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10个难以习得但会受益终身的技能 – 译学馆
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10个难以习得但会受益终身的技能

10 Life Skills That Are Hard To Learn But Will Pay off Forever

你反复做怎样的事 你就是怎样的人
We are what we repeatedly do.
优秀不是一次行为 而是一种习惯
Excellence then is not an act but a habit.
如果我们想提高生活水平
If we want to improve our lives,
我们就要审视一下自我
we have to take a look at ourselves and be willing to
并主动培养有助于身心幸福的习惯
engage in habits that will positively impact our mental and physical well-being.
心理学教会我们很多东西
Psychology teaches us many things,
但是最好的一课就是教会我们
but its best lessons allow us to use our minds in
以更加高效的方式利用我们的思维
a much more effective way.
以下有11个心理技能 虽然不容易掌握
These eleven mental skills may be hard to master,
但是很快 你就会发现自己
but soon enough, you’ll find yourself
更快乐 更充实 更能掌控自己的生活
being a lot happier, fulfilled and in control of your life.
1. 正念
Mindfulness.
正念是冥想的一种 最近越来越流行
Mindfulness is a type of meditation that is becoming very popular these days.
这种心理技能让我们活在当下
This mental skill allows us to live in the moment,
感激生活里的一切
appreciate everything in our lives
真诚地倾听我们内心的想法和欲望
and truly listen to our inner thoughts and desires.
正念也包括留心他人的情感
It also includes being mindful and attentive of the feelings of others
这能锻炼我们的同情心
allowing us to practice sympathy
在我们和同伴之间建立真正的联结
and truly connecting with our peers.
2.心智化
2. Mentalization.
心智化有时也称作有关思考的思考
Mentalization is sometimes described as thinkingabout thinking.
我们可以用心智化的方法理解
We can use mentalization to understand
某些行为的根源
the root cause of certain behaviors,
这些行为既可以是我们也可以是别人做出的
whether those behaviors are our own or someone else’s.
许多情况下 理解我们思考和行为方式背后的原因
In many cases, understanding why we think and act
对我们十分有帮助
in certain ways is massively helpful.
这个技能可以帮我们找到不安全感和弱点的根源
This technique helps us address the sources of our insecurities and weaknesses.
3.公开演讲
3. Public speaking.
不是每个人都擅长在众人面前演讲
Speaking in front of a crowd isn’t for everyone,
但是在我们的生命中
but in our lives,
肯定都会与许许多多的人交流
we will definitely be interacting with a variety of people
你会希望他们能倾听你的观点
and you will want your voice be heard.
通常公开演讲能帮助我们的职业生涯
Public speaking often helps with our careers,
提高我们的整体自信心
our overall sense of self confidence and our
以及我们说服别人的能力
ability to convince others.
提高公开演讲能力的方法有许多
There are many ways we can improve our public speaking,
例如 学习专项课程
such as specialized courses or simply
仅是重复练习也很有帮助
repeated practice.
4.启发法
4. Heuristics.
从本质上讲 启发法是一种
Heuristics is essentially an approach
采取心理捷径的方法
which favors taking mental shortcuts.
启发法可能会用到经验法则
A heuristic approach might involve using a rule of thumb,
常识或者据理推测
common sense or an educated guess.
这种方法最适合结合解决
This approach is best suited for situations
那种看似不可能或者不切实际的问题
which seem impossible or impractical to solve.
当你没有太多时间做决策的时候 这个方法也很奏效
It also works great when you don’t have much time to make a decision.
虽然不能保证答案总是精确的 甚至是对的
The answer isn’t always guaranteed to be accurate or even correct,
但是 有时候这种方法能更好地帮助我们
but sometimes it’s better
学会如何快速决策
to learn how to make quick decisions rather
而不是犹豫不决 为选择哪条路而烦恼
than hesitating and fretting over which path to take…
跟着感觉走就好
Just go with your gut.
5.谈判
5. Negotiation.
学习如何正确地谈判绝对是一门艺术
Learning how to negotiate correctly is definitely an art form,
这能帮助你的生活
and it has the power to help
顺顺利利地进行下去
your life immensely down the road.
谈判常常离不开
Negotiation is often associated
讨价还价 以较低的价格达成交易
with haggling and trying to get a lower price for a purchase.
