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12个反映粑粑健康状况的良心干货 – 译学馆
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12个反映粑粑健康状况的良心干货

12 Things Your Stool Says About Your Health

So, today we’re talking about stools.
我们今天讨论的话题是凳子
Now, I kind of like the four-legged barstool myself.
我比较喜欢坐四脚的高脚凳
I find it is very stable.
这种椅子很稳当
Er, it’s easy to sit on and
坐起来很方便
what? Oh. We’re not talking about that kind of stool.
什么?我要讲的不是“凳子”
Ohhh…
噢……
And now for a different kind of stool.
原来是“粪便”
Twelve things your poop says about your health.
你的便便告诉你12个健康的小秘密
Well, as gross as it may sound,
好吧 听起来可能有点重口
the color and shape of your stool
而你大便的颜色和形状
can reveal a lot about your health.
却能反映许多健康问题
Any changes you might notice
你发现大便的任何变化
can be a sign of a serious disease.
也许就是一种重症的症兆
Don’t ignore them.
别忽视哦
Watch this video till the end.
耐心看完本节目
to take another step towards good health.
你就能多掌握一种保健措施
Poop color, as you probably know, the normal color of stool is brown.
我们知道大便的颜色一般为棕色
It may vary slightly from time to time depending on what you eat.
由于饮食的不同 其颜色可能会发生轻微改变
but a sudden color change for no obvious reason can be a warning sign.
但颜色无故突变就是个危险信号了
So, let’s find out what’s what.
我们来探究其原因所在吧
1.White
1 白色
Whitish, greyish or clay color stool
大便发白或呈灰白且较黏
indicate a lack of bile.
可能在暗示你的胆汁分泌不足
Bile is what makes normal poop brown.
正常情况下 胆汁会让大便呈棕色
Latter poop may hint and problems would the liver and gallbladder.
大便能反映肝乃至胆囊的问题
As these are organs where bile is produced and stored.
因为这些是分泌和储存胆汁的器官
It can be anything from blocked bile ducts and gallstones to cirrhosis.
所以可能是胆管受堵 胆结石或肝硬化等各种问题
Gallstones can give you some serious abdominal pain.
胆结石可能会引起某些剧痛
or show no signs of their existence.
亦或是胆功能缺乏
making it trickier to diagnose.
会让医生更难确诊病情
As for cirrhosis,
至于肝硬化
it gives your liver irreversible damage.
会带来无法恢复的伤害
So early detection of it could be lifesaving.
因此早些检测出来对大家有好处
White mucus on brown stool may be a sign of a crohn’s disease.
棕色大便附着白色粘液 可能是克罗恩病的前兆
which is a chronic and inflammatory bowel disease.
这是一种慢性炎症性肠胃病
No.2 Green.
2 绿色
Are you a fan of spinach, kale and broccoli?
你是不是超喜欢吃菠菜 甘蓝和花椰菜
Or may be your diet contains avocados, cucumbers, zucchini,
或是你日常饮食包含鳄梨 黄瓜 西葫芦
kiwis and other green foods.
猕猴桃或其他蔬菜
Then you probably don’ t have a reason to worry about green poop.
那你就不用担心这种绿色的大便了
A green color may be caused by
大便呈现绿色
the consumption of vegetables rich in chlorophyll, which makes them green.
可能因为蔬菜中富含叶绿素
Or green food coloring in drinks and iron supplements.
或是由蔬菜饮料或铁补充剂颜色所致
If food is not the reason,
若不是食物引起
it means your stool pass the digestive track too quickly
那就意味着食物快速地通过了消化道
and didn’t have time to get them enough bile and bilirubin.
还没来得及与胆汁和胆红素反应
Are you guys still with me on this track through the poop?
你还在看吗~
Great.
不错嘛
No.3 Yellow
3 黄色
Have you noticed that your stool looks yellowish?
你有没有见过大便变黄
Is covered in greasy film,
外面附着一层油性的物质
and even leave drops of oil in the toilet bowl?
甚至马桶上还有油渍
