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14种现象告诉我们某人是否有自杀想法

14 Ways To Tell If Someone is Suicidal

自杀是一种自己夺取自己生命的行为
Suicide the act of taking your own life
一种很可怕但是很可悲很常见的一种行为
a horrific act but sadly a common occurrence
每四十秒就有人死于自杀
every forty seconds someone dies from suicide
也就是一年中自杀的人达到一百万人
that’s one million people per year
可能你从没直接面对过自杀
maybe you’ve never dealt with suicide directly
可能你认识的某个人曾经试图自杀或自杀过
maybe someone you know has attempted or committed suicide
也许你也试图自杀过
perhaps you have attempted suicide
不管你经历的自杀是怎样的
whatever your experience with suicide is
了解自杀行为的信号是很重要的
it’s very important to understand the signs of suicidal behavior
但也谨记不是每个自杀的人都会出现这些信号
but please keep in mind that not every suicidal person will show this signs
此外 发现一个单一的信号也不意味着那个人要自杀
in addition seeing a single sign does not mean that the person is suicidal
这个视频的意义 就在于让你们了解这些信号
the point of this video is for you to understand these signs
并知道那个要自杀的人是否需要朋友或者需要专业的帮助
and work out whether the person needs a friend or professional help
信号一
sign number one
自杀谈话
suicidal talk
你怎么看自杀
what do you think about suicide?
你想过自杀吗
have you ever thought about killing yourself?
你怎样实施自杀
how would you kill yourself?
你认为最好的自杀方式是什么
what do you think is the best way to commit suicide?
像这样的问题或是词语可能就暗示那个人正在考虑自杀
questions or phrases like these may suggest that the person is considering it
他们讨论自杀是因为他们想听你的意见
they talk about it because they want your opinion
在某种程度上他们在问你有关自杀的建议
in a way they’re asking for advise on committing suicide
而不直截了当的承认他们要自杀
while not openly admitting to it
这可能也是他们求助的一种方式
this may also be a way they’re screaming for help
信号二 把珍贵的东西送人
sign number two giving away prized posessions
当有人把他昂贵的物品或他需要的物品送人 这是一种奇怪的现象
it’s an odd occurrence when someone gives away expensive items or items they may need
在他们心里知道他们去的地方不再需要这些物质东西了
in their mind where their going they don’t need material things
所以他们把这些物质的财产送给他们爱的人
giving away material possessions to loved ones
他们认为在他们死后这是一种对朋友和家人的帮助
may be a way they think they’re helping friends and family after their death
信号三 更改他们的心愿
sign number three changes to their will
经常有一些突发事件促使人们更改他们的心愿
there are usually a number of triggering events that cause someone to write their will
这些事件包括
this events include
婚姻
marriage
生孩子
having kids
上了岁数
older age
开始创业
starting a business
或是亲密爱人去世
or a close loved one dying
如果有人突然要写自己的心愿
if a person seems to want to write a will out of the blue
试着问一下他们为什么决定要写下来
try asking them why they have decided to write one
信号四 获得了一样武器
sign number four obtaining a weapon
当然 得了一样武器这样的小事并不意味着那个人要自杀
of course the mere act of obtaining a weapon doesn’t mean someone is suicidal
但要和前面提到的信号联系起来想
but paired with the previous signs mentioned
所以这个也是一种警告
should serve as a warning
尤其是他们并没有任何从事过任何运动的信号 像
specially if they don’t show any signs of taking up things like
把射击当做运动
shooting as a sport
把射击作为爱好
shooting as a hobby
或收集枪支
or gun collecting
信号五
sign number five
奇怪的睡眠模式
strange sleeping patterns
这些奇怪的睡眠模式在已自杀的人身上经常看到
those strange sleeping patterns are often seen in suicidal people
它并不是由睡眠障碍引起
it isn’t the sleeping disorder that causes this
其实是个人问题 像压力或无休止的思考
it is actually the stress or restless thoughts from personal problems
这些会引发晚上的睡眠问题
that cause the person to have trouble sleeping at night
晚上无法入睡的现象持续很长时间
because of that the inability to sleep that last a long period of time
那可能就是那个人抑郁的线索
may be a clue that someone is suffering from depresion
或自杀想法的来源
or suicidal thoughts
信号六
sign number six
低能量
low energy
低能量水平经常和抑郁联系在一起
low energy levels are often seen in people with depression
也加倍了要自杀的想法
which is some times coupled with suicidal thoughts
低能量也是由于缺少睡眠导致的
this low energy levels happen as a result of lack of sleep
也降低了做活动的积极性
and little motivation to do activities
那样他们才能感觉好点
that would actually help them feel better
信号七
sign number seven
滥用毒品或过度酗酒
abusing drugs or alcohol
布鲁斯·亚历山大的研究证明了这个理论
a study by Bruce Alexander examined the theory
这项实验是通过老鼠的药物成瘾证明的
of drug addiction on rats
之前的研究也证明了成瘾性药物能提高老鼠的活动积极性
previous studies had concluded rats to be highly motivated for addictive drugs
这些老鼠不管是冒着被电击或是挨饿的风险 它们也要嗑药
despite the obvious risks of begin electrocuted or the deprivation of food
亚历山大通过自己的研究挑战了之前的研究
Alexander challenged that notion by conducting a study of his own
他把老鼠关在笼子里 在笼子里的老鼠可以自由活动
he would put the rats on cages where they were free to do activities and interact with other rats
过去的实验里老鼠都是单个的
in past studies the rats were in cages alone
除了嗑药无事可干
often with nothing to do but the addictive drug
在亚历山大的研究中他发现那些老鼠很少嗑药
in Alexander study he found the rats to rarely take the drug
同样这现象可适用于人类
the same implications can be made for humans
当人感觉不到跟他人有联系时
when humans don’t feel connected to anyone
他们用毒品和酒精来逃避现实
they may turn to drugs and alcohol as a form of escape
另一个理由是他们认为
another reason may be because they think
毒品能给他们足够的意志力去自杀
think the drug might give them enough willpower to commit suicide
信号八
sign number eight
对社交生活没有积极性
low motivation for social life
想自杀的人
people who want to commit suicide
经常不参加社交活动
often drop out of their social lives
抑郁的和想自杀的人经常感觉不到他们和周围的人有联系
depressed and suicidal people often don’t feel connected to others around them
结果他们慢慢地远离朋友 远离家人
as a result the may end dropping existing friends or family
因为他们觉得他们自己不够好
because they don’t feel good enough for them
他们也把社交生活当做一种很遥远不重要的事
they may also see socializing as a distant unimportant thing
信号九
sign number nine
不参加他们喜欢的活动了
not participating in activities they love
抑郁和自杀的人对任何活动不再有兴趣
seen in depression as well suicidal people find no interest in activities they love any more
对他们来说什么都不重要 他们的兴趣日益递减
nothing seems to matter and their interest is deminished
信号十
sign number ten
自残
self harm
自残是要自杀的人最大的信号之一
self harm is one of the biggest signs that someone might be suicidal
自残的例子包括
examples of this include

