15 THINGS YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT BRAZIL
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嗨 ALUX网网友们 欢迎观看新一期的精彩视频
Hello, Aluxers and welcome back to another amazing video.
Today, we’re exploring the exotic and stunning country of Brazil.
The largest South American country, Brazil is known for its incredible ecological variety,
beautiful beaches and even more beautiful women.
Brazil was famously colonized by Portugal in 1500,
making it the only South American country to not speak Spanish.
Home to the famous Amazon River and the huge tropical forest that surrounds it.
Many medicines, species and natural phenomena have been discovered here.
Because Alux.com is dedicated to becoming the world’s best resource
on the world’s most diverse and fascinating countries.
So here are 15 things you didn’t know about Brazil.
第一 巴西的Bala Do Sancho海滩是世界最好海滩
1. Brazil’s Bala Do Sancho is the best beach in the world.
根据Trip Advisor Reviews排名 Bala Do Sancho海滩是世界上最好的海滩
According to Trip Advisor Reviews, Bala Do Sancho is the best beach in the world,
thanks to its crystal-clear waters and incredible landscape,
particularly perfect for divers and snorkelers.
游客们可以和海龟一起游泳 还有小丑鱼 鹦嘴鱼 甚至礁鲨
Visitors will be able to swim alongside turtles, clownfish, parrotfish and even reef sharks.
Part of its own network of islands, many visitors come for two or three days to fully take advantage of it.
2. 82% of Brazilians can trace their ancestry back to slavery.
During the Portuguese occupation during the 1500s,
many Brazilians were enslaved for agricultural work and mining.
Slaves of African origin began to arrive in the 16th century,
which contributed to Brazil becoming a leading sugar exporter.
And even after abolitionism, slaves were continuously shipped to and from Brazil.
Historically, Brazilian slaves had more of a chance of achieving upward mobility,
because their skin tone was usually lighter than African slaves, but the communities still mixed.
Creating generations of people who could trace their ancestry back to the slave trade.
3. There are two Osama Bin-Laden themed bars in Brazil.
The former terrorist and al-qaeda leader seems like a strange person to create a themed bar around.
But the Brazilians have taken the concept and run with it.
Bardo Bin Laden in Sao Paulo and Cavern Ad Bin Laden near Rio are run by look-alikes.
Sao Paulo bar was renamed because the police were called by a concerned patron,
who thought Bin Laden was lying low behind the bar.
These are the most famous,
but there are apparently over 10 Brazilian bars and restaurants named after the terrorist leader.
第四 巴西有4000个机场 仅次于美国
4. Brazil has 4,000 airports, beaten only in number by the USA.
The busiest airport in Brazil is Guar Uno’s International Airport in Sao Paulo,
which serves nearly 40 million passengers a year.
Unfortunately, it was recently voted the tenth worst Airport in the world by CNN readers,
because less than half of their flights leave on time
and only 59 percent of flights arrive on schedule.
Interested in getting around in a different way,
watch our video about 10 stylish votes for the modern single man.
5. Brazil’s indigenous people didn’t keep written records or build monuments.
Very little is known about Brazil’s native people because they didn’t build monuments
or erect any kind of stone structures.
Adding to this is the fact that the soil is acidic and the climate is humid,
so many wooden materials and bone remains have been destroyed by the natural surroundings.
The only real indication, our water believed to be ancient landfill sites,
where the remains of some of the homes and even discarded shellfish have been found.
6. There are approximately 100 communities in the Amazon
that have never had contacted with the rest of the world.
The Amazon rainforest covers a colossal 2.5 million square,
which is why much of it remains unexplored.
Within the forests are estimated to be 100 communities of people who are undiscovered
and remain entirely separate from the rest of Brazil’s population.
Various communities have been found in using aerial photography, including the alwah
who live a nomadic life that involves constantly moving their camp every few days.
This is probably a good education that they don’t want to be disturbed.
第七 二战后 一些纳粹战犯逃到了巴西
7. Some Nazi War criminals fled to Brazil after WWⅡ.
After their defeat in Germany and the liberation of their concentration camps.
Various Nazis escaped to Brazil and went into hiding.
The most infamous was the notorious Dr. Josef Mengele
who was the SS garrison physician at Auschwitz.
An Argentine historian actually claimed that Mengele was responsible for the sudden surge
in twin births and his new Brazilian village home but this was later disproved.
Mengele died of a stroke while swimming, drowning in the sea.
He was buried under his false name, Wolfgang guard
and never faced capture or the consequences of his war crimes.
8. The most expensive home in Brazil is a 28 million-dollar Sao Paulo Penthouse.
由Itamar Burrows设计 LaSalle Jardin是巴西最高的公寓楼之一
Designed by Itamar Burrows, LaSalle Jardin is one of the tallest apartment blocks in Brazil
and also the most expensive to live in.
The penthouse is obviously the jewel of the crown, measuring 1,400 square meters,
underfloor heating and an ozone treated swimming pool.
