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《哈利波特》系列教我们的10堂心理课

10 Psychological Lessons from the Harry Potter Series

欣赏我们最爱的巫师题材的电影与书籍
Watching movies and reading books about our favorite wizards
本就是件令人惊喜且有趣的事情
is already amazing and fun in its own right,
但是 哈利波特中确实有很多心理学知识
but there’s actually a lot of psychology found within the Harry Potter stories.
心理学遍及各处 甚至也在霍格沃兹
Psychology is everywhere, even at Hogwarts.
这里有10条哈利波特中的心理学知识
Here’s 10 psychological lessons from Harry Potter.
一:霍格沃茨的分院系统能增强社会部落效应
One: the Hogwarts house system can enhance the social tribal effect.
当团体受到歧视时 成员间联系会更紧密
When groups face prejudice, their bond may become stronger,
然而这也有不利的一面
though this isn’t always a good thing.
某些学院受到许多偏见 尤其是斯莱特林
There’s quite a bit of prejudice against some of the houses, Slytherin in particular.
一旦他们有所察觉
If they feel the psychological weight of it,
会更倾向于凝聚在一起 然后制造出一种“我们vs他们”的氛围
they’re more likely to stick together and create an “us versus them” atmosphere,
这使得他们对自己的团体更忠诚
making them very loyal to their group.
二:多比引发了一个心理学上的概念
Two: Dobby inspired a psychological concept.
这个概念真的是以可爱的多比的名字命名的
The beloved Dobby actually has a concept named after him.
多比效应 纳利森和齐林伯格2009年提出
The Dobby effect, coined by Nellisen and Zeelenberg in 2009,
是指当人们无论对错 都过度纠正自己
is when people over correct themselves, rightfully or not.
认错之后 愧疚是好事 它让我们变得更道德
After committing a wrong, guilt can be a good thing, as it encourages us to be moral,
但多比效应表明愧疚也可能有害
but the Dobby effect shows that it can be harmful too
当它超过正常范围 会引起人们自我惩戒
when experienced in overly large proportions, causing people to invoke self punishment.
三:哈利波特表现出创伤后应激障碍的症状
Three: Harry Potter shows signs of PTSD.
创伤后应激障碍或称PTSD 发生在创伤事件后
Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, occurs after experiencing a traumatic event.
比如目睹一次恐怖袭击 被绑架
Such as witnessing a terrorist attack, getting kidnapped,
或者在儿童时期遭受虐待
or suffering from childhood abuse.
想想哈利在德斯里一家经历过什么
When you think about what Harry has to go through in the Dursley household
以及他在第二次魔法大战中的经历
and during the second wizarding war,
就不会意外他表现出创伤后应激性障碍
it’s not surprising for him to exhibit traits of PTSD.
他表现出的症状有
Some of the symptoms he displays include
在噩梦或者回忆中重现痛苦往事
reliving events through nightmares or flashbacks,
无法谈及他受创伤的经过
having difficulty talking about the traumatic events,
以及变得敏感紧张
and feeling irritable and jittery.
四:丽塔斯基特暗喻着焦虑
Four: Rita Skeeter is a metaphor for anxiety.
焦虑总是把小事变成恐怖的大事
Anxiety often turns relatively simple things into large scary problems.
身为八卦专栏作家的丽塔斯基特就是如此
Rita Skeeter, the gossip columnist, does the same.
把小细节曲解为大型的 过于夸张的 完全没有事实依据的头条新闻
Twisting tiny details into massive, over exaggerated headline stories that have no truthful basis.
五:罗恩韦斯莱有蜘蛛恐惧症
Five: Ron Weasley suffers from arachnophobia.
随着蜘蛛在哈利系列中不断的出现
As spiders continuously show up through the series
罗恩承认他更愿意追蝴蝶玩
Ron confesses that he’d rather follow the butterflies.
六:伏地魔幼时就展现连环杀手特质
Six: Voldemort starts showing serial killer tropes from a young age.
哈利系列完整地建立了伏地魔的心理档案
There’s an entire arc of the series dedicated to building a psychological profile of Voldemort.
在哈利与邓布利多的私人课程中