Yellow stool can be a sign of a blocked bile ducts and poor fat absorption.
黄色的大便反映了胆管阻塞和脂肪吸收不良的问题
When your digestive system fails to break down food the way you should,
当你的消化系统不能很好分解脂肪分子时
too much fat goes out with your stool.
你的大便就会含有很多油脂
Another reason is a lack of enyzmes produced by the pancreas.
另一个原因可能是胰腺分泌氨基酸不足
which may hint a chronic pancreatitis,
引起的慢性胰腺炎
cystic fibrosis and celiac disease.
囊性纤维化或乳糜泻
People who has celiac disease can’t eat gluten.
患乳糜泻的人不能吃面食
so bread and pasta along with other foods rich in gluten
像面包 披萨及其它面类食品
give their intestines a hard time.
会让他们的肠子不堪重负
But don’t panic.
但你不要太担心啦
Yellow poop can also be a sign
黄色大便还有可能是因为
that you ate too many carrots.
你吃太多胡萝卜了
and had a lot of yellow color drinks.
或是喝太多黄颜色的饮料了
Yes. They could make your poop look golden.
没错 这也会让你的大便呈现黄色
No.4 Black
4 黑色
Number four
第4个说的是
Black stool may appear because of medicine intake like
黑色的大便通常是因为吃阿司匹林
like aspirin, ibuprofen iron supplements.
布洛芬补铁剂等药物过多了
or bleeding in the intestines.
也可能是肠内出血
The later is obviously a reason of contact your doctor immediately.
要是后者那就要赶紧看医生了
More common cause again why is the food you eat.
更常见的原因还是饮食
black and blue food, like blueberries, licorice,
一些黑色或蓝色的食物 比如蓝莓 甘草
dark chocolate, cookies and grape juice
黑巧克力 曲奇饼和葡萄汁
can give the shape to your feces.
它们同时会影响到你大便的形状
Iron supplements and nicotine could also be the cause of that poop changing color.
补贴剂还有尼古丁也会引起大便颜色的变化
If black and blue food, as well as iron supplements are not part of your diet.
如果你日常的饮食不包含蓝黑色的食物以及补铁剂
then you should probably be a lot.
那么就意味着你可能摄入过量了
No.5 Red
5 红色
Red stool is usually influenced by your diet.
红色大便一般由食物所致
Beets, jell-o, colored drinks, tomatoes.
如甜菜 果冻 有色饮料和西红柿
just think about what you’ve consumed recently.
想想你刚吃过什么
two bowels of tomato soup
两碗西红柿汤
well you shouldn’t be surprised.
那你就不会被吓到了
However, if food is not the cause,
然而 若不是因为食物引起
it’s time to call your doctor.
那你就得去看医生了
What in your poop is obviously an alarming sign
这是一个危险信号
and may be anal fissure or something more serious like hemorrhoids.
你可能患上了肛裂或痔疮
ulcerative colitis or even cancer.
溃疡性结肠炎甚至肠癌的严重疾病
That’s the word no one likes to hear.
这是个不幸的消息
Before you get really scared,
但不要过于恐慌
know about cancer normally has other symptoms as well.
你得再了解一下肠癌的其它症状
such as losing weight, feeling extremely tired and breathless
比如体重骤减 乏力以及呼吸困难
and needing to strain as if you want to
刚做完一件事紧接着做下一件事时
go number two even after you’ve just done it.
会显得很吃力 像过度劳累一般
Shape.
关于大便形状
If you still unbelieve that watching your stool as normal
如果你看着自己的大便仍觉得它的形状不正常
some scienticfic research may convince you.
一些科学研究或许能解决你的困惑
to distinguish the types of food and help people stay health.
它们将食物分类 以促人们健康饮食
scientists from the Bristol Loyal Infirmary created the Bristol stool chair.
布里斯托尔医院的医生发明了便椅
Wow. Say that five times really fast
说是能让人上厕所的时间快5倍
It describes seven types of feces and what they mean.
并反馈七种不同形状的大便隐含的问题
No.1
第一种
If you see separated solid lumps
如果你大便硬化分块
