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英语学习者最常犯的十个语法错误

10 MOST COMMON Grammar Mistakes English Learners Make 😭😭😭

Hello I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
大家好 我是艾玛英语的艾玛
Oh my goodness,
噢 天呐
thank you so much for celebrating with me last week.
非常感谢上周大家观看我的节目
It was so much fun!
这真的太有趣啦!
I was thinking
我觉得
that I don’t really want to stop celebrating just yet.
我不能就这样戛然而止
So I’ve got something super special to share with you today.
所以今天我要和大家分享一个超赞的消息
During May, this month,
五月份 就这个月哦
mmmEnglish subscribers will be able to join
艾玛英语的订阅者将能加入
the mmmEnglish grammar challenge.
艾玛英语的语法挑战营
And I’m inviting you to join the challenge
我邀请大家参与此项活动
to improve your English with me
和我一起提升英语水平
and give you the chance
也给自己一个机会
to win some really fun mmmEnglish prizes
来赢得本节目提供的绝佳奖品
including mmmEnglish t-shirts, mmmEnglish courses
奖品有本课程的同名T恤 我们的课程
and a chance to win some conversation practice with me.
以及和我对话练习的机会
It’s super easy to join and a really good idea
加入活动很简单也很值得
because just by participating,
因为只要参与
you’ll be improving your English skills.
你就能够提升英语水平
So make sure you subscribe, that’s the first step
因此 来订阅我们的节目 这是第一步
just down there
就在那儿
and then keep watching this video
接着坚持观看本期视频
to find out how you can join the challenge.
就知道怎样加入挑战营啦
In this video, I’m going to share
本期视频 我打算分享
the ten most common grammar mistakes that English learners make.
英语学习者最常犯的十个语法错误
When I’m reading your comments below my videos
当我读大家给我视频的评论时
and I’m replying to your emails,
以及在我给大家回复邮件时
I always notice the same mistakes that you consistently make.
我注意到 大家总会持续犯同样的错误
And through years of teaching English
在语言学校和大学
at language schools and at university,
教英语的这些年
these are the same mistakes
这些错误
that a whole range of English learners make,
是大部分英语学习者都会犯的错误
from beginners right through to even advanced level students.
无论是初学者还是高水平者
They’re just really common mistakes
大家一而再再而三犯的错
that you keep making again and again
其实很普遍
sometimes because, you know, the grammar is difficult to understand
你懂的 有时候是因为语法难懂
but sometimes because
但有时是因为
these mistakes have never been properly corrected for you.
没人给你纠正这些错误
so they become bad habits.
因此它们演变为不良习惯
They keep happening without you even realising it.
你甚至没有注意到它们 但它们始终存在
And if you don’t recognise them,
如果你不能认识到这些错误
if you don’t see the mistakes that you’re making,
不知道自己正在犯的错误
then you can’t fix them, can you?
那你就没法改正 对吧?
So I want to help you to do that.
所以我想帮助大家纠正错误
I want you to start seeing the mistakes
我希望大家可以开始注意到
that you’re making.
自己的语法错误
I want you to see it in your writing
希望大家能在写作中发现这些错误
so that you can correct yourself.
这样就能自己修改它们
And then when you start doing that
当你着手在写作中纠正错误时
you’ll naturally be correcting yourself when you speak.
你将会自然而然地在说口语时纠正自己
The mmmEnglish grammar challenge will help you
艾玛英语的语法挑战营会帮助大家
to practise and improve all of these mostakes
去练习并改正
the ones that you sometimes make.
大家时常会犯的所有错误
So once you watch this lesson, make sure you sign up,
要是看到了这节课 一定要报名
join the challenge, get your friends to join too!
加入这个活动 叫上小伙伴一起来吧!
A little friendly competition is a good thing
朋友间的小竞赛挺有趣的
so that we can all have some fun together and
这样大家可以一起玩耍
improve your English skills while we’re doing it.
同时还能提升英语水平
So what are the 10 most common grammar mistakes
那么 英语学习者最常犯的十个语法错误
that English learners make?
都有什么呢?
Number one, uncountable nouns.
错误一 不可数名词
So you probably know
你可能知道
that there are two types of nouns in English
英语中的名词有两类
countable and uncountable nouns.
