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13个学习技巧

13 Study Tips

Our brain can potentially memorize 2.5 petabytes of information,
大脑能够记忆2.5PB的信息量
which is roughly the equivalent of 3 million hours of YouTube videos.
这相当于三百万小时的视频
In order to use some of that staggering capacity a little more effectively when you learn,
为了让你能在学习过程中 更有效地利用这一惊人能力
here are some tips that are based on widely accepted research
神经科学家和学习专家基于广泛认可的研究
by neuroscientists and learning experts.
给出了一些建议
“Spaced Repetition”
“间隔–重复”学习法
To maximise your learning, study short but often.
少量多次的学习能使学习成果最大化
Neuroscientist proved that synapses,
神经学家已经证明 人脑里约有
the million billion connections in your brain that make you remember and understand stuff,
数千亿个突触相连 用于学习与理解
grow mainly at night when you are asleep.
而这些突触只有在你睡觉时才会增加
This means that it is more productive to study regularly with sleeping breaks in between.
这意味着 学习过程中有规律地常小憩一下会更有效率
Try it!
试一下
Practice something for 15 minutes every day
每天花十五分钟进行某项练习
and you’ll be surprised by your progress within just weeks.
数周内你就会惊叹自己的进步
“Find Your Own Style”
“找到适合你的方式”
While listening to the history teacher,
当听历史老师讲课时
Tom scribbles images and Jane finishes 1 kilo of nuts.
汤姆乱涂乱画 而简吃了一公斤的坚果
Some enjoy watching videos over reading books,
有人喜欢边看视频边读书
others study with friends and some like sitting in silence among a million books.
有人和朋友一起学习 还有些人喜欢在很多书之间安静地待着
Everybody is different.
每个人都是独一无二的
“Good Night’s Sleep”
“优质的夜间睡眠”
Sleep and dreams are vital to processing and storing new information.
睡觉和做梦对于处理和存储信息非常重要
A Harvard study showed that students who had a good night’s sleep
哈佛的一项研究表明 夜里睡得好的学生
remembered their study materials
比那些上午学习应付晚上考试的学生
35% better than those who studied in the morning to take a test in the evening.
多记住了35%的内容
“Focus!”
“集中精神”
If you tend to procrastinate,
如果你有拖延倾向
which means that you tend to switch from doing something hard like studying maths
也就是说你习惯将注意力从难事上转移
to something easy like browsing the web,
例如从学习数学转移到容易的事 例如刷网页
protect yourself from distraction.
要让自己避免拖延
One way of doing this is to shut down your mobile phone
其中一个方法就是关上手机
or go to a quite place like a library.
或者去一个安静的地方学习 如图书馆
“Pomodoro Technique”
“番茄工作法”
Set a timer to 25 minutes when you focus entirely on your studies.
定时25分钟全神贯注学习
When the timer rings, relax for 5 minutes.
时间到就休息五分钟
If you want to continue just set the timer again.
如果想继续就继续定时
The small breaks in between are relaxing and motivating to keep going.
短暂的休息和放松能让你继续学习
“Hard Stuff First”
“最难的优先”
Do the things that are difficult first.
首先做那些困难的事
Because if you are like most people,
因为如果你和大多数人一样
you have the strongest willpower in the morning.
你在早晨时意志力最强
Once you are done with the hard stuff
一旦你完成了困难项目
you will feel better for the rest of the day
在这一天中剩下的时间 你就会感觉良好
and probably more motivated to get other things done.
甚至有可能更有动力去完成其他事
“Exercise, Meditate and Converse”
“锻炼 冥想 交流”
There are few activities proven to grow your brain
有些活动被证实能锻炼脑力
however physical exercise,
然而 体能训练
regular meditation
定期的冥想
and good conversations apparently do exactly that.
和良好的交谈显然更有效果
They lead to the creation of new neurons inside your brain
这些活动能促进大脑中神经元的产生
and therefore grow its potential.
因而能增强大脑的潜力
“Go Places!”
“好的学习地点”
You can create deeper memories of a subject
在一个能够提供丰富视觉线索的环境中学习
by learning in a richer environment that offers more visual clues.
能使你对某件事物有很深刻的记忆
In an experiment
在一项实验中
two groups of students had to remember random words.
两组学生随机记忆单词
One group changed the classroom while studying,
一组在学习过程中换了教室
the other didn’t.
另一组没有换
The group that studied in two different rooms
在不同教室学习的那一组学生
(one was small and windowless, the other big and bright)
(其中一个小并且没有窗子 另一个又大又明亮)
was 40% more likely to recall the words later.
比另一组学生能回忆起更多的单词 可能性多了40%
“Take Fun Seriously”
“认真寻求乐趣”
Whatever it is, find a fun way to practice.
不管学什么 找到一个快乐的练习方式
Modern learning science believes that positive emotions are very important for increasing your learning potential.
现代学习科学相信积极的情绪对于提高学习潜能非常重要
So do yourself a favour and have a good time!
为你自己好 开心点
“Space Your Studies”
“把学习分阶段”
In order to remember things for a longer time,
为了长期记忆某项事物
repeat the material in spaced intervals.
在划分好的间隔中重复这些材料
Facts or vocabularies for example
例如记事情或记单词
are best learned if you review them the first time 1-2 days after the initial study
在初次学习后 花1-2天复习 学习效果更好
and then again after 1 week and after 1 month.
然后在一周后 一个月后继续复习
“30% Read 70% Recite”
“三分读 七分诵”
If you have one hour to learn to recite a poem or prepare for a speech
如果你有一个小时的时间来背诵一首诗或者准备一个演讲
spend 20 Minutes of the time on studying the text
花二十分钟学习文本
and 40 minutes on practicing to recite.
四十分钟来练习背诵
This ratio usually leads to the best results.
这个比率效果最好
In the case of an emergency,
紧急情况下
put a glass of water next to you.
放一杯水在身边
Take a sip whenever you lose it 😉
忘记了就喝口水
“Instant Self-Test”
“即时的自我测试”
After you study finish up with a quick quiz.
学习完毕后进行快速测评
Immediate recall in form of a test or a short summary on what you’ve just learned
或者一个短的总结关于你刚刚学习的东西
can increase retention by as much as 30%.
会增加三成的记忆力
Because it’s much harder for your brain to reflect than to read,
因为对大脑来说,回忆比阅读更难
that extra effort creates deeper traces in your memory.
多花的努力在你的记忆中留下更深的轨迹
“Don’t Force it”
“不要勉强”
Motivation is like hunger.
动机就像饥饿
You cannot force yourself to be motivated
你不能强迫自己充满斗志
just like you can’t tell someone else to be hungry.
就像你不能让别人感到饥饿
So if you are not hungry right now, don’t worry.
因此 如果你现在不饿 不要担心
Take a break and do something else.
休息一下 做点别的

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视频概述

学习技巧

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收集自网络

翻译译者

俞十

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sf

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eVlvxHJdql8

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