apparently historic reference to the fact
众所周知 西班牙士兵爬墙灵活敏捷
that Spanish soldiers were known for being able to climb walls with such agility
让人想到我们毛茸茸的猫科朋友
that reminded people of our furry feline friends.
第七 马德里拥有世界上最古老的餐厅
No.7 Madrid is home to the world’s oldest restaurant.
这家名为“Sobrino de Botín”的餐厅
The restaurant Sobrino de Botín
已经由吉尼斯世界纪录认证
has been certified by the Guinness Book of World Records,
成为世界上持续经营时间最长的餐厅
as being the oldest continuously operating establishment in the world.
餐厅建于1725年
It was founded in 1725,
位于los Cuchilleros大街 17号
located on Calle de los Cuchilleros 17.
最初由法国人让·博坦建立 名为Casa Botín
It was originally founded at Casa Botín by Frenchman Jean Botin.
这么多年来 餐厅也见识过很多著名面孔
It has seen many famous faces down the years.
艺术家戈雅曾在此做过侍者
The artist Goya worked as a waiter here.
美国作家欧内斯特·海明威和杜鲁门·卡波特都是这里的常客
American writers Ernest Hemingway and Truman Capote were patrons,
演员克里斯托弗·沃肯和凯瑟琳·泽塔-琼斯都曾在此用餐
as have been actors Christopher Walken and Catherine Zeta-Jones.
海明威的小说《太阳照常升起》中
Hemingway’s novel The Sun Always Rises
就提到了这家餐厅和这里的招牌菜
mentions the restaurant and house signature dish,
烤乳猪
cochinillo asado, roasted suckling pig.
如果这道菜不合你的口味
But if that doesn’t tickle your taste buds,
可以试试西班牙大蒜汤 这是一种加入水煮蛋的鸡汤
try Sopa de Ajo, an egg poached in chicken broth
再添入雪利酒和大蒜
laced with Sherry and garlic,
是马德里纵酒狂欢者宿醉后最喜欢的醒酒佳品
which is a favorite morning-after pick-me-up for madrileños revelers.
第八 马德里拥有西欧最大的皇宫
No.8 Madrid’s royal palace is the largest royal palace in western Europe.
每年游客量近百万
With nearly 1 million visitors each year,
皇宫是马德里最受游客欢迎的景点之一
the royal palace is one of Madrid’s most popular tourist attractions.
皇宫紧邻美丽的东方广场
The Palacio Real stands next to beautiful Plaza de Oriente,
位于摩尔人城堡旧址之上
and stands on the site of the Moorish Alcázar,
这座城堡1734年毁于火灾
a castle that was destroyed by fire in 1734.
皇宫由菲利波·尤瓦拉设计
The building was designed by Filippo Juvarra
供腓力五世
to accommodate Felipe V,
以及3000余朝臣居住
and is more than 3000 courtiers.
2800间房间中 有极具历史价值的古董家具
Its 2800 rooms contain historically significant antiques of furniture,
挂毯 陶器 以及委拉兹开斯和戈雅的艺术作品
tapestries and ceramics as well as artworks by Velázquez and Goya.
令人惊叹的皇宫是马德里最具有辨识度的地标之一
The stunning Royal Palace is one of Madrid’s most recognizable landmarks,
但你知道吗?西班牙国王并不住在这座宏伟的宫殿之中
but did you know that the king of Spain doesn’t actually live inside its grand halls?
虽然这里还是西班牙皇室的官邸
It might still be the official residence of the Spanish royal family,
但1962年以后 西班牙君主就搬到了面积小很多的萨苏埃拉宫
but since 1962 monarchs have lived in a much more petite palace of Zarzuela,
位于马德里市郊
on the outskirts of the city.
虽然面积更小 但仍适合一国君主居住
It may be more petite but it is certainly still a home fit for a king.
第九 马德里最贵的酒店房间是麦格纳别墅酒店的皇家套房
No.9 The most expensive hotel room in Madrid is the Real Suite at the Villa Magna.
房间极为宽敞 布置豪华奢侈
Spectacularly spacious and fitted out in unapologetic luxury,
位于这座马德里市中心的
the Real Suite occupies the top floor of
五星级豪华酒店顶层
