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名人自杀新闻的影响

10 strangest things left on celebrity suicide notes

罗宾·威廉斯自杀的当天
On the day after Robin William ’ s suicide,
国家自杀预防生命线创下了
the National suicide prevention lifeline recorded
呼叫人数最高的记录
the largest number of callers in their entire history. Normally,
一般来说 他们一天大约收到3千个电话
they get around 3000 phone callsa day. However,
然而那天却翻了两倍 7353个电话
that day, the number more than doubled to 7,353.
类似的呼叫高峰在科特·柯本自杀后也出现过
A similar spike in calls also came after Kurt Cobain’s suicide. Now,
你可能觉得把这些报道出来是好事
you might think that these publicized events have actually done some good.
让人们更警惕心理疾病
It ’ s made people more aware of mental health issues
劝说想自杀的人们寻求帮助
and its persuaded people thinking of suicide to seek help.
然而 这么做是有缺点的
However, there ’ s also a downside
这就是为什么带有类似
and it ’ s why articles with titles such as
“名人自杀后的影响”标题的文章是极度危险的
“ 10 strangest things left in celebrity suicide notes” are extremely dangerous.
有一种现象叫“自杀模仿行为”
There’s a phenomenon known as copycat suicide.
这表明自杀是可以传染的
The effect states that suicide can actually be contagious. Basically,
如果一个人的精神状态不稳定
if a person is mentally unstable and hears
听到别人自杀
about someone else committing suicide,
他们可能觉得自杀是更合适的选择
they may view it as a more appropriate action.
所以才有了一群人自杀的现象
Consequently you see a cluster of suicides.
名人自杀会产生最大的影响或许不足为奇
Perhaps not surprisingly, celebrity suicides have the largest impacts.
一项对于34份报纸的分析得出
An analysis of 34 publicized newspaper stories found that on average,
在自杀被报道出来的当月 自杀率平均增加2.5%
there was a 2.5 % increase in suicide during the month of publicity.
影响最大的是
The effect was strongest
玛丽莲·梦露的自杀 自杀率增长了12%
after Marilyn Monroe ’ s suicide which was associated with a 12 per
也就是说自杀人数增加了363个人
cent increase or 363 excess deaths. Now,
重要的是我们要注意到
it ’ s important to note
并不是自杀这种行为具有传染性
that it ’ s not the act of suicide that ’ s contagious.
而是报道的方式
It’s how the suicide is reported.
实际上 世界卫生组织对报道自杀给出了指导方针
In fact, the World Health Organisation has a guideline for reporting suicides.
媒体应该强调自杀是错的并给出建议
The media should stress how suicide is wrong and give alternatives.
这就是为何你会常常听到
This is why you ’ ll often hear
幸存者在读完自杀故事后拨打自杀热线
reminders to call suicide hotlines at the end of a suicide story.
他们不应该做的是炒作这件事
What they shouldn ’ t be doing is sensationalizing the event,
提供自杀的勇气
providing constant coverage and
把自杀美化成对逃避挫折的方式
describing it as a form of escape from the person’s troubles.
但是当然了 他们就是这么做的
But of course, this is exactly what happens.
为什么呢?
Why?
只因为人们对轰动性的事件感兴趣
Simple because people are more interested in sensationalized events.
因为我们感兴趣
And since we ’ re interested,
我们点开了文章 增加了点击量
we click on their article, they get more views and this
最后他们得到了更多的广告收入
ultimately means more advertising money.
这几乎就是点击诱饵的一种形式
It’s almost like a form of click bait.
甚至有明显的证据表明坚持指导方针有作用
There’s even clear evidence that sticking to the reporting guidelines work.
举例来说 维也纳引进地铁系统后
For example, after Vienna introduced a subway system,
跳下火车道自杀的人 突然剧增
there was a sharp increase in people committing suicide by jumping in front of the trains.
这因媒体以戏剧化的方式报道被激化
This was fuelled by the media reporting these events in a dramatic way. However,
然而一旦媒体遵守指导方针
once the media started to adhere to the guidelines,
尝试自杀的人马上
suicide attempts immediately
就减了80%并自此保持低自杀率
dropped by more than 80% and have remained lower ever since. So,
是的 我们最应该谴责的是媒体
yes the media is largely to blame forthis.
另一方面
On the other hand,
也必须承认我们大众 也有一些责任
you ’ ll have to admit that we as the public also have some small responsibility.
因为归根到底
At the end of the day,
我们是那些选择阅读和分享轰动性故事的人
we are the one ’ s choosing to consume and share these sensationalized stories.
我们真的应该对那种事情感兴趣吗?
Should we really be interested in that kind of stuff?
如果名人去世了
If a celebrity has died,
铭记他们的传奇是极好的
it ’ s fine to remember their legacy but
但我们真的需要了解他/她去世的细节吗?
do we need to know the exact details of how he or she died?
特别是在他们的家人仍然在悲痛中?
Especially if their family’s still mourning?
知道了对我们也没有用
It ’ s not useful to us and
阅读这些文章也真的没有必要
there really is no need to view these articles.
因此下次如果一位名人自杀去世
So next time a famous celebrity dies of suicide,
小心在社交媒体上分享点赞
be careful of sharing and liking it on your social media.
仅仅知道事情发生了就好
Simply acknowledge that it’s happened.
当然了 如果你在与自杀抗争
And of course, if you ’ re struggling with suicide,
这里有你可以寻求帮助的地方
here are some places you can seek help.

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视频概述

名人自杀对大众的影响

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收集自网络

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波妞妞

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FF8JvU4bRa8

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