Hello I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
Oh my goodness,
thank you so much for celebrating with me last week.
It was so much fun!
I was thinking
that I don’t really want to stop celebrating just yet.
So I’ve got something super special to share with you today.
During May, this month,
mmmEnglish subscribers will be able to join
the mmmEnglish grammar challenge.
And I’m inviting you to join the challenge
to improve your English with me
and give you the chance
to win some really fun mmmEnglish prizes
including mmmEnglish t-shirts, mmmEnglish courses
and a chance to win some conversation practice with me.
It’s super easy to join and a really good idea
because just by participating,
you’ll be improving your English skills.
So make sure you subscribe, that’s the first step
因此 来订阅我们的节目 这是第一步
just down there
and then keep watching this video
to find out how you can join the challenge.
In this video, I’m going to share
the ten most common grammar mistakes that English learners make.
When I’m reading your comments below my videos
and I’m replying to your emails,
I always notice the same mistakes that you consistently make.
And through years of teaching English
at language schools and at university,
these are the same mistakes
that a whole range of English learners make,
from beginners right through to even advanced level students.
They’re just really common mistakes
that you keep making again and again
sometimes because, you know, the grammar is difficult to understand
but sometimes because
these mistakes have never been properly corrected for you.
so they become bad habits.
They keep happening without you even realising it.
And if you don’t recognise them,
if you don’t see the mistakes that you’re making,
then you can’t fix them, can you?
So I want to help you to do that.
I want you to start seeing the mistakes
that you’re making.
I want you to see it in your writing
so that you can correct yourself.
And then when you start doing that
you’ll naturally be correcting yourself when you speak.
The mmmEnglish grammar challenge will help you
to practise and improve all of these mostakes
the ones that you sometimes make.
So once you watch this lesson, make sure you sign up,
join the challenge, get your friends to join too!
A little friendly competition is a good thing
so that we can all have some fun together and
improve your English skills while we’re doing it.
So what are the 10 most common grammar mistakes
that English learners make?
Number one, uncountable nouns.
So you probably know
that there are two types of nouns in English
countable and uncountable nouns.
Countable nouns are easy!
You can count them.
And when there’s more than one,
the noun becomes plural, we add an S.
One apple, three cars, a million subscribers.
“One apple, three cars, a million subscribers.”
The noun becomes plural when there’s more than one
and we can use the singular articles a and an
when we’re talking about just one of them.
But uncountable nouns are different.
They don’t usually have a plural form.
You can’t use a singular article with them
and you need to use quantifiers to help explain
how much of the noun there is.
The way that you use uncountable nouns in english sentences
is completely different to countable nouns.
Let’s just compare apple,
a countable noun, and advice, an uncountable noun.
I have an apple for you.
“I have an apple for you.”
I have a piece of advice for you.
“I have a piece of advice for you.”
How many apples do you have?
“How many apples do you have?”
How much advice do you have?
“How much advice do you have?”
I have a few apples for you.
“I have a few apples for you.”
I have a little advice for you.
“I have a little advice for you.”
It’s not just the noun that’s important,
the type of noun affects many other words in your sentence.
So using the wrong words with the uncountable noun
in an English sentence is a really, really common mistake.
And it’s easy to do without realising that you’re doing it.
Perhaps you don’t realise that a noun is uncountable.
Mistake number two, irregular verbs.
Now these are also really common English mistakes.
Difficult to master
because there are no rules that you can learn to logically explain
why one verb is regular and the other is not.
Even though there are fewer irregular verbs than regular verbs,
many irregular verbs are really, really common verbs.
You can’t escape them, you need to learn them.
Number three, subject-verb agreement.
Subject-verb agreement is as simple as it sounds.
The subject and the verb in English sentences
must agree, they must match.
So why is it such a common mistake in English?
Even my advanced English students
sometimes make these mistakes as well.
And it’s simply because they’ve got into some bad habits.
They don’t realise that they’re making these mistakes.
That car looks expensive.
“That car looks expensive.”
Those cars look expensive.
“Those cars look expensive.”
Paul is looking out the window.
“Paul is looking out the window.”
John and Tim are looking out the window.
“John and Tim are looking out the window.”
Do those students like to eat bananas?
“Do those student like to eat bananas?”
Does this student like to eat bananas?
“Does this student like to eat bananas?”
These mistakes are very easy to fix.
Bad habits can be fixed but you need to see them.
So I’ll explain more about this in detail
during the mmmEnglish grammar challenge.
Common mistake number four, auxiliary verbs.
错误四 助动词 没错
Yes, the three main auxiliary verbs in English:
do be and have.
They’re very important
and learning a little more about them
is going to help you improve your English grammar a lot
because the relationship between an auxiliary verb
and the main verb in an English sentence
is very clear and simple.
The auxiliary verb do appears in the simple tenses.
The auxiliary verb be appears in the continuous tenses
and also in the passive voice.
And the auxiliary verb have
appears in the perfect tenses.
This is one part of English that is really consistent.
So if you’re making any of these mistakes,
we can fix them easily.
So join me for the challenge
and learn more about auxiliary verbs
and fix these common grammar mistakes.
Mistake number five, articles.
Which one should you use?
When and why?
Articles must cause the most headaches for English learners.
The is the definite article,
a and an are indefinite articles.
The difference between definite and indefinite articles
is the difference between talking about a specific noun and a general noun.
If you asked me”Can you pass me a pen?”
如果你问我“Can you pass me a pen？”
That means any of these pens, not a specific one.
But if you asked me”Can you pass me the blue pen?”
但是当你问我“Can you pass me the blue pen？”
that only means this pen, none of the others.