reminiscent of nuts are gold feces in your toilet ball,
马桶里大便呈黄色的坚果状
it does likely a sign of a severe constipation.
那可能就是便秘的症状了
This type of stool means your body lacks fiber .Deficit.
这种大便大概是意味你摄入缺乏纤维了
Try to consume more fiber-riched products like
尝试多吃些富含纤维素的食物
fresh fruit and vegetables, grains, nuts, seeds,
如新鲜水果 蔬菜 谷物 坚果 瓜子
wholewheat pasta, beans and lentils. Yum.
全麦面食 豆类还有小扁豆
According to the American Dietetic Assosiation,
据美国饮食协会所说
Americans get about 0.5 ounces fibre a day.
美国人每天一般摄入0.5盎司纤维(14.2克)
which is much less than we actually need.
比起我们的应摄入量少之甚少
The optimum amount is 1 ounce a day for women under 51
对于51岁以下女性而言 1盎司(28.4克)是每日最佳摄入量
and 1.3 ounces a day for man of the same age.
同龄男性则是1.3盎司(36.9克)
Also if you experience constipation,
如果你便秘
don’t forget about the natural laxatives-Prunes.
别忘了吃点助泄梅子
Those dry plums have enough sorbitol in them for good desire effect.
这些干李子富含山梨醇 效果不错
hemem
嗯唔~
No.2
第二种
Sausage-shaped large and fluffy poop speaks of constipation.
香肠状大而蓬松的大便也是便秘的象征
This type of stool is also caused by a lack of fibre.
这也是因为纤维摄入量不够
none dietary reasons for constipation may include long-term
造成便秘的长期原因有
anti-diarrhea medicine intake and lack of physical activity.
抗腹泻药摄入过多和缺乏运动
The advice is to eat more food and vegetables and perform exercises.
给你们的建议是多吃食物和蔬菜 还有多运动
It will help you avoid constipation.
能有助预防便秘
Because your body will need less time to move food
因为这样能减少食物
all the way through the large intestine.
在你大肠里停留消化的时间
Aerobic exercise like running, jogging or swimming
有氧运动如跑步 慢跑或游泳
also makes your heart beat and beating faster.
能促进你的心跳速率
which means better natural contraction of muscles involved in the digestion process.
消化时 肌肉自然收缩能很好的助于消化
Don’t exercise right after a big meal though.
但千万别吃饱饭后马上运动
Wait for an hour to avoid bloating and excess gas.
缓上一小时 避免胀气或岔气
stretching, certain yoga positions and
做拉伸活动或瑜伽
even simply walking at least 15 minutes a day
哪怕每天简单的走上15分钟
can help healthy digestion.
也能助于消化
No. 3
第三种
If cracked sausage-shaped poop is what you usually have,
如果你的大便像爆裂的香肠
there are no reasons to worry.
那就不必担心了
that’s a normal stool. You’re doing just fine.
因为这是正常的形状 说明你的状况不错
Don’t forget to walk and drink more water.
记得多走走 多喝水
Since constipation is related to dehydration in the colon
因为便秘和肠缺水密切相关
It is to make sure you’re drinking lots of water.
确保喝足量的水
when your body is probably hydrated,
让身体保持充水状态
Less water will be withdrawn from the colon
少部分水会通过结肠排泄出
this will keep you still soft and easy to pass.
让你的大便更软且更易排出
that’s what we all need.
这是我们想要的效果
No.4
第4种
If you stand with those whose feces are soft, sausage-shaped and smooth
如果你的大便比较软像香肠状且表面平滑
Congratulations!
那恭喜你!
Your stool is as a perfect as a stool can be.
这是理想的形状
Try to maintain a balance diet and avoid stressful situations to
继续保持均衡饮食 不要压力过大
keep things as great as they are.
保持良好状态
We all know that feeling when you can’t let yourself go in the bathroom break
我们都能理解那种参加重要会议
during an important meeting exam or a family event
或家庭聚会而不能在浴室好好放松的感觉
