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高功能抑郁症的10个症状 – 译学馆
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高功能抑郁症的10个症状

10 Signs of High Functioning Depression

为了响应2018年油管慈善周
For YouTube Giving Week 2018,
《来吧!心理学》和大脑与行为研究基金会开展了合作
Psych2go has partnered with the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation.
如果想了解如何捐款以便更好地认识
Stick around until the end of video to see how you can help fund
包括抑郁症在内的各种大脑和行为障碍疾病
a better understanding of various brain and behavior disorders,
包括抑郁
including depression.
有一种几乎难以察觉的抑郁症
Millions of people all around us are struggling with
正折磨着我们周围的数百万人
a type of depression that is almost completely invisible.
它就是高功能抑郁症 简称HFD
It’s called High Functioning Depression, or HFD.
而这些患者可能是律师 医生或CEO
These people might be lawyers, doctors or CEOs.
甚至 你可能就是其中之一
You might even be one of them.
HFD很难被发现
HFD is hard to spot.
但这里有几个迹象你可以参考一下
But there are a few signs you can look out for.
1 HFD患者实际上可能比常人更聪明
1. Those with HFD might actually be more intelligent.
最新研究显示HFD和智力的提高有关
New research has shown a link between HFD and increase in intelligence.
根据一项研究
According to a study,
过度发达的智力可能与
over-developed intelligence might be linked with
打破我们生活节奏的危险和失意有关系
dangers and losses that punctuate our lives.
这在某种程度上力证了
Somehow it makes a lot of sense
天才往往患有抑郁症的观点
that geniuses tend to struggle with depression.
2 HFD患者可能是完美主义者
2. Those with High Functioning Depression might be perfectionists.
心理学教授Steven Hubert在最近的文章中透露
Professor Steven Hubert of Psychology revealed in a recent article
他跟HFD患者打交道时
that if he was dealing with someone with HFD,
很可能会听到一些过于追求完美的言论
he’d probably hear something about being kind of perfectionistic.
就仿佛他们为了争辩
It’s almost as if those with HFD battle their issues
而死抠细节 吹毛求疵
by focusing and improving on every little detail.
3 HFD患者可能有抑郁症家族史
3. Those with HFD might have a family history of depression.
最近的一项研究发现
In a recent study, it was found that
高潜力的抑郁症青少年
depressed children and adolescents with high potential
往往有抑郁症或躁郁症家族史
often had a family history of depression and bipolar disorder.
也就是说 如果你是出类拔萃之辈
What this means is that if you are a high achiever
同时又患有抑郁症
and you’re suffering from depression,
那么这可能是由遗传或其他不可抗力因素导致的
it might just be genetic and something you can’t control.
4 HFD患者往往宁愿独自忍受折磨也不愿求助他人
4. Those who have HFD often try to endure it without getting help.
医疗保健专业人士认为
Healthcare professionals know that
HFD可能极难诊断
HFD can be very hard to diagnose.
这完全是因为大多数时候
This is simply because most of the time
人们试图独自煎熬而不愿向外界求助
people try to endure it without getting help.
高功能抑郁人群可能会否认或是不愿
High-functioning people might be in denial or they might not want
让抑郁症影响他们繁忙的生活
to let the depression get in the way of their busy lives.
5 随着时间推移 HFD会逐渐加重乃至恶化
5. HFD can gradually build up, getting worse and worse over time.
和HFD打过交道的医生都知道
Doctors who have dealt with HFD know that
它可能会悄悄降临在人们身上
it can really sneak up on people.
缓慢而稳步地恶化
It slowly but surely gets worse
然后在人们未察之际加剧各种症状
and the symptoms might grow in intensity without people noticing.
有些医生将此过程描述为缓慢升高的温度
Some doctors had described it as a slowly increasing temperature.
等你发现它的时候 你已经被烤焦了
Before you know it, you are getting fried.
6 HFD患者无法从事正常的爱好和活动
6. Those with HFD don’t engage in normal hobbies and activities.
精神病学教授Michael Thase谈及HFD时称
Professor of Psychiatry, Michael Thase, states that in regards to HFD,
HFD患者的业余生活可能是有问题的
you may notice that there’s a hole in this person’s extracurricular life.
他的意思是说
What he means is that
HFD患者只做他们义务范围内的事
the person only does what they are obligated to do.
然而做父母 配偶和社区成员
Being a parent, a spouse or a community member
并不是人们的爱好
is absent as our any hobbies.
7 认为自己患有HFD的人实际上可能患有职业倦怠
7. Those who think they have HFD might actually be suffering from burnout.
HFD不易被诊断
HFD is very tricky to diagnose
而且它和职业倦怠有很多共通点