But sometimes you don’t need to use an article at all.
So it’s easy to see
why articles are some of
the most common mistakes that English learners make.
The good news is that there are some simple rules
that you can follow to choose the right article.
And I’ve got a few tips
that I want to share with you during the challenge
to help you learn a little bit more about articles
and how to use them.
Number six, prepositions
words like in, on, at, by, with, for
you get my point
These words, they help to give information
about time, location and direction in English.
Just like articles may also cause a few headaches,
sometimes the same preposition can have different meanings depending on the context.
If your keys are in the car,
如果说你的钥匙“in the car”
the meaning is different to at the car.
意思就与“at the car”不同
But if you’re in school, the meaning is pretty much
the same as at school.
I had a coffee at Helen’s.
“I had a coffee at Helen’s”
That means at her house or I had a coffee with Helen.
意思是在她家 或者“I had acoffee with Helen.”
That means we had a coffee together
but it could have been anywhere.
These tiny little words can influence
the meaning of your English sentence significantly.
But they are a challenge
because the rules and reasons for using them are not always clear.
Plus, you could be thinking about
the correct preposition that’s used in your own native language
but they don’t translate directly into English
and this can be a problem too.
Anyway, to get them right you need to practise
and that’s exactly what we’ll do during the challenge.
Number seven, we’re going to talk about word order in questions.
So asking questions, giving answers.
It’s the basics of a great conversation in English,
in any language, really.
But one common mistake is using the wrong word order
when you’re asking questions.
We can go shopping this afternoon?
“We can go shopping this afternoon?”
What you are cooking for dinner?
“What you are cooking for dinner?”
Word order in English questions
is a common grammar mistake.
I see it a lot and I hear even more often
and another thing, different types of questions in English
use different intonation,
so getting the structure and the intonation right is important
if you want to sound natural like a native English speaker.
The good news is that English questions are really consistent,
they follow a clear structure.
Question word, auxiliary verb,
subject and your main verb.
If you remember these words in this order,
your questions should always be correct.
Mistake number eight, lucky eight.
The present perfect tense.
Now, this tense is a challenging one.
There’s the present perfect simple
and the present perfect continuous.
You can also use the words for and since
with these tenses to help you express information about time.
Now, the structure of a present perfect sentence
It’s probably not the difficult part.
You probably know
that there’s the subject, the auxiliary verb have
and the main verb in past participle form.
But in the present perfect continuous,
your past participle verb is been
and it’s followed by a verb in -ing form.
Don’t forget to conjugate that auxiliary verb,
depending on the subject.
So it’s confusing because this tense is about the past
and the present at the same time.
It connects something that happened in the past to the present moment
and there are a few different ways that this can happen in English.
So although it’s complicated,
it is a really commonly used tense in English
so you need to understand it.
If you join the mmmEnglish challenge,
I’m going to explain
how to use this tense in more detail
and help you to practise using it as well.
Another mistake, this is number nine,
the difference between the past simple
and the present perfect tense.
Like I said,
the present perfect is also about the past
which is confusing in itself, right?
So why not just use the past simple
to talk about the past?
To understand when to use the past simple
and when to use the present perfect tense
you need to think about time.
Finished time and unfinished time.
Last week is a good example of finished time,
it’s complete, it’s over.
But this week is unfinished,
it’s an example of unfinished time,
there’s still more of this week to come,
it’s not finished yet.
So expressions of time are really important
when you’re using these two different tenses.
Yesterday, last week, last month, 1991.
昨天 上周 上个月 1991年
These are all examples of finished time.
Time that’s complete.
So you would use the past simple.
But when you’re thinking about a time period that is unfinished
like today, this week, this month, my life,
像今天 这周 这个月 我这一辈子
use the present perfect.
I’ll go over this with you during the challenge.
Lastly, mistake number ten.
And I wonder if this is a mistake
that you sometimes make
not all the time but sometimes.
When do you use adjectives that end in -ed and -ing?
There is a big difference between”He looks bored.”
“He looks bored.”
and”He looks boring.”
和“He looks boring.”之间有很大差异
“I am interested.”
“I am interested.”
or”I am interesting.”
或者“I am interesting.”
There doesn’t seem to be much difference between these adjectives
but using them incorrectly in your sentence
completely changes the meaning.
Luckily, there are some simple rules to help you
remember which one is the right one to use.
Now I want to help you improve your English
and fixing these ten common mistakes
is a really good place to start.
So come and take the mmmEnglish challenge with me.
I’ll explain all of these important English grammar points
so that you can understand them
and then you’ll be able to take a short quiz
to check what you’ve learned.
Joining the mmmEnglish challenge is really easy.
Step one, just subscribe to this channel.
To join the challenge, you must be an mmmEnglish subscriber.
If you’re not a subscriber already,
just click that red button down there.
Step two, go to this website.
To join, you need to sign up and pay a dollar.
为了加入 你得注册 并且支付一美元
Also really easy!
Step three, complete the ten lessons.
Yeah there are ten lessons
about the ten most common mistakes that English learners make.
I want you to fix these mistakes in your English,
so I’ll explain each of the grammar points
and give you lots of examples
and then you’ll check your knowledge
with a short quiz at the end of each lesson.
So you’ll study with me and improve your grammar skills
and test your skills.
It’s going to be super fun,
get your friends to join in as well
and make sure that you complete all of the lessons
by the end of May.
If you do that,
you could win one of the many mmmEnglish prizes.
We’re giving away t-shirts, English courses
and even conversation practice with me.
So head over to the website to sign up – let’s do this!
Do it now!
I’ll be back here next week on YouTube
with another lesson for you.
Bye for now!
Hello I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!