Suppressing your urge to use the your toilet is bad for you.
抑制自己不去上厕所 这对你不利
Since if you keep it tight once and twice and thrice,
因为你尝试过一次 两次 三次
constipation may become permanent.
久而久之便秘就会变成永久性的状况了
Not to keep yourself that constipation,
不要让自己经常便秘
try to avoid stress and keep healthy.
尝试舒缓压力 保持健康生活
NO.5
第5种
Soft lumps with clear edges
软块状边缘明显的大便
or a sign of light diarrhea.
或有轻微腹泻的症状
It could also mean that you are experiencing irritable bowel syndrome.
这可能意味着你患上了肠易激综合征
The short name for it is IBS.
简称IBS
It is a chronic condition.
这是一种慢性病
which needs long term treatment.
需要长期治疗才可治愈
People with IBS can normally control it.
患有IBS的人一般能通过规律的饮食
Thanks to a healthy diet and lifestyle.
及规律的生活习惯来控制住病情
To make it better.
要效果更好的话
try eating low fibre foods like bananas,crackers and potatoes.
尝试吃一些低纤维食物 比如香蕉 脆饼和马铃薯
If you want to find out about the food combinations you should avoid.
如果你想知道日常饮食
Because they’re really bad for your health.
应避免哪些对你身体不好的食物组合
Watch this video.
请看这个视频
NO.6
第6种
If your poop comes in fluffy pieces with black edges
如果你的大便松散且边缘呈黑色
It looks like you’re having a mild diarrhea.
那你可能有点轻微腹泻
remember how we told you to have more fibre.
记得我们刚刚说多摄入富含纤维的食物
Well, in this case, It is just the opposite.
但这次正好相反
Maybe there is too much fibre in your diet.
你可能已经摄入过量纤维了
Drink more to avoid dehydration
多喝水以防身体脱水
and stick to boiled potatoes and bananas
并多煮马铃薯来吃 多吃香蕉
You may want to try some OTC.
吃点像盐酸氯苯哌酰胺制剂
like Imodium, more Pepto-bismol
和碱式水杨酸铋的非处方药
They’ll have to slow down the movement in your intestines.
这能减缓肠道蠕动速率
and shape more solid stools.
避免你拉稀
If the problems last for more than two days, consult the doctor.
如果病情两天内未好 记得去看医生
NO.7
第7种
Liquid without solid pieces type of feces
大便毫无固体全呈液态
is what no one likes to say.
对谁来说都是个不幸的消息
It speaks of a severe diarrhea.
这已经是严重腹泻了
It’s maybe a sign of food poisoning.
有可能是食物中毒 乳糖不耐受
lactose intolerance, bacterial infection or medicine intake.
或细菌感染的症兆
antibiotic, heartburn
也可能因摄入抗生素或胃药
and acid reflux medications and chemotherapy drugs.
反酸药或化疗
are often the cause of it.
这通常是病因所在
drink plenty of water to fight dehydration.
喝大量的水以防脱水
And try over-the-counter medications.
并试试非处方药
Severe diarrhea normally doesn’t last long.
腹泻一般不会持续太久
If the symptom don’t disappear in two days,
若两周内病情没好转
Or if you feel pain and fever,
觉得疼痛难忍或发烧
consult a doctor.
请尽快看医生
So, do you take problem with your stool seriously?
那么 你的大便有严重的问题吗?
Do you consult doctors when needed?
你有没有及时去找医生?
Feel free to share and a comment section below
请在下方讨论区自由分享吧
If you found this video useful, give it a thumb up.
若视频对你有所帮助 就点个赞吧
When it gets 50,000 likes,
集齐5万个赞时
we’ll share another important health related video.
我们会发布另一个健康小视频
Subscribe your channel to be the first to see our updates.
请第一时间收看我们频道上新的视频哦

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视频概述

虽然有点重口,但不得不说这是良心干货

听录译者

徘徊的小孩

翻译译者

CRAB

审核员

审核员B

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9LTXO00aYY

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