10 modern items that are way older than you think.
Most of us will call robots a product of very recent times.
In fact the word “robots” itself was only coined less than 100 years ago in 1921.
It comes when Czechoslovakian word for work
used in the play “Rossum’s Universal Robots” by Karel Capek
to describe an army of manufacture industrial slaves.
According to the International Federation of Robotics,
2.6 million industrial robots would be in operation worldwide in 2019.
Bizarrely though, they have their roots and creation
for almost 2400 years ago, between 400 and 300 in 5th B.C.
Known as the pigeon, the first robot was a self-propelled flying device
developed by ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician and astronomer – Archytas,
who is consequently credited as being the founder of mechanical science.
It is known as the first robot
because it was able to fly by self with no human interference.
His robot was a wooden bird
capable of flapping its wings and flying up to 200 meters.
It was powered by compressed air or internal steam engine
and probably used a pulley and counterweight to help it fly.
No.9 ANALOG COMPUTER
The first analog computer is largely believed to be the Dumaresq.
It was a mechanical calculating device
invented around 1902 by Lieutenant John Dumaresq of the Royal Navy,
which showed the whereabouts of two ships in relation to each other
and where each of them is moving.
But in fact, the very first analog computer
came around 2000 years before,
known as the Antikythera mechanism.
Discovered in 1900,
researches found that it is an analog computer,
because it used a mechanical computer-like system
comprised of at least 30 different types of gears
which is able to calculate the cycles of the solar system.
It has a dial which indicates which of the panhellenic games would’ve taken place each year,
within Olympics happening every 4 years.
University professor who led the study on the mechanism
even said that it was more valuable than the Mona Lisa.
Around the world between 6 to 9 billion condoms are sold each year.
While single-use latex condom that we may be familiar with came about in 1912,
the history of this contraceptive device goes way back.
In fact, as far back as 1500 B.C.
2 caves in France known as the ‘Grotto de Cambria’
are known to the paintings on the walls
the scientists claim showed condoms.
Fast forward a few more years, this time to 3000 B.C,
king Minos of Crete sorted his serpents and scorpions in his semen,
used the condom believed to have been made of goat’s bladder
to protect his wife from the creatures.
Meanwhile on the other side of the Mediterranean sea,
Egyptians used linen sheath as protection
which were even colored to represent class status.
罗马人则用松脂 乳香 动物的肠子和膀胱
And Romans were also known to use turpentine, olibanum, animal intestine and bladders,
disturbingly also use the muscles of the slayed combatants as protection.
Eyeliners became popular in 1922
after archaeological discovery by Englishman Howard Carter and Jorge Hepburn
of the tome of Tutankhamun.
World wide coverage of this discovery introduced the west ancient Egyptian eyeliner,
where was quickly accepted.
This is because eastern ancient Egypt
was the origins of eyeliner really lie.
Over 12000 years ago,
eyeliner first appeared in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia,
where both men and women of high status
used eyeliner to not only define their eyes,
but also to protect them from wrinkles
皱纹可因暴露在沙漠 大风 日光和高温下而致
that can be caused by exposure to desert, wind, sun and heat.
Egyptian eyeliner was made of lead,
and why they wanted to wear the adverse heath effect of using lead by eyeliner,
such as brain damage?
The Egyptians believed that the substance protected against eye diseases.
And interestingly enough according to science MAG,
research which came to light just a few years ago
shows the thing including lead does indeed help fight bad bacteria.
No.6 THE TELEPHONE
While Alexander Graham Bell receives much of his historical credit
for inventing the telephone in 1933
after having been rewarded the first successful patent,
there is still a bit bite over the inventor of the telephone.
Other potential inventors are noted as Antonio Meucci,
Elisha Gray and Ericsson.
But in fact the first plan for the telephone
originated in Peru over 1200 years ago,
found in the ruins of Chachin in Peru,
was an initiative communication object
that is credited as the early example of telephone
apparently being between 1200 and 1400 years old.
This ancient device is composed of 2 cone tops tied with a length of cord.
The cones each around 9cm long are coated in resin
and act as transmitters and receivers of sound.
Around each transmitter of the cone basis is stretched hard membrane,
and the 23 meters line connecting the 2 ends is made of cotton twine.
