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世界十大最美港湾

10 Most Beautiful Bays in the World

世界上十大最美海湾
10 Most Beautiful Bays in the World.
海湾被松散的定义为被陆地部分包围的水体
A bay is loosely defined as a body of water partly enclosed by land.
通常来说 海湾的水面要比周边海域平静
Generally they have calmer waters than the surrounding sea,
也是船舶躲避坏天气的良好庇护所
and are a good place for ships to shelter from the weather.
如果港口足够大足够深
When large and deep enough,
就会成为具有重要经济及战略价值的天然良港
bays become natural harbors which are often of great economic and strategic importance.
许多世界级的大城市都地处自然港口
Many of the great cities of the world are located on a natural harbor.
本期节目聚焦世界上最美港湾和闻名的海岸带
This top 10 features some of the most beautiful bays and famous stretches of coastline in the world.
10 芬迪港
10: Bay of Fundy.
芬迪港 位于加拿大的大西洋沿岸
The Bay of Fundy, located on the Atlantic coast of Canada,
以其极高的潮差而出名
is famous for its high tidal range.
由于港湾的独特形状
Because of the unique shape of the bay,
高低潮间的水平面之差能达到16米(52英尺)
the difference in water level between high tide and low tide can be as much as 16 meters (52 feet).
观看潮水的最佳去处就是好望角石林了
One of the best places to watch the tides are the Hopewell Rocks,
这是一些顶层被树覆盖的塔状砂岩
a number of sandstone towers topped by trees.
岩石基底部每天被海水浸没两次
The base of the rock formations are covered in water twice a day,
而在低潮时能看到其基底层
and can be seen from the ground level at low tide.
9 天堂湾
9: Paradise Bay.
天堂湾是南极洲唯二的供游轮停靠的地点之一
Paradise Bay is one of only two places used by cruise ships to stop on Antarctica,
另一个是纳克港
the other is Neko Harbour.
这里自然是南极洲到访游客最多的地方之一
Consequently it is one of Antarctica’s most visited areas.
港湾被大面积冰封山川和冰崖所包围
The bay is surrounded by heavily glaciated mountains and ice cliffs.
可参与的活动有 坐充气橡皮艇穿梭于冰山之间
Activities include cruising between iceberg with inflatable zodiac boats,
参观智利研究站 还有拍摄企鹅栖息地
visiting a Chilean research station and photographing penguin habitats.
8 岛屿湾
8: Bay of Islands.
岛屿湾是新西兰最负盛名的旅游景点之一
The Bay of Islands is one of the most popular tourist attractions in New Zealand.
这片景色如画的地区包含有144个小岛
The picturesque area contains 144 islands,
许多隐蔽港湾 还有许多不错的沙滩
many secluded bays and some great sandy beaches.
这个美丽海湾有丰富的海洋生物
This beautiful bay has an abundance of marine life,
包括鲸鱼 企鹅 海豚以及大马林鱼
including whales, penguins, dolphins and the big marlin.
这里也是一个环球航行的游艇聚集
Not surprisingly, it is a popular gathering place
和国际垂钓爱好者聚会备受欢迎的好去处
for sailing yachts on world cruises and international sport fishermen.
岛屿湾也有着重要历史意义
The bay is also historically significant
因为这里是新西兰首先被欧洲人定居的地方
as it was the first part of New Zealand settled by Europeans.
7 科托尔湾
7: Bay of Kotor.
科托尔湾位于黑山西南面 面向亚得里亚海
The Bay of Kotor is located in south-western Montenegro on the Adriatic Sea.
这是欧洲最美海湾之一 而且经常被错认为峡湾
It is one of Europe’s most beautiful bays and often mistaken for a fjord,
但实际上是水下河流峡谷
but is in fact a submerged river canyon.
科特尔港田园般的海岸边 有着数不清的海滩
The idyllic shore of the Bay of Kotor is lined with numerous beaches,
些许旅游胜地 如画小镇里桑 佩拉斯特和科特尔
several tourist resorts and the picturesque towns of Risan, Perast and Kotor.
6 攀牙湾
6: Phang Nga Bay.
攀牙湾距离普吉岛仅仅95公里多
Located just over 95 km(60 miles) from the island of Phuket,
是泰国声名在外的风景区之一
Phang Nga Bay is one of Thailand’s most scenic areas.
包括美丽的洞穴 水上岩洞以及石灰岩岛屿
It consists of beautiful caves, aquatic grottoes and limestone islands,
有一些高达300米(984英尺)
some of which reach 300 meter (984 feet) high.
港湾内著名的岛是屏干岛 一个针形石灰岩巨石
