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精神病患者的10个特征 – 译学馆
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精神病患者的10个特征

10 Traits of a Psychopath

精神病患者
Psychopathy.
他们都像《沉默的羔羊》中的莱克特医生或者《惊魂记》中的诺曼·贝茨那样么
Is it all about Dr. Lecter in silence of the lambs or Normal Bates from psycho?
那么《美国精神病人》中的帕特里克·贝特曼呢
How about Patrick Bateman from American Psycho?
请重新思考一下
Think again.
精神病患者并不是电影中那个疯狂的人物形象
A psychopath isn’t a crazy person from a movie.
嗜血 四处狂奔 一见面就想杀死你
Blood thirsty, running around, ready to kill you on sight.
你是否怀疑过你的某些朋友其实是精神病患者呢
Have you ever wondered if any of your friends could actually be a psycopath?
或者还是更认同好莱坞对于精神病患者的设定么
or is Hollywood’s definition of a psycopath more appealing?
和大多数人所认为的相反
Contrary to what many people think
不是所有精神病患都是杀手或罪犯
not every psychopath is a killer or a criminal
他们得了人格障碍 是一种病态人格
They have a personality disorder know as psycopathic personality
在第五版精神疾病诊断和统计手册中属于反社会人格障碍类别
which falls under the antisocial personality disorder category in the fifth edition of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders.
这种障碍表现为缺乏同情心
This disorder is characterized by lack of empathy
缺乏悔恨感
lack of remorse
以及反社会行为
and antisocial behavior
好莱坞热衷于表现他们的疯狂从而保证票房大卖
Hollywood loves to portray psycopathy as madness to ensure a box office hit
但在日常生活中
but in everyday life
那并不是真实的
that’s not necessarily true
也许你的生活中出现了精神病患者
When it comes to the likelihood of having a psycopath in your life
它的发生概率并不如你所愿
the odds are not in your favor
据波尔·巴比克医生称
According to Dr. Paul Babiak
每一百个人中就可能会有一个人有精神病迹象
One in every one hundred people is likely to have psycopathic traits
随着办公职务等级的提升 这种可能性甚至更大
and the probability is even higher as you go up in the office food chain
在管理和领导层 这种概率是二十五分之一
where you’ll find one among every twenty-five managers and executives.
精神病的根源通常归为遗传因素
The real reasons behind psycopathy are usually narrowed down to genetic factors
是的 许多罪犯是精神病人
Yes, many criminals are psycopaths.
但是大多数精神病患者与犯罪行为毫无关系
But the majority of psycopaths are not involved in criminal acts at all.
这里是精神病的十大关键特征
Here are ten key traits of psycopaths.
第一个
One
缺乏同情心
Lack of empathy
精神病患者感受不到别人的内心
A psycopath simply cannot feel what everyone else feels.
他们理解你的感受但是却无动于衷
They understand your feelings but they don’t feel them
即便你正在为爱人的离去哭得撕心裂肺
even if you’re crying your heart out over the death of a loved one.
他们表现出的悲伤也仅仅是为了安慰你
They’ll show compasison only to please you.
而并非真正发自内心的同情
Not out of true emotional empathy.
第二个
Two
控制型人格
Manipulativeness
始终知晓应该拉哪根绳子以及按哪个按钮
Always knowing the right strings to pull and the right buttons to push
精神病患利用骗局从思考
psycopaths use deception to cheat others into thinking
信仰
believing
或者具体行为上欺骗他人
or acting in certain ways.
他们只在意个人利益 不考虑这种做法如何影响他人的感受
They only focus on personal gain with no concern once so ever for how others feel
第三个
Three
不负责任
Irresponsibility
行为冲动及不负责任是他们的行事风格
Impulsive behavior and irresponsibility is their lifestyle
精神病患者从不承认他们的错误
A psycopath would never admit to their mistakes.
事实上 他们会将锅甩到指责他们的人的头上
In fact, they turn the tables against whoever accuses them of anything.
这会使指责他们的人重新思考
So that the accuser would think again
甚至会由于他们的埋怨
and even feel guilty
而心生愧疚
about their complaints.
第四个
Four
自恋
Narcissism
精神病患者通常觉得自己更聪明
Psycopaths usually view themselves as smarter
更有能力
more powerful
比其他任何人更有价值
and of more worth than everyone else.
他们有夸张的
They have an extravagant
几乎是戏剧化的自我认知
almost theatrical self perception
认为地球绕着他们转
thinking that the world revolves around just themselves.
第五个
Five
病态性撒谎
Pathological lying
精神病患者倾向于撒谎
Psycopaths tend to lie
撒谎
lie
撒谎
lie
越来越多地撒谎
and lie even more.
他们生活在谎言织成的网内
Their lives are spider webs of lies.
并从无伤大雅逐步进阶为高级水平的谎言
This ranges from moderate levels to high levels of lying.
第六个
Six
过分表露魅力
Superficial charm
皮肤光滑
smooth
光彩照人
charming
引人注目
and attractive
精神病患者毫不避讳去做或者说出他们喜欢的事物
Psycopaths aren’t afraid to do or say anything they like.
这种无耻的行为会吸引到他人
That abscence of embarrasement attracts others
因为会被误解成具有高度的自信
as it can be misperceived as high self confidence
来自猛男的一瞥会被误认为是来自女性的性感吸引
The hot guy glare is mistaken for sexual magnetism by women
第七个
Seven
缺乏悔恨感
Lack of remorse
精神病患者对于他们强加给他人的痛苦和伤害
Psychopaths don’t feel guilty for the suffering and pain they inflict on others
或者他们日常的某些行为毫无愧疚感
or for their actions in general.
第八个
Eight
厌世倾向
Proneness to boredom
永远是一副厌倦的模样
Forever bored
精神病患者极其需要大量肾上腺素
psycopaths have an exagerated need for adrenaline overdose
所以他们会一直寻求刺激和惊吓(来满足自己)
so they’re always looking for excitement and thrill.
第九个
Nine
专横跋扈
Bullying
精神病患者经常会做出那种损人不利己的侮辱别人的事
Psychopaths are usually abusive towards those that are not of much benefit to them.
也许是他们的下级
This could be subordinates
老人
elderly people
孩子
children
或者更多的是 动物
or in most cases animals.
他们喜欢通过侮辱那些脆弱的人来显现自己的能力
They like to exercise their power over other fragile beings through bullying
并且可能在他人毫无防备的情况下说出伤人的话
and they may use hurtful words at any time without warning.
第十个
Ten
崇尚力量
Sucker for power.
他们非常需要锻炼力量并控制他人
They have an excessive need to exercise power and control over others
换言之 他们有控制癖
In other words, they are control freaks.
所有事物必须依照他们的想法
Everything must go the way they want it to.
以上是精神病患者的十大主要特征
And that’s it for the ten main traits of psycopaths.
现在你知道了精神病患者的真实情况
Now that you know what a psycopath is
你觉得自己认识他们么
do you think you’ve ever encountered one?
在下方留言告诉我们你的经历
Tell us about your experience below.
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精神病患者的真实模样,或许和你知道的并不一样。

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