If I say the phrase:personality disorder,
what do you think of?
Psychopaths and serial killers?
People like john gacy,
or the fictional Patrick Bateman
from American Psycho?
who are well versed in psychological disorders,
like depression,anxiety and schizophrenia
may have a shallow understanding of
which can contribute to the stigmas
that are attached to them.
And while psychopaths II falls under
a particular personality disorder,
antisocial personality disorder
there were actually 10 personality disorders
in the DSM V.
If you’re interested in learning more about
we’re sharing a quick crash course for you.
are defined as a type of mental disorder,
in which you’re thinking,
functioning and behavior are rigid and unhealthy.
These unhealthy traits can cause significant problems
and limitations and relationships,
social activities,work ,school and other situations.
社会活动 工作 学校等其他情况
The DSM sets our criteria for 10 personality disorders.
And these disorders are grouped into
three clusters or categories.
Clusters A, B and C.
Cluster A is considered the odd eccentric cluster.
And consists a paranoid personality disorder,
schizoid personality disorder,
and schizotypal personality disorder.
People in this cluster often behavior in strange ways,
and main particular struggle with social situations.
Paranoid personality disorder.
Have you ever had feelings of paranoia?
Or seemed someone walking
behind you was following you?
For someone with paranoid personality disorder,
they often have extreme feelings of paranoia.
They feel everyone is out to get them,
and are hyper aware of danger.
They mistrust others
and often don’t get close to people,
for fear that person will hurt them.
Schizoid personality disorder.
Do you know someone who is a bit of a loner?
Or who seems to touch from others?
People with schizoid personality disorder,
take the idea of being a loner to the extreme.
It is characterized by social detachment
and restricted emotions.
They prefer solitude to other’s company.
But they tend to miss social cues
and come across as cold or aloof.
Schizotypal personality disorder.
This one is similar to schizoid with one key difference.
Do you know someone who believes in odd things?
things that are otherwise considered strange?
One of the key features and schizotypal
is a so called magical thinking.
They’re often awkward in social situations,
much like those with schizoid personality disorder,
but also experienced perceptual
and cognitive distortions.
As well as displaying erratic behavior,
this personality disorder is likable
to the more well-known condition
They are very closely linked with a lot of overlap.
When we need that portrays schizophrenia
which we recommend is the movie:
A Beautiful Mind from 2001.
Due to the overlap this gives you an idea of
what people with a schizotypal diagnosis are like.
Cluster B is considered the dramatic cluster,
and consists of borderline personality disorder,
histrionic personality disorder,
narcissistic personality disorder,
and antisocial personality disorder.
People in this cluster often behavior in dramatic ways,
which can lead them to struggle
to maintain stable relationships.
Borderline personality disorder.
Do you have a friend who seems to
switch opinions on people very quickly ,
or experiences mood swings and instability?
These are key features
from the next personality disorder,
which seems to be the most common.
People with borderline have
a big problem with instability.
Both in moods and in their sense of self.
They may also tend to engage in risky,
and passive behaviors like drugs and self-harm.
Seeing the world in black and white
can also influence them to engage in splitting,
which is when their feelings towards
a person swings drastically.
Borderline personality disorder is portrayed in the film:
The main character is diagnosed with
borderline personality disorder,after a suicide attempt,
and the film focuses on her stay
in a mental institution.
Histrionic personality disorder.
We all know someone who loves
being the center of attention,right?
And thrives in the spotlight.
People with histrionic disorder
take this to the extreme.
They tend to excessively show their emotions
and are very uncomfortable,
when they are not the center of attention.
They also tend to be easily
influenced by others opinions.
People who love to be the center of attention
at parties,in class,or other situations,
could be suffering from this disorder.
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Narcissistic personality disorder.
This is a term we’ve all heard.
People talk about having met narcissists
in their lives very often,
but what does that mean to truly have
narcissistic personality disorder?
Narcissistic personality disorder sufferers
have an inflated ego.
They feel they are somehow special and unique.
They also tend to
be preoccupied by fantasies of power,
and have a powerful sense of entitlement.
They are devastated by normal human limitations,
and their self-worth can rapidly fall,
if they encounter these limitations.
There are a few characters with
a diagnosis of this in film.
But there are many characters you could fit the bill
Miranda Priestly in The Devil Wears Prada,
or all the snow and forgetting Sarah Marshall
have been suggested by some to have NPD.
You also find articles on NPD,
often portraying na nar narscissist as abusers.
It’s important to remember not all people
with NPD are abusive,
and not all abusers have NPD.
Antisocial personality disorder.
This is another personality disorder
people have often heard about.
You might have heard it by the names
psychopathy and sociopathy.
The main issue in antisocial personality disorder
is an utter lack of empathy.
They tend to disregard others feelings
and can often engage in criminality.
They also tend to be impulsive
and typically don’t feel remorse for their actions.
As previously mentioned,
serial killers, such as John Casey
or fictional killers such as Patrick Bateman,
are examples of people with
antisocial personality disorder.
not all people with antisocial personality disorder,
go on to become killers or even break the law.
Clusters C is considered the anxious cluster.
And consists of
avoidant personality disorder,
dependent personality disorder,
and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
People in this cluster often behave
in very anxious ways,
impacting on their lives greatly.
Avoidant personality disorder.
Do you know someone who seemed
to completely avoid others?
Or who sensitive to criticism
and feels rejected often?
These are some of the key characteristics
of avoidant personality disorder.
The individual may be extremely sensitive to criticism
and have chronic fear of rejection.
Due to this, they tend to completely
avoid social situations and social relationships.
Like with schizoid personality disorder,
they often come across as a loner.
Unlike schizoid personality disorder,
they have no desire to make friends.
They have a chronically low self-esteem
and don’t feel good enough.
They may be a student in your class
who never seems to contribute,
or a co-worker who takes
every bit of criticism to heart.
Dependent personality disorder.
Do you know someone
who seems to depend on others?
Who needs a lot of attention and care from people?
As the name suggests,
people with dependent personality disorder
have a strong need to be taken care of.
They often come across as very clingy,
and they intensely fear losing their relationships
in their lives.
You might have heard people say they have
This very well could fall under
dependent personality disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
We all know a perfectionist
who likes to get their own way.
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder is like this,
but to the extreme.
Those with obsessive compulsive personality disorder
are obsessed with order control,
and getting things done right.
They are extreme perfectionist
and struggle to work with others,
as they think everything should be done their way.
They also tend to be tight with money,
worrying about future events.
No, this is different to obsessive-compulsive disorder
which is an anxiety disorder.
Which personality disorder
did you find the most interesting?
Would you like to know more about
any of the disorders we discussed today?
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