During Harry’s private lessons with Dumbledore,
他们从一些接触过伏地魔的人的记忆中
they sift through memories of people who are connected to Voldemort.
找到伏地魔的一些犯罪特质包括
Some criminal stereotypes they find include
生性孤僻 有暴力倾向
his loner nature, bullying tendencies,
极强的优越感 以及目空一切
strong sense of superiority, and lack of empathy for living things.
七:德拉科的经历说明天性不是一切
Seven: Draco’s journey shows that nurture isn’t everything.
我们的人生不可能事事如愿
We don’t always turn out the way we expect to.
德拉科确实做了很多糟糕的事
Draco, undoubtedly, has done some nasty things,
但谁能想到一个从小恃强凌弱的人会变得这么成熟稳重呢
but who would have guessed that the childhood bully would turn out to be quite mature.
他成功消除了打小以来的偏见
He manages to move beyond the prejudice he grew up with,
在故事最后还把哈利的魔杖扔给了他
and throws Harry the wands at the end of the series.
这是一个很有趣的角色 你也不免被感动
It’s a very interesting character arc, and you can’t help but feel a little emotional.
八:认知失调可能让整个社会陷入危险
Eight: cognitive dissonance can put a whole society in danger.
康奈利福吉认知失调 否认伏地魔回归时
When Cornelius Fudge denies Voldemort’s return as a result of cognitive dissonance,
巫师世界就陷入了危险之中
the wizarding community is put in danger.
认知失调是指人同时有两种矛盾的想法
Cognitive dissonance is when someone has two lines of thought that contradict each other.
在故事中 福吉为和平稳定辛勤奋斗
In this case, Fudge has been working tirelessly towards peace and safety,
当伏地魔回归的迹象出现时
yet there are signs of Voldemort’s return,
他就变得歇斯底里起来
causing him to come to hysterical conclusions.
因此 大家就错失了他们本可以用来
Consequently, the community loses valuable time they could have used
为对抗伏地魔做准备的宝贵时间
to prepare for confrontation with Voldemort.
九:西比尔特里劳尼有广泛性焦虑障碍症
Nine: Sybill Trelawney exhibits signs of generalized anxiety disorder.
占卜学教授西比尔特里劳尼总是神经兮兮
Divination professor, Sybill Trelawney, is always jittery,
盘算着灾难的场景 害怕被评价
thinking of disasterous scenarios, and in fear of being judged.
这些都是广泛性焦虑症失调的表现
All red flags of generalized anxiety disorder.
十:角色代入可以帮助人们自我治愈
Ten: parasocial, or one way interaction with fictional characters, can help a healing process.
大家常说哈利波特中的死亡和随后的悲伤
People often state how the deaths, and subsequent grief throughout the Harry Potter series
让他们治愈了自己的悲痛
have helped them deal with their own grief.
其他人认为哈利波特系列是平易近人 给人安慰 赋予人力量的
Others can describe the series as relatable, comforting, and empowering,
尤其是各种角色言语的支撑
especially with the support of various character quotes.
这些哈利波特中的心理学知识 哪个是你已经知道的?
Which of these Harry Potter-related psychological lessons did you already know about?
你觉得哪个更有趣呢?
And which ones did you find interesting?
除了这些 你有发现其他的吗?
Are there any others you found that didn’t make our list?
请在下方评论中留言哦
Feel free to share in the comments below.
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还有我们的新Patreon账户来访问更多内容
as well as our new Patreon account for more content.
不要忘了订阅我们的频道哦谢谢收看
And don’t forget to subscribe. Thanks for watching!

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视频概述

哈利波特故事情节和人物性格中体现的心理学细节

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收集自网络

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川上川

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qccFFSC6il0

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