the magnificent 5-star Villa Magna hotel in central Madrid,
格调优雅别致 也是休息的佳所
graceful and elegant yet still the perfect place to relax.
套房包含两间卧室 一间客厅 一间餐厅
The suite consists of two bedrooms, a living room and a dining room.
可以俯瞰马德里主街全景
The panoramic views overlook Madrid’s main avenue,
卡斯蒂利亚大道和塞拉诺大街尽收眼底
the Paseo de la Castellana and exclusive Serrano street.
套房内有一架三角钢琴 几间大理石铺成浴室
There is a grand piano and white marble bathrooms
以及一间水疗蒸汽室
as well as a spa and steam room.
当然 豪华的顶楼套房中
The study of penthouse decadence naturally offers
有私人厨房和男仆人随时为您提供最完美的服务
impeccable service with private kitchen and butler.
这间3122平方英尺(约290平方米)的奢侈套房
This 3122 square feet of pure luxury
每晚花费21000美元
costs $21000 per night.
第十 马德里俊男美女比比皆是
No.10 Madrid is filled with beautiful people.
也许是因为水土 也许是因为这里的阳光
Maybe it’s in the water, maybe it’s because of the sun,
也许是因为这里著名的地中海饮食
maybe it’s that famous Mediterranean diet.
无论是什么原因
Whatever it is,
都不可否认西班牙和马德里
there is no denying that Spain and Madrid
养育出了一些世界上最为美貌之人
have produced some of the most beautiful people in the entire world.
女演员佩内洛普·克鲁兹和模特玛丽娜·佩雷斯
Actress Penelope Cruz and model Marina Perez,
都来自西班牙首都马德里
both daughters of the Spanish capital,
是世界知名的美女
are world-renowned beauties.
也别忘了我们的小伙子
And let’s not forget the guys, too.
足球运动员费尔南多·托雷斯
Footballer Fernando Torres
一直以来被认为是世界上最性感的体育明星之一
has long been regarded as one of the world’s hottest sports stars.
要了解更多有关知名西班牙俊男美女的信息
You can learn more about the renowned beauty of the Spanish people
可以观看我们的视频《世界上最性感的十个国家》
in our video “10 hottest nationalities in the world”.
点击左上角即可观看
Check it out by clicking the top right corner.
第十一 马德里拥有世界上最成功的足球俱乐部
No.11 Madrid is home to the world’s most successful soccer club.
两支让人骄傲的足球队 皇家马德里和马德里竞技
Boasting two major teams, Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid,
西班牙首都马德里是足球迷的梦想之地
the Spanish capital is a soccer fans’ dream.
两支队伍之中 皇家马德里被加以皇冠
Of the two, it is Real Madrid that wins the crown.
屏幕上展示的是该俱乐部获得的一长串荣誉
Here’s the club’s roll of honor showcased on the screen.
皇家马德里不仅是最成功的俱乐部
Real Madrid are not only the most successful club,
也是世界上最有价值的俱乐部
but it’s also the world’s most valuable club.
2016年俱乐部估值36.5亿美元
In 2016, it was valued at 3.65 billion dollars
每年收入有6.94亿美元
and its annual revenue of 694 million dollars,
成为世界上收入最高的俱乐部
makes it the world’s highest earning club.
他们的主场馆名为伯纳乌
Their stadium is called Bernabéu,
位于马德里北部的查马丁
and it is in Chamartín, the north of Madrid
可容纳85000名观众
and holds 85000 spectators.
皇家马德里之中也有世界上最富有的足球运动员
The Real Madrid also has on their team the richest soccer player in the world,
克里斯蒂亚诺·罗纳尔多
Cristiano Ronaldo,
仅俱乐部的薪水每年就有3000万美元
who’s earning over 30 million dollars per year alone only from his club salary,
这还不包括他拿到各种签约费用
not including the various endorsement deals he’s got going.
要谈起西班牙的运动 斗牛不得不提
You can’t really talk about sport in Spain without mentioning bullfighting.
第十二 拉斯班塔斯斗牛场是西班牙面积最大 地位最高的斗牛场