One of the building’s most famous residents is Val Macury,
a former supermodel and socialite who’s worth 60 million dollars.
9. Some of the world’s biggest celebrities have toured Brazil’s various shanty towns.
What could be better for some of the poorest people in the world than meeting some of the riches?
Brazil’s favelas have been visited by Madonna in 2009,
surrounded by bodyguards and reportedly wearing a bulletproof vest.
Michael Jackson took a trip when he visited Rio to film a music video in 1996.
The favelas are home to 1.4 million people in Rio,
which is 22% of the city’s entire population.
One of the favelas to be cleaned up
and emptied of its drug-dealing gangs was Santa Marta in 2008
and has consequently become a celebrity favorite.
10. Half of Brazil’s tourists will visit Rio.
The majority of tourists to Brazil come from Argentina
approximately 1.7 million people in 2014.
The majority will go to arguably Brazil’s most famous city, Rio de Janeiro, mainly for
its world-famous carnival and sunny beaches.
The most popular destination for businesspeople is the country’s financial center Sao Paulo.
Salvador is the capital of afro-brazilian culture
and tourists also flock to the largest waterfall system in the world, Iguazú Falls.
11. Brazil’s most famous footballer is Pelé,
considered the greatest in the world by Maradona Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi.
Growing up in poverty,
Pele became the world’s greatest footballer and has a legacy like no other footballer.
He was a part of the World Cup winning team in 1958 and 1962
and is still a Brazilian legend.
Andy Warhol modified his classic 15 minutes of fame quote for Pele,
claiming he would have 15 centuries of fame.
His contemporaries have been just as complimentary.
England’s captain, in 1966, Bobby Moore claimed he was like magic in the air.
12. Brazil’s highest mountain wasn’t discovered until the 1950s.
Because it’s almost permanently covered in cloud.
恰如其名 Pico De Neve Lina被称为雾峰
Pico De Neve Lina is appropriately named mist peak
and stands at 9823 feet above sea level.
The first people to find it were Brazilian soldiers and the first ascent took place in 1965.
The story of its discovery varies
but the most popular is that pilots flew over it during a rare clear day.
The mountain is also very difficult to access in a largely uninhabited region of the Amazon,
which also explains why something as big as this went undiscovered for so long.
13. Brazil is home to the largest population of Catholics in the world.
73.6 percent of Brazilians are Catholic
and one of the country’s most famous monuments is Christ, the Redeemer,
one of the new seven wonders of the world.
Catholicism was introduced to Brazil during the colonial era,
with spreading Christianity becoming one of the Portuguese’s main missions.
In recent years, the church has tried to oppose various governmental changes,
包括堕胎 同性婚姻 同性收养合法化的提议
including the proposal to legislate abortion, same-sex marriage and same-sex adoption.
14. The Amazon rainforest produces one third of Terra’s oxygen.
Not only is the Amazon one of the bio-diverse regions on the planet.
It’s pretty essential for our continued survival.
Covering 1 billion acres, the rainforest is often nicknamed the lungs of our planet.
As well as the home of 10 million species of plants, insects and animals,
没有它 我们也不会有鳄梨 黑胡椒 土豆 菠萝 咖啡 蔗糖
we also wouldn’t have avocados, black pepper, potatoes, pineapples, coffee, sugar,
甚至西红柿 如果没有亚马逊森林 你的冰箱看起来会大不一样
or tomatoes. Without it, so your refrigerator would look wildly different, if it wasn’t for the Amazon.
第十五 巴西享誉世界的名人之一 卡门·米兰达遭到巴西人的批评
15. One of Brazil’s most famous exports, Carmen Miranda, was criticised by Brazilians.
Carmen Miranda was a Portuguese Brazilian singer and performer,
who made her American debut in 1940 after becoming Brazil’s most popular singer.
The Brazilian bombshell returned to her home country after making it big in America.
Her fellow Brazilians remained unimpressed, the press considered her too Americanized.
And the upper classes thought she was too black and in poor taste.
她并没有得到巴西人真正的喜爱 但不论如何 她去世时 仍是好莱坞星光大道的明星
She couldn’t really win but she died with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame regardless.
Brazil has something for everyone, whether you’re a keen biologist, or a party animal.
There’s plenty to enjoy and experiment with.
The country stereotypes only scratch the surface of its diverse culture.
And after hosting the Olympic Games,
it’s undoubtedly going to see even more tourists fly into its 4,000 airports.
If you could take a trip to this amazing country what would be your first stop?
Would you be the first to join in with the famous carnival?
Or are you more interested in traversing the famous Amazon basin
and discovering those remote communities of hunter gatherers?
噢 你还在 这里还有一则关于美丽巴西的惊奇事情
Oh you’re still here, well, here’s another amazing fact about beautiful Brazil.
There are fishermen in the southeast of Brazil who reportedly used dolphins to help them catch fish.
The Dolphins heard the fish into nets and have learned to indicate where there are more fish.
This isn’t a new practice, going on for centuries in Laguna
but it’s the first time the rest of the world has heard about it.
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