可数名词和不可数名词
Countable nouns are easy!
可数名词很简单!
You can count them.
你能数的过来
And when there’s more than one,
当数量超过一时
the noun becomes plural, we add an S.
名词单数变为复数 加“S”
One apple, three cars, a million subscribers.
“One apple, three cars, a million subscribers.”
The noun becomes plural when there’s more than one
可数名词数量不止有一个时 名词变为复数形式
and we can use the singular articles a and an
当我们就讨论一个东西的时候
when we’re talking about just one of them.
可以用单数冠词“a”和“an”
But uncountable nouns are different.
但不可数名词就不同了
They don’t usually have a plural form.
他们通常没有复数形式
You can’t use a singular article with them
你不能用单数冠词与之连用
and you need to use quantifiers to help explain
而是需要用量词来表达
how much of the noun there is.
它们究竟有多少
The way that you use uncountable nouns in english sentences
在英语句子中 与可数名词相比
is completely different to countable nouns.
使用不可数名词的方式是截然不同的
Let’s just compare apple,
我们来比较一下“apple”和“advice”
a countable noun, and advice, an uncountable noun.
“apple”是可数名词“advice”是不可数名词
I have an apple for you.
“I have an apple for you.”
I have a piece of advice for you.
“I have a piece of advice for you.”
How many apples do you have?
“How many apples do you have?”
How much advice do you have?
“How much advice do you have?”
I have a few apples for you.
“I have a few apples for you.”
I have a little advice for you.
“I have a little advice for you.”
It’s not just the noun that’s important,
重要的不仅是名词本身
the type of noun affects many other words in your sentence.
名词类型还会影响句子中的其他词汇
So using the wrong words with the uncountable noun
所以使用不正确的词修饰不可数名词
in an English sentence is a really, really common mistake.
在英语中真的是极其常见的错误
And it’s easy to do without realising that you’re doing it.
不知不觉中就容易犯错
Perhaps you don’t realise that a noun is uncountable.
可能你都没意识到一个词是不可数名词
Mistake number two, irregular verbs.
错误二 不规则动词
Now these are also really common English mistakes.
这也是很常见的英语错误
Difficult to master
很难掌握
because there are no rules that you can learn to logically explain
因为没有规则让你清晰地理解
why one verb is regular and the other is not.
为什么一个动词是规则的 而另一个不是
Even though there are fewer irregular verbs than regular verbs,
尽管不规则动词比规则动词少
many irregular verbs are really, really common verbs.
但许多不规则动词真的是很常用的动词
You can’t escape them, you need to learn them.
你避不开他们 就得学习它们
Number three, subject-verb agreement.
错误三 主谓一致
Subject-verb agreement is as simple as it sounds.
主谓一致就如它的名称一样简单
The subject and the verb in English sentences
主语和谓语在英语句子中
must agree, they must match.
必须达成一致 它们必须相匹配
So why is it such a common mistake in English?
那么它为什么会是英语中如此常见的错误呢?
Even my advanced English students
就连我那些英语很优秀的学生
sometimes make these mistakes as well.
有时也会犯这种错误
And it’s simply because they’ve got into some bad habits.
这仅仅因为他们已养成一些不良习惯
They don’t realise that they’re making these mistakes.
他们都没有意识到自己在犯这些错误
That car looks expensive.
“That car looks expensive.”
Those cars look expensive.
“Those cars look expensive.”
Paul is looking out the window.
“Paul is looking out the window.”
John and Tim are looking out the window.
“John and Tim are looking out the window.”
Do those students like to eat bananas?
“Do those student like to eat bananas?”
Does this student like to eat bananas?
“Does this student like to eat bananas?”
These mistakes are very easy to fix.
这些错误都很容易改正
Bad habits can be fixed but you need to see them.
不良习惯能够矫正 但是你需要看到它们
So I’ll explain more about this in detail
所以在艾玛英语语法挑战营中
during the mmmEnglish grammar challenge.
我会更详细地解释这些错误
Common mistake number four, auxiliary verbs.
错误四 助动词 没错
Yes, the three main auxiliary verbs in English:
是的 英语中的三个主要助动词有
do be and have.