No.12 Las Ventas bullring is the biggest and most important bullring in Spain.
马德里的这处竞技场可容纳的观众不到24000人
The arena in Madrid seats just under 24000 people,
是世界第三大斗牛场 次于最大的墨西哥城斗牛场
and it’s the largest in the world after the Plaza de Toros Mexico in Mexico City
和第二大的委内瑞拉瓦伦西亚斗牛场
and the second largest Plaza de Toros Monumental de Valencia in Venezuela.
第十三 你可以在马德里参观柏林墙
No.13 You can visit the Berlin Wall in Madrid.
不必去德国 你就可以参观柏林墙
You don’t necessarily have to go to Germany to experience the Berlin Wall.
事实上 马德里城内不同地点都有这堵臭名昭著的墙的墙体
Madrid actually has sections of the infamous wall in different locations across the city.
三段墙体在查马丁区的柏林公园 名字恰如其分
Three blocks can be viewed in the aptly named Berlin Park in the Chamartín District.
而在托雷洪德阿尔多斯的欧洲公园里
Whilst, the Parque de Europa of Torrejón de Ardoz
也安放着另一段墙体
is also the final resting place of another section.
如果你正在游览马德里
If you’re visiting Madrid,
不要错过这次机会来亲眼看看
don’t miss the opportunity to see firsthand
上个世纪一些最重要的历史文物
some of the most important historical artifacts of the last century.
第十四 西班牙最高楼位于马德里
No.14 Spain’s tallest building is in Madrid.
这里说的是结晶大楼 一座玻璃大厦
The building in question is the Torre Cristal, tower of glass,
伫立于马德里四大楼商业区
which stands in Madrid’s Cuatro Torres business area.
于2008年落成
Completed in 2008,
楼高249米
it has a height of 249 meters,
比临近的马德里银行大楼仅高出一米
which is only one meter taller than its near neighbor Torre Cepsa,
但仍是欧盟第四高楼
but is the 4th tallest building in the European Union.
整栋楼有53层 由西萨·佩里设计
It has 53 floors and was designed by César Pelli.
第十五 马德里是大致上位于西班牙中心
No.15 Madrid is practically the center of Spain.
虽然不是西班牙地理位置的正中心
Although not the absolute geographical center of Spain,
但马德里是“零公里”标志的所在地
Madrid is the site Km.0.
这是指一块位于马德里地方政府大楼前人行道上的石标
A stone sits on a pavement in front of the palace of the regional government in Madrid.
标志着马德里起初六条最古老公路的辐射中心
marking the radial center of the 6 original and oldest highways of Spain.
现在你已经了解完
So there you have it,
关于美好城市马德里的15个你不知道的事实
15 great facts that you didn’t know about the wonderful city of Madrid.
嗨 ALUX的网友们 我们很想知道 大家去过马德里吗?
Hey, Aluxers, we’re curious to know have you ever been to Madrid?
如果去过 让你在旅途中流连忘返的是什么呢?
If yes what was one of the things that stuck with you from your journey?
请在评论中告诉我们
Let us know in the comments.
第十六 你已经看到了这里 再加一条怎么样?
And No.16. you’ve made this far. Now how about a bonus fact?
到2017年为止 马德里有37家餐厅被授予米其林星
As of 2017, there are 37 restaurants in Madrid with a Michelin star.
其中DiverXO是唯一一家三星餐厅
DiverXO is the only one with three stars.
ALUX的网友们 感谢你们的陪伴
Thank you for spending some time with us Aluxer.
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Make sure to subscribe so you never miss a video.
如果想观看更多视频我们精选了这些你可能会喜欢视频
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视频概述

西班牙首都马德里 是“欧洲之门” 也是欧洲的艺术中心 名胜古迹遍布全城 文化氛围浓厚 历史与现代在此交融

听录译者

杜若

翻译译者

杜若

审核员

A

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1xalJqhsXc

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