但是 这种技能也可以用在外交上
But this skill can also be used in diplomatic situations,
人际关系中
in our relationships and many
以及生活的其他方面
other moments in our lives.
你应该通过学习课程
You’d improve your negotiation skills by taking causes,
阅读书籍 或是练习来提高谈判能力
reading books or simply practice.
6.学会多种语言
6. Becoming multilingual.
在这个时代 许多人都会说好几种语言
In this day and age, many people can speak multiple languages.
这是个很棒的技能 值得一学
This is a great skill to learn
并且能在各式各样不同的情况下帮到你
and it helps in all kinds of different situations.
学会多种语言在旅游时很有帮助
Being multilingual helps from traveling,
特别是在遇见陌生人的时候
especially when meeting new people.
许多研究都发现
Learning new languages can even help
学习新语言甚至可以帮助
ward off Alzheimer’s dementia
避免阿尔兹海默症
as many studies have discovered.
7.学会演奏一种乐器
7. Learning how to play a musical instrument.
音乐对大脑有神奇的功效
Music has amazing effects
学习演奏一种乐器
on the brain and learning how to play a musical instrument
会带来各种独特的益处
comes with all kinds of unique benefits.
作为一名音乐家 你有一种创造性的发泄出口
As a musician, you’ll have a wonderful creative outlet,
但是 音乐也会让你更轻松
but you’ll also enjoy reduced stress,
更快乐 更自信 等等
higher levels of happiness and increase self-confidence to name but a few.
8. 写一本梦的日记 学会阐释你的梦
Keep a dream diary and learn how to interpret your dreams.
梦境常常试图告诉我们一些重要的事情
Our dreams are often trying to tell us somethingimportant.
梦中 我们的潜意识在以独特的方式
Our subconscious expresses itself in unique ways during our dreams
表达自己这些信息往往难以解读
and these are often difficult messages to translate.
写下梦的日记是一种帮助你记录梦境的方式
Keeping a dream diary is one way to help you remember your dreams.
除此以外 你或许也能学会
In addition, you might also learn how
阐释一些在梦中重复出现的主题和符号
to interpret certain reoccurring themes and symbols that occur in your sleep.
心理学界已经广泛研究了这些符号
These symbols have been widely studied
你可以通过分析梦境
in the world of psychology and you can discover
发现更多真正的自我
a lot about your true self by analyzing your dreams.
9.批判性思维
9. Critical thinking.
如果你真的想在当今的世界取得成功
If you really want to succeed in today’s world,
批判性思维能以多种方式帮助你
then critical thinking can help in many ways.
这种训练涉及的范围宽广 在各种不同的情境下都有用处
This wide-ranging discipline is useful in all kinds of different situations.
批判性思维能帮你发现某些观点中的缺陷
With critical thinking, you can identify flaws in certain arguments;
你可以先把自负放一边
you can put your ego aside
检查一下事实究竟是怎样的
and examine the facts.
10.培养强大的学习能力
Developing great learning skills.
多数人从没思考过自学一下学习方法
Most people never think to teach themselveshow to learn.
较之于自学各种各样的技能
Instead of trying to educate themselves with various skills,
我们或许更应该后退一步
we might want to take a step
改进一下学习方法
back and improve our own learning methods.
这样做
When we do this,
将来学习的一切内容都会变得更加简单
everything else we learn in the future becomes much easier.
你可以从尝试不同的
You can start off by trying different visual,
视觉 听觉及运动辅助工具
auditory or kinesthetic aids to see what kind
看看你是哪种类型的学习者
of learner you are.
现在你已经知道了
So there you have it,
这11种心里技能很难掌握
11 psychological skills that are hard to learn
但是学会后你的努力不会白费
but really pay off in the end.
你对这些技能感兴趣吗?
Are you interested in any of these skills?
你在日常生活中使用过哪些心理技能帮助解决问题?
Which psychological skills do you use to help in everyday life?
请在评论区留言 告诉我们你的故事
Make sure to let us know in the comments.
一如往常地感谢您的观看!
And as always, thanks for watching!

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利用心理学技能解决问题,从容生活。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DHM4gE-Wlv4

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