“do”“be”以及“have”
They’re very important
助动词至关重要
and learning a little more about them
更深入地学习这些
is going to help you improve your English grammar a lot
有助于显著提升英语语法水平
because the relationship between an auxiliary verb
因为在英语句子中
and the main verb in an English sentence
助动词和主动词之间的关系
is very clear and simple.
清晰且简单
The auxiliary verb do appears in the simple tenses.
助动词“do”出现在一般时态
The auxiliary verb be appears in the continuous tenses
助动词“be”出现在进行时态
and also in the passive voice.
以及被动语态里
And the auxiliary verb have
助动词“have”
appears in the perfect tenses.
出现在完成时态里
This is one part of English that is really consistent.
这一部分内容在英语中是相互联系的
So if you’re making any of these mistakes,
即便你正在犯这些错误中的任何一个
we can fix them easily.
我们也能轻松改正
So join me for the challenge
所以加入我们的挑战营
and learn more about auxiliary verbs
学习更多关于助动词的知识
and fix these common grammar mistakes.
纠正这些普遍的语法错误
Mistake number five, articles.
错误五 冠词
Which one should you use?
你应该用哪一个冠词呢?
When and why?
什么时候用 以及为什么用?
Articles must cause the most headaches for English learners.
冠词无疑使英语学习者最头疼
The is the definite article,
“the”是定冠词
a and an are indefinite articles.
“a”和“an”是不定冠词
The difference between definite and indefinite articles
定冠词和不定冠词之间的差别
is the difference between talking about a specific noun and a general noun.
就是特指名词和普通名词之间的差异
If you asked me”Can you pass me a pen?”
如果你问我“Can you pass me a pen?”
That means any of these pens, not a specific one.
那意味着任何一支笔都行 不是特定的一支笔
But if you asked me”Can you pass me the blue pen?”
但是当你问我“Can you pass me the blue pen?”
that only means this pen, none of the others.
那就仅指这支笔 而不是其他笔
But sometimes you don’t need to use an article at all.
但是有时候你根本不需要用到冠词
So it’s easy to see
因此导致
why articles are some of
冠词是英语学习者
the most common mistakes that English learners make.
最常犯的错误之一
The good news is that there are some simple rules
好消息是有一些简单规则
that you can follow to choose the right article.
你可以通过遵循它们来选择正确的冠词
And I’ve got a few tips
我也有一些干货
that I want to share with you during the challenge
想要在挑战营时候和大家分享
to help you learn a little bit more about articles
以便帮助大家学习更多有关冠词
and how to use them.
和冠词的使用方法
Number six, prepositions
错误六 介词
words like in, on, at, by, with, for
“in”“on”“at”“by”“with”“for”这类词
you get my point
你懂的哈
These words, they help to give information
这些单词在英语中
about time, location and direction in English.
提供关于时间 位置和方向的信息
Just like articles may also cause a few headaches,
就像冠词令人头痛一样
sometimes the same preposition can have different meanings depending on the context.
有时 同样的介词在不同语境下有不同含义
If your keys are in the car,
如果说你的钥匙“in the car”
the meaning is different to at the car.
意思就与“at the car”不同
But if you’re in school, the meaning is pretty much
但是要说是“in school”
the same as at school.
意思就与“at school”差不多了
I had a coffee at Helen’s.
“I had a coffee at Helen’s”
That means at her house or I had a coffee with Helen.
意思是在她家 或者“I had acoffee with Helen.”
That means we had a coffee together
意味着我们一起喝了杯咖啡
but it could have been anywhere.
但是可能是在任何地方
These tiny little words can influence
这些小词能够显著地影响
the meaning of your English sentence significantly.
英语句子的含义
But they are a challenge
但这也是一种挑战
because the rules and reasons for using them are not always clear.
因为使用它们的规则和原因不总是清晰的
Plus, you could be thinking about
此外 在自己的母语里
the correct preposition that’s used in your own native language
你可以去找恰当的介词
but they don’t translate directly into English
但是他们不能直接翻译成英语
and this can be a problem too.
这也可能会是个问题
Anyway, to get them right you need to practise
无论如何 你需要练习才能正确使用它们
and that’s exactly what we’ll do during the challenge.