cutting

burning
和服毒
and poisoning oneself
某种意义上说自杀的人在试水
in a sense is a way that suicidal people test the waters
看他们有什么可以用来自杀
to see if they actually have what it takes to commit suicide
之前的自残的人经常说身体的痛可以帮他们远离精神上的痛苦
former self harmers often say that the physical pain helps the escape the emotional one
信号十
sign number ten
冒险行为
risky behaviour
研究表明自杀的人更倾向于参加冒险活动
studies have shown that suicidal people tend to take more risks
像这些信号 疯狂地开车
look out for signs such as driving recklessly
或挑起斗争
or picking fights
信号十一
sign number eleven
情绪突然爆发
emotional outbursts
寻找解释不了的情绪反应
look for unexplained emotional reactions
对人们在他们立场上说的某些事
to certain things people have said in their presence
可能对你来说解释不通 为什么这个词会引发这样的情绪反应
it might make no sense to you why this words are triggering such an emotional response
但可能就是你说的某个词让他们想起了他们生活中的创伤
but it could be words that remind them of a traumatic event in their life
信号十二
sign number twelve
身体语言
body language
这是一种很普遍的信号
this is a very general sign
但跟之前的信号对比 这个可能对于抑郁和自杀想法是个好线索
but paired with the previous signs could be a good clue of depression and suicidal thoughts
找身体语言 像
look for body language such as
肩膀下沉
slump shoulders
盯着地板
staring at the floor
不愿意眼神接触
and unwillingness to make eye contact
信号十三
sign number thirteen
过去的自杀企图
past suicide attempts
第一和最明显的要自杀的信号
the number one and most obvious sign that someone might be suicidal
是他们之前有过企图自杀的历史
is if they have a history of attempting it in the past
这个叫做自杀倾向
this is called suicidal tendencies
人们关于抑郁 不理解的一件事是它不能轻易被药物治愈
one thing people don’t understand about depression is that it’s not easily cured by a pill
药一旦突然停了 可能引发更严重的抑郁波动
a sudden stop of medication may trigger a worse wave of depression
那会导致再一次的自杀企图
that will lead to another suicide attempt
信号十四
sign number fourteen
快乐和冷静
happiness and calmness
这个信号很难发现
this sign is hard to spot
因为你可能沉浸在这个人越来越好的趋势中
because you might be under the immersion that the person is doing better
对于抑郁的误解是悲伤的最低点
a misconception about depression is that the lowest point
当人在床上在悲痛中 什么能让这个人自杀呢
you know when they’re really sad and in bed in ones life is what causes this person to commit suicide
在悲痛的那个点上 人是不愿意做任何事的
what actually happens at this point is that the person is unwilling to do anything
他们不愿意吃
they are at such a low point that they are unwilling to eat
看电视或参加他们最爱的活动
watch TV or partake in their favorite activities
他们大多数时间在床上度过
their days are spent mostly in bed
自杀实际上带走了能量和计划
committing suicide actually takes energy and planning
所以快乐和冷静就在悲痛的最低点以上发生
so this happens just above the lowest point
当他们有能量去考虑清楚并执行自杀的时候
when they have the energy to think clearly and execute it
就在自杀前 家人或亲密的朋友
just before the suicide family members or closed friends
跟受害者有过接触的人都说他们自杀前很快乐很冷静
who where in contact with the victim have even reported seeing them happy and calm
这是自杀者在完成他们最后的计划
this is because the suicidal person has finalized their plan
他们认为终于可以逃离这个世界的痛苦了
and think they can finally escape the pain of this world
以上是人可能自杀的十四个信号
so those were the fourteen signs someone may be suicidal
再一次谨记 单个的信号
now again keep in mind that a single sign
不意味着有人在考虑自杀
doesn’t necessarily means someone thinks about hurting themselfs
在下方评论 我想知道还有其他漏掉的信号没
in the comments below I wanna know what other signs you think we missed

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视频概述

十四种信号告诉我们某人是不是有自杀的想法 但有些信号不能单一的看 要结合其他信号综合看

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

阿天天

审核员

小天使

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soQoEkuUc9s

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