No.5 HIGH HEELS
Marilyn Monroe said “I don’t know who invented the high heel,”
“but women owe him a lot.”
Heels of designers such as Christian Dior, Roger Vivier,
shot to popularity in 1950s
as the result of Hollywood sirens, such as Audrey Hepburn,
donning them both on and off screen.
Well maybe these designers that Marilyn Maye wanted to thank,
it’s the gainly Egyptians to whom the gratitude should be payed.
High heels were actually owe the region acient Egypt around 3500 B.C,
where they were worn by both men and women
to distinguish high-class people from the low-class who wore the barefoot.
The higher the heel, the higher the position.
Meanwhile in acient Rome where prostitution was legal,
highheels were used as a way of identifying
those were in the trade to their clients.
No.4 TOOTHBRUSHES & TOOTHPASTES
The invention of nylon for bristles
triggled the development of the truely modern toothbrush in 1938,
follow closely by the first electric toothbrush in 1939.
But interesting enough,
toothbrush tools date back to around 3000 B.C
when the Egyptians made toothbrush tool by frayed end of twig.
Similarly, toothpaste was invented by the Egyptians
before toothbrushes were even invented.
The development of toothpaste in modern times started in the 1800s,
early versions contain salt and alum, in 1850s charcoal included.
But the Egyptians had already started to use a paste to clean their teeth
around 3000 B.C for the same reasons we do.
为了清洁牙齿和牙龈 美白牙齿 清新口气
Keeping teeth and gums clean, whitening teeth, and freshening breath.
But the ingredients in ancient toothpastes were very different from us today.
Ingredients used included powder of ox hoof ashes
and burned egg shells combined with pumice.
No.3 ALARM CLOCK
In 1787 Levi Hutchins invented the first mechanical alarm clock,
but it would only ring at 4 in the morning.
Then in 1847, Antoine Redier invented the first modern alarm clock
that allows the time to be set.
But when the alarm goes off in the morning
don’t curse this two, curse Plato,
as he is credited with creating the very first functional alarm clock.
Ancient Egyptian scientist Ctesibius, born in 295 B.C,
created a water clock
which drops balls onto a metal plate at a specified time,
thus creating a sound, but it didn’t work very well.
Plato constructed his own version of alarm clock
based on Ctesibius’s water clock
and added a tube to the filling vessel,
forming a siphon.
When the water started spilling over,
it was siphoned off into another vessel.
It was mostly enclosed but had small openings
making a whistle like a cattle when it’s filled up.
It’s widely believed the first battery was invented
by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta in 1800.
He stacked discs of copper and zinc
separated by cloth soaked in salt water
to create an electrical flow.
However in 1938, Wilhelm Konig, the director of national museum of Iraq,
found a device in the museum collections dating back to around 250 B.C.
It’s called Baghdad battery,
and it was used in ancient times for electroplating gold onto silver objects.
Now for the science debate,
the device was a 6-inch-high pot of clay
containing a cylinder of sheet copper,
the edge of the copper cylinder was sealed with lead-tin alloy.
The bottom of the cylinder was capped with a copper disk,
and an iron rod was suspended into the center of the copper cylinder.
It is suggested that the lemon juice, grape juice or vinegar
was used as an electrolyte to generate an electric current.
No.1 CONTACT LENSES
Contact lenses have a fascinating history that you believe it or not
goes back 500 years.
It was in 1887 when Fick and Muller developed the first contact lens.
It was manufactured from glass and fitted to cover the entire eye.
However sketches that is discovered suggested someone else
have already found out that the human eye could be altered
by placing the cornea directly in contact with water or contact lenses.
It was made by Leonardo da Vinci in 1509
in the time when he wasn’t busy painting the Mona Lisa of course.
In “Codex of the eye, Manual D”,
Da Vinci describes the way of manipulating the cornea power
by either submerging the entire head in a bowl of water
or wearing a water-filled glass hemisphere over the eye.
Da Vinci made a contact lens with a fanlight one side
so the water could be poured into it.
But unfortunately for this Italian,
this was immediately disregarded due to practicality.
Not a bad first attempt though, right?
So that was the 10 modern items that are way older than you think,
which one surprised you the most?
Let us know in the comments below
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And in the meantime,
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