这些正是我们在挑战营期间要做的
Number seven, we’re going to talk about word order in questions.
错误七 我们来聊一下问句的词序问题
So asking questions, giving answers.
提出问题 给出答案
It’s the basics of a great conversation in English,
这是英语对话的基础
in any language, really.
其实 对任何语言都是如此
But one common mistake is using the wrong word order
但在提问时词序混乱
when you’re asking questions.
是一个常见的错误
We can go shopping this afternoon?
“We can go shopping this afternoon?”
What you are cooking for dinner?
“What you are cooking for dinner?”
Word order in English questions
英语问句里的词序问题
is a common grammar mistake.
是很常见的语法错误
I see it a lot and I hear even more often
我看到很多这样的错误 听到的甚至更多
and another thing, different types of questions in English
还有另一个问题 英语中不同类型的问句
use different intonation,
要用不同的语调
so getting the structure and the intonation right is important
因此使句型和语调匹配很重要
if you want to sound natural like a native English speaker.
如果你想要口语和以英语为母语的人一样地道
The good news is that English questions are really consistent,
好消息是 英语的问句始终如一
they follow a clear structure.
它们遵循一个清晰的结构
Question word, auxiliary verb,
疑问词 助动词
subject and your main verb.
主语和主动词
If you remember these words in this order,
如果你按这个顺序记住这些单词
your questions should always be correct.
你的问句就总是正确的
Mistake number eight, lucky eight.
错误八 幸运的八
The present perfect tense.
现在完成时
Now, this tense is a challenging one.
这个时态很难缠
There’s the present perfect simple
有一般现在完成时
and the present perfect continuous.
和现在完成进行时
You can also use the words for and since
你可以在句子中用“for”和“since”
with these tenses to help you express information about time.
辅助表达时态信息
Now, the structure of a present perfect sentence
现在讲现在完成时的句子结构
It’s probably not the difficult part.
它可能还不算难
You probably know
你可能知道
that there’s the subject, the auxiliary verb have
它的句子结构是主语+助动词“have”
and the main verb in past participle form.
+主动词的过去分词形式
But in the present perfect continuous,
但是在现在完成进行时里
your past participle verb is been
过去分词动词是“been”
and it’s followed by a verb in -ing form.
并且后面跟着动词的-ing形式
Don’t forget to conjugate that auxiliary verb,
不要忘记助动词的词形变化
depending on the subject.
这取决于主语
So it’s confusing because this tense is about the past
这令人困惑 因为这个时态既和过去有关
and the present at the same time.
又和现在有关
It connects something that happened in the past to the present moment
它把过去和现在发生的事连接起来
and there are a few different ways that this can happen in English.
在英语中 有几种不同方式能起到这种作用
So although it’s complicated,
尽管它有点麻烦
it is a really commonly used tense in English
但在英语中是一个经常使用的时态
so you need to understand it.
因此 你需要理解它
If you join the mmmEnglish challenge,
如果你加入艾玛英语挑战营
I’m going to explain
我会更详细地解释
how to use this tense in more detail
如何使用这个时态
and help you to practise using it as well.
还会帮助大家练习使用它
Another mistake, this is number nine,
下一个错误 第九个了
the difference between the past simple
一般过去时
and the present perfect tense.
和现在完成时之间的差异
Like I said,
如我所说
the present perfect is also about the past
现在完成时也和过去有关
which is confusing in itself, right?
这本身就挺让人费解的 是不?
So why not just use the past simple
为什么就不能只用一般过去时
to talk about the past?
来讨论过去呢?
To understand when to use the past simple
为了弄懂何时使用一般过去时
and when to use the present perfect tense
何时使用现在完成时
you need to think about time.
你得从时间上入手
Finished time and unfinished time.
完成时间和未完成时间
Last week is a good example of finished time,
Last week是一个典型的完成时间
it’s complete, it’s over.
它完成了 结束了
But this week is unfinished,
但是This week是未完成的
it’s an example of unfinished time,
这是一个未完成时间的例子
there’s still more of this week to come,
这周还有大把时间
it’s not finished yet.
它还尚未结束
So expressions of time are really important
所以当你使用这两个不同的时态时
when you’re using these two different tenses.
时间的表述尤为重要
Yesterday, last week, last month, 1991.
昨天 上周 上个月 1991年
These are all examples of finished time.
这些都是完成时间的例子
Time that’s complete.
已经过去的时间
So you would use the past simple.
所以应该用一般过去时
But when you’re thinking about a time period that is unfinished
但是当你考虑一个未完成的时间段
like today, this week, this month, my life,
像今天 这周 这个月 我这一辈子
use the present perfect.
要用现在完成时
Again,
敲黑板啦
I’ll go over this with you during the challenge.
我将在挑战营和大家一起温习这部分内容
Lastly, mistake number ten.
最后一个 错误十
And I wonder if this is a mistake
我还纳闷这是否算是一个
that you sometimes make
大家时常会犯的错误呢
not all the time but sometimes.
不总会错 但偶尔会
When do you use adjectives that end in -ed and -ing?
什么时候使用以-ed和-ing结尾的形容词呢?
There is a big difference between”He looks bored.”
“He looks bored.”
and”He looks boring.”
和“He looks boring.”之间有很大差异
“I am interested.”
“I am interested.”
or”I am interesting.”
或者“I am interesting.”
There doesn’t seem to be much difference between these adjectives
这些形容词间没有太大区别
but using them incorrectly in your sentence
但是在句子里面乱用这些词
completely changes the meaning.
会彻底改变句意
Luckily, there are some simple rules to help you
幸好有一些简单的规则能帮助大家
remember which one is the right one to use.
记住哪一个是正确的用法
Now I want to help you improve your English
现在我想要帮助大家提升英语水平
and fixing these ten common mistakes
那么 修正这十个常见的错误
is a really good place to start.
是个很好的出发点
So come and take the mmmEnglish challenge with me.
那就和我一起加入艾玛英语挑战营吧
I’ll explain all of these important English grammar points
我将讲解所有这些英语语法重点
so that you can understand them
以便于大家能够理解它们
and then you’ll be able to take a short quiz
之后大家会做一个小测验
to check what you’ve learned.
来检验学习效果
Joining the mmmEnglish challenge is really easy.
加入艾玛英语挑战营非常简单
Step one, just subscribe to this channel.
第一步 只要订阅这个频道
To join the challenge, you must be an mmmEnglish subscriber.
为加入挑战营 你必须成为节目订阅者
If you’re not a subscriber already,
如果你还未成为订阅者
just click that red button down there.
只要点击那里那个红色按钮
Easy!
非常简单!
Step two, go to this website.
第二步 登录这个网站
To join, you need to sign up and pay a dollar.
为了加入 你得注册 并且支付一美元
Also really easy!
依然十分简单!
Step three, complete the ten lessons.
第三步 完成十节课
Yeah there are ten lessons
关于英语学习者
about the ten most common mistakes that English learners make.
最常犯的十个错误的十节课
I want you to fix these mistakes in your English,
我希望大家能修正这些错误
so I’ll explain each of the grammar points
所以我会解释每一个语法点
and give you lots of examples
并且为大家提供大量的例子
and then you’ll check your knowledge
然后大家会用每节课后的小测验
with a short quiz at the end of each lesson.
检验所学知识
So you’ll study with me and improve your grammar skills
大家将和我一起学习并且提高语法技巧
and test your skills.
并进行测试
It’s going to be super fun,
一定非常有趣
get your friends to join in as well
叫上小伙伴也来报名
and make sure that you complete all of the lessons
要在五月底
by the end of May.
完成全部课程
If you do that,
挑战成功
you could win one of the many mmmEnglish prizes.
可以赢得艾玛英语的一份奖品
We’re giving away t-shirts, English courses
我们正在赠送T恤 英语课程
and even conversation practice with me.
甚至还有和我对话练习呦
So head over to the website to sign up – let’s do this!
快快登录网站注册吧
Do it now!
立即行动!
I’ll be back here next week on YouTube
下周YouTube不见不散
with another lesson for you.
下周讲其他内容
Bye for now!
再见啦!

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译制信息
视频概述

英语学习者最常犯的十个语法错误。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Vendredi

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soN1qPcSDVo

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