and it shares a lot of similarities with burnout.
Katy Morton在与Jacksepticeye的一次访谈中指出
Burnout, as Katy Morton states in one of her interviews with Jacksepticeye,
当你觉得努力大于回报时 就会产生职业倦怠
is when you feel the reward is not worth the effort you’re putting in.
更粗略地说 它是工作过于辛苦造成的
So it’s a more casual result of working too hard,
然而即使没有倦怠迹象 个体仍有可能患上HFD
whereas HFD can occur in individuals without burnout signs.
HFD就是单纯地感觉很抑郁
HFD is simply feeling depressed
不管有没有在做事情
with or without doing anything.
8 HFD患者可能会有临床抑郁症状
8. People with HFD might have symptoms of clinical depression.
HFD当然也是一种抑郁症
HFD is of course a type of depression.
所以严格说来 HFD患者
And as such, people suffering from HFD
可能会表现出临床抑郁症的症状
might display the symptoms of clinical depression.
这些症状包括感觉空虚 悲伤 愧疚 无用
These include feeling empty, sad, guilty, worthless,
烦躁甚或有自杀倾向
restless or even suicidal.
也会出现食欲和睡眠习惯大变等其他症状
Other symptoms include changes in appetite and sleeping patterns.
9 HFD患者可能会更有创造力
9. Those with HFD might be more creative.
世界上有不少才华横溢的艺术家患有HFD
Some of the most talented artists in the world suffer from HFD.
最新研究表明
And according to recent research,
HFD和创造力强相关
there is a strong link between HFD and creativity.
根据2012年的一项研究
According to a study from 2012,
创伤性损失似乎会激发他们产出丰厚的精神成果
traumatic losses appear to trigger fruitful inner work,
调动他们的创造力
mobilizing creativity.
这看起来就像是 HFD患者利用自身的抑郁症
It would seem that those with HFD use their depression
去为他们的艺术 激情 和创造力提供灵感
to fuel their art, passions and creativity.
10 HFD并不是真正的临床诊断结果
10. HFD is not a real clinical diagnosis.
这是对的
That’s right.
HFD并没有和其他公认的精神障碍一起归到一类
You won’t find HFD listed along with other recognized mental disorders.
可能很快就会了
That might change soon.
但它多半属于持续性抑郁症的范畴
But for the most part, it falls under the category of Dysthymia.
HFD可能会持续2-3年
HFD can last for two to three years
而且很容易发展成重度抑郁症
and it can easily progress to major depression.
HFD是可以治愈的
HFD is treatable,
但患者需要获得帮助
but those who have it need to get help.
如果人们佯装开心 试图硬挨的话
If people put on a brave face and try to endure it,
今后可能会导致更严重的问题
it can lead to much more serious issues down the road.
你患有HFD吗?
Do you have HFD?
你患病多久了?
How long have you been suffering?
《来吧!心理学》社区很想听听你的故事
The Psych2go community would love to hear your story.
为响应油管2018年慈善周
For YouTube Giving Week 2018,
本视频的捐赠按钮已激活
a donate button has been enabled on this video.
如果你想要支持大脑与行为研究基金会
If you would like to support the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation,
按下按钮就好啦
you may do so by pressing the button.
请不要对捐款感到有压力
Please do not feel pressured to make monetary donations
仅仅点赞和分享本视频也很棒哦
as even just liking the video and sharing it to others would be wonderful.
获得的每一美元捐款经费
100% of every dollar donated for research
都将全部投入到研究基金中去
is invested in the research grants,
用于资助神经科学和精神病学中的最为创新的想法
which funds the most innovative ideas in Neuroscience and Psychiatry
从而更好地了解病因 开发新方法
to better understand the causes and develop new ways
来治疗各种大脑和行为障碍疾病
to treat brain and behavior disorders.
它们包括抑郁症 多动症 焦虑症
They include depression, ADHD, anxiety,
强迫症 创伤后应激障碍 自闭症 躁郁症等等
OCD, PTSD, autism, bipolar disorder and more.
请查看下方的链接
Please check out our link below
了解有关大脑与行为基金会的更多详情
to learn more about the Brain & Behavior Foundation.
如果你现在很难熬的话
If you’re going through a tough time right now,
就和我来个大大的隔空抱吧
I just want to extend a big virtual hug to you
一切都会好的
and let you know that everything is going to be all right.
《来吧!心理学》社区将一直伴你左右
The Psych2go community is always here for you.
在视频下方和我们分享你的故事吧
So please share your story with us below
让我们互帮互助
and let’s help each other.
最后 和往常一样 谢谢观看
As always, thank you so much for watching!

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视频概述

你有高功能抑郁症吗?来看看高功能抑郁症的10个迹象吧!

听录译者

Estherrr

翻译译者

Estherrr

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h50-JYAbKik

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