The most famous island in the bay is a needle formed limestone rock called Ko Ping Kan,
更多地被大家称为詹姆斯·邦德岛
more commonly known as James Bond Island,
因它出现在詹姆斯邦德的电影《007:金枪人》中
which was featured in the James Bond movie “The Man with the Golden Gun”.
参观攀牙湾的流行方式是海上皮艇
A popular way of visiting Phang Nga Bay is by sea kayak,
因为它们是进入石窟和海蚀洞的唯一方式
as they are the only way to get inside the grottoes and sea caves.
5 维多利亚港
5: Victoria Harbour.
维多利亚港是香港的主要旅游景点
Victoria Harbour is a major tourist attraction in Hong Kong,
也是世界上最深的集装箱港口之一
and one of the deepest container ports in the world.
港湾一侧可欣赏港岛摩天大楼的壮美景色
The bay offers stunning views of the skyscrapers of Hong Kong island on one side,
另一侧是尖沙咀海岸线
and the Tsim Sha Tsui shoreline on the other.
维港也是世界上最繁忙的港口之一
Victoria Harbour is also one of the busiest harbors in the world with hundreds of ferries,
数百艘轮渡 帆船 快艇来来往往于海岸间
junks and speed boats darting up and down the shore.
欣赏维港的最佳方式之一是乘坐天星轮
One of the best ways to see the harbor is a trip on the Star Ferry.
4 杰克孙港
4: Port Jackson.
杰克孙港是悉尼的天然港口
Port Jackson is the natural harbor of Sydney,
悉尼是世界上最有活力最为优美的城市之一
one of the world’s most livable and beautiful cities.
杰克逊港有上百个小港湾 小峡谷 海滩和航道
With its hundreds of bays, coves, beaches and waterways,
为悉尼的美景做了主要的贡献
the harbor contributes to Sydney’s scenic beauty in a major way.
港湾也有着悉尼最著名的地标
The harbor also contains two of Sydney’s most famous landmarks:
悉尼歌剧院和悉尼大桥
the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge.
3 旧金山湾
3: San Francisco Bay.
旧金山湾位于加州海岸
San Francisco Bay is situated on the Californian coast.
港湾周围的地区 通常被称为湾区
The area around the bay, commonly known as the Bay Area,
是美国西部第二大的城市区 有大约8百万居民
is the American West’s second-largest urban area with approximately 8 million residents.
旧金山也是湾区的金融中心
San Francisco is the financial center of the Bay Area
圣何塞却是最受欢迎的城市
while San Jose is the most populous city.
港湾有着众多岛屿 包括恶魔岛
The bay contains many islands including the small island of Alcatraz,
它在1963年前是一座监狱
which served as a prison until 1963.
金门是港湾面向太平洋的大门
The Golden Gate, which opens the bay to the Pacific Ocean,
著名的金门大桥横跨于此
is spanned by the famous Golden Gate Bridge.
2 瓜纳巴拉海湾
2: Guanabara Bay.
瓜纳巴拉海湾是位于巴西东南面的美丽港湾
Guanabara Bay is a beautiful bay located in southeastern Brazil.
港湾被热带雨林 海滩 奇形怪状的岩石
The bay is surrounded by tropical forests, beaches, strangely-shaped rocks,
马尔山高山和临近的里约热内卢所包围
the high mountains of Serra do Marl and the neighborhoods of Rio de Janeiro.
港湾于1502年一月份被葡萄牙探险家加斯帕·莱莫斯发现
The bay was discovered in January 1, 1502 by Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos,
他认为是条大河 将其命名为里约热内卢(一月河)
who named it Rio de Janeiro (January River), thinking it was a large river.
瓜纳巴拉这个名字来自于图皮-瓜拉尼语
The name Guanabara comes from the Tupi-Guarani language.
1 下龙湾
1: Ha Long Bay.
下龙湾位于越南北部 约有120公里长的海岸线
Ha Long Bay is situated in north Vietnam round a 120 kilometer long coast line,
字面翻译就是“龙下海之处”
and is literally translated as“Bay of Descending Dragons”.
下龙湾是越南最受欢迎的旅游景点之一
The bay is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Vietnam,
那里有上千座小岛 每个顶部都满是茂密的丛林
and features thousands of islands, each topped with thick jungle vegetation,
形成了壮观的石灰岩柱海景
forming a spectacular seascape of limestone pillars.
一些小岛是中空的 里面是巨大的洞穴
Several of the islands are hollow, with enormous caves,
其他小岛还有湖泊以及一些为渔民提供补给的浮村
others islands include lakes and some support floating villages of fishermen.

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