Hello art nerds
have you ever wondered about what Gothic art is?
We’re here to talk you.
Let us first be clear what we’re not talkingabout here.
It’s not this,
or this, or this.
Sorry Goth Rock fans and people who like heavyeyeliner.
Gothic architecture first came into prominence in France
around the early to mid 12th century
and it’s mostly exemplified through large cathedrals.
It features things such as stained glass windows,
pointed arches, flying buttresses,
elaborate ribbed-vaulting as well as
asymmetrical designs and facades.
Gothic architecture evolved from Romanesquearchitecture
that was carried through the medieval ages.
Romanesque architecture mostlyfeatured rounded arches, small rounded mosaic windows,
heavy masonry, heavy ceilings aswell as walls.
And for the most part it had
proportional symmetrical plans and facades.
There is a common misconception that
during the medieval ages and during the gothic period
people only built churches and cathedrals,
which is obviously not true
because they had to live some where.
People also built housesand commercial spaces in similar styles,
it’s just that those weren’t built as durable as cathedrals,
and those general got rebuilt more often.
Whereas when it comes to a church or cathedral
they’re general maintained very well.
Various architectural features like flying buttresses,
pointed arches and ribbed-vaulted ceilings
allowed building to be built much taller
with thinner walls as well as allowed
large stained glass windows to be installed.
Now why did they want to build super tall cathedrals
with huge windows you ask?
This mostly due to the fact that various French cities like Chartres,
Reims and Amiens were
competing to have the largest cathedral in the world at the time.
So apparently the taller your building is,
the higher you reach the heavens and
therefore you worship God the most.
The term Gothic originates from the term”Goths.”
which were what the Romans used to describe
Germanic tribes in the medieval period.
It basically means “barbaric”
which is how the Romans felt about Germanic tribes at the time
or anyone who’s not Roman for that matter.
The term “Gothic Architecture” was first used actually
in the 16th century by Italian scholars
and they actually used this term to describe architecture
in the twelfth century in a derogatory way
because at the time they weren’t very interested
in this type of pointy, elaborately designed architecture,
and they felt that it was kind of messy and barbaric.
The tallest completed gothic cathedral
from the early Gothic period is the Amiens cathedral
in France it’s about 120km or 75 miles northof Paris.
It was built from 1220 to 1270.
It reaches an internal height of 42.3 metersor 128 feet (this is wrong it’s 138.8 ft).
Now Gothic art, specifically sculpture and painting,
it refers to a broader period of artistic styles in Europe,
at around the same time, roughly 12-14 centuries,
that includes secular as well as religious works.
They mostly seem to show scenes and figures
in more fluid, naturalistic,narrative and complex forms.
As opposed to prior periods of
relatively more simplistic and rigid compositions.
Many Gothic art works such as paintings and illustrations appear in
altarpieces or illuminated manuscripts in these large Gothic cathedrals.
Now Gothic art gradually evolved into the renaissance period
with little to no distinct transition.
Styles progressively became morethree-dimensional and more depth driven.
Although the precise scientific practice of perspective painting
wouldn’t be perfected in Europe until around the middle of the 16th century
in the middle of the renaissance.
Now the UK and its various colonial counterparts
experienced a very prominent period of Gothic revival
later in around the 18th and 19th centuries.
Especially after the rise of Romanticism
where people gained a new appreciation and longing for
medieval decorative arts and architecture.
And thus many well known buildings such as the Palace at Westminster,
the London Bridge as well as the Parliament buildings in Canada in Ottawa, Ontario
were built with very distinctive Gothic revival styles.
Thanks for watching.
And please let us know if you have any cool and interesting facts
about Gothic art and architecture.
And pleaseleave us a comment if you have any suggestions
on what we